Template:Zh-hans:Map Features:surface

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

路面

路面标签与其他标签结合使用(例如 highway=*(高速公路)和 leisure=pitch),以提供有关覆盖的元素的材质的其他信息。有关路面和土地覆盖的更广泛讨论,请参见地面

关键字 元素 描述 渲染图 照片
已铺装
surface(路面) 已铺装(paved) way area 已铺装。就是粗略地描述了这条路覆盖了铺路石、混凝土、沥青。如果可能的话请使用能更加精确描述的值。
surface asphalt way area 这是玛 Di 脂,一般口语上会叫作沥青路,但这个又和沥青混凝土不一样。铺设的时候你会闻到很大股沥青味的。用于非英式英语国家的沥青路时请使用这个值,用于英国、爱尔兰共和国等国家时请使用 bitumen 那个值。 Surface asphalt.jpg
surface concrete way area 这是以水泥为胶凝材料的混凝土,预留了伸缩缝之后现场浇筑成一大块的,类似中国省道那些灰色的路面,能看出是一个个大方块的水泥,上面还有垂直人行道的防滑条纹。 如果是预制板(不是现场倒水泥铺路的,而是在工厂已经把一块块水泥块做好了,运到这里铺的),而且你知道它是怎么铺的,请使用 concrete:platesconcrete:lanes Dscf0221 600.jpg
surface concrete:lanes way area 这是一种用预制水泥板平行铺设的路面,可以参考图片,汽车一侧轮子压一侧的水泥板,以免车走到泥地里。每块预制板之间会用各种东西填充。请注意,如果只有一侧的水泥板,则只使用 concrete,不要选这个。 Concrete lanes.png
surface concrete:plates way area 预制水泥路。重型预制板短边紧密排列在一起,连接处可能有焦油或沙子(和上面那个对比就是上面那个勉强能人力搬运,这个很明显要机器搬)。 Dscf0222 600.jpg
surface paving_stones way area 整个路面相对平整,路面面铺有人造砖或天然石板,每块砖顶部也是平的。 各个铺路石之间的间隙非常狭窄,因为这些铺路石具有规则的形状能够拼起来,或者是因为经过精心选择、装配和放置它们以形成平坦、封闭的表面。 Surface paving stones.jpgDscf1620-800.jpg
surface sett way area , 用天然石材切割成规则形状的圆石,石头不像 paving_stones 那样完全覆盖表面。 Granite Setts.jpg
surface unhewn_cobblestone way area Cobblestone paving, formed from natural, uncut, overall rounded stones. Firmly attached to a ground, unlike pebblestone. Ancient road surface.jpg
surface cobblestone way area Cobblestones in the colloquial sense. This value may give only a rough description; if possible, use a more precise value such as sett or unhewn_cobblestone. Granite Setts.jpgAncient road surface.jpg
surface cobblestone:flattened way area Should not be used to avoid confusion with sett or unhewn_cobblestone. It is neither a commonplace description nor a correct name.
surface metal way area Used for bridges, or for temporary tracks over fields for normal road vehicles or site traffic. Surface-Metal.jpgMetal footbridge over Sand Quarry - geograph.org.uk - 1325566.jpg
surface wood way area Used for bridges, plank walkways, and garden decking Wooden-bridge.jpg
surface User defined way area All commonly used values according to Taginfo.
Unpaved
surface unpaved way area A highway feature is predominantly unsealed along its length; i.e., it has a loose covering ranging from compacted stone chippings to earth. Unpaved roads may, in aerial imagery, show evidence of water along their course; in such circumstances, the waterway should not be tagged as a stream, though it might appear as such. This value gives only a rough description; use a more precise value if possible.
surface compacted way area A mixture of larger (e.g., gravel) and smaller (e.g., sand) parts, compacted (e.g., with a roller), so the surface is more stable than loose gravel. Used, for example, for park paths, better tracks, some service ways, … Best sort of ways below paving with asphalt, concrete, paving stones. Sometimes known as water-bound macadam. Mixture and compacting leads to more grip and stability. Compacted forest track no1.jpg
surface fine_gravel way area A multilayer pavement with a stone or gravel basis and a topmost surface of firm, granular grit, basalt or quartz, as invented by the Roman empire. Easy to walk, jog, cycle or ride on. In hilly areas mostly with drainage channels and concave cross-section for proper water shedding. Motorized vehicles will not move stones if the way is maintained properly, and bicycles tires will not leave any imprints at least in dry weather. If the topmost surface is heavily eroded or loose gravel aggravate going please use gravel instead. DSC05537a-Feinschotterweg.jpg
surface gravel way area Broken/crushed rock with sharp edges, known as ballast on railways. Usually loosely arranged. Typical size for road and surface construction range between 4 and 8 cm. Gravel can be used as a ground-layer for compacted. Dscf1582-800.jpg
surface pebblestone way area Pebbles are stones rounded by waves or river flow. Typical size range from 2 to 8 cm. Describing a surface in OSM they are loosely arranged. Like gravel pebbles can be used as a building part of compacted. Dscf1781-800.jpgDscf1829-800.jpgDscf1831-800.jpg
surface dirt way area Probably very similar to ground. Like all this, it is prone to erosion and therefore often uneven. Gravel is sometimes mistakenly called dirt. Some compacted roads are sometimes called dirt too, please consider the definition of compacted. Transportation in Tanzania Traffic problems.JPG
surface earth way area Probably a type of ground. Usually natural, but may also apply to artificial preparations of soil. Duplicate of dirt. Dscf1832-800.jpg
surface grass way area Grass covered ground. Mostly nice to walk. Less prone to erosion than pure ground. Might degrade through heavy usage. Grassway.JPG
surface grass_paver way area A sort of permeable paving using regular cell structure, where the voids in this structure enable rainwater to drain into the ground and the structure itself increases the load bearing capability. Often used for parking lots or infrequent used ways like for emergency-vehicles. Dscf1611-800.jpgDscf1614-800.jpg
surface ground way area No special surface, the ground itself has marks of human or animal usage. This value gives only a rough description; if possible, use a more precise value such as grass, clay, sand, earth, gravel or pebblestone. Gfp-florida-big-shaols-state-park-forest-trail.jpg
surface mud way area Similar to ground but most of the year wet which gives a soft ground with low carrying capacity. Mostly found on wetland like swamps or in tidal areas. Sometimes also found on slopes draining onto a way. Dscf1819-800.jpg
surface sand way area Small to very small fractions (less than 2mm) of rock. Dscf0220 600.jpg
surface woodchips Woodchips as a surface Tanner Moor 2 (DFdB).jpg
surface snow way area Winter roads. Male Weimeraner Following a Scent Trail in the Snow.jpg
surface ice way area Ice roads, winter roads Jaatee2003.jpg
surface salt way area Salt lakes 2012.10.02.155200 Bonneville Salt Flats Utah.jpg
surface User defined way area All commonly used values according to Taginfo.
Special (sports, etc.)
surface clay way area Most common on tennis courts. Sometimes used for other sports: soccer, athletic tracks, boules, etc. EVD-tenis-212.jpg
surface tartan way area A synthetic, all-weather surface typically used in running and other sport tracks. Although Tartan is a trademark, it is used as a generic term due to its widespread usage. Athletics track.jpg
surface artificial_turf way area An all-weather surface made from synthetic fibres to look and feel like natural grass. Often used for tracks and pitches of sports such as football, baseball, etc. Kunstgress.JPG
surface decoturf area DecoTurf is an artificial surface used for some tennis courts. Court Arthur Ashe.jpg
surface metal_grid way area Metal grids are often used as a surface on industrial-style bridges or stairs. When wet, the surface can become very slippery, especially for bikes. The surface can also be unsuitable for dogs, due to the sharp edges and the look-through effect. Stahlbau mit Gitterrosten.JPG
surface carpet way area Carpet may be used for some sport courts such as indoor tennis courts.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

{{Documentation}

No description.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
No parameters specified

}