Statystyka użytych oznaczeń:
cycleway=* - służy do oznaczenia ścieżki rowerowej lub trasy rowerowej na jezdni lub obok niej.
Dodajemy tag cycleway=* do tagu highway=*, aby zaznaczyć infrastrukturę rowerową, która jest nieodłączną częścią drogi.
Dotyczy to w szczególności ścieżek rowerowych, które zawsze stanowią część drogi i często mają również zastosowanie do wydzielonych "pasów rowerowych", jeśli biegną równolegle i obok drogi.
Aby odwzorować ścieżkę rowerową na swój własny sposób, użyjmy tagu highway=cycleway i żadnego z tagów opisanych poniżej. Więcej informacji o tagowaniu infrastruktury związanej z rowerami można znaleźć na stronie Rowery.
Pas rowerowy lub obiekt klasy II jest nieodłączną częścią samej jezdni. Nie ma fizycznej separacji od innych pasów ruchu poza znakami malowanymi na drodze. W szczególności nie ma krawężnika między ścieżką rowerową a jezdnią. Jeśli istnieje przestrzeń i ewentualnie słupki, ale nie ma separacji fizycznej, można to nazwać buforowanym pasmem rowerowym.
Dedykowane pasy rowerowe
- cycleway=lane is used to tag two-way streets where there are cycle lanes on both sides of the road, or one-way streets where there is a lane operating in the direction of main traffic flow. Consider using the cycleway:left=lane and / or cycleway:right=lane tags instead for a cycle lane which is on the left and / or right side, relative to the direction in which the way was drawn in the editor, as this describes on which side the cycle lane is. It should then be assumed that cycle traffic is allowed to flow in the customary direction for traffic on that side of the road (which, for oneway=yes roads, is the same on both sides and in agreement with the motorised traffic).
Some countries have two different types of cycle lanes: One with a strict segregation that is reserved exclusively to cyclists and one with a soft segregation, usually a dashed line. To distinguish between these two types of cycle lanes, the cycle lane can additionally be tagged with cycleway:lane=exclusive or cycleway:lane=advisory respectively. To record this distinction can be useful information for routers because exclusive cycle lanes are usually preferred by cyclists over dashed cycle lanes.
- Use cycleway=opposite_lane for a contraflow cycle lane, that is, a cycle lane travelling in the opposite direction to other traffic on a oneway=yes road. Consider using the cycleway:left=opposite_lane or cycleway:right=opposite_lane tags instead, as this describes on which side the contraflow lane is.
- Use cycleway=opposite for situations where cyclists are permitted to travel in both directions on a road which is one-way for normal traffic, in situations where there is no dedicated contra-flow lane marked for cyclists. In practice there is typically a very short section of road, sometimes called a "cycle plug", where cycles are excepted from the no-entry by means of a short lane separated by an island. These roads should normally also be tagged with oneway=yes and also oneway:bicycle=no. Streets like this are common in Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark. They are rarer in the UK, but are becoming more common due to a recent change in road signage allowing no entry signs qualified with "except cycles".
Wspólne pasy rowerowe z pasem dla zmotoryzowych
- Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, and there are markings indicating that motorists and cyclists should share this lane. The road markings are usually there to highlight a cycle route or to remind drivers that you can cycle there. Used for the on-road shared-lane markings, also called or pictogram corridors.
In Netherlands and Belgium in particular, the tag is also used to indicate suggestion cycle lanes (cycleway:lane=pictogram for sharrows or cycleway:lane=advisory for suggestion cycle lanes respectively.na Wikipedii). To distinguish between the two, it can additionally be tagged with
- A special lane reserved for public transport on which cyclist are also allowed to bike.
- In general, this indicates that cyclists share space with other traffic on this highway. This has formerly been used on cycleways which were mapped as separate ways tagged as highway=cycleway before the segregated=* tag was formalized, but this is now considered obsolete: purpose-built cycleways are assumed to be shared.
A cycle track is separated from the road by curbs, parking lots, grass verges, trees or another physical barrier, but is running parallel and next to the road. In North America this is called a protected bike lane, separated bike lane, bike path, greenway, green lane, or class I facility.
Note that a cycle track may alternatively be drawn as a separate way next to the road which is tagged as highway=cycleway. Both methods each have their pros and cons. While adding a single tag to an existing way takes less time and still often describes the cycle track accurately, a separately tagged cycle way is generally more flexible and allows to capture more detail (note here that higher complexity increases the potential for routing errors). When mapping a cycle track as its own way, do not use any of the tags described below.
It is of paramount importance, to properly connect separately drawn cycle tracks to general roads and to other paths. This is both to reflect ground truth and to aid routing algorithms, which cannot 'understand' or take a chance on this by themselves, even though the distance might be less than a metre, or even if lines cross but the ways do not have merged nodes.
- This indicates a cycle track which is associated with a highway. As with cycle lanes, you can use cycleway:left=track and cycleway:right=track to indicate on which side of the road the track lies, relative to the direction in which the way was drawn in the editor.
- Use cycleway=opposite_track for a contraflow cycle track, that is, a cycle track travelling in the opposite direction to other traffic on a oneway=yes road. Consider using the cycleway:left=opposite_track or cycleway:right=opposite_track tags instead, as this describes on which side the contraflow track is.
- Indicates an advanced stop line or bike box at junctions. Use cycleway=asl on a node forming part of the road's way, located at the position of the secondary stop line. It is up to data users to work out the closest junction that it relates to and thus the direction of traffic that it applies to, alternatively use direction=forward or direction=backward to make it explicit.
- Used for shoulders that are navigable and legal to cycle on, where a high-speed road is legal but not useful infrastructure. Often a sign designates the road as such, e.g. "Motor Vehicles and Bicycles Only."
- Can be used to indicate that a cycle track associated with a highway has been mapped as a separate OSM element (i.e., is tagged with highway=cycleway). Usage is limited, but the meaning is similar to the use of sidewalk=separate, and can potentially be used when simplifying geometries for rendering. It also acts as a hint to avoid duplicating an existing cycleway by adding cycleway=track to a highway. Don't confuse with segregated=yes
- used to indicate that road has no cycleway infrastructure. Note that it may be placed on almost all ways polluting tag list without significant benefit, but it allows to explicitly note that road was surveyed for bicycle infrastructure.
Jeśli trasy lub ścieżki dla rowerów są oznaczone na drodze, prefiks
cycleway: może być użyty jako namespace dla innych tagów. Ma to znaczenie aby ograniczyć szczegóły dla tej samej ścieżki rowerowej.
Dodatkowo przestrzeń dla nazw można łączyć z sufiksami:
:both w zwykły sposób, co powoduje tagowanie cycleway:both=*, cycleway:left=*, cycleway:right=* i ich warianty:
This is not currently widely understood by rendering software or other data consumers. For high level of complexity like tagging surface, for tracks in particular, consider drawing the track as its own way, parallel to the road: see highway=cycleway.