ES:Key:ref

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Public-images-osm logo.svg ref
A-1.svg
Descripción
Utilizado para números o códigos de referencia. De uso común para carreteras, salidas de autopista, rutas, etc. Edit or translate this description.
Grupo: Referencias
Usado en estos elementos
puede ser usado en nodospuede ser usado en víaspuede ser usado en áreaspuede ser usado en relaciones
Estado: de facto

broom

Help (89606) - The Noun Project.svg

"ref" significa "referencia" y se utiliza para ofrecer números o códigos de  referencia. De uso común para carreteras, salidas de autopista, rutas, etc. También se utiliza para tiendas y equipamientos que están numerados oficialmente como parte de una marca minorista o una red respectivamente.

Esta clave y sus variaciones se emplean frecuentemente para evitar el uso de relaciones.

Variaciones de clave

  • ref=*.— referencia;
  • int_ref=* — referencia internacional;
  • nat_ref=* — referencia nacional;
  • reg_ref=* — referencia regional;
  • loc_ref=* — referencia local;
  • old_ref=* — referencia obsoleta reemplazada por una actual;
  • unsigned_ref=* — referencia no señalizada.

Para rutas ciclistas:

  • ncn_ref=*.— referencia de red ciclista nacional;
  • rcn_ref=*.— referencia de red ciclista regional;
  • lcn_ref=*.— referencia de red ciclista local.

Se da un amplio uso de ref:* como prefijo de espacio de nombres. Las variaciones principales se relacionan a continuación:

Clave Se usa en Descripción Véase taginfo
ref:ctb=* highway=bus_stop Parada de autobús de  Citybus o  New World First Bus  Transporte en Hong Kong
ref:kmb=* highway=bus_stop Parada de autobús de  Kowloon Motor Bus y  Long Win Bus  Transporte en Hong Kong
ref:ine=* place=* Código asignado a las entidades de población por el  INE [W]P772
ref:INSEE=* admin_level=*  Código geográfico oficial  Código INSEE
ref:isil=* amenity=library  Identificador Estándar Internacional de Bibliotecas y Organizaciones Relacionadas [W]P791
ref:lmi=* heritage=*  Código LMI [W]P1770
ref:mhs=* heritage=*  Monumento histórico de Francia [W]P380
ref:nid=* heritage=*  Monumento histórico de Polonia registrado por el  Instituto Nacional de Patrimonio [W]P3424
ref:nrhp=* heritage=* Lugar inscrito en el  Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos [W] P649
ref:rce=* heritage=*  Rijksmonument [W] P359
ref:bic=* heritage=*  Bien de Interés Cultural [W]P808
ref:sandre=* waterway=river  Servicio de administración nacional de datos y referencias sobre el agua [W]P1717
ref:svhl=* highway=bus_stop Parada de autobús urbano de  Lübeck Lübeck/Importe/Haltestellen
ref:whc=* heritage=1  Patrimonio de la Humanidad [W]P757
ref:FR:gdo=* operator=Enedis
operator=GRDF
operator=GRTgaz
Ítem de la Guía de obras ref:FR:RTE=*
ref:FR:RTE_nom=*
ref:FR:PTT=* telecom=* Ítem de  central telefónica de  Postas, telégrafos y teléfonos de Francia ref:FR:PTT:NRA=*
ref:bag=* building=*  Referencia catastral holandesa [W] P5208
ref:De_Lijn=* platform route_master signposted on bus/tram stops in and around Flanders, Belgium WikiProject Belgium/De Lijndata 38355
ref:TECB=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Brabant-Wallon, Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 3582
ref:TECC=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Charleroi, Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 3993
ref:TECH=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 5691
ref:TECL=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Liège-Verviers, Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 9302
ref:TECN=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Namur, Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 5368
ref:TECX=* platform route_master signposted on bus stops in and around Luxembourg (province), Wallonia, Belgium TEC data import 5814
ref:UrbIS=* building=* addr:*=* Reference Key of Urbis Database for addresses in Brussels Brussels#CIRB UrbIS [1]

Valores fundamentales

Ninguno.

Valores definidos por usuario

Cualquier valor con sintaxis válida.

Ejemplos en relaciones

Los estados y provincias se etiquetan a menudo con una abreviatura postal en ref=*, por ejemplo:

En rutas de carretera, la referencia es un mero número dependiente de network=* para expresar información sobre la red de carreteras:

Similarly, on cycle and walking routes, the ref is a bare number and cycle_network=* indicates the route network:

Bus routes use ref to label the bus route. For example:

  • ref=23 Bus route 23. (type=route, route=bus, name=Shanklin>Newchurch>Newport - currently relation 312207)

Ejemplos en vías

There are no global standards as to whether the refs include spaces, hyphens or other characters. At least when nationally consistent, tag what's on the ground. Some countries use spaces on the signs, others don't. In some countries the usage on the signs varies and guidelines are under discussion.

  • ref=A 1 Default reference (German and French references with a space; e.g., A 1)
  • int_ref=E 15 Internationally referenced as
  • nat_ref=A 1 Nationally referenced as (German and French references with a space; e.g., A 1)
  • reg_ref=A 1 Regionally referenced as (German and French references with a space; e.g., A 1)
  • ncn_ref=54 The number reference for a National Cycle Network. See Cycle_routes
  • ref=A 3;A 7 Default for more than one reference (German and French references with a space; e.g., A 1)

Ejemplos en nodos

A ref on a node generally means a highway exit when combined with highway=motorway_junction:

  • ref=23 US Highway exits are often just a number
  • ref=23B Sometimes exits have been split into A and B exits.

ref is sometimes used on bus stops:

ref is sometimes used to label an entrance into a large parking area. For example a shopping mall may have entrances A - L:

Usos especiales

  • ref:svhl=* - station-keys of Lübecker Stadtverkehr (Germany) - details look at Lübeck/Importe
  • ref:luebeck=* - internal reference for objects the area of Lübeck
  • ref:bufa=* - 4-digit key of the local German tax and revenue offices (Bundesfinanzamtnummer)
  • ref:vatin=CC12345678 - VAT identification number of companies, use CountryCode (e.g. IT for Italy) and the number
  • official_ref=* - Used in cases where the official administrative reference for a road (or other feature) is not identical with the road signs (or other feature ref), e.g. because they are old, or because the administration doesn't have the money to change the signs.
  • ref=xxxx - Used to mark official company store number assigned to a place. Example (ref=7872) CVS (You'll see a reference tag added to the building)

Véase también

ref:FR:*=*
France/Liste des références nationales

Notas

  • For highways shared by more than one route see Relations/Routes or Faq#What shall I do for roads that have multiple values for a tag?. Relations seem to be the preferred method for tagging this.
  • If more than one reference is given, you are recommended to separate them with a semicolon and without a space character, because this is the widely established syntax in Germany and maybe other countries. But note, this syntax is being heavily discussed in Germany. A better approach might be to have a namespace and add the entity that has issued the ref, e.g. ref:foo=x ref:bar=y.
  • Do not confuse this issue with the space that is present in some countries between the letter and the number in a reference itself.
  • When a road has no number, leave this key unused; this makes sure that routing programs do not try to describe the road by a number.