|Used to indicate height and thus accessibility of a kerb.|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
A kerb (American English curb) is the edge where a road meets a sidewalk. As these are transition points between different surfaces and/or elevations, the locations of kerbs are important features to pedestrians, cyclists, and especially to those with reduced mobility (e.g., in wheelchairs).
The key is kerb=*, and is used on the node of a highway=footway, highway=cycleway, or highway=path at the location of the kerb (at the edge of the street). If the kerb is identical on both sides of a crossing, it is possible to add the kerb=* tag to the highway=crossing node, which sacrifices accuracy for simplicity, consider using kerb:left=* and kerb:right=* if the kerbs differ.
Possible values for the kerb=* are shown in the below table. The heights given here are only indicative, choice of a particular value should depend only on functional considerations. In other words, it is better to consider wheelchair/bicycle accessibility rather than the specific height of the kerb when choosing a value.
|Value||Typical height||Implies||Typical use||Description||Example|
|~0 cm||wheelchair=yes||Crossings & driveways||Similarly to lowered, except the level transition is unlikely to be apparent, to blind users, by tactile sensation.
It is important to map tactile paving at these locations.
|~3 cm||wheelchair=yes||Crossings & driveways||Lowered kerbs are often found at crossing and driveways. They help ensure the crossing can be used by wheelchair users and allow access to drives.
Some names for objects that fall into this category include driveway apron, curb cut (U.S.), curb ramp, dropped kerb (UK), pram ramp, and kerb ramp (Australia).
Use this as a replacement for sloped_curb=yes or both.
|—||wheelchair=yes||No kerb is present. This can be useful to make it clear there is no kerb present — because there used to be a kerb, or a kerb would otherwise be expected (e.g., because it looks like one might be present judging from aerial photography).||
|>3 cm||wheelchair=no†||Bus stops & older kerbs||High kerb. Height results in noticeable trouble for wheelchair and bicycles trying to pass it. In many places it falls foul of modern norms for crossings. Typical at bus stops to provide at-level access on and off buses.
At least in the US, this is also the most common kerb at footway crossings before recent accessibility regulations came into existence.
Note that the primary feature of Kassel kerbs, used at bus stops, is contouring to alleviate tyre rubbing when buses stop (not having a raised level), which is not specifically mapped.
†: When used on pedestrian paths it implies wheelchair=no (and may be used to increase the cost of travelling over this kerb by bicycle). This value can also be added to the highway=bus_stop node or platform node/way — in that case it would not imply wheelchair=no.
|—||wheelchair=no||Residential streets||Rolled kerbs still provide a gutter for water while being traversable by large wheeled vehicles, such as cars and bicycles, but not wheelchairs. They are generally used in lightly trafficked areas, such as planned residential areas, being insufficient for commercial or industrial roads.||
|any||wheelchair=no‡||Some sort of kerb is present, but it can't or hasn't yet been determined whether it is raised, lowered, flush, etc. This may be useful when mapping via aerial imagery (prior to field survey) or if the exact type of kerb can't be recalled.|
If exact height of the kerb is know this can also be marked using the tag kerb:height=*. Please state the unit used in the tag.
|This shows a raised kerb at the tram stop, a lowered next to it at the crossing, and a regular one closest to the viewer.|
|Red nodes are tagged with kerb=lowered, crossing ways are marked with highway=footway and footway=crossing, crossing nodes are tagged with highway=crossing and crossing=traffic_signals.|
|Add to either the bus stop or the platform kerb=raised. It is assumed the kerb tag refers to the edge between the road and the platform. If you wish to explicitly map, tag the actual kerb as a way on the platform area.|
|Use kerb=lowered on the nodes of the footway at the locations of the kerbs. Assuming both sides of the crossing are the same this could be added to the crossing node.|
|Use kerb=flush and tactile_paving=yes on the nodes of the footway at the locations of the kerbs. Assuming both sides of the crossing are the same this could be added to the crossing node.|
Editing with JOSM
- kerb:height - default unit
- kerb tags on ways
- Add a normal tag and use raised for bus platform type kerbs*
- Remove height guidance and base on local norms*
- Document kerb:left and kerb:right for asymmetric kerbs tagged on a crossing node.
- Use as sub-key for barrier=kerb.
- Steps features
- Tactile paving
- Proposed features/Traffic island
- Proposed features/sloped curb
- Proposed features/right left
- Wikipedia articles on kerb, and curb cut
- FHWA: Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access, Chapter 7. Curb Ramps - From the US Federal Highways Administration, more than you could ever want to know about curb ramps. Other chapters from this guide might also be useful.