En cours de traduction, votre aide est la bienvenue !
Les outils de Quality Assurance vous aident à améliorer la qualité des données osm. Il indiquent soit des bugs possibles détectés par un logiciel soit rapportés par un humain qu'il est ensuite possible de corriger avec des outils d'édition comme JOSM ou potlatch
Bug Reporting Tools
These are tools that try to highlight and point out parts of the data that are likely wrong. There are also reports from manual quality checks by humans. In both cases, the reported issues may contain false positives and, when editing, care should be taken to ensure their accuracy. However, they can provide a very valuable visualisation of which areas need attention and can help spot and correct errors.
At OpenStreetBugs (OSB), you can mark and describe bugs in OSM on a map without authentication. Hopefully someone else will notice your bug report and act upon it. OSB Reports contains OSB GPX and HTML files and statistics.
MapDust is a bug tool operated by skobbler, which is also integrated into their turn-by-turn navigation solution, thus originally focusing on navigation-relevant bugs but now serving as a general bug tool. As many of its users may not be aware of OpenStreetMap at all, there are also quite a few non-relevant error reports included, but it does contain many good reports that are not covered by other tools. Currently it is available in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish and Romanian.
Error Detection Tools
Error Detecting Tools check the OSM data for potential data errors, inaccuracy or sparsely mapped places. Users should check if these structures are really wrong and correct the data for a continuously rising data quality.
Keep Right (keepright.ipax.at) shows errors on a map or in list form. It has a system for reporting false positives and for labeling a bug as fixed. It has rules to automatically detect the following error types: non-closed areas, dead-ended one-ways, almost junctions, deprecated tags, missing tags, bridges/tunnels without layer (careful - not always an error), motorways without ref, places of worship without religion, POIs without name, ways without nodes, floating islands, un-tagged railway crossings, wrongly-used railway crossing tag, objects with FIXME tags, and relations without type. KeepRight shows tens of thousands of errors, including many that have little impact (e.g. a stream intersecting a highway: technically a bridge is needed here, but existing renders assume the stream is in a culvert).
Actuellement, il couvre :
- France (Métropole incluant la Corse), et d'autres zones géographiques francophone( 5 DOM, et TOM, et la Nouvelle-Calédonie) ;
- D'autres pays d'Europe : Belgique, Luxembourg, et Suisse ;
- D'autre pays en Afrique/Océan Indien : Madagascar;
- Haïti, Québec.
Il effectue des test structurel :
- détection des giratoire qui n'ont pas le tag le définissant,
- sens de circulation dans les giratoires,
- manque de sens unique de circulation,
- sens unique en voie sans issue...
- Tracé approximatif,
Il effectue des test sur les tag:
- vérification des valeurs numérique et des dates,
- incohérence sur les vitesses et gabarit de circulation.
Le principale avantage d'Osmose et le test à partir de règle spécifiques sur les tag et valeur utilisé en France et/ou en langue Française. Ce qui n'est pas couvert par Keepright :
- Sur les nom de rue (règle des majuscules),
- Code INSEE sur les communes (communes en France).
The Duplicate nodes map () is a tool written by Matt to show all duplicate nodes, i.e. nodes with identical coordinates, on a slippy map. These are particularly prevalent in U.S. TIGER data, and so the map gives a good indication of TIGER fixup progress. There is more information about the tool, and how to fix duplicate nodes on the about page.
JOSM/Validator est une fonctionnalité de JOSM qui vérifie les données chargées dans l'éditeur, fait ressortir les erreurs et les avertissements, et peut (à la demande) faire quelques corrections automatiques.
The Gary68 tools
Gary68 has created a whole bunch of quality assurance tools:
- WayCheck is a program which checks the OSM data (file) for open ends and crossings. The found positions must be evaluated by a user and he or she can correct the data in JOSM or Potlatch or post a mark in Openstreetbugs. The Waycheck page lists reports generated by the program and any user is encouraged to run reports and correct errors listed on the page and its links. This is especially useful for the quality of routing related data.
- MotorwayCheck lists problems related to highway=motorway. Page also shows reports.
- osmdiff is a program which compares two osm files and documents the changes in list and map form<!-I hope that's what "writing and drawing" meant-->. Some reports can be seen here: osmdiff reports.
- unmappedplaces finds a list of potentially unmapped places. These are reported on the wiki page (or Unkartografiert page for German places) The query can be run for other countries as well.
- Mapping Quality is the successor of unmappedplaces. See the wiki page for the results. You get automatic street directory, KPIs (numbers) per place, maps that show status and CSV files for further processing.
- SomeChecks performs some checks: One-way check, Roundabout check, Double-node check (ways), Area Check.
- Relation Diff - Differences in relations
"All" bugs as GPX file
All results from the checks done by Gary68 can be obtained as a GPX file for use in JOSM, etc. These checks mainly cover Germany. Openstreetbugs are covered as well. It is also possible to get data for a bounding box only:
- All check results in GPX: allbugs.gpx
- Create a GPX file with all bugs for a certain bounding box: extract which assembles a permalink like http://www.gary68.de/osm/qa/gpx/extract.php?left=7&right=8&top=49&bottom=48 . Checks are usually run every one or two weeks.
Actual run of quality check scripts from above
Collection of several scripts described above, run on your country. If it is a rainy and wet day and you do not want to go out, fixing these data issues is a useful kind of "armchair mapping" :
Coastline Error Checker
Public transport validator
ÖPNV-Validator () checks if a public transport relation has valid tags according the new public transport schema. User:Oxomoa/Public_transport_schema. This schema is now in the voting process for its own validation Proposed_features/Public_Transport.
TIGER Edited Map
Ragged highways with few points (blog entry): Coarse Highways.
OS Locator Musical Chairs
Turn Restrictions Analyser
Maplint is an osmarender configuration for highlighting errors. It used to be prominently available as a layer on the front page, updated by tiles@home.
US Interstate refs
US interstate refs List of ref numbers and corresponding OSM interstates.
D'autre outils de validation es données OSM (Layers, par OpenStreetMap France)
Yet another validation tool for osm data Comprend un carte mobile avec des couches en superposition permettant d'aider les contributeurs de trouver des erreurs de données. (initialement seulement pour l'Europe, Maintenant avec une couverture Mondiale).
Le service possède des couches : - Les routes sans nom - Les routes sans ref - Les tag fixme ou note - Le manque de voirie par rapport au cadastre (FR)
Le meilleur atout de cet outil est la génération en couche coloré et transparentes pour voir les limites administratives par admin_level et bien d'autres limites politique (en France, limites électorale, intercommunales..) mais aussi dans d'autres pays pour les limites non administratives (judiciaire, électorale,..)
L'affichage des secteurs colorés permet un vision rapide et globale des oublis, ruptures, incomplète mais aussi des superposition, duplication des secteur de même type. Afin de trié la visualisation il suffit de cocher ou non les différents type de vérification voulues.
housenumbervalidator checks addr:* attributes for duplicate addresses, incomplete addresses, and possibly incorrect street names. Results are displayed on a slippy map. Currently validation is performed for Germany and Austria only, as there are some language-specific checks.
ITO Map  is a map overlay service from ITO. The layers cover different data types: Barriers, Buildings and addresses, Car parks, Electricity distribution, Fixme, Former railways, Layers, Metro, Navigable waterways, Railways, Schools, Speed limits km/h, Speed limits mph, Tracktype, Unknown roads, Water.
In addition to the above error and bug reporting tools, there are a number of tools that allow you to spot erroneous changes and edits. For example if you are very familiar with an area and have thoroughly mapped it, you might want to follow all changes and verify that no unintended damage or vandalism happens in the area.
- 'Recent Changes' display showing any recently closed changesets across the map
- 'history' tab showing recently closed changesets which overlap with a particular bounding box
- 'User edits' display showing recently closed changesets by a particular user.
OpenStreetMap Watch List
OWL (OpenStreetMap Watch List) - Watch what is happening in OSM in a special area.
ITO world OSM Mapper
Real-time change following
- LiveEditMapViewerJ is a java program that allows you to follow changes as they happen on a world map.
- Khtmlib - khtml.org ticker allows you to follow changes in realtime on a slippy map and get additional data about them.
- History Browser with diff tool.
- OSM History Viewer shows changesets in a visual way, highlighting object positions before and after a given changeset, and also highlighting modified objects that were not moved.
- OSM Aware feeds OSM changes as KML files.
- Historical Coverage service creates animations of the historical development in a specific area. (service no longer active)
- UserActivity Statistics and maps of user activity in two osm files. Possibly detect vandalism... Reports (for Germany) generated periodically.
Basic Node/Way History
- Potlatch_2 List history of selected node and/or ways, and let you contact the mapper. ( Select a node/way, click on advanced, then double-clic on unclicable Way number ).
Traffic Sign Tool
Traffic Sign Tool - Assistant to get the right tags for German road signs.
QualityStreetMap () is a large grid for coordinating mapping work. You can select a tile and mark it complete for a specific tag. The grid covers the whole world and any tag. To edit the grid you have to log in with your OSM account. Zoom in to see the grid (min zoom level 12). The service is in beta.
NavDebugMap - Slippy map showing maxspeed, turn restrictions and other routing properties.
In Germany we requested different official lists: Straßenverzeichnis.
To compare the use of a tag or to see typos, use these statistical tools. See also: Stats.
Taginfo is a system for finding and aggregating information about OSM tags and making it browsable and searchable.
TagWatch - Browse tag statistics
Tagstat - Search for tags and their use.
ITO Map () is a map overlay service from ITO. It runs scripts that highlight specifics tags which shows how consistent, or not, use of that tag is. It displays groups of related tags simultaneously.
- File:Osm-planet-1.jpg - Picture of OSM coverage.
- TIGER fixup/250 cities#Maps - A coordinated push to fix some basic routing problems in the U.S.
- OSM QA App - allows you to lock areas so as to avoid conflicts when doing teamwork.
- T@h heatmap - Coverage as heatmap.
- Reports: Unmapped Places in Europe 11/2011 and in Germany 8/2010
- OSMatrix - overlay of OSM activities, data density, historical development and further indices.
- SotM 2010 session: OpenStreetMap – Ready for business!
- Bachelor Thesis comparing OSM 2009 with Navteq datas (german)
- SOTM2010 - Logiball - OSM Spain vs. commercial data compare
- Report OSM Quality Evaluation in UK 7/2007