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logo Feature: Aeroways
One example for Feature: Aeroways
Describes the fixed physical infrastructure associated with the air travel, including airports, runways, helipads, and terminal buildings.

Most aviation activity is centred on aerodromes (or airports); these facilities are tagged with aeroway=*. The most well known examples are huge international airports with multiple runways, terminal buildings with large retail areas, and a lot of (non-aviation) public transport links, but these tags apply to small private grass strips just as well. See also Key:aeroway.

How to Map

Like most things in OSM, you can start with a node tagged only with aeroway=aerodrome and name=*, and add more detail over time. The most common elements are the aerodrome tag, runways, taxiways, aprons, terminal buildings, and often hangars. These are sometimes tied together with a site relation. More tags below.

Item Description
Aerodrome Can be tagged as a node, an area or a multipolygon. As well as having a aeroway=aerodrome it should also have a name=* and may have an iata=* or icao=* code and many others. This node should also contain type=* to indicate what type if aerodrome it is: (public, military, private or some other type). For complex boundaries a relation:multipolygon can be used (for example, see Norwich airport). Using a relation in this way allows a boundary to be constructed from a number of elements, such as fences, walls and parts of buildings. The boundary may be for the entire aerodrome complex, or for 'airside only.
Apron Use aeroway=apron to identify areas were planes are parked or are serviced. If an apron has a particular purpose or designation then provide this using name=* (eg 'Parking area 15' or 'de-icing').
Beacon Use man_made=beacon nodes to mark navigation lights.
Gate Use aeroway=gate to identify each departure gate and include a ref=* if this is known.
Grass Mark areas of grass with landuse=grass. If appropriate use aeroway=*, surface=grass
Hangar Buildings where aircraft are stored or repaired should be tagged with aeroway=hangar.
Helipad Mark helipads with aeroway=helipad using a node or area and ideally also a ref=*.
Holding position Use aeroway=holding_position on nodes along the taxiway, runway to identify holding positions.
Navigation aid Use aeroway=navigationaid on nodes representing the station position. See aeroway=navigationaid for subtagging of navigation aid types.
Papi/Vasi A Wikipedia PAPI or Wikipedia VASI should be marked by a node and tagged as aeroway=papi or aeroway=vasi.
Parking Many aerodromes also include various forms of parking, mapped as areas tagged with amenity=parking. Multistorey Car Parks should be mapped as areas tagged as amenity=parking and parking=multi-storey. Provide an identifier or name uaing ref=*.
Runway Each runway should be drawn as a way and tagged as aeroway=runway with ref=*. Use surface=* for the runway surface. Runways can be defined as ways or as areas. A proposed new runway, or a runway under construction should be tagged with aeroway=construction (or aeroway=proposed) and construction=runway. A disused, but generally function runway should be tagged with either disused=yes or as disused:aeroway=runway. A abandoned runway can be tagged with abandoned:aeroway=runway.
Service road Mark internal service roads as ways tagged as highway=service. Include access=private if the public are not able to use them.
Taxiway Each taxiway should be drawn as a way and tagged as aeroway=taxiway with ref=*. Use surface=* for the taxiway surface. A proposed new taxiway, or a taxiway under construction should be tagged with aeroway=construction (or aeroway=proposed) and construction=taxiway. A disused, but generally function taxiway should be tagged with either disused=yes or as disused:aeroway=taxiway. A abandoned taxiway can be tagged with abandoned:aeroway=taxiway.
Terminal Each terminal should be drawn as an area tagged as aeroway=terminal with a name=*. Tag the entrance to the terminal using a building=entrance node. use name=* for the terminal name (eg 'terminal 1', 'main hall').
Tower Map any control towers using man_made=tower and service=aircraft_control. (Proposal Only)
Windsock Mark aeroway=windsocks as a node. If it is lighted, include lit=yes.

Aerodromes often contain numerous amenities and transport links. Where appropriate, these amenities and links should be individually mapped. Guidelines for each of the transport links can be found in their individual pages. Railway stations Subways Taxi Ranks, Bus Stations.

Some amenities often found in and around aerodromes can be found below;

Websites such as [1] and [2] are often helpful for finding ICAO codes. IATA codes can be obtained from the official IATA database (search by → location name).


In addition to correct tagging of the aerodromes themselves, it may be useful to map the actual services that run between these aerodromes. Currently a method for doing this is not in common use, however it may be addressed in the form of relations adding to Routes! Do not trace explicit flight routes, because they are varying (see [3])

Visible facilities only

Don't map intangible elements like airspace, circuits, or flight paths. See on, and Aviation for detailed reasoning.