Zh-hant:Tag:highway=traffic_signals

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = traffic_signals
Led traffic lights.jpg
描述
固定循環式交通號誌 Edit or translate this description.
openstreetmap-carto中渲染
Traffic light-16.svg
組: Highways
用於這些元素
可用於節點不可用於路徑不可用於區域不可用於關係
常用組合
維基數據
狀態:已核准

交通號誌,又稱交通信號燈,俗稱紅綠燈,設置於道路路口、行人穿越道與其他位置的信號裝置,以控制衝突的交通流量。

標記方法

汽車專用交通號誌

Key Value 元素 Comment
highway traffic_signals node 必要,指稱汽車專用的交通號誌。
ref * node Reference number or code.
traffic_signals * node 額外用於指定交通號誌的特殊樣式。
traffic_signals:direction forward / backward node 僅適用於分別標記特定方向的交通號誌,指定特定號誌是影響同向車流(=forward)或對向車流(=backward)。

行人交通號誌

如果整個穿越道以單一節點呈現,為行人穿越道的highway=traffic_signals額外加入下列標籤。如果行人穿越道以獨立節點標記(強烈建議),為highway=crossing額外加入下列標籤。

Key Value Element Comment
crossing traffic_signals node 必要的。指稱行人專用交通號誌。
button_operated yes / no node 用於指定交通號誌需要按壓按鈕啟動。
traffic_signals:sound yes / no / locate / walk node Whether there are sound signals for visually impaired people.
traffic_signals:vibration yes / no node 是否有為身心障礙者設計的震動號誌。
traffic_signals:arrow yes / no node 交通號誌桿上是否有可用的觸覺箭頭,以指示盲人行人其行人穿越道通往哪個方向
traffic_signals:minimap yes / no node 交通號誌桿上是否有小型觸覺地圖,以指示盲人其行人穿越道的分布圖。
traffic_signals:floor_vibration yes / no node 行人號誌是否設有地板震動設施,常設於盲人之家附近。
traffic_signals:floor_light yes / no node 與交通號誌同步的地板燈號(紅、黃、綠),一般用於使用智慧型手機的行人。

繪製方法

The mapping of traffic signals is an abstraction that the particular junction or way is regulated by traffic lights.
It is not a representation of a particular device.
Thus, because traffic signals can affect routing decisions, it is important that they are attached to the ways to which they apply, and not placed beside the way.

Simple intersections

Mapnik traffic signals.png

For simple intersections, just tag the intersection node. The same applies to traffic signals which are not part of any intersection, e.g. before tunnels.

Complex intersections

Consider the following intersection:

Traffic signals example 1.png

The horizontal ways are actually one large way, represented by two one-way streets. The problem now is that traffic signals should ideally be applied to each way exactly once. As of now, there is no well established convention on how this problem should be ideally solved, but possible taggings which are currently in use are listed below.

Further discussion is welcome on the discussion page.

Tag all crossings

Traffic signals example 2.png

Add traffic signals to the common nodes in the junction. This will create two separate traffic signals for the vertical way. It is up to the routing software to count nearby signals as one for timing purposes. Many junctions are tagged this way due to simplicity.

Tag all incoming ways

Traffic signals example 3.png

Instead of putting a traffic signal on each crossing, put a traffic signal on all incoming ways of a junction. Traffic signals added to dual-ways need to be tagged with either traffic_signals:direction=forward or traffic_signals:direction=backward to indicate the affected direction. In the given example this applies to the vertical way only, as the horizontal way is mapped with one-ways anyhow.

Tagging also cycleway traffic signals

Traffic signals example 4.png

As before, put a traffic signal on all incoming ways of a junction. The difference is an extended meaning of "incoming ways".

Advanced example showing the "tag all incoming one-ways" approach, including the traffic signals of intersecting cycleways.

繪製方法(新版)

圖片 標記方式
非設於路口的交通號誌(例如:橋梁前)、無行人穿越道
標記oneway=yes/-1的路徑
Traffic signals 0 oneway.png

highway=traffic_signals + crossing=no

無標記oneway的路徑
Traffic signals 0.png

highway=traffic_signals + crossing=no + traffic_signals:direction=forward/backward

非設於路口的行人穿越道
行人穿越道未分別繪製
Traffic signals no intersection.png
行人穿越道分別繪製
Traffic signals no intersection pedestrian separate.png
簡易路口
行人穿越道未分別繪製
Traffic signals 1 1.png

highway=traffic_signals + crossing=traffic_signals

行人穿越道分別繪製
Traffic signals 1 1 pedestrian separate.png
分隔或未分隔的道路路口
路口的車輛專用交通號誌、行人穿越道未分別繪製
Traffic signals 2 1 on junction.png

highway=traffic_signals + crossing=traffic_signals

路口的車輛專用交通號誌、行人穿越道分別繪製
Traffic signals 2 1 on junction pedestrian separate.png
路口前的車輛專用交通號誌、行人穿越道未分別繪製
Traffic signals 2 1 before junction.png
  • 雙向交通號誌圖示:

highway=traffic_signals + crossing=traffic_signals

路口的車輛專用交通號誌、行人穿越道分別繪製
Traffic signals 2 1 before junction separate pedestrian.png

已命名的交通號誌/交通號誌系統(日本)

日本仙台帶有「九丁目」地名的交通號誌

在一些國家(例如日本),地方民眾利用交通號誌或交通號誌系統的名稱進行導航,而非使用街道名稱。當街道名可能同時存在時,亦非重要的導航方式。詳情請參見Named spots instead of street names。注意:韓國、尼加拉瓜使用已命名的路口,但被分別標記為junction=yesreference_point=*,而非highway=traffic_signals

關於簡易路口(單一節點)或開放路口的單一交通號誌(單一節點),使用帶有name=*標籤的highway=traffic_signals

注意:請在已命名的交通號誌上使用junction=yesjunction=yes只用於已命名的路口(如果節點使用highway=traffic_signals + junction=yes + name=*標記,意謂標籤的名稱為路口的名稱)。

渲染

延伸閱讀