Wheelchair routing

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Goal: building a routing portal for wheelchair users

Based on OSM data, develop a route planner especially for wheelchair users. But the existing one is OpenRouteService of the Geoinformatics Department, Institute of Geography University of Heidelberg (Formerly Cartography of the University of Bonn) expanded. University of Heidelberg GIScience (Geoinformatics) Research Group ([1])

GIScience Research Group (Geoinformatics)
University of Heidelberg
http://giscience.uni-hd.de
Zipf@uni-heidelberg.de

To this end, a web portal is set up, looking over the users goals in their environment, and the best way to display the wheelchair.

The difficulty of the way is made clear. Hazards or difficult passages be marked with symbols. In addition to the slope are given.

To enable routing, the routes must be labeled "accessible to wheelchairs" and meet specific requirements.

Covered Area

News

Wheelchair Routing Portal Online

The wheelchair routing portal is available for testing online. It can be accessed at the following address:

On 15.09.2009 (and 19.09.2009) ran the article "Maps make life easier. OpenStreetMap Wheelchair." The contribution can also be viewed at:

Project Ruhr 2010-barrier-free

In 2010, Essen and the Ruhr European Culture Capital, at www.ruhr2010-barrierefrei.de is a lot of information on accessibility of venues, attractions, lodging, restaurants, pubs, car parks and toilets available. This information is then transferred to the OSM database. It would be nice if the OSM community could help it. This information will be analyzed for the mobility routing.

The new OSM tags for this purpose are described later on this page. - BlackBike 10:04, 6 February 2010 (UTC)

Disabled toilets

In the city of Bonn is an urgent need for disabled toilets to be tagged. For some it is a so-called "Euro-key (default is in Germany, all City Toilets Wall AG and many, especially newer, motorway toilets so equipped. All disabled toilets on motorway parking areas without any further development with buildings can be assumed almost always from € key ability. Furthermore, such facilities are often found in public buildings.). This enables physically impaired people to gain access to the disabled toilets. Therefore, this tagging as follows:

Name Key Value
Toilet amenity=* Toilets
Fitness for wheelchair users wheelchair=* Yes
"Eurokey" centralkey=* Eurokey
Opening times opening_hours=* Times
Address Street addr:street=* Name of road
Address house number addr:housenumber=* Number

Looking for helpers

It is still important to find mappers and wheelchair users, record the data for this project. Only with sufficient data, the test area from Bonn to a larger area to be expanded.
Who participates in data collection may appear in the category of helpers.
Enter any questions you used to me: Astrid

I would like to get involved, certainly not in Bonn. How about extending the area of the map first time to offer an incentive? The Wheelchairmap On the one see so well that disabled-related tags are used worldwide. Right now you get not even a sensible error message when you try to use the card outside Bonn. I'm at least not with a yardstick to the pavement, without that I can try out the result soon after! - Lulu-Ann 12:10, 15 January 2010 (UTC)

Project Wheelmap.org

The project Wheelmap is a map for wheelchair accessible places. See the Wheelmap Wiki Page for details.

Routing portal goes online

No later than the 1.9 is the first prototype of the wheelchair-routing portal "online. The Internet address is http://www.RollstuhlRouting.de Feedback welcome! http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/giscience.html

Mapping Party Bonn

Details of the mapping party on wheelchair Routing in Bonn can be found here: Mapping Party Bonn

Requirements for Wheelchair Accessible Routes

Parameters request and recommendation to DIN 18024-1
Road surface
  • Fixed
  • Low vibration
  • Increased volumes in the surface max. 5 mm
  • No rough, deep sand or gravel
  • No grass
  • No strong rooting
  • Not very rocky or muddy etc.
  • Not very uneven
The light path width
  • Main route: min 150 cm 200 cm
  • Byway: min 90 cm, 100 cm more
Longitudinal slope
  • 3%
  • 3% - 6%: Verweilplatz every 10 m (wheelchair user manual)
Cross slope
  • 2%
Gaps
  • Gaps across the Route: width max. 3 cm
  • Gaps parallel to Route longer than 3 cm: max. 0.5 cm wide (for example, grid)
Thresholds and curb height
  • Max. 3 cm
Ramp
  • Max. 6% slope
  • Min. 120 cm between the wheel deflector ramp
  • From 600 cm length: 150 cm x 150 cm Verweilplätze with max. 3% slope

Test Areas

As a test regions, the urban areas ofBonn andserve Freiburg im Breisgau .

A city with very many well-tagged stairs (with highway=steps and step_count=*) is Pforzheim. Another area with lots of stairs and slopes in the district is Hamburg Blankenese.

Desired test areas

I would like to test in the Hanover region, please complete the range. - Lulu-Ann 19:07, 20 January 2010 (UTC)

We want to Rostock to work with 2 schools and inspire them with your service for a data migration. - i! 17:13, 20 February 2010 (UTC)

Rolli Mapping

Tagging

Important for mapping for wheelchair users are tags that describe the properties of paths and especially the properties of pavements.

Properties

Name Key Value (example)
Smoothness smoothness=* Good / intermediate / bad
Surfaces surface=* Paving_stones
Width / m width=* 2.5
Slope incline=* 3% -2.5%
Curb height / m sloped_curb=* 0.03

More detailed information about the individual tags can be found at tags for routing


Sidewalks

name Key Values Example
Sidewalk next to sidewalk:left:PROPERTY. *
Sidewalk right sidewalk:right:PROPERTY. *

Note: "left" and "right" refer to the digitizing direction!


Example

name Key Values Example
Surfaces sidewalk next to sidewalk:left:surface=* paving_stones
Smoothness of pavement right sidewalk:right:smoothness=* good


Curb heights

The routing algorithm can only tags that belong to the line elements (ways), evaluate. Therefore, the property lowered curb "a way to attach. To define the point at which is located on the lowering of the Way, the key is the extra information "start" and "end" is added:

name Key Values Example
Curb height left start sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:start=* 0.1
Curb height on the left end sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:end=* 0.03

Device

In addition to GPS the following devices are strongly recommended:

  • Yardstick for measuring the curb heights
  • Protractor or Level for measuring the slope

Download Mapping Documents

Track recording


Relevant map features


Tags for routing

The above-mentioned requirements on the way to the hitherto existing in OSM tags (attributes) are mapped inaccurately. However, it is tested with the available options, a first routing.

Since the routing algorithm currently only tags that belong to evaluate the line elements (ways), it can, only that in the following table are listed. Tags, such as highway = crossing "can not therefore be considered first. At a later stage, they will be able to be installed. Therefore, these tags are "Important not yet usable tags" also listed.

General way types

Tag / Value Description Photo Bonn Freiburg
highway=cycleway Cycleway-markings.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=footway Dscf0487 600.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=living_street Spielstrasse.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=pedestrian Calle arenal.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=residential Residential.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=secondary Highway secondary-photo.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=tertiary Highway tertiary-photo.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=track Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
highway=unclassified Highway unclassified-photo.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
foot=yes
Foot.png
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foot=no Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
sidewalk=left See also sidewalks and properties Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
sidewalk=right See also sidewalks and properties Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
sidewalk=both See also sidewalks and properties Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
sidewalk=none See also sidewalks and properties Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
Track Type=grade1 {Template:Grade1: desc.}
Surface grade1.jpg
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Track Type=grade2 Unpaved track; surface of gravel or densely packed dirt / sand
Surface grade2.jpg
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Path properties, in general

The tag Smoothness is initially of little significance, since according to Tagwatch and because of controversial discussion on its application so far is little or no spread consensus on its use was achieved in OSM. He could, however, in the rare case of its presence serve as exclusion criteria. For the wheelchair-routing is the day smoothness in the pilot regions is not explicitly tagged.

Tag / Value of Way or Area Description Photo Bonn Freiburg
Surface =* The key =* surface describes the surface layer of roads and paths
surface=paved Secured paved Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=unpaved Unpaved Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=gravel Gravel, crushed stone Surface gravel.jpg Dscf1582-800.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=cobblestone Cobblestones Surface cobblestones.jpg Dscf1641-800.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=ground Earth Dscf1760-800.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=grass Grass surface Grassway.JPG Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=asphalt Asphalt surface Surface asphalt.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=sand Sand surface Dscf0220 600.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=paving_stones Paving stones, foot plates Surface paving stones.jpg Dscf1620-800.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=concrete_plates Concrete slabs Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
surface=grass_paver Grass pavers Dscf1611-800.jpg Dscf1614-800.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
Smoothness =* The key =* describes the surface smoothness of paths in terms of usability with vehicles.
smoothness=good Template:Description: smoothness Bus prumyslova.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
smoothness=intermediate Template:Description: smoothness Map feature ford.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
smoothness=bad Template:Description: smoothness Smoothnessverybad.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
width=* Width of the road in meters. Information is given with a dot. Example: 2.5, 1.5 .... Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
incline=* Xy% Incline17.jpg Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.
sloped_curb=*

sloped_curb:start=* sloped_curb:end=*

Curb height in general and curb height at the beginning or end of a road. Beginning and end are defined by the digitizing direction.

The values are given in meters and are with "." separately. (Example: 15 cm would be 0.15)

Since the routing can only read so far Ways to be with sloped_curb.start / end the lowered tagged curbs at road checkpoints.

-> See sidewalks and properties

Sloppedcurb.jpg way sloped_curb =|node =|relations =|bbox=7.0,50.7,7.2,50.8|description = sloped_curb}}

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wheelchair=yes wheelchair=* Template:Tag limited Suitability of the path for wheelchair users.

This day only to be set if one is absolutely sure. -> See sidewalks and properties: sidewalk: left.wheelchair=*...

Wheelchairlogo.png


NOWheelchairlogo.png
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Sidewalks and properties

The following tags are not the usual process of Vote go through and should be avoided for now! This is particularly controversial in this case, since there are several competing proposals are, addressing the issue of additional tracks that run next to and / or right along a main road. To illustrate the problem, the table was added to a second variant of the tagging.


Day on Way or Area Alternative Description Photo Bonn Freiburg
left:highway=* right:Highway=*

left2:highway=* right2:Highway=*

A prefix key in allowing the use of all available tags to detect features / usage / status / permission for a track. Furthermore, there is no limit, which relates the number of left or right or running paths along a "real" covered path.
sidewalk:left:surface=* sidewalk:right:surface=* left:surface=* right:surface=* Surface layer of the left / right sidewalk in relation to the direction of digitization. The values (Values) entspechen those of surface=*. -> See path properties, in general "surface =*" Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

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sidewalk:left:smoothness=* sidewalk:right:smoothness=* left:smoothness=* right:smoothness=* Smoothness of the left / right sidewalk. The smoothness refers to the usefulness of vehicles. The values (Values) entspechen those of smoothness=*. -> See path properties, in general "smoothness =*" Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

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sidewalk:left:width=* sidewalk:right:width=* left:width=* right:width=* Width of the left / right sidewalk in meters. The values (Values) entspechen those of width=*. The values are given in meters and are with "." separately. (Example: 1.5) -> See path properties, in general "width =*" Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

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sidewalk:left:incline=* sidewalk:right:incline=* left:incline=* right:incline=* Slope of the left / right sidewalk. The values (Values) entspechen those of incline=*. The values are given in% (eg 6%) -> See path properties, in general, "incline =*" Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

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sidewalk:left:sloped_curb=* sidewalk:right:sloped_curb=* left:sloped_curb=* right:sloped_curb=* Curb height of the left / right sidewalk. The values are given in meters and are with "." separately. (Example: 15 cm would be 0.15) -> See path properties, in general, "sloped_curb =*" Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

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sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:start=* sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:end=*

sidewalk:right:sloped_curb:start=* sidewalk:right:sloped_curb:end=*

left:sloped_curb:start=* left:sloped_curb:end=*

right:sloped_curb:start=* right:sloped_curb:end=*

Curb height of the sidewalk at the beginning and end of the Ways.

Beginning and end are defined by the digitizing direction.

Because the routing node can not read yet, hereby Lowered be tagged curbs at road checkpoints.

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sidewalk:left:wheelchair=* sidewalk:right:wheelchair=* left:wheelchair=* right:wheelchair=* Suitability of the left / right sidewalk for wheelchair users.

-> See path properties, in general "wheelchair =*"

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sidewalk:left:wheelchair:start=* sidewalk:left:wheelchair:end=*

sidewalk:right:wheelchair:start=* sidewalk:right:wheelchair:end=*

left:wheelchair:start=* left:wheelchair:end=*

right:wheelchair:start=* right:wheelchair:end=*

Eignung des Bürgersteigs für Rollstuhlfahrer am Anfang/ Ende des Weges. Hiermit kann die Eignung von Straßenübergängen getaggt werden. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template. Due to changes in Query-to-map this Template does not work anymore. You can use Template:Osm-query2. Please replace or delete this use of Osm-query template.

Obstacles/Accessibility

Key Value Foto
access designated
restricted
highway steps Steps.jpg
sevice Alley.jpg
access_ramp 1) Accessramp.jpg

1) Please note: The tag highway=access_ramp is rarely used and is under discussion, see http://gis.19327.n5.nabble.com/Question-reg-wheelchair-mapping-tp5864292.html

Important, not previously evaluated for the routing tags (because of Nodes)

Tag / Value auf Node Foto
highway=crossing Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway=elevator
crossing=pedestrian
crossing=zebra
crossing=traffic_signals Ampel.jpg
crossing=uncontrolled
crossing=island
amenity=sloped_curb (better use sloped_curb=yes on crossings) Sloppedcurb.jpg
elevator=*
amenity=parking
disabled_spaces=NumberOfParkingSpacescapacity:disabled=NumberOfParkingSpaces
barrier=*
amenity=toilets
wheelchair=yes/no/limited/only

Profile

  • E-Wheelchair
  • Manual Wheelchair
  • Pushed Wheelchair
  • Stroller/Child's wheelchair (short, two parallel slants) established: stroller=yes/(no)

Stroller yes.jpg

User Manual

Rollstuhlrouting.de/ruhr2010 - Hilfe

See Also

Sources und Links

  • Friedrich, Juliane. 2005: FreiRaum. Planning guidelines for the accessible design of hiking trails. Institute of Transport and Urban Planning. Fachhochschule Erfurt.
  • Natur für alle: Planning Guidance on Accessibility.
  • nullbarriere.de- Website Accessible to the field of Planning, Building and Housing
  • Fernsehbeitrag "OpenStreetMap für Rollstuhlfahrer" in Quarks & Co. (WDR)
  • Zusatzinformationen from Quarks & Co. Beitrag
  • Müller, A., Neis, P. Zipf, A. (2010): Route planning for wheelchair users based on OpenStreetMap data. Design, implementation and perspectives, AGIT 2010. Symposium on Applied Geoinformatics, Salzburg, Austria.