Hiking

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logo Feature: Hiking
One example for Feature: Hiking
Description
About tagging of ways, points and areas related to hiking.
Tags

This page is concerned with tagging of ways, points and areas related to hiking.

Tagging ways and points

Values

Key Value Element Comment Photo

Ways

highway path
WAY
Preferably used for a hiking path.
Follow the photo guide for help with tagging.
Mountain hiking.jpg
footway
WAY
For designated footpaths, i.e. mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. Path-footdesignated.jpg
track
WAY
Rough roads normally used for agricultural or forestry uses etc. Use tracktype=* to describe the surface. Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
ford yes NODE WAY The way crosses through stream or river. Furt an der Sülze.jpg

Attributes of ways

sac_scale (optional) hiking
mountain_hiking
demanding_mountain_hiking
alpine_hiking
demanding_alpine_hiking
difficult_alpine_hiking
WAY RELAZIONE A difficulty rating scheme for hiking trails.
trail_visibility (optional) excellent
good
intermediate
bad
horrible
no
WAY
This key describes attributes regarding trail visibility and orientation.
incline (optional) value%
up
down
WAY
For marking a way's incline (or steepness/slope).
tracktype (optional) grade1
grade2
grade3
grade4
grade5
WAY RELAZIONE Paved track
surface of gravel or densely packed dirt/sand
an even mixture of hard and soft materials
prominently dirt/sand/grass, but with some hard materials
only grass, sand and/or soil

Infrastructure

tourism alpine_hut
NODE AREA
An alpine hut is a remote building located in the mountains intended to provide board and lodging. It is managed during the opening period. Ascher Hütte a.jpg
tourism wilderness_hut
NODE AREA
A wilderness hut is a remote building with fireplace intended to provide shelter and sleeping accommodation. P1070254.jpg
amenity shelter
NODE AREA
A small shelter against bad weather conditions. To additionally describe the kind of shelter use shelter_type=*. Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
shelter_type (optional) basic_hut
NODE AREA
A basic hut is a remote building intended to provide basic shelter and sleeping accommodation. BivaccoBertoglioNebbia.jpg
lean_to
NODE AREA
A lean-to is a shed with typically three walls located in the countryside intended to provide shelter. Adirondack Lean-to.jpg
picnic_shelter
NODE AREA
Structure on picnic sites to protect from rain. Normally open to all sides. Picnic shelter.jpg
rock_shelter
NODE AREA
Shallow cave-like opening at the base of a bluff or cliff. Rock shelter Papula.jpg
tourism camp_site
NODE AREA
Backcountry camping without facilities. The access is usually restricted to foot, bicycle, canoe or ski. Set backcountry=yes. Camping at Head of Fionn Loch - geograph.org.uk - 47709.jpg
tourism information
NODE AREA
Information resource for tourists and visitors. To additionally describe the kind of information use information=*. Fleetwood tourist information centre - DSC06596.JPG
information (optional) board
NODE
A board with information. Lechfall sign.jpg
map
NODE
A board with a map. Information Map Type Topo.PNG
guidepost
NODE
Signpost/Guidepost
See also Relation:destination sign
Signpost.jpg
amenity parking
NODE AREA
Parking place. Here starts the hiking. :-) Pincerno - Göhrde - Parkplatz.JPG
amenity bench
NODE
Bench Path with bench.jpg
amenity toilets
NODE AREA
Toilets Edese Kuil toiletten.jpg
tourism picnic_site
NODE AREA
A place where you can have an outdoor picnic. Optional: fireplace=yes Picnic site.jpg
barrier gate
NODE
An entrance that can be opened or closed to get through the barrier. Gate-hindeloopen-westerdijk.jpg
checkpoint hiking
NODE
Checkpoint for hiking.

Nature

natural peak
NODE
Top of a hill or mountain (summit) Peak.jpg
natural volcano
NODE
A volcano, either dormant, extinct or active 2 Java Vulkan Semeru ferne Rauchwolke 2.JPG
mountain_pass yes
NODE
The highest point of a mountain pass. Mountain pass.jpg
natural water
AREA
Lakes, etc. Nau im Langenauer Ried 600x450.jpg
tourism viewpoint
NODE
A place with a good view of surrounding countryside. Viewpoint.jpg
amenity drinking_water
NODE
A source of drinking water. Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg
natural spring
NODE
A place where water flows naturally from the ground. SalfeinsSpring.jpg

Additional tags

place locality
NODE
For an unpopulated named place.
name Text
NODE
The common default name.
ele Number
NODE
Elevation above sea level in metres.

Proposed_features

Tagging walking and hiking Route Networks

A route is a customary or regular line of travel, often pre-determined and publicised. It consist of paths taken repeatedly by various people.

To tag a hiking route you create a relation with the approbiate tags and add all elements (points and ways) of the hiking route to this relation.

See also Relation:route.

Tags of the relation

Key Value Explanation
type route indicates this Relation represents a route
route hiking Instead of the tag route=hiking there is less frequently also used route=foot.
Don't use route=pilgrimage (almost non-existent) but add pilgrimage=yes to a hiking-route.
name a name The route is known by this name (e.g. "Westweg")
name:xy localised name where xy is the iso language code
ref a reference The route is known by this reference (e.g. "E1")
network iwn
nwn
rwn
lwn
International walking network: long distance paths that cross several countries
National walking network: long distance paths
Regional walking network: used for walking routes that cross regions
Local walking network: used for small local walking routes
operator operator name The route is operated by this authority/company etc. e.g. "Schwarzwaldverein", "Alpenverein"
state proposed / alternate / temporary Sometimes routes may not be permanent or may be in a proposed state.
symbol symbol description Describes the symbol that is used to mark the way along the route, e.g., "Red cross on white ground" for the "Frankenweg" in Franconia, Germany
colour a hex triplet (optional) Colour code noted in hex triplet format. Especially useful for public transport routes. Example: "#008080" for teal colour
description a short description What is special about this route
distance distance (optional) The distance covered by this route, if known. For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. Given including a unit and with a dot for decimals. (e.g. "12.5km")
ascent ascent (optional) The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
descent descent (optional) The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
roundtrip yes/no (optional) Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B and instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).
oneway yes/no (optional) Use oneway=yes to indicate that the route is to be walked in only one direction, according to the signposts on the ground
osmc:symbol * (optional) Some renderer uses the osmc:symbol=* to indicate a route on the map.
website * (optional) website that describes the route
wikipedia (optional) language:page title wikipedia page that describes the route

Hiking routes are extensively mapped with route relations, and the Lonvia map will render route relations following this proposal and the osmc:symbol=*

Hiking routes are rendered for selected areas in Germany in a Hiking and Trail riding map (german). The tags required for rendering are:

  • type=route
  • route=hiking
  • name=* Meaningful route name suitable for identifying this route.
  • symbol=* Verbal description of the route marker symbols.
  • osmc:symbol=* Coded description of the route marker symbols.

Usage

Since the tagging is generic, it is up to each country to decide how to map the hiking networks that exist in their country onto the hierarchy of national/regional/local. For countries with no specific local/regional/national "walking network", it may be helpful to consider whether different trails are managed or funded by government bodies at different levels.

See also Walking Routes.

Connectivity

Hiking trails that cross or touch normal roads should be connected to the road ways on the map. This will allow mixed routing applications to be built on OSM.

Mapping Projects

The SAC hiking tags as are very useful to plan a trip on the PC or for back country navigation.

4UMaps.eu support the SAC hiking tags as well as track attributes. Additionally it has elevation lines, hill shading, accommodation etc.

4UMaps Map with elevation lines, hill shading and Track tags

It is the perfect outdoor map and allows the download of free maps.

Rendering Issues

Trails

  • in case of a relation:route the code of the path should be rendered in text, this code is normally in ref=*. When name=* is present it should be displayed as well. In case of lack of space we should discuss which one has priority.
  • in case of simple way, highway=path or highway=track or highway=footway, not included in a relation:route we should display the ref and/or name of the way.

As of 2013-09-10:

Difficulty

The combination of sac_scale=* and trail_visibility=* should be rendered with the line style and color. Examples can be found in sac_scale#Rendering or osmc:symbol=*. It makes sense to use these tags on single ways. Does it make sense to apply them to relation:route?

As of 2013-09-10:

Groups of features

At high scales the name of groups of features should be rendered, specifically:

  • mountain ranges
  • valleys
  • lakes groups

As of 2013-09-10: dianacht: renders mountain ranges with the Proposed relation: Region mountain_area.

Elevation contour lines

TODO

Relief Mapping Projects

Online-Maps

See Also