Pt:Seamarks/Seamark Objects

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Seamark Tagging
General Information
INT-1 Cross Reference

Este é o índice dos itens no catálogo S-100 de objetos e seus nomes de etiquetas OSM. Cada objeto tem links para a página que descreve a marcação desse objeto em particular.

O índice dos atributos S-100 para esses objetos está em: Atributos de balizamento

Dados sobre o uso atual do objeto: Uso de Objetos de Balizamento

Índice de objetos

Cada 'objeto chave' na tabela a seguir é <object> parte de uma etiqueta "seamark:<object>:<attribute>" ou o valor de uma etiqueta "seamark:type=*".

Os itens de tabela possuem ligação para as páginas do Wiki desse objeto.

Object S-100 OSM Element object key Valid Attributes IHO Definition
Anchorage area ACHARE nodearea anchorage category, restriction, danger_class Uma área na qual os navios ancoram ou podem ancorar.
Anchor berth ACHBRT nodearea anchor_berth category, radius, danger_class Uma área designada de água onde um único navio, hidroavião etc ... pode ancorar.
Beacon, cardinal BCNCAR node beacon_cardinal category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, height, reflectivity, shape Um farol usado em conjunto com a bússola para indicar onde o marinheiro pode encontrar a melhor água navegável.
Beacon, isolated danger BCNISD node beacon_isolated_danger colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, height, reflectivity, shape Um farol que está amarrado ou acima de um perigo isolado de extensão limitada, que possui água navegável ao redor.
Beacon, lateral BCNLAT node beacon_lateral category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, height, impact, reflectivity, shape, system Um farol usado para indicar o porto ou o lado da mão de estibordo da rota a ser seguida.
Beacon, safe water BCNSAW node beacon_safe_water colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, height, reflectivity, shape Um farol usado para indicar que há água navegável ao redor do local onde ele está.
Beacon, special purpose/general BCNSPP node beacon_special_purpose category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, height, reflectivity, shape Um farol usado principalmente para indicar uma área ou característica, cuja natureza é aparente da referência a um gráfico, direção de navegação ou aviso para marinheiros.
Berth BERTHS nodewayarea berth minimum_depth, danger_class Um lugar nomeado ou numerado onde um navio está atracado em um cais.
Bridge BRIDGE nodewayarea bridge category, colour, colour_pattern, condition, clearance, construction, reflectivity, visibility, vertical_clearance, vertical_clearance_closed, vertical_clearance_open Uma estrutura erguida sobre um corpo de água, ferrovia etc. para fornecer uma estrada para veículos, pedestres ou para transportar serviços de utilidade.
Bunker station bunsta nodearea bunker_station category A station, at which a ship is able to bunker fuel, water or ballast
Building, single BUISGL nodearea building colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, function, height, reflectivity, shape, visibility A relatively permanent structure, roofed and usually walled. It is designed for some particular use which it may be important to indicate.
Buoy, cardinal BOYCAR node buoy_cardinal category, colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity, shape A buoy used in conjunction with the compass to indicate where the mariner may find the best navigable water.
Buoy, installation BOYINB node buoy_installation category, colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity A buoy used for loading tankers with gas or oil.
Buoy, isolated danger BOYISD node buoy_isolated_danger colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity, shape A buoy that is moored on or above an isolated danger of limited extent, which has navigable water all around it.
Buoy, lateral BOYLAT node buoy_lateral category, colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity, shape, system A buoy used to indicate the port or starboard hand side of the route to be followed.
Buoy, safe water BOYSAW node buoy_safe_water colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity, shape A buoy used to indicate that there is navigable water around the mark.
Buoy, special purpose/general BOYSPP node buoy_special_purpose category, colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity, shape A buoy primarily used to indicate an area or feature, the nature of which is apparent from reference to a chart, Sailing Directions or Notices to Mariners.
Cable area CBLARE area cable_area category, restriction An area which contains one or more submarine cables.
Cable, overhead CBLOHD way cable_overhead category, vertical_clearance, clearance_height_safe An overhead cable is an assembly of wires or fibres, or a wire rope or chain, which is supported by structures such as poles or pylons and passing over or nearby navigable waters.
Cable, submarine CBLSUB way cable_submarine category, depth_buried An assembly of wires or fibres, or a wire rope or chain which has been laid underwater or buried beneath the seabed.
Causeway CAUSWY wayarea causeway water_level A raised way across low or wet ground or water.
Checkpoint CHKPNT nodearea checkpoint category An official place to register, declare or check goods and people.
Coastguard station CGUSTA nodearea coastguard_station Watch keeping stations at which a watch is kept either continuously, or at certain times only.
Communication area comare area communication_area Indicates the coverage of an area, in which a vessel has to report or may request information.
Control point CTRPNT node control_point category A point on the ground where position (horizontal and vertical) is used as a base for a dependent survey. Also referred to as a control station.
Daymark DAYMAR node daymark category, colour, colour_pattern, shape The identifying characteristics of an aid to navigation which serve to facilitate its recognition against a daylight viewing background.
Distance mark DISMAR node distance_mark category, distance, units A distance mark indicates the distance measured from an origin and consists of either a solid visible structure or a distinct location without special installation.
Dredged area DRGARE area dredged_area An area of the bottom of a body of water which has been deepened by dredging.
Exceptional navigation structure excnst nodewayarea exceptional_structure category An exceptional navigational construction like aqueduct, lift-lock, etc.
Fairway FAIRWY area fairway restriction That part of a river, harbour and so on, where the main navigable channel for vessels of larger size lies.
Ferry route FERYRT way ferry_route category A route in a body of water where a ferry crosses from one shoreline to another.
Fence/Wall FNCLNE way wall category A natural or man-made barrier used as an enclosure or boundary or for protection.
Fog signal FOGSIG node fog_signal category, frequency, generation, group, period, range, sequence A warning signal transmitted by a vessel, or aid to navigation, during periods of low visibility.
Fortified structure FORSTC nodeareaarea fortified_structure category A structure for the military defence of a site.
Fishing facility FSHFAC nodewayarea fishing_facility category A structure in shallow water for fishing purposes which can be an obstruction to ships in general.
Gate GATCON nodewayarea gate category A structure that may be swung, drawn, or lowered to block an entrance or passageway.
Gridiron GRIDRN nodearea gridiron water_level A structure in the intertidal zone serving as a support for vessels at low stages of the tide to permit work on the exposed portion of the vessel's hull.
Harbour basin hrbbsn area harbour_basin An enclosed area of water surrounded by quay walls constructed to provide means for the transfer of cargos from and to ships.
Harbour facility HRBFAC nodearea harbour category A natural or artificially improved body of water providing protection for vessels, and providing anchoring and docking facilities.
Hulk HULKES nodearea hulk category A permanently moored ship.
Inshore traffic zone ISTZNE nodewayarea inshore_traffic_zone restriction A routeing measure comprising a designated area between the landward boundary of a traffic separation scheme and the adjacent coast, to be used in accordance with the provisions of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea.
Landmark LNDMRK nodewayarea landmark category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, elevation, function, height, reflectivity, visibility A prominent object at a fixed location which can be used in determining a location or a direction.
Light LIGHTS nodearea light category, character, colour, exhibition, group, height, multiple, orientation, period, range, sector_start, sector_end, sequence, visibility A luminous or lighted aid to navigation.
Major Light LIGHTS nodearea light_major category, character, colour, exhibition, group, height, multiple, orientation, period, range, sector_start, sector_end, sequence, visibility A luminous or lighted aid to navigation.
Minor Light LIGHTS nodearea light_minor category, character, colour, exhibition, group, height, multiple, orientation, period, range, sector_start, sector_end, sequence, visibility A luminous or lighted aid to navigation.
Light float LITFLT node light_float colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity A boat-like structure used instead of a light buoy in waters where strong streams or currents are experienced, or when a greater elevation than that of a light buoy is necessary
Light vessel LITVES node light_vessel colour, colour_pattern, reflectivity A distinctively marked vessel anchored or moored at a charted point, to serve as an aid to navigation.
Lock basin LOKBSN area lock_basin A lock basin is a wet dock in a waterway, permitting a ship to pass from one level to another.
Marine farm/culture MARCUL nodewayarea marine_farm category, restriction, water_level An assemblage of cages, nets, rafts and floats or posts where fish, including shellfish, are artificially cultivated.
Military practice area MIPARE nodearea military_area category, restriction An area within which naval, military or aerial exercises are carried out. Also called an 'exercise area'.
Mooring/Warping facility MORFAC nodewayarea mooring category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, height, reflectivity, shape, visibility, water_level The equipment or structure used to secure a vessel.
Marine Protected Area MPAARE nodearea protected_area Any area of the intertidal or sub-tidal terrain, together with its overlying water and associated flora, fauna, historical and cultural features, which has been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
Navigation line NAVLNE way navigation_line category, orientation A straight line extending towards an area of navigational interest and generally generated by two navigational aids or one navigational aid and a bearing.
Notice mark notmrk node notice addition, category,

condition, distance_min, distance_max, distance_up, distance_down, function, impact, system

A signboard used to indicate prohibitions, regulations, restrictions, recommendations and general information which apply to a waterway or a section of a waterway.
Obstruction OBSTRN nodewayarea obstruction category, water_level In marine navigation, anything that hinders or prevents movement, particularly anything that endangers or prevents passage of a vessel.
Oil barrier OILBAR way oil_barrier A construction to dam oil flow on water.
Offshore platform OFSPLF nodearea platform category, colour, colour_pattern, construction, condition, height, product, reflectivity, visibility A permanent offshore structure, either fixed or floating, used in the production of oil or natural gas.
Offshore production area OSPARE area production_area category, condition, height, reflectivity, restriction, visibility An area at sea within which there are production facilities.
Pilot boarding place PILBOP node pilot_boarding category, channel The meeting place to which the pilot comes out.
Pile PILPNT node pile category, colour, colour_pattern, condition, height, visibility A long heavy timber or section of steel, wood, concrete, etc. forced into the earth which may serve as a support, as for a pier, or a free standing pole within a marine environment.
Pipeline area PIPARE area pipeline_area category, condition, restriction An area containing one or more pipelines.
Pipeline, overhead PIPOHD way pipeline_overhead category An overhead pipeline is a pipeline supported by pylons and passing over or nearby navigable waters.
Pipeline, submarine/on land PIPSOL way pipeline_submarine category, condition, depth_buried, product A pipeline lying on or buried under the seabed or the land.
Pontoon PONTON wayarea pontoon A floating structure, usually rectangular in shape which serves as landing, pier head or bridge support.
Precautionary area PRCARE nodearea precautionary_area restriction A routeing measure comprising an area within defined limits where ships must navigate with particular caution and within which the direction of traffic flow may be recommended.
Pylon/bridge support PYLONS nodearea pylon category, water_level A vertical construction consisting, for example, of a steel framework or pre-stressed concrete to carry cables, a bridge, etc.
Radar line RADLNE way radar_line A track along which ships may be guided by coastal radar stations in the event of bad visibility. Also known as a radar guided track.
Radar range RADRNG area radar_range Indicates the coverage of a sea area by a radar surveillance station. Inside this area a vessel may request shore-based radar assistance, particularly in poor visibility.
Radar reflector RADRFL node radar_reflector height A device capable of, or intended for, reflecting radar signals.
Radar transponder beacon RTPBCN node radar_transponder category, group, range, sector_start, sector_end, sequence, wavelength A transponder beacon transmitting a coded signal on radar frequency, permitting an interrogating craft to determine the bearing and range of the transponder. Also called racon.
Radar station RADSTA node radar_station category, channel, height, range A station with a transmitter emitting pulses of ultra-high frequency radio waves which are reflected by solid objects and are detected upon their return to the sending station.
Radio calling-in point RDOCAL nodeway calling-in_point channel, orientation, traffic_flow On passing a radio calling-in point or crossing a defined line vessels are required to report on VHF to a Traffic Control Centre.
Radio station RDOSTA node radio_station category, callsign, channel, frequency A place equipped to transmit radio waves.
Recommended route centerline RCRTCL way recommended_route_centreline A recommended route centerline indicates the 'centerline' of a recommended route.
Recommended track RECTRC way recommended_track traffic_flow, orientation That portion of a 'navigation line' that a ship should use for navigation.
Recommended traffic lane RCTLPT way recommended_traffic_lane orientation Indicates the recommended traffic flow e.g., between two TSS, in the entrance areas of a TSS, beside a deep water route.
Rescue station RSCSTA nodearea rescue_station category A place at which life saving equipment is held.
Restricted area RESARE area restricted_area category, restriction A specified area designated by an appropriate authority within which navigation is restricted in accordance with certain specified conditions.
Retro-reflector RETRFL node retro_reflector A means of distinguishing unlighted marks at night. Retro-reflective material is secured to the mark in a particular pattern to reflect back light.
Sand waves SNDWAV nodearea sand_waves A large mobile wave-like sediment feature in shallow water and composed of sand. The wavelength may reach 100 metres, the amplitude may be up to 20 metres.
Seabed area SBDARE nodewayarea seabed_area surface, surface_qualification, water_level An area of the sea where the nature of bottom is homogeneous. The nature of bottom includes the material of which it is composed and its physical characteristics.
Sea area/named water area SEAARE nodearea sea_area category A geographically defined part of the sea or other navigable waters. It may be specified within its limits by its proper name.
Sea-plane landing area SPLARE nodearea seaplane_landing_area restriction A designated portion of water for the landing and take-off of sea-planes.
Shoreline construction SLCONS nodewayarea shoreline_construction category, construction, height, reflectivity, visibility, water_level A fixed (not afloat) artificial structure between the water and the land, i.e. a man-made coastline.
Signal station, traffic SISTAT node signal_station_traffic category, channel Traffic signal stations regulate the movement of traffic.
Signal station, warning SISTAW node signal_station_warning category, channel A signal station is a place on shore from which signals are made to ships at sea.
Small craft facility SMCFAC nodewayarea small_craft_facility category A place at which a service generally of interest to small craft or pleasure boats is available.
Spring in seabed SPRING node spring A natural issue of water or other substances from the earth. One on the bottom of the sea is called a 'submarine spring'.
Submarine transit lane SUBTLN area submarine_transit_lane restriction An area where submarines may navigate under water or at the surface.
Topmark TOPMAR node topmark colour, colour_pattern, shape A characteristic shape secured at the top of a buoy or beacon to aid in its identification.
Traffic separation scheme boundary TSSBND way separation_boundary category The outer limit of a traffic lane part or a traffic separation scheme roundabout.
Traffic separation scheme crossing TSSCRS area separation_crossing category, restriction A defined area where traffic lanes cross.
Traffic separation scheme lane part TSSLPT way separation_lane category, restriction An area within defined limits in which one-way traffic flow is established
Traffic separation line TSELNE way separation_line category, orientation, restriction A line separating lanes in which ships are travelling in opposite or nearly opposite directions; or separating traffic lanes designated for particular classes of ships proceeding in the same direction
Traffic separation scheme roundabout TSSRON area separation_roundabout category, restriction A roundabout is a traffic separation scheme in which traffic moves in a counter-clockwise direction around a specified point or zone.
Traffic separation zone TSSZNE area separation_zone category, restriction A zone separating the lanes in which ships are proceeding in opposite or nearly opposite directions; or separating traffic lanes designated for particular classes of ships proceeding in the same direction.
Turning basin trnbsn nodearea turning_basin An area of water or enlargement of a channel used for turning vessels.
Two-way route part TWRTPT way two-way_route A two-way route part is an area of a two-way route within which traffic flow is generally along one bearing (and possibly its reciprocal).
Underwater/awash rock UWTROC node rock surface, surface_qualification, water_level A concreted mass of stony material or coral which dries, is awash or is below the water surface.
Vegetation VEGATN nodewayarea vegetation category Collections of, or individual plants.
Vehicle transfer vehtrf nodearea vehicle_transfer category A place where vehicles can be loaded or unloaded from the inland vessel with onboard or on-shore facilities.
Water turbulence WATTUR nodewayarea water_turbulence category The disturbance of water caused by the interaction of any combination of waves, currents, tidal streams, wind, shoal patches and obstructions.
Waterway gauge wtwgag node waterway_gauge category A waterway gauge is an instrument for measuring water levels
Weed/Kelp WEDKLP nodearea weed category Seaweed, any macroscopic marine alge or seagrass. Kelp is one of an order (laminariales) of usually large, blade-shaped or vine-like brown algae.
Wreck WRECKS nodearea wreck category, depth, reflectivity, visibility, water_level The ruined remains of a stranded or sunken vessel which has been rendered useless.


Seamark Tag Values
Seamark Objects
Seamark Attributes
INT-1 Cross Reference
S-100 ENC/iENC registry (
ENC Encoding Guide (
Encoding Guide for Inland ENCs (