|latitude: 65.49, longitude: 26|
|Browse map of Finland 65°29′24″ N, 26°00′00″ E|
|Use this template for your city|
Finland is a country in Europe at latitude 65°29′24″ North, longitude 26°00′00″ East.
|OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under the OpenStreetMap License.|
This page contains information relating to mapping activity that is specific to.
- 1 OpenStreetmap.org Finland
- 2 Community
- 3 Goals
- 4 Data sources
- 5 Tools
- 6 Features and tagging guidelines
- 7 Laws, regulations, relevant Links
- 8 Related news articles
- 9 Notes and references
Mailing list & forum
On a typical day about 25-35 people are editing OSM map of Finland.
OSM activity: September 8, 2009
In a typical Finnish way the mappers are mostly mapping and not so much talking about it. However, some users have introduced themselves on OSM users page. Total number of Finnish OSM mappers is considerably bigger. By 11th August, 2008, the Finnish excerpt of OSM database contained edits from 384 distinct user names. By 7th November 2008 the number was 471 and 3rd May 2009 616 (12. 6. 2009: 662;18. 8. 2009: 794;15. 10. 2009: 1022;28. 4. 2010: 1301;22. 11. 2010: 1648).
If you are in to IRC, there is irc://irc.oftc.net #osm-fi.
- OpenStreetMap Finland Facebook group
If you have a goal that you are working towards or one that you would like to see get done (and are maybe willing to get the ball rolling) then add it to the list here, create a section where it can be coordinated and tracked, and a way of measuring progress. And then get on with it :-)
- Get more people involved.
- Please help improve the Finnish Wikipedia article on OpenStreetMap.
- Write more pages in Finnish on the OSM wiki, like Introduktion på svenska.
The following, albeit few, guidelines for translating the Wiki pages are in Finnish:
- Lopullinen tarkoitus on suomentaa, ei kääntää.
- Englanninkielisten sivujen rakenne on muotoutunut hitaasti rönsyillen, mutta voimme jaotella asiat selkeämmin.
Major mapping goals
- Map all major roads (Moottoritiet, Valtatiet, Kantatiet). This goal has now (~99.99%) been reached.
- Map all minor roads (Seututiet, Yhdystiet). Making good progress.
- Map major cities
- Map minor cities
- Map everything else
- Get professional help.
- Lots of people drive along the highways, but for collecting good coverage of lower level roads people like postmen, taxi drivers, truck drivers, elk hunters, farmers etc. would be a valuable resource.
Minor mapping goals
This section describes smallish projects which can be finalised within a few weeks or couple of months with some co-operation.
- Bus stops and route
- Map tourism/leisure related routes
- Help to map the tracks of blind mappers in Finland.
- Map access to metro and (complex) train stations.
- Elevators, escalators and steps
- Footways and platforms connected/ing them
- To help underground and in building mapping, paving stone counting might be helpful in counting distances.
Quality assurance tools
Features and tagging guidelines
- Please update this page with any kind of progress you might make
- Inform others of what you doing and where
- Set your home location in map view user settings so others can find you
- Use the article discussion page for any kind of commenting/rfc, let's try to keep this page clean of that
- If you make mistakes, fix them immediately. or...
- Feel free to make mistakes. The most common mistake you can make is to to fail to make any OpenStreetMap edits!
- Always tag with correct tags, don't use wrong tags just to get something rendered (Tagging for the renderer) If you would like something to get rendered that's not, file a bug report on trac.
- Use the JOSM validator plugin to check your edits
- Do not give road tags for nodes, but only for roads.
- POIs are good. Add as many as you like.
- Add both fi (name, name:fi) and sv (name:sv) street names if they exists
- Set road number (ref=, int_ref=) if you know it
- Set postal code/zip code (postal_code=) if you know it
- You can still set is_in (is_in=Suburb, City, Country) tag for POIs and street
- No need to add it to all nodes, just to named entities that can be listed as search results: "Kirkkokatu in Helsinki, Kirkkokatu in Tampere"
- In the end we'd like to have all area borders entered as closed ways and could drop the is_in altogether
- Do NOT blindly trust aerial images when editing. Good GPS tracks are more accurate than poor satellite images and there is no need to move the roads other users have already drawn on the map just to make them match the imagery (unless you really know that the imagery in that region is "spot on" accurate).
- A great tool for comparing is Transparent map comparison
- Do not use every GPS track point when making ways/roads but simplify.
- When tracing roads - particularly winding, rural ones - you should add enough points to make each curve look like a curve. Don't just put one or two points per bend. Remember, you are drawing a map, not just a routing diagram.
- Maximum lengths, heights and heavy traffic restrictions would be nice, where present. These are still missing for most part.
- If you want an overview of tags used, see Taginfo
As Finland has two official languages, many locations and streets have two names, Finnish and Swedish. Use the following schema to tag these.
|name||Finnish or Swedish name, based on which one is more common|
|name:fi||Finnish name (Turku, Kokkola, Savikatu, etc)|
|name:sv||Swedish name (Åbo, Karleby, Lergatan, etc)|
There are also Same names up in the northern parts of Finland.
Coastlines are ways with the tag natural=coastline. They can be imported from an external source. This already done for the whole mainland coastline, but not for all the islands. After import, the coastlines have to be "fixed up" manually, checking that there are no gaps in the ways, duplicate nodes must be merged, and all line segments must be turned so that the water is on the right hand side (i.e. counter-clockwise for islands). Around Helsinki and Turku, some coastlines have been drawn manually in JOSM or Potlatch (or really old stuff in Java Applet).
I ran the coastline import script for Vaasa/Kokkola (more specifically, area from 63° 21° to 64° 24°), and now believe it was very bad idea, the amount of islands (and as such, required manual fixing since each one of them has the segments in wrong direction) along the Finnish coast is staggering, and I do not recommend running the coastline import for anyone else until it has been significantly improved. --Juhaz 13:49, 3 May 2007 (BST)
- My plan is to import one piece at a time and then fix up the area (close gaps, turn islands right, render in tiles@home) before I go on to import the next part. I'm beginning with the easy parts, such as Latvia and southern Sweden. I have a slightly improved version of the import script that avoids duplicate nodes and doesn't tag nodes and line segments. I have also started to fix up the Vaasa area. It is tedious work, but it can be done. --LA2 08:50, 4 May 2007 (BST)
- I created a program which makes it all easy. You can select an area, and it will create an OSM file which you can open in JOSM for further checkings and corrections. The program also checks closes polygons in which direction the segments are arranged. It considers all polygons as islands and turns the direction if necessary. Here you find it: www.lenz-online.de/divers/osm/
Places and major lakes
Airports with (some) mapped runways and taxiways.
- Ohjeet suomeksi ovat sivulla Fi:WikiProject Finland/Piirto-ohjeet.
- Main article and detailed lists are at WikiProject Finland/Highways
These have been translated from Finnish to help possible tourists and anybody not familiar with the Finnish language.
Outside urban areas
Outside urban areas the classification is mainly done by looking at the road number; smaller numbers are even officially grouped into few classes. Larger numbers are not signposted, so sometimes one has to make a decision themselves between the values residential/tertiary/unclassified.
Roads in urban areas often have (unposted) numbers in the five digit range, so there's a second table further down for assessing their importance and classification.
|Road type||Tag/Key||Numbering||Road sign example|
|European road||highway=motorway or highway=trunk||int_ref=E ?, ref=1-39|
|Moottoriliikennetie|| highway=trunk +
|Yhdystie||highway=tertiary + surface=paved, surface=unpaved||ref=1000-9999|
|Paikallistie (since 2006, officially same as Yhdystie)||highway=tertiary + surface=paved, surface=unpaved||ref=11000-19999 (not signed, so specify source if you somehow find it)||N/A|
|Other||highway=unclassified or highway=residential||ref=* if known. See w:fi:Suomen tienumerointijärjestelmä for more information.|
|One lane unpaved unnamed roads, timber hauling roads, summer cottage roads||highway=track||Note: some unpaved roads are even tertiary. More signs for choosing between unclassified vs. track at the talk page||N/A|
Within urban areas
National highways (road numbers 1-999) often end at the city limits or at least well before the city center but not always there are exceptions to this. Most roads inside built up areas in Finland have official road numbers with four or five digits, but the numbers are seldom signposted. Therefore the classification must follow some other criteria, as outlined below. These criterias are for roads with no numbers, for numbered roads you should always follow the rules in above table. There are some exceptions to these rules as sometimes the numbering does not match with the importance, see the city pages for more information.
|Classification||Tag||Criteria||Possible features to look for|
|Motorway||highway=motorway||Only signposted motorways (just as outside urban areas)|
|Important "regional" road||trunk|| Larger cities: Serving traffic mainly through the region/municipality or traffic into and out of a city, it has for the most part a speed limit of at least 70 km/h and it's either
|"Regional" road / Arterial||primary||Serving traffic mainly through the region/municipality or traffic into and out of a city and "leads to" rural primary highways.||Never any traffic_calming.|
|Minor arterial||secondary||Mostly traffic within the municipality, for example suburb-to-center, or links suburbs together.||Only exceptional places have traffic calming.|
|Collector roads||tertiary||"Collects" traffic within a small area from residential or unclassified roads, and feeds it to higher class roads.||Occasional traffic calming likely present. Likely never more than two lanes.|
|Residential||residential||Fits none of the above and as defined at Tag:highway=residential.||Seldom a part of any bus routes.|
|Pedestrianized roads||pedestrian||As defined at Tag:highway=pedestrian|
|service||Named roads are likely always "real" roads: highway=residential.|
|Pihakatu||living_street||As defined at highway=living_street|
|Footways, light traffic ways, cycleways||cycleway or footway (surface=paved/unpaved)|| Sidewalks are highway=footway, as cycling is forbidden unless signposted otherwise.
Elsewhere mostly cycleways; there's no significant difference between similar ways signposted as "no motorized traffic" or signposted as "Combined pedestrian and cycleway". More examples with pictures below.
Sidewalks and cycleways
Nämä ohjeet suomeksi
Here's a small guide to help us with all the different types of footways and cycleways. Most of these are explained with varying details at, for example, Tag:highway=footway, Tag:highway=cycleway, but the examples here depict how to apply these in the common cases encountered in Finland.
It would be nice if you could also include any of the following tags on cycleways and footways, if known:
|Photo||How to draw||How to tag road A||How to tag road B||Comment in English|
foot=yes (optional, kind of)
|not applicable||Combined cycling and pedestrian way abutting a road. Where further details have been drawn, it can be beneficial to draw such ways as separate ways with the tags highway=cycleway + foot=designated.|
|not applicable||Where further details have been drawn, it can be beneficial to draw such ways as separate ways at the proper distance from the road centerline and with the tag highway=footway.|
|Combined cycling and pedestrian way further away from the road|
surface=unpaved (optional, if applicable)
|Way B signposted with the traffic sign 421 "Footway"|
foot=designated (optional, kind of)
|not applicable||Combined cycling and pedestrian way on its own, with traffic sign 423 or 424|
|not applicable||A way only for cycling (traffic sign 422) |
|not applicable||Designated for pedestrians and cyclists, and maybe mopedists, or by construction designed mostly for pedestrians and cyclists and maybe mopedists, but with an allowance for motorized vehicle access to properties ("Tontille ajo sallittu")|
|not applicable||A footway with the traffic sign [[w:fi:Luettelo Suomen liikenteen määräysmerkeistä|421] Jalkakäytävä allows only pedestrians.|
|not applicable||A bridleway (traffic sign [[w:fi:Luettelo Suomen liikenteen määräysmerkeistä|427] Ratsastustie) |
|not applicable||A way that's mainly for walking and cycling is not forbidden. When without any signs, horse=yes can be added.|
Downhill pistes and ski tracks
|Road classification||Number Range||Completed roads||Percentage complete||Comments|
|Eurooppatiet / E-roads||E 4, E 8, E 12, E 18, E 63, E 75||6||100%||Some access ramps still missing, e.g. on E18 near Kotka.|
|Valtatiet / National roads||1-9||8||100%||Some access ramps still missing. Some places need foot=no and bicycle=no, few tagged.|
|Valtatiet / National roads||10-19||10||100%|
|Valtatiet / National roads||20-29||10||100%||Parts of some roads from Landsat.|
|Kantatiet / Main roads||40-99||45||100%|
|Seututiet||100-999||319||97%||319 out of a total of at least 330 = 97%|
|Yhdystiet||1000-9999||86||Total count is yet unknown but larger than that of Seututiet.|
Total length of linear features with some highway tag:
|36650 km||29th January 2008|
|67200 km||14th April 2008|
|82100 km||20th May 2008|
|91000 km||17th June 2008|
|100048 km||24th August 2008|
|110148 km||28th November 2008|
|120068 km||18th March 2009|
|130026 km||25th June 2009|
|140145 km||15th September 2009|
|150096 km||30th December 2009|
|160142 km||20th April 2010|
|171665 km||8th August 2010|
|180744 km||9th December 2010|
|194095 km||15th March 2011|
|200290 km||6th May 2011|
|213734 km||24th August 2011|
|221704 km||27th November 2011|
|231406 km||25th March 2012|
Laws, regulations, relevant Links
Related news articles
Notes and references
- The traffic sign "422 Pyörätie" forbids other vehicles from using the section and in some rare cases pedestrians should use such ways - but mostly there's a footway nearby, which the pedestrians should use.
- The traffic sign "427 Ratsastustie" forbids other "road users" from using the way, i.e. no walking allowed.