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Public-images-osm logo.svg playground
Children playing on a modern playground.jpg
Vybavení dětského hřiště Show/edit corresponding data item.
Skupina: Volný čas
Použité na těchto prvcích
může být použito na uzlumůže být použito na cestěmůže být použito na plošenemělo by být použito na relaci
Vhodné kombinace
Status: schválenoPage for proposal

Klíč playground=* popisuje vybavení dětského hřiště. Měly by se jím značit jednotlivé objekty uvnitř plochy dětského hřiště leisure=playground. Pokud zatím nelze zmapovat polohu jednotlivých objektů, lze přidat jako první krok tuto značku k uzlu označenému jako hřiště.


Každý prvek se značí jako uzel, cesta, nebo plocha v závislosti na jeho tvaru a velikosti pomocí klíče playground=* a jedné z následujících hodnot. Pro zvláštní vybavení jsou k dispozici i jiné klíče.

Klíč Hodnota Prvek Poznámka Ilustrace

Stabilní zařízení

playground slide node way area Skluzavka
playground seesaw node way area Houpačky
playground springy node Sedátko na pružinách (koník, kravička, ...)
Springy horse.jpg
playground structure node way area relation Složitá stavba propojených zařízení sestávající z plošin, věží, mostů, ke které mohou být připojeny další lezecká zařízení, skluzavky a houpačky.

Parts of playground structures

playground bridge node way area An unspecified bridge, usually a transition between other parts of a structure. For wobbly bridges use playground=wobble_bridge. Bouncing rubber belt bridges (usually stand alone devices) can be mapped with playground=belt_bridge.
Playground in Muchall Park, Wolverhampton - geograph.org.uk - 2735437.jpg
playground wobble_bridge way area A simple suspension bridge whose deck or walking elements are suspended merely by cables or similar attached at the ends or top of the bridge and therefore wobbles or swings when moving on it.
Playground ropebridge Trusepark Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground platform node area A platform, raised level or even a tower, often with railing elements, and often with other playing or climbing devices on the sides or connected bridges. Is often part of a playground=structure that can be mapped separately as an outline containing all parts that together form the structure.
Playground structure wood toddler.jpg
playground steps node way area A stairway to get onto a platform or structure. Note: This value is intended for steps that are part of the playground equipment/to reach playground structures and devices. They don't have a function for general traffic. Steps that are part of the regular way network should be mapped as usual.
Playground steps wood step count 7 handrail.jpg
playground ladder node A ladder to climb onto a platform or structure.
Playground ladder.jpg

Swing devices

playground swing node way area Houpačka
playground basketswing node way area Košíková houpačka
Playground swing 03.jpg
playground rope_swing node way A swing element (usually a big rope) attached with chains or cables, on which usually several children can swing together at the same time. Hardly reminds of conventional swings due to the way it works, and therefore uses its own value.
Playground rope swing Zoologischer Garten Berlin.jpg

Balance devices

playground balancebeam node way Kladina, často nízko nad zemí.
Playground Balance beam.jpg
playground rope_traverse node way A rope (or several tied together), tightrope or slackline to walk across while keeping balance. May also have rope(s) or similar to hold on to (use handrail=yes/no to specify this).
Playground balance rope handrail.jpg
playground stepping_stone node way Shifted stones or blocks with a distance between each other, for hopping or stepping from one to the next. See also fitness_station=stepping_stone, if the stepping stones are part of a leisure=fitness_station.
Marine Park td (2019-05-24) 062 - Lenape Playground.jpg
playground stepping_post node way Shifted posts or poles with stepping elements with a distance between each other, for hopping or stepping from one to the next.
Playground stepping poles Thomashöhe Berlin Neukölln.jpg

Climbing devices

playground climbingframe node way area Zařízení pro lezení
playground climbingwall node way area Dětská lezecká stěna - pro stěnu pro všechny věkové skupiny viz sport=climbing.
Playground climbingwall.jpg
playground climbing_slope node way A sloped climbing plane, often with handholds or tethers and often part of a structure to reach a higher level.
Playground rope ladder.jpg
playground climbing_pole node A pole to climb up or slide down. For climbing poles that are part of a leisure=fitness_station, see fitness_station=climbing_pole.
Playground climbing pole height 2.jpg
playground monkey_bars node way Horizontal bars or hoops above head height to hang from by one's hands and move over hand over hand. For monkey bars that are part of a leisure=fitness_station, see fitness_station=horizontal_ladder.
Playground monkey bars, hoops.jpg

Rotating devices

playground roundabout node area Kolotoč
Manually powered carousel on a playground in Saint-Petersburg.JPG
playground basketrotator node Košík točící se kolem sloupku
Playground Basket-Rotator Berlin Germany.jpg
playground aerialrotator node Točení se ve vzduchu
Hanging roundabout.jpg
playground spinner node A rotating device that, in contrast to a playground=roundabout, is very small, mostly only a small footboard or seat on a stick for one child.
Playground equipment spinner Rollbergsiedlung Berlin-Neukölln.jpg
playground spinning_disc node area A simple rotating disc. In contrast to a playground=roundabout, there are no add-ons to sit or hold on to. The disc can also be slightly curved - but as soon as it takes a bowl-like shape so that you can find a hold on the sides and perform stronger spinning movements, choose playground=spinner_bowl.
Playground rotator Thomashöhe Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground spinning_circle node Spinning circle – a non-electric version of a treadmill (a slanted ring for turning, running and balancing, suitable for several children)
Spinning circle.jpg
playground spinner_bowl node area A spinning, usually tilted bowl. Can be suitable for one or more people. In contrast to a playground=spinning_disc, there is a significant curvature, which allows stronger centrifugal forces and spinning movements.
Spinner bowl in Springfield park, Guiseley (side view).jpg

Sand play devices

playground sandpit node area Pískoviště
playground chute node way A sloped chute or tube, mostly to transport sand by gravity from a higher to a lower place.
Playground sand chute.jpg
playground sieve node area A sieve, allowing to separate fine-grained sand from gravel (in a playground setting typically not finer separated than that).
Playground sand sieve.jpg
playground sand_wheel node way A small wheel that turns when sand falls onto it. Often combined with a chute directly above.
Playground sand wheel.jpg
playground sand_seesaw node way A channel or board on a pivot that can either route sand in two different directions, or allows to dump all accumulated sand in a chute-like manner when pivoted (when initially horizontal).
Playground sand seesaw.jpg
playground sand_pulley node way A small bucket or similar device holding sand (also common are sections of tire) that can be moved to another place. Typically either horizontally or vertically; may be mounted on a swivel to give a little more movement range. Often part of structures where it then allows to transport sand to other sand play devices mounted on the structure.
Playground sand pulley Lichtenrader Straße Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground excavator node way area A small play excavator, allowing to move sand (or that rounded fine gravel) around a bit. Always fixed in place. Usually unpowered as just a series of metal linkages controlling the excavator bucket. For bigger, usually fenced off excavators with a fee=yes consider using attraction=*.
Playground excavator, unpowered.jpg

Water devices

playground splash_pad node way area  Brouzdaliště(en) - místo pro hrátky s vodou
playground pump node

A water source to play with. Often this is an actual pump with handle (consider also adding man_made=water_well + pump=manual), but may also have different forms, such as a water wheel lifting water from a reservoir, or a button that can be pressed for water to flow for a limited time. For water flowing continuously or without interaction, use water_sprayer instead.

Wasserspielplatz an der Schäferwiese 01.jpg
playground water_channel way An inclined channel for water to flow towards other devices. Typically raised so that multiple channels in series route water from a pump to ground level. For water channels in the ground, resembling natural streams, use water_stream instead.
Playground water channels Schillerpromenade Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground water_stream way A meandering stream of water resembling a natural water stream and looking a tad less artificial. Often enclosed in an artificial bed of stones.
Playground water flow.jpg
playground water_seesaw node way A seesaw-like water channel for either diverting water to two different places, or for automatically tilting and emptying when full.
Playground water seesaw Thomashöhe Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground water_basin node way area A pool where water gathers, inviting either to run around in or combine it with sand to mud (also known as "mud table"). May have exits to other channels or even a drain in the bottom (sometimes with a plug).
Playground water basin with drain and plug.jpg
playground water_barrier node A removable barrier for water that inhibits flow towards other devices, often via an adjacent channel.
Playground water barrier Berlin Neukoelln.jpg
playground archimedes_screw node way A screw-like device for lifting water from a lower to a higher elevation.
Norden Archimedische Schraube.jpg
playground water_wheel node way A wheel with small buckets or paddles that rotates when water flows into and over it.
Playground water wheel Ellricher Straße Berlin-Neukölln.jpg
playground water_cannon node A (usually movable) device that allows targeted spraying of water.
Playground water cannon.jpg
playground water_sprayer node way A (often continuously-running) jet of water, often directed upward. This value is intended to map the location of such a water source itself, especially if there are individual water jets or they are particularly significant. To map an entire water play area characterized by multiple water jets, see playground=splash_pad (if there is a large number of water jets within a splash pad, it is usually not necessary to map them individually).
Farm Playground td (2018-10-30) 28.jpg

Zařízení pro činnost

playground horizontal_bar node way area Hrazda
playground parallel_bars way Two or more bars side by side intended to perform gymnastics-like moves. For parallel bars that are part of a distinct leisure=fitness_station, see fitness_station=parallel_bars. If the bars are inclined and therefore intended for sliding moves, use playground=bannister_bars. For vertical bars, playground=climbing_pole may be more appropriate.
Shun Lee Estate Playground, Gym Zone and Basketball Court.jpg
playground bannister_bars way Two or more inclined bars side by side intended to perform sliding moves. See also playground=parallel_bars for non-inclined bars.
Playground parallel bars Mahlower Straße Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground hamster_wheel node way area A large spinning tube to go inside and twist arround, similar to a hamster's wheel.
Kaiserslautern Volkspark Hamsterrolle.jpg
playground activitypanel node way area Panel pro různé hry (příklad).
Szwedy - plac zabaw - kółko i krzyżyk.jpg
playground exercise node way area Venkovní tělocvična. Viz alternativní návrhy na Proposed features/exercise point(en) a na leisure=fitness_station.
Outdoor gym in Parque de Bateria, Torremolinos.JPG

Pohyblivá zařízení

playground zipwire way area Lanovka, viz také dospělou verzi aerialway=zip_line.
Ropeway play.jpg
playground trampoline node area Trampolína
Playground trampoline.jpg
playground cushion node way area Skákací polštář (jako plochý skákací hrad, ale bez věží)
playground belt_bridge node way area A tensioned, flat (mostly rubber) band to bounce on. Is very different in its function from classic "bridges" and therefore uses its own value.
Playground belt bridge.jpg
playground spring_board node way area A board or plane to stand on that is attached to the ground by springs and thus wobbles when standing/moving on it. Can sometimes also be equipped with holding bars to allow to "surf" on it.
Playground springs in Obermenzing 05.jpg

Other stationary devices

playground playhouse node area Domeček
playground teenshelter node area Přístřešek
Teen shelter near former coastguard lookout, Watchet - geograph.org.uk - 1714960.jpg
playground tunnel_tube node way area A tunnel for kids to crawl through
Example of tunnel tube on a playground.jpg
playground speaking_tube node way The kids stand at either end and can hear each other‘s voice through the sealed tube (typically tube runs underneath the ground)
Speaking Tube - Garden Exhibit - NCSM - Kolkata 2016-06-02 4046.JPG
playground hopscotch node way area Místo na skákání panáka
Hinkelbaan tegels.jpg
playground funnel_ball node A funnel used to play funnel ball
Funnel ball.jpg
playground ball_pool node area A pool full of colored plastic balls. Common at indoor playgrounds. Also known as "ball pit".
At children's level.jpg
playground ride_on node A fixed installation to sit on.
Playground riding animal Thomashöhe Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground track way A path on a playground that is intended and equipped as a race track for childrens scooter and bikes. It should have markings, obstacles or objects such as "petrol stations".
Playground track Buschkrugallee-Havermannstraße Berlin Britz.jpg
playground marble_run node way A rolling ball sculpture where a ball (often a marble) moves through a predefined course just by gravity.
Rachau Wipfelwanderweg 75.jpg
playground map node way area Map (often a colorful political map) painted on a paved surface to teach geography
Playground Map, Washington Elementary.jpg
playground blackboard node A board to draw on with chalk or something similar.
Playground chalk board.jpg
playground musical_instrument node way area A musical instrument or device for making music and sounds. musical_instrument=* could be used to further specify the type of instrument.
Play xylophone in a playground.jpeg
playground table node area A table or board to play on or sit at. May include seats/benches or sand toys such as a sieve. Typically not sized for adults. For picnic tables on playgrounds that are also suitable for adults see leisure=picnic_table.
Playground table Herrfurthstraße Berlin Neukölln.jpg
playground seat node A single seat or bench for children. Typically not sized for adults to sit at. Often part of play houses or similar.
Playground seat Hattenheimer Straße Berlin Tempelhof.jpg
playground hammock node way area A hammock, i.e. a spanned/tensioned surface to lie on. For public hammocks in general that are not part of playgrounds resp. intended for this specific target group, there is leisure=hammock in use.
Playground hammock.jpg
playground sledding node Malý kopeček pro sáňkování - viz také sport=toboggan.
Prangli lapsed kelgutamas.jpg
playground youth_bench node way A special kind of bench for youth on playground – often with seating at different, age-appropriate seat heights (or for sitting higher with another beam or a bar to put your feet down).
See also bench:type=stand_up.
Youth bench.jpg

Youth bench with two brown logs 2022-09-30.jpg

Topographical devices

playground mound node way area Artificial hills, elevations, waves etc. intentionally designed for play. Sometimes devices like slides or tunnel tubes are placed on or in them.
Hunters Point South Pk td (2019-06-10) 069 - Playground.jpg
playground dome node area A half-sphere to climb and slide on.
Playground dome metal.jpg

Fallback values for devices, that clearly fit into one equipment category, but do not fit well any of the existing subcategories

playground balance node way area An unspecified device to balance on.
playground climbing node way area An unspecified device to climb on.
playground rotator node way area An unspecified rotating device.
playground water node way area  Archimédův šroub - vodní pumpa pro dělání bahna a podobně
playground sand node way area An unspecified sand play device.

Other devices that are not in the list

playground voleno uživatelem node way area Existují i další zařízení, které lze popsat, jako třeba výukové instalace, piškvorky,... Všechny často používané hodnoty podle Taginfo.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here. Český překlad můžete editovat zde.

Jiné atrakce

Některá hřiště (kde se možná platí vstupné) mají malé atrakce jako třeba kolotoče a podobně. Tyto prvky jsou popsány zde: attraction=*.

Užitečné kombinace

Popisné značky

  • baby=yes/no - pokud je vybavení určeno primárně pro batolata
  • wheelchair=yes/no/limited - pokud mohou vybavení používat vozíčkáři
  • walking_disability=yes/no/limited - pokud mohou vybavení používat lidé, kteří nemohou chodit.
  • sitting_disability=yes/no/limited - pokud mohou vybavení používat lidé, kteří nemohou sedět.
  • blind=yes/no/limited - pokud mohou vybavení používat slepci
  • name=* - název vybavení, nikoliv celého hřiště
  • min_age=* - minimální věk uživatelů v letech
  • max_age=* - maximální věk uživatelů v letech
  • centralkey=* - zda je pro přístup k vybavení potřebný klíč
  • material=* - materiál, ze kterého vybavení je - wood, steel, plastic, atd.

Relace mezi vybavením a plochou hřiště

Abyste propojili plochu hřiště s jeho vybavením jednoduše zakreslete hřiště jako plochu a do ní umístěte jednotlivé nezávislé objekty (uzly, cesty nebo polygony).

Pokročilé příklady


Hřiště, jejich stavby a jednotlivá zařízení mají často nějaký motiv a napodobují lodě, hrady, auta nebo zvířata.

Pro popis motivu můžete použít značku playground:theme=*. Používejte pro názvy motivů hlavní kategorie a podrobnosti dejte do značek description=* nebo name=*, viz příklady:

Motiv Ilustrace Značení
Stavba ve tvaru lodi Stroomi playground - ship.jpg playground:theme=ship


Stavba ve tvaru chobotnice

(populární v Japonsku)

PikiWiki Israel 11690 octopus slide in menachem begin park in bat-yam.jpg playground:theme=octopus


Stavba ve tvaru hradu Jamie Bell 2012 Playground Castle 1.jpg playground:theme=castle


Stavba ve tvaru rakety Rocket Slide in Edmundson Park, Oskaloosa, Iowa.jpg playground:theme=rocket


Koník na pružinách Springy horse.jpg playground:theme=horse


Kravička na pružinách Cow spring.jpg playground:theme=cow


Pavoučí síť na lezení Climbing frame playground.jpg playground:theme=spiderweb


Dračí skluzavka Ernst-Thälmann-Park Spielplatz 3.jpg playground:theme=dragon