Puerto Rico basic guide
|Part of WikiProject Puerto Rico|
This guide will help you understand the basics of OSM in Puerto Rico context.
General guide for roads
Roads are know as "ways" in OSM.
Some general rules for highways:
Use the tags highway=motorway_link, highway=primary_link, highway=secondary_link, highway=tertiary_link to indicate a ramp or part of the road connecting two types of roads (an exit). When possible use the direction of the traffic to determine the type to use, for example exiting from a motorway to a primary is a primary_link.
The speed of a road is set with maxspeed=50 mph (notice the space between the speed and the unit).
Interstate Highways (Interestatal)
In PR it is only used for PR-22, PR-52, PR-53, (autopistas) toll based roads that form part or receive funding from the National Interstate Highway System.
In Puerto Rico a primary road is an important road that connects the different regions (districts) and towns (pueblos) (PR-1, PR-2, PR-3, PR-111, etc). In general it has full size lanes in both directions, in many cases the lanes have a division or more than one lane in one direction.
Red primaria: facilita el movimiento de pasajeros y cargas entre las regiones principales de la Isla. La componen las autopistas y segmentos de otras vías con altos estándares de diseño. Se le ha asignado a esta red el marcador de ruta M1-6A.
The signs for these roads have the blue shield with the number on a white background. View image of Primary Road Signs
Secondary Roads (inter-municipal)
These are the roads that connects towns (eg PR-110) is usually smaller than a primary road. In PR these are usually a one lane on each direction roads.
The signs for these roads are an inverted blue elongated shield with a yellow border inside. View image of Secondary Road Signs
When possible you should trace road divisions and splits. When drawing this road mind the direction and use the oneway=* tag accordingly.
These roads provide access to the center of a town from the town communities and peripheral areas.
The signs for these roads are a white oval on a black background. View image of Tertiary Road Signs
Private Service Roads
A road to, or within a business (private, industrial, agricultural, parking, or even government) location or property.
For small roads (entrance) (concrete, asphalted, or dirt road) that takes you to one or more houses (varias familias). This road is mainly meant for those residents and is not considered a public road. This way is longer that the usual drive to the garage (marquesina, etc), in idea more than a 100 meters. A small driveway is tagged instead with service=driveway.
Use the tag highway=residential to identify small roads within a residential area (eg: urbanización, barrio, etc). There main purpose is to give access to a residential locations and not to connect distinct areas. Residential roads usually branch out from tertiary and secondary roads.
A lot of Puerto Rico roads will be tagged with highway=residential in particular roads managed by the municipality, town roads, and roads in rural areas. Be careful to make sure that the road is not a tertiary road, remember tertiary roads have a State assigned road number.
Use the following tags when adding a gas station.
The tag tourism=* can have the values attraction, information, museum, and viewpoint.
Good guides you should read:
- GUÍAS PARA LA SELECCIÓN E INSTALACIÓN DE RÓTULOS DE ORIENTACIÓN, DTOP http://www.dtop.gov.pr/fotos/transito/mutcd2009.pdf