|Describes the fixed physical infrastructure associated with the air travel, including airports, runways, helipads, and terminal buildings.|
Most aviation activity is centred on aerodromes (or airports); these facilities are tagged with aeroway=*. The most well known examples are huge international airports with multiple runways, terminal buildings with large retail areas, and a lot of (non-aviation) public transport links, but these tags apply to small private grass strips just as well. See also Key:aeroway.
How to Map
Like most things in OSM, you can start with a node tagged only with aeroway=aerodrome and name=*, and add more detail over time. The most common elements are the aerodrome tag, runways, taxiways, aprons, terminal buildings, and often hangars. These are sometimes tied together with a site relation. More tags below.
|Aerodrome||Can be tagged as a node, an area or a multipolygon. As well as having a aeroway=aerodrome it should also have a name=* and may have an iata=* or icao=* code and many others. This node should also contain type=* to indicate what type if aerodrome it is: (public, military, private or some other type). For complex boundaries a relation:multipolygon can be used (for example, see Norwich airport). Using a relation in this way allows a boundary to be constructed from a number of elements, such as fences, walls and parts of buildings. The boundary may be for the entire aerodrome complex, or for 'airside only.|
|Apron||Use aeroway=apron to identify areas were planes are parked or are serviced. If an apron has a particular purpose or designation then provide this using name=* (eg 'Parking area 15' or 'de-icing').|
|Beacon||Use man_made=beacon nodes to mark navigation lights.|
|Gate||Use aeroway=gate to identify each departure gate and include a ref=* if this is known.|
|Grass||Mark areas of grass with landuse=grass. If appropriate use aeroway=*, surface=grass|
|Hangar||Buildings where aircraft are stored or repaired should be tagged with aeroway=hangar.|
|Helipad||Mark helipads with aeroway=helipad using a node or area and ideally also a ref=*.|
|Holding position||Use aeroway=holding_position on nodes along the taxiway, runway to identify holding positions.|
|Navigation aid||Use aeroway=navigationaid and type=* with value (ils; ndb; tacan; vor; vor/dme; vortac) on nodes representing the station position.|
|Papi/Vasi||A PAPI or VASI should be marked by a node and tagged as aeroway=papi or aeroway=vasi.|
|Parking||Many aerodromes also include various forms of parking, mapped as areas tagged with amenity=parking. Multistorey Car Parks should be mapped as areas tagged as amenity=parking and parking=multi-storey. Provide an identifier or name uaing ref=*.|
|Runway||Each runway should be drawn as a way and tagged as aeroway=runway with ref=*. Use surface=* for the runway surface. Runways can be defined as ways or as areas. A proposed new runway, or a runway under construction should be tagged with aeroway=construction (or aeroway=proposed) and construction=runway. A disused, but generally function runway should be tagged with either disused=yes or as disused:aeroway=runway. A abandoned runway can be tagged with abandoned:aeroway=runway.|
|Service road||Mark internal service roads as ways tagged as highway=service. Include access=private if the public are not able to use them.|
|Taxiway||Each taxiway should be drawn as a way and tagged as aeroway=taxiway with ref=*. Use surface=* for the taxiway surface. A proposed new taxiway, or a taxiway under construction should be tagged with aeroway=construction (or aeroway=proposed) and construction=taxiway. A disused, but generally function taxiway should be tagged with either disused=yes or as disused:aeroway=taxiway. A abandoned taxiway can be tagged with abandoned:aeroway=taxiway.|
|Terminal||Each terminal should be drawn as an area tagged as aeroway=terminal with a name=*. Tag the entrance to the terminal using a building=entrance node. use name=* for the terminal name (eg 'terminal 1', 'main hall').|
|Tower||Map any control towers using man_made=tower and service=aircraft_control. (Proposal Only)|
|Windsock||Mark aeroway=windsocks as a node. If it is lighted, include lit=yes.|
Aerodromes often contain numerous amenities and transport links. Where appropriate, these amenities and links should be individually mapped. Guidelines for each of the transport links can be found in their individual pages. Railway stations Subways Taxi Ranks, Bus Stations.
Some amenities often found in and around aerodromes can be found below;
In addition to correct tagging of the aerodromes themselves, it may be useful to map the actual services that run between these aerodromes. Currently a method for doing this is not in common use, however it may be addressed in the form of relations adding to Routes! Do not trace explicit flight routes, because they are varying (see )
Visible facilities only
Don't map intangible elements like airspace, circuits, or flight paths. See http://help.openstreetmap.org/questions/297/does-it-make-sense-to-upload-aviation-tracks-to-osm on help.openstreetmap.org, and Aviation for detailed reasoning.
- Abandoned (inactive): Proposed features/Aerodrome (unified symbol set)
- aeroway=landing_light - for a light on the approach to the runway.
- There is a current discussion about how the aeroway=* key should also be used for installations catering to model aircraft. See Proposed_features/Model's_Aerodrome.
- It was suggested () to use the proposed "importance" tag (international/national/regional/...) to distinguish international airports and personal airstrips. At this time there is no consensus on how airports should be classified. See the discussion page.
- aeroway=taxilane - taxilanes are used inside the parking area of planes and differ from taxiways like normal roads to motorways.
- Munich International Airport
- Chicago O'hare International Airport
- Heathrow International Airport (below)