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Finland, Europe

latitude: 65.303, longitude: 25.334
Browse map of Finland 65°18′10.80″ N, 25°20′02.40″ E
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External links:
Use this template for your locality

Finland is a country in Europe at latitude 65°18′10.80″ North, longitude 25°20′02.40″ East. Finland

This page contains information relating to mapping activity that is specific to Finland.

Ajantasaisin tieto on erikseen suomeksi. Katso suoraan myös ohjeet teiden luokitteluun. - Mostly, this content is available in Finnish only


Chat channel (multiple messengers)

There is a multi-messenger chat channel. It is accessible via:

Other messengers may be bridged on demand. Bridging technology is based on Matrix and is provided by


There is a Telegram discussion group for Finland: OpenStreetMap Finland

Mailing list & forum

There's also an OSM mailing list for talking about Finland specific subjects, as well as own area in OSM forum

People involved

On a typical day about 25-35 people are editing OSM map of Finland.

OSM Aware example.jpg

OSM activity: September 8, 2009

In a typical Finnish way the mappers are mostly mapping and not so much talking about it. However, some users have introduced themselves on OSM users page. Total number of Finnish OSM mappers is considerably bigger. By 11th August, 2008, the Finnish excerpt of OSM database contained edits from 384 distinct user names. By 7th November 2008 the number was 471 and 3rd May 2009 616 (12. 6. 2009: 662;18. 8. 2009: 794;15. 10. 2009: 1022;28. 4. 2010: 1301;22. 11. 2010: 1648).

See: Category:Users in Finland


If you are in to IRC, there is irc:// #osm-fi.



If you have a goal that you are working towards or one that you would like to see get done (and are maybe willing to get the ball rolling) then add it to the list here, create a section where it can be coordinated and tracked, and a way of measuring progress. And then get on with it :-)

Project goals


The following, albeit few, guidelines for translating the Wiki pages are in Finnish:

  • Lopullinen tarkoitus on suomentaa, ei kääntää.
  • Englanninkielisten sivujen rakenne on muotoutunut hitaasti rönsyillen, mutta voimme jaotella asiat selkeämmin.

Major mapping goals

  1. Map all major roads (Moottoritiet, Valtatiet, Kantatiet). This goal has now (~99.99%) been reached.
    You can still add details, for example maxspeed=*, lit=yes/no, lanes=* and the occasional foot=no.
  2. Map all minor roads (Seututiet, Yhdystiet). Making good progress.
  3. Map major cities
  4. Map minor cities
  5. Map everything else
  • Get professional help.
    • Lots of people drive along the highways, but for collecting good coverage of lower level roads people like postmen, taxi drivers, truck drivers, elk hunters, farmers etc. would be a valuable resource.

Minor mapping goals

This section describes smallish projects which can be finalised within a few weeks or couple of months with some co-operation.

  1. Bus stops and route
    1. Map all HRT bus stops, see Finland:Helsinki/bus and Finland/helsinki bus stop
      Helsinki bus stops, Last updated November 19, 2009
      . This project is complete when all 2800 bus stops are on the map with correct "ref" tag.
  2. Map tourism/leisure related routes
    1. National cycle routes, see Fi:Valtakunnalliset pyörämatkailureitit
    2. The King's Road relation 378455 (Wikipedia (fi): Kuninkaantie)
    3. Reitti 2000 relation 417727 (a hiking/mtb route Helsinki (Laakso) <-> Nuuksio)
  3. Help to map the tracks of blind mappers in Finland.
  4. Map access to metro and (complex) train stations.
    1. Elevators, escalators and steps
    2. Footways and platforms connected/ing them
    3. To help underground and in building mapping, paving stone counting might be helpful in counting distances.
  5. Move imported Digiroad stops to correct position in Jyväskylä area. Instructions here.
    1. The goal is to move the Digiroad stops from the original center line geometry location to the actual bus stop shelter or pole location as a stop with the highway=bus_stop tag should be.
      • Add note=moved tag after moving
    2. Improve or add missing pedestrian geometry (sidewalks), that leads to the bus stop.

Data sources

See page Tietolähteet in Finnish language for a list of data sources.



Quality assurance tools

Features and tagging guidelines

Editing notes

  • Please update this page with any kind of progress you might make
  • Inform others of what you doing and where
    • Set your home location in map view user settings so others can find you
  • Use the article discussion page for any kind of commenting/rfc, let's try to keep this page clean of that
  • If you make mistakes, fix them immediately. or...
  • Feel free to make mistakes. The most common mistake you can make is to to fail to make any OpenStreetMap edits!
  • Always tag with correct tags, don't use wrong tags just to get something rendered (Tagging for the renderer) If you would like something to get rendered that's not, file a bug report on trac.
  • Use the JOSM validator plugin to check your edits
  • Do not give road tags for nodes, but only for roads.

Fi nodes from gps with tags.jpg

  • POIs are good. Add as many as you like.
  • Add both fi (name, name:fi) and sv (name:sv) street names if they exists
  • Set road number (ref=, int_ref=) if you know it
  • Set postal code/zip code (postal_code=) if you know it
  • You can still set is_in (is_in=Suburb, City, Country) tag for POIs and street
    • No need to add it to all nodes, just to named entities that can be listed as search results: "Kirkkokatu in Helsinki, Kirkkokatu in Tampere"
    • In the end we'd like to have all area borders entered as closed ways and could drop the is_in altogether
  • Do NOT blindly trust aerial images when editing. Good GPS tracks are more accurate than poor satellite images and there is no need to move the roads other users have already drawn on the map just to make them match the imagery (unless you really know that the imagery in that region is "spot on" accurate).
  • A great tool for comparing is Transparent map comparison
  • Do not use every GPS track point when making ways/roads but simplify.
  • When tracing roads - particularly winding, rural ones - you should add enough points to make each curve look like a curve. Don't just put one or two points per bend. Remember, you are drawing a map, not just a routing diagram.
  • Maximum lengths, heights and heavy traffic restrictions would be nice, where present. These are still missing for most part.
  • If you want an overview of tags used, see Taginfo


As Finland has two official languages Finnish and Swedish. Many locations and streets have names in both languages. The Sami language is official language in 4 municipalities (Enontekiö, Inari, Sodankylä and Utsjoki) in Northern part of Finland. Use the following schema to tag these.

Key Value
name Finnish or Swedish name, based on which one is more common
name:fi Finnish name (Turku, Kokkola, Savikatu, etc)
name:sv Swedish name (Åbo, Karleby, Lergatan, etc)
name:se Sami (Northern), use if you don't know which Sami language you are using
name:sme Northern Sami: davvisámegiella; Finnish: pohjoissaame; Norwegian: nordsamisk; Swedish: nordsamiska
name:smn Inari Sami: aanaarsämikielâ; Finnish: inarinsaame
name:sms Skolt Sami: sääʹmǩiõll; Finnish: koltansaame

More information about Sami language and place names: Kielikiello (in Finnish).


Coastlines are ways with the tag natural=coastline. They can be imported from an external source. This already done for the whole mainland coastline, but not for all the islands. After import, the coastlines have to be "fixed up" manually, checking that there are no gaps in the ways, duplicate nodes must be merged, and all line segments must be turned so that the water is on the right hand side (i.e. counter-clockwise for islands). Around Helsinki and Turku, some coastlines have been drawn manually in JOSM or Potlatch (or really old stuff in Java Applet).

Old notes

I ran the coastline import script for Vaasa/Kokkola (more specifically, area from 63° 21° to 64° 24°), and now believe it was very bad idea, the amount of islands (and as such, required manual fixing since each one of them has the segments in wrong direction) along the Finnish coast is staggering, and I do not recommend running the coastline import for anyone else until it has been significantly improved. --Juhaz 13:49, 3 May 2007 (BST)

My plan is to import one piece at a time and then fix up the area (close gaps, turn islands right, render in tiles@home) before I go on to import the next part. I'm beginning with the easy parts, such as Latvia and southern Sweden. I have a slightly improved version of the import script that avoids duplicate nodes and doesn't tag nodes and line segments. I have also started to fix up the Vaasa area. It is tedious work, but it can be done. --LA2 08:50, 4 May 2007 (BST)
I created a program which makes it all easy. You can select an area, and it will create an OSM file which you can open in JOSM for further checkings and corrections. The program also checks closes polygons in which direction the segments are arranged. It considers all polygons as islands and turns the direction if necessary. Here you find it:

Places and major lakes

See Finland/Places


Airports with (some) mapped runways and taxiways.

Helsinki-Vantaa map
Helsinki-Malmi map
Pori map
Turku map
Kruunupyy map
Vaasa map
Seinäjoki map
Tampere-Pirkkala map
Kemi-Tornio map


See Finland/Railroads.


Ohjeet suomeksi ovat sivulla Fi:Finland/Piirto-ohjeet.
Main article and detailed lists are at Finland/Highways

These have been translated from Finnish to help possible tourists and anybody not familiar with the Finnish language.

Major road network

Outside urban areas

Outside urban areas the classification is mainly done by looking at the road number; smaller numbers are even officially grouped into few classes. Larger numbers are not signposted, so sometimes one has to make a decision themselves between the values residential/tertiary/unclassified.

Roads in urban areas often have (unposted) numbers in the five digit range, so there's a second table further down for assessing their importance and classification.

Road type Tag/Key Numbering Road sign example
European road highway=motorway or highway=trunk int_ref=E ?, ref=1-39 Finland road sign F28-12.svg
Moottoritie highway=motorway ref=* Finland road sign F37.svg
Moottoriliikennetie highway=trunk +
ref=? Finland road sign 672.svg
Valtatie highway=trunk ref=1-39 Finland road sign F29-2.svg
Kantatie highway=primary ref=40-99 Finland road sign F30-42.svg
Seututie highway=secondary ref=100-999 Finland road sign F31-522.svg
Yhdystie highway=tertiary + surface=paved, surface=unpaved ref=1000-9999 Finland road sign F32-3622.svg
Paikallistie (since 2006, officially same as Yhdystie) highway=tertiary + surface=paved, surface=unpaved ref=11000-19999 (not signed, so specify source if you somehow find it) N/A
Other highway=unclassified or highway=residential ref=* if known. See w:fi:Suomen tienumerointijärjestelmä for more information.
One lane unpaved unnamed roads, timber hauling roads, summer cottage roads highway=track Note: some unpaved roads are even tertiary. More signs for choosing between unclassified vs. track at the talk page N/A

Within urban areas

National highways (road numbers 1-999) often end at the city limits or at least well before the city center but not always there are exceptions to this. Most roads inside built up areas in Finland have official road numbers with four or five digits, but the numbers are seldom signposted. Therefore the classification must follow some other criteria, as outlined below. These criterias are for roads with no numbers, for numbered roads you should always follow the rules in above table. There are some exceptions to these rules as sometimes the numbering does not match with the importance, see the city pages for more information.

Classification Tag Criteria Possible features to look for
Motorway highway=motorway Only signposted motorways (just as outside urban areas)
Important "regional" road trunk Larger cities: Serving traffic mainly through the region/municipality or traffic into and out of a city, it has for the most part a speed limit of at least 70 km/h and it's either
  1. two carriageway or
  2. the road number is 1 to 39
  3. European road (E XX)

smaller cities: by road numbers only, as outside urban areas: roads 1 to 39

"Regional" road / Arterial primary Serving traffic mainly through the region/municipality or traffic into and out of a city and "leads to" rural primary highways. Never any traffic_calming.
Minor arterial secondary Mostly traffic within the municipality, for example suburb-to-center, or links suburbs together. Only exceptional places have traffic calming.
Collector roads tertiary "Collects" traffic within a small area from residential or unclassified roads, and feeds it to higher class roads. Occasional traffic calming likely present. Likely never more than two lanes.
Residential residential Fits none of the above and as defined at Tag:highway=residential. Seldom a part of any bus routes.
Other roads unclassified
Pedestrianized roads pedestrian As defined at Tag:highway=pedestrian
service Named roads are likely always "real" roads: highway=residential.
Pihakatu living_street As defined at highway=living_street Zeichen 325.svg
Footways, light traffic ways, cycleways cycleway or footway (surface=paved/unpaved) Sidewalks are highway=footway, as cycling is forbidden unless signposted otherwise.

Elsewhere mostly cycleways; there's no significant difference between similar ways signposted as "no motorized traffic" or signposted as "Combined pedestrian and cycleway". More examples with pictures below.

Sidewalks and cycleways

Nämä ohjeet suomeksi

Here's a small guide to help us with all the different types of footways and cycleways. Most of these are explained with varying details at, for example, Tag:highway=footway, Tag:highway=cycleway, but the examples here depict how to apply these in the common cases encountered in Finland.

It would be nice if you could also include any of the following tags on cycleways and footways, if known:

Photo How to draw How to tag road A How to tag road B Comment in English
FiGuideCombinedPhoto30012008048.jpg FiGuideCombinedSidewalk.png highway=residential
foot=yes (optional, kind of)
not applicable Combined cycling and pedestrian way abutting a road. Where further details have been drawn, it can be beneficial to draw such ways as separate ways with the tags highway=cycleway + foot=designated.
FiGuideSidewalkPhoto.jpg FiGuideSidewalk.png highway=residential
foot=yes (or
not applicable Where further details have been drawn, it can be beneficial to draw such ways as separate ways at the proper distance from the road centerline and with the tag highway=footway.
GuideCyclewayTrackFootYes.jpg FiGuideCycleSeparate.png highway=trunk highway=cycleway
Combined cycling and pedestrian way further away from the road
FiGuideSidewalkSeparate.png highway=residential highway=footway
surface=unpaved (optional, if applicable)
Way B signposted with the traffic sign 421 "Footway"
FiGuideCycleIndependentPhoto.jpg FiGuideCycleIndependent.png highway=cycleway
foot=designated (optional, kind of)
not applicable Combined cycling and pedestrian way on its own, with traffic sign 423 or 424
Path-bicycledesignated.jpg FiGuideCycleIndependent.png highway=cycleway
not applicable A way only for cycling (traffic sign 422) [1]
FiGuideCycleDestinationPhoto.jpg FiGuideCycleDestination.png highway=cycleway
not applicable Designated for pedestrians and cyclists, and maybe mopedists, or by construction designed mostly for pedestrians and cyclists and maybe mopedists, but with an allowance for motorized vehicle access to properties ("Tontille ajo sallittu")

"Real" roads which only allow access to properties, are almost always better tagged as highway=residential

FiGuideFootwayIndependentPhoto.jpg FiGuideFootwayIndependent.png highway=footway
(bicycle=no optional)
not applicable A footway with the traffic sign 421 Jalkakäytävä allows only pedestrians.
Ratsastustie 427.svg highway=bridleway
not applicable A bridleway (traffic sign 427 Ratsastustie) [2]
GuideFootPathCycleYes.jpg FiGuideFootwayIndependent.png highway=footway
not applicable A way that's mainly for walking and cycling is not forbidden. When without any signs, horse=yes can be added.

Downhill pistes and ski tracks

The Piste Maps project includes Finnish downhill pistes. Add/modify piste relates status on that page. Also refer page for tagging cross country ski tracks.

Progress summary

Road classification Number Range Completed roads Percentage complete Comments
Eurooppatiet / E-roads E 4, E 8, E 12, E 18, E 63, E 75 6 100% Some access ramps still missing, e.g. on E18 near Kotka.
Valtatiet / National roads 1-9 8 100% Some access ramps still missing. Some places need foot=no and bicycle=no, few tagged.
Valtatiet / National roads 10-19 10 100%
Valtatiet / National roads 20-29 10 100% Parts of some roads from Landsat.
Kantatiet / Main roads 40-99 45 100%
Seututiet 100-999 319 97% 319 out of a total of at least 330 = 97%
Yhdystiet 1000-9999 86 Total count is yet unknown but larger than that of Seututiet.

Total length of linear features with some highway tag:

36650 km 29th January 2008
67200 km 14th April 2008
82100 km 20th May 2008
91000 km 17th June 2008
100048 km 24th August 2008
110148 km 28th November 2008
120068 km 18th March 2009
130026 km 25th June 2009
140145 km 15th September 2009
150096 km 30th December 2009
160142 km 20th April 2010
171665 km 8th August 2010
180744 km 9th December 2010
194095 km 15th March 2011
200290 km 6th May 2011
213734 km 24th August 2011
221704 km 27th November 2011
231406 km 25th March 2012

Laws, regulations, relevant Links

Related news articles

Notes and references

  1. The traffic sign "422 Pyörätie" forbids other vehicles from using the section and in some rare cases pedestrians should use such ways - but mostly there's a footway nearby, which the pedestrians should use.
  2. The traffic sign "427 Ratsastustie" forbids other "road users" from using the way, i.e. no walking allowed.