California/Railroads/Passenger

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This is now a "sub-wiki" to California/Railroads, from which it was split off due to length. As this subordinate wiki remains large even after that split, it may split, too (into Northern and Southern, most likely).

Main article: California/Railroads. See also California/Railroads/Active for freight rail (as opposed to passenger rail).

California Passenger TrainsState Train.svg, expressed as route=train, route=subway, route=light_rail, route=tram and route=monorail relations, with active, regular passenger rail traffic. There are also funicular, narrow_gauge, miniature and amusement park rail if you look carefully!

Passenger Trains tables are "believed complete" and "largely correct," though the Tourism section has several text-based-only notations saying these routes are "being researched." If you find a train (relation link, Review Status...) that needs to be added, updated or improved, please do so!

Trains

A subset of California's freight mainline and branch rail support passenger traffic (route=train relations), offering passenger=national (long distance, usually overnight), passenger=regional (medium distance, intrastate) and passenger=suburban ("commuter rail") services. All national-network Amtrak route=trains have passenger=* tags, with a value of either international, national or regional. Often blurred with suburban rail (spanning multiple counties) is larger-city-scale route=light_rail, tagged passenger=urban. California route=light_rail and route=tram relations always have passenger=* tags (usually urban and local, respectively) and while commuter route=trains are tagged passenger=suburban, not all route=trains have a passenger=* tag, as some tourism/heritage/museum trains do not (on rail tagged usage=tourism). But if so — as some tourist lines do offer a modicum of useful local passenger service, simply by being a passenger line serving their stations — these route=trains are tagged passenger=local.

Passenger trains' tracks, stations and platforms are properly collected into route=train relations, or relations tagged route=light_rail, route=subway or route=tram when those are the underlying rail infrastructure. A convention in this wiki: public_transport:version=1 routes are in table column headers as type=route and public_transport:version=2 routes are in table column headers as type=route_master. However, if a table has a type=route_master column AND a type=route column, the latter are not public_transport:version=1 routes, they are the member route relations of the type=route_master super-relation.

Passenger train routes in the following national, regional, suburban, urban and local sections and tables are "mostly Complete," at least to a rudimentary stage of public_transport:version=1. Let us continue to improve these data to public_transport:version=2 (with a type=route_master super-relation, fully directional routes and all platforms). See Capitol Corridor℠ routes, which emerge as public_transport:version=2 examples — but while these relations have stations and platforms, more platforms are needed. For a model v2 route with exemplary station and platform members see relation 1405414 of the Maryland Transit Administration. A goal is for all passenger train routes to become public_transport:version=2, each identically-tracked train with its own route and precise platform locations. If you find a train, route (relation link, Review Status...) that needs to be added, updated or improved, please do so: Map Your Train Ride!

Amtrak operates intercity passenger trains in the contiguous United States: many intrastate / interstate passenger=regional trains and all interstate, passenger=national (long distance, overnight), highspeed=yes trains and passenger=international trains (some cross into Canada); see the full OSM Amtrak wiki table. Two subsets are here as passenger=national and passenger=regional routes serving California, five routes by Amtrak proper, three operate jointly between Amtrak and three "more local/less statewide" so-called "joint powers authorities," partly funded by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) as an entity known as Amtrak California:

Amtrak (passenger=national) trains serving California (AMTK)

Route name Trains (ref=*) passenger=* type=route_master type=route Status and Notes
California Zephyr℠ 5, 6 national relation 905830 EMY-CHI relation 8440301
CHI-EMY relation 8440320
EMY-CHI Routing (3/4)Stops (2/4)
CHI-EMY Routing (3/4)Stops (2/4) Mostly complete; public_transport v2. 2438 miles (Chicago - Emeryville, California). Underlying infrastructure route=railway relations are mostly but not quite completely correct (e.g. Creston Subdivision "track splits"), relation is very large. Platforms, amenities around them need improvement.
Coast Starlight® 11, 14 national relation 10322757 v1 relation 2812900 Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4) Mostly complete; public_transport v1. 1377 miles (2216 km). Los Angeles - San José - Oakland - Sacramento - Portland - Seattle.
Southwest Chief® 3, 4 national relation 4720714 LAX-CHI relation 904839
CHI-LAX relation 4720713
LAX-CHI Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4)
CHI-LAX Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4) Complete; public_transport v2. 2265 miles (Chicago - Los Angeles).
Sunset Limited® /
Texas Eagle®
1, 2, 421, 422 national relation 10322739 v1 LAX-SAS relation 10946017 Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4) Complete; public_transport v1. 1995 miles (New Orleans - San Antonio - Los Angeles). At San Antonio, train 1 couples with train 421 westbound and train 2 decouples from train 422 eastbound.

Try OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM): it displays passenger rail in route=train relations. At closer zooms, OPTM also displays route=light_rail, route=subway, route=tram, route=monorail, route=funicular, route=bus, route=trolleybus, route=aerialway and route=ferry with colors similar to ORM. Please compare and contrast ORM (rail infrastructure) and OPTM (passenger routes) with OSM's Transport layer which rather simply displays "any and all rail" (railway=*), though not disused or abandoned rail, and at closer zooms, route=bus. Here was another rail renderer which displayed rail-based passenger routes with their colour=* or color=* tag (no longer functional).

Colors are Amtrak passenger=national routes = blue. As California's national Amtrak routes are all lengthy overnight trains, these are assigned darker (web safe) blues: California Zephyr (DarkBlue), Coast Starlight (MidnightBlue), Southwest Chief (#000066), Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle (Navy).

Amtrak California (passenger=regional) trains (CDTX)

The Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Board (CCJPB) consists of two representatives from each of the eight counties in The Capitol Corridor: Placer, Sacramento, Yolo, Solano, Contra Costa, San Francisco, Alameda and Santa Clara, represented by Placer County Transportation Planning Agency, Sacramento Regional Transit District, San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District, Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, Solano Transportation Authority, and the Yolo County Transportation District. The CCJPB is also supported by the two metropolitan planning organizations in The Capitol Corridor – the Metropolitan Transportation Commission and the Sacramento Area Council of Governments.

The LOSSAN Rail Corridor Agency (LOSSAN) “is composed of elected officials representing rail owners, operators, and planning agencies along Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner corridor between San Diego and San Luis Obispo. The objective of the agency is to coordinate planning and programs that increase ridership, revenue, reliability, and safety on the coastal rail line from San Luis Obispo to Los Angeles to San Diego.”

The San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority (SJJPA) enables local and regional agencies throughout most of the San Joaquin Corridor (Bakersfield - Fresno - Modesto - Stockton - Sacramento - Oakland) to assume the administration and management of Amtrak's existing San Joaquin Rail Service from Caltrans' Division of Rail.

Caltrans, through its Division of Rail, provides support to California statewide intercity (passenger=regional) rail services via CCJPB, LOSSAN and SJJPA. This support includes planning and financial assistance for capital and operating expenses, consistent with its mission to “provide and promote intercity passenger rail services while improving, expanding, and integrating all rail service into California's transportation system." As a result of the "more local" administrations of CCJPB/LOSSAN/SJJPA and newer model of Caltrans funding, "Amtrak California" branding and livery is less prominent.

Route name Trains (ref=*) passenger=* type=route_master type=route Status and Notes
Capitol Corridor℠ 522, 523, 527, 537, 538, 546, 549, 720, 727, 732, 737, 744, 748, 749 regional relation 2845553 ARN-OKJ relation 9601561
OKJ-ARN relation 9601563
ARN-SJC relation 8472908
SJC-ARN relation 8472909
SAC-OKJ relation 9601562
OKJ-SAC relation 9601564
SAC-OAC relation 9601560
OAC-SAC relation 9601559
SAC-SJC relation 9601566
SJC-SAC relation 9601565
EB Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4)
WB Routing (3/4)Stops (3/4) Complete; public_transport v2. 168 miles (275 km) (San Jose - Oakland - Sacramento - Auburn). A Phase 1 extension from San José (Diridon) south to Gilroy (+49 km) and Salinas (+60 km) is expected in the 2020s for a new length of 238 miles (384 km). Infill stations at Pajaro/Watsonville Junction (to serve Santa Cruz County and perhaps its Branch) and Castroville (to serve Monterey County and perhaps its Branch) are Phase 2, with no revenue service date specified, as Monterey Branch is disused / abandoned and Santa Cruz Branch is Class 1 (or 2?) speed, limiting freight and occasional tourism trains to 25 MPH/40 km/h as it rehabilitates. The Capitol Corridor is the third busiest Amtrak route in the USA, moving 1.4 million passengers annually between San Jose and Auburn. Platform assignments need surveying at Martinez and Sacramento: Map Your Train Ride!
Pacific Surfliner® 562, 564-567, 572-575, 579, 580, 583, 584, 590, 591, 595, 761, 763, 768, 769, 774, 777, 782, 785, 792, 796, 1566-1568, 1588, 1761 regional relation 10322750 v1 relation 2812898 Routing (2/4)Stops (2/4) Largely complete; rough public_transport v1. 350 miles (565 km); (San Diego - Los Angeles - Santa Barbara - San Luis Obispo). Underlying infrastructure (route=railway) relations need fixing. While there are some 90 MPH segments (MCBC Pendleton), the underlying LOSSAN corridor is not "higher-speed" (black text regional in the Amtrak table, not white bold to indicate "higher-speed"). Pacific Surfliner is the second busiest Amtrak route in the country, moving 2.6 million passengers annually between San Diego and San Luis Obispo. The type=route_master is very early and incomplete. Needs better public_transport=platform members: Map Your Train Ride!
San Joaquins℠ 701-704, 710-719 regional relation 4668744 BFD-OKJ relation 4668742
OKJ-BFD relation 4668743
BFD-SAC relation 2856113
SAC-BFD relation 4713797
Routing (3/4)Stops (2/4) Complete; public_transport v2. 315 miles (507 km); (Bakersfield - Stockton - Oakland), 282 miles (454 km); (Bakersfield - Stockton - Sacramento). The San Joaquins is the fifth busiest Amtrak route in the country, moving 1.1 million passengers annually. With connecting buses at Bakersfield, the San Joaquin service is the spine of Amtrak California: linking Los Angeles and the Bay Area. Platform assignments need surveying at Bakersfield, Martinez and Sacramento: Map Your Train Ride!

Colors are Amtrak California passenger=regional routes = orange (color of California poppy, state flower), ocean blue and khaki (appearing as light golden/sandy yellow). California's state colors are blue and gold.

California High Speed Rail (passenger=regional) trains (CAHSR), under construction

In June 2015, California began construction of the USA's first dedicated high-speed rail, centered around Fresno. Expensive and controversial, it is the nation's largest public works project. Phase 1 originally envisioned San Francisco via Los Angeles to Anaheim, though this is now scaled back with a new governor. New Phase 1 (The Central Valley Segment, CVS) is Merced - Fresno - Bakersfield, 171 miles. There are 119 miles of CVS track between Wasco/Shafter (N of Bakersfield) and Madera (S of Merced) now under construction to complete this scaled back Phase 1. Segments of this infrastructure are ways tagged railway=construction + construction=rail + usage=main + highspeed=yes + name=California High Speed Rail (abbreviated CAHSR, not reporting marks). Largely complete in OSM; OpenRailwayMap (ORM) displays CAHSR railway=construction as red dashed lines around Fresno and CAHSR railway=proposed as red dotted lines N and S of the initial construction zone, towards Merced and Bakersfield (was San José and Burbank).

In February 2019, Governor Gavin Newsom’s first State of the State Address (SotSA) scaled back CAHSR, redefining the project. Newsom said California will focus on finishing rail now under construction, with revenue service by 2027. Original Phase 1 (including Central Valley to Silicon Valley and Bakersfield to Burbank) estimated completion by 2029, or 2033 should all of original Phase 1 fund. Read High-Speed Rail Authority CEO Brian Kelly’s post-SotSA Statement here: “The Governor has called for setting a priority on getting high speed rail operating in the only region in which we have commenced construction — the Central Valley. We are eager to meet this challenge and expand the project’s economic impact in the Central Valley. Importantly, he also reaffirmed our commitment to complete the environmental work statewide, to meet our 'bookend' investments in the Bay Area and Los Angeles and to pursue additional federal and private funding for future project expansion. We welcome this direction and look forward to continuing the important work on this transformative project.”

Name route=railway Route Notes
CAHSR Phase 1, as newly proposed: CVS relation 7739486 Merced - Chowchilla Wye - Fresno - Bakersfield With Governor Newsom's scaled back CAHSR and a resulting President Trump tussle over federal funding, this is fluid in 2019-Q2; more specific tagging is welcome. 119 miles of Madera - Fresno - Wasco/Shafter are believed tagged correctly and why this row is green. Please more precisely tag railway=proposed or railway=construction and tag "Construction Packages" (public works contracts) as they are known to be under construction with CP1, CP4, etc. in the name=* tag of its railway=rail element. Fully entered, including all Chowchilla Wye alignment options, though remaining unknown is which wye (Green, Gold, Crimson or Blue) will be selected. While the final decision for which wye likely waits for the completion of "Supplemental EIR/EIS for Merced to Fresno," the "Green" wye was selected as the "Preferred Alternative" in the San Jose to Merced Project Section. Also, please identify and tag all bridges, cuttings, embankments, etc. This was the original "all inclusive" relation, now scaled back to the 2019-Q2-defined Phase 1 CVS, opening 2027. Merced may have been chosen as CAHSR's new Phase 1 northern terminus to correspond with extensions to ACE route=trains, partially funded to reach ACE's new Merced southern terminus by 2026.
CAHSR Phase 1 North, as originally proposed relation 9466656 Chowchilla Wye - San José - San Francisco The northerly remainder of what was Phase 1 after the Initial Operating Segment was shortened as it was newly proposed. Tagged railway=proposed, though unfunded. West of the wye through Gilroy N to Morgan Hill is new alignment, then N of Morgan Hill, parallels UP Coast Subdivision and JPBX Peninsula to San José and San Francisco: CAHSR's "northern bookend," now undergoing electrification between Tamien Station (near UP/JPBX ownership change) and San Francisco.
CAHSR Phase 1 South, as originally proposed relation 9466653 Bakersfield - Burbank - Los Angeles - Anaheim The southerly remainder of what was Phase 1 after the Initial Operating Segment was shortened as it was newly proposed. Tagged railway=proposed, though unfunded. S of Bakersfield to Palmdale and from Lancaster to CP Sheldon (Pacoima, N of Burbank) is new alignment, then parallels (as the "southern bookend") UP Valley Subdivision from Burbank to CP Fletcher and again as new alignment through Elysian Park three miles to Los Angeles Union Station. Finally, parallel alignments along River, San Bernardino, (except around Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs) and Orange Subdivisions complete the route to ARTIC in Anaheim.
CAHSR Phase 2 North relation 9466655 Merced - Modesto - Stockton - Sacramento Longer-term-future oriented. Fully though roughly entered. Displayed as red dotted lines at zoom levels ≥11 in ORM. Might be removed from OSM, as Phase 2 appears unfunded into the foreseeable future.
CAHSR Phase 2 South relation 9466654 Los Angeles - San Bernardino - Riverside - San Diego Longer-term-future oriented. Geographically unknown in places, there remain multiple alignments under consideration. Only partially entered (Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside and San Diego Counties are incomplete). Around West Covina, Temecula/Murietta and Escondido/Rancho Bernardo/Mira Mesa displayed as red dotted lines at zoom levels ≥11 in ORM. Might be removed from OSM, as Phase 2 appears unfunded into the foreseeable future.

Commuter (passenger=suburban) trains

Largely connecting suburbs of multiple counties in their networks, passenger=suburban "commuter" trains are shorter-distance than passenger=regional intercity trains, but longer-distance and faster than passenger=urban and passenger=local trains. These route=train (Metrolink, Caltrain, COASTER, ACE), route=subway (BART) and route=light_rail (SMART) relations are tagged passenger=suburban: "Trains that have frequent schedules to satisfy the needs of work commuters...largely state-run/city-run services for connecting a metropolitan area to its central city." These (usually "heavy rail") trains are publicly-owned and operated by multiple California counties as "joint powers authorities" (except COASTER, publicly-owned but serves only San Diego County and ACE, where tracks are leased from UP and operations are contracted to Herzog). Some (ACE extensions to Modesto and Merced, Metrolink Antelope Valley northwards...) could grow lengthy enough to become passenger=regional, especially as future services might include "express" (sometimes called "skip stop") trains to more quickly connect their most-distant endpoints.

BART / Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)

Main article: Bay_Area_Rapid_Transit

BART is a rapid transit system serving the San Francisco Bay Area: eight routes on 131 miles (210 km) of track with 50 stations (21 surface, 14 elevated, 15 subway) in five counties. Systemwide, there are approximately 32 miles (51 km) of aerial track; 70 miles (115 km) of track at grade and about 28 miles (45 km) of subway track. Most BART infrastructure is FTA-defined "heavy rail" tagged railway=subway, so BART is in the "Commuter" section, as BART's systemwide geographic span is similar to other Commuter rail networks in California, including BART's newer infrastructure like Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (railway=monorail) line and BART to Antioch extension (railway=light_rail). All lines are tagged network=BART and the network-wide relation is relation 8477436.

BART Silicon Valley Phase II Extension Project intends to complete in 2030, adding four new stations to the Green and Orange lines: 28th Street / Little Portugal, Downtown San José, Diridon and Santa Clara in a largely subway alignment, achieving (with Caltrain correspondences at Diridon and Santa Clara) much more frequent Bay Area rail service that "rings the bay."

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Richmond – Daly City, Richmond – Millbrae Subway relation 2851513 Complete public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 44.6 km.
Berryessa/North San José – Daly City Subway 7.5-minute headways on weekdays relation 2851729 Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 78.6 km. BART extends southward from the Warm Springs station in two phases as "Silicon Valley Rapid Transit Corridor Project" sponsored by VTA. See Phase II, below.
Berryessa/North San José - Richmond Subway 7.5-minute headways on weekdays relation 2851514 Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 74.3 km. BART extends southward from the Warm Springs station in two phases as "Silicon Valley Rapid Transit Corridor Project" sponsored by VTA. See Phase II, below.
Dublin/Pleasanton – Daly City, Dublin/Pleasanton – MacArthur (Sundays) Subway relation 2851730 Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 63.0 km. At Millbrae, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. The BART to Livermore Extension project is a proposal to extend the BART rail line by 8 km along I-580 from the existing Dublin/Pleasanton Station to a new station in the vicinity of the Isabel Avenue interchange. BART staff developed conceptual engineering and a project-level Draft Environmental Impact Report, available for public review. Anticipated opening of the completed extension and new BART station is 2026.
SFO/Millbrae – Pittsburg/Bay Point Subway relation 2827687 Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 85.6 km. At Millbrae, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.
Pittsburg/Bay Point – Antioch (BART to Antioch extension) Light Rail relation 8237627 An 8.5-mile (13.8 km) light_rail extension using Diesel Modified Units, a different type of rolling stock from regular BART trains requiring a train change at Pittsburg/Bay Point platform. The FTA categorizes this "diesel light rail."
Millbrae – SFO Airport Subway relation 9315479 Complete; public_transport v2 (nice work, OSM!). 2.9 km.
Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (OAK) Monorail 6-minute peak headways, 10-20 minutes off-peak relation 4829982 Complete; public_transport v2. Awesome! 5.0 km.
Berryessa – Santa Clara (Phase II) Subway relation 7873796 BART Silicon Valley Phase II Extension Project is intended to extend BART's Green and Orange Lines 26 km from Berryessa/North San José to San José (via 28th Street / Little Portugal, Downtown, Diridon) and Santa Clara (the latter two stations connect to Caltrain, Diridon to Amtrak), with 8 km of single-bore underground subway infrastructure through Downtown San José below Santa Clara Street. Revenue service is expected in 2030. Phase II is now (2020) in Design and Engineering and the infrastructure in OSM is a relatively rough sketch: proposed or under construction as a public_transport v1 route=railway.

Caltrain / Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board (JPBX)

Caltrain offers service from San Francisco through the San Francisco Peninsula to San José and Gilroy. It services over 30 stations in three counties on 77 miles (124 km) of track. At Millbrae, connects to BART, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. At San José Diridon, connects to ACE, another passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. There are plans to extend south of Gilroy to Monterey County (Pajaro/Watsonville, Castroville, Salinas), with Capitol Corridor passenger=regional service to these stations following later. Electrification between San Francisco and Tamien Station is expected to complete in 2022 as the northern "bookend" of CAHSR Phase I.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Caltrain Baby Bullet Train 305-386 relation 9604090 Complete; public_transport v2.
Caltrain Limited Train 206-289 relation 9604091 Complete; public_transport v2. To differentiate the complicated stopping patterns of each route, relation names may contain two arrow styles: "San Francisco => Hillsdale" means that the train may skip stops between the two stations, while "San Francisco +> Hillsdale" means the train makes all stops between them.
Caltrain Local Train 100s relation 9604092 Complete; public_transport v2.

SMART / Sonoma-Marin Area Rapid Transit (SMART)

Sonoma-Marin Area Rapid Transit (as SMART) uses Diesel Modified Units for motive power on infrastructure tagged railway=rail + usage=branch where it shares frieght service with NWP, though is tagged railway=light_rail where SMART passenger service is the only traffic. Note that somewhat unusually, while tagged railway=light_rail, this is also tagged passenger=suburban.

Larkspur north to Sonoma County Airport (46 miles / 73 km) is the currently-active portion of the 70 mile / 110 km "Larkspur to Cloverdale" corridor for this passenger=suburban service between Sonoma and Marin counties, known as SMART Phase 1. This enables passenger connections via Larkspur Ferry Terminal to San Francisco Ferry Terminal, Gate C (pedestrians walk 100 m to Muni E, F; 200 m to California Street Cable Car; 250 m to BART Embarcadero). Northerly, SMART offers SMART passengers free bus service from Sonoma County Airport station to Windsor, Healdsburg and Cloverdale. SMART Phase 2's 3 mile northern extension from Sonoma County Airport to Windsor is expected by 2022 and to Healdsburg and Cloverdale by 2027, completing passenger service on the entire corridor.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master type=route Status
Larkspur - Sonoma County Airport SMART Light Rail 1-34 (weekdays), 51-60 (weekends) relation 9599558 SCA-LAR relation 6090093
LAR-SCA relation 9599557
Complete public_transport:version=2 — Awesome!

ACE / Altamont Corridor Express (HTSX)

The ACE corridor services 10 stations in three counties (San Joaquin, Alameda, Santa Clara) over 86 miles (138 km) of track, from Stockton to San José. Service is managed by the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission (SJRRC), and operations are contracted to Herzog Transit Services using AAR assigned reporting mark HTSX on tracks owned by Union Pacific and a few miles of Caltrain (JPBX) tracks. At San José Diridon, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.  News in 2017 reported expansion plans southeasterly from Stockton through the Central Valley to Modesto/Ceres, +30 miles (+48 km) and Merced, +35 miles (+57 km). With news of these extensions (bringing line distance to 241 km/150 miles, over the 160 km/100 miles threshold for regional rail) and potential newer service to additional cities including Lodi, Elk Grove and Sacramento (sharing Sacramento station with Amtrak California), ACE might grow from a single "commuter" passenger=suburban line to California's fourth passenger=regional rail service. Or, ACE may become two-line service linked at Stockton: the existing line to San José, another line serving Modesto/Ceres and Merced southeasterly and perhaps eventually Sacramento northerly. As of 2020, SJRRC may have completed the ACE Extension's Environmental Impact Report (EIR) and has partial funding to extend to Modesto/Ceres (ACE Extension Phase 1) and Merced (ACE Extension Phase 2) by 2026, a crucial Bay Area link as Merced is the new northern terminus for Phase 1 of California High Speed Rail.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master type=route Status
ACE Train 1-10 relation 9599550 SKT-SJC relation 2845552
SJC-SKT relation 9599549
Complete; public_transport v2
ACE Extensions to Modesto and Merced Train ? not yet defined relation 9466950 Somewhat estimated; updated rail elements that are more accurate are appreciated. The EIR lists several alternatives, including a No-Extension Alternative.

Metrolink / Southern California Regional Rail Authority (SCAX)

Metrolink is a commuter rail network serving five counties in Southern California as SCRRA (reporting mark SCAX). The system offers seven service lines and 55 stations operating on 388 miles (624 km) of track, about 561 route miles (902 km).

In Los Angeles County, present Metrolink-Metro correspondences are at LA Union Station (Metro Red Line B, Metro Purple Line D, Metro Gold Line L, Metro Silver Line J, Amtrak®), Cal State LA (Metrolink Maroon, Metro Silver Line J) and Chatsworth (Metrolink Yellow, Metro Orange Line G, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®).

While the table has a type=route_master column, these are now (mid-2020) under construction, the routes themselves remain public_transport:version=1. Please complete upgrading these from v1 to v2 routes!

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master type=route Status
Ventura County Line (Yellow) Train 100s, 900s, A700s† relation 10563421 relation 1165701 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 71.7 miles (115.5 km). Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops, corresponding at Chatsworth, also connecting to Amtrak and Metro Orange Line G.
Antelope Valley Line (Green) Train 200s relation 10563422 relation 1172222 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 82 miles (132.1 km).
San Bernardino Line (Maroon) Train 300s relation 10563420 relation 1287719 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 63.6 miles (102.4 km).
Riverside Line (Purple) Train 400s relation 10563419 relation 1199065 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 70.7 miles (113.8 km).
Orange County Line (Orange) Train 600s, A500s†, A700s† relation 10563418 relation 2812899 Complete; public_transport v1. 87.1 miles (140.2 km). Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops. At Oceanside, connects to COASTER, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.
91/Perris Valley Line (Blue) Train 700s relation 10563416 relation 2812902 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 85.5 miles (137.6 km).
Inland Empire/Orange County Line (Red) Train 800s relation 10563417 relation 2808958 Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 100.2 miles (161.4 km).

† Trains prefixed with A are Amtrak California Pacific Surfliner passenger=regionals in Shared Service through Amtrak's Rail 2 Rail® program.

A $35 million Metrolink station in Placentia to serve 91/Perris Valley Line's north Orange County passengers is under construction, revenue service estimated in 2022.

A CAHSR station is planned to be built a short walk away from North Burbank's Metrolink station.

It remains to be seen when an electrification project will prepare the southern "bookend" of California High Speed Rail's (old) Phase I adjacent to Metrolink Green and Yellow lines from Burbank through Glendale to Los Angeles.

COASTER / North County Transit District (NCTC)

COASTER offers service along the San Diego County coastline, from Oceanside to San Diego. It services 8 stations on 41 miles (66 km) of track. Owned by North County Transit District (NCTD), operated by Bombardier Transportation (since 2016). At Oceanside, connects to Metrolink Orange, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master type=route Status
COASTER Train 398 relation 10563415 NB relation 2271832
SB relation 10588005
Public_transport v2. Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops.

City, Light Rail (passenger=urban) trains

Most California route=light_rail relations are tagged passenger=urban (as are heavily-travelled route=tram relations; it is usually correct to tag route=tram and route=monorail relations with passenger=local due to shorter distances — please use discretion). Some (underlying infrastructure) members of route=light_rail are ways tagged railway=tram. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=monorail infrastructure, however, OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM) does. Two lines are FTA-defined "heavy rail" (Los Angeles' Metro Red Line (B) and Metro Purple Line (D)): these route=subways are included in this City, Light Rail section as part of LA Metro's single-county network of "city" trains. LA Metro's rail is mostly route=light_rail (some Downtown sections are underground), but also include these two route=subway routes and a route=monorail route (LAX Airport Metro Connector, under construction). Also, SMART is unusually tagged both route=light_rail and passenger=suburban, the latter largely due to its relatively long length and linearity (compared to "more squiggly" passenger=urban lines). This OT query might be helpful: all relations in California tagged route=light_rail and passenger=urban, noting exclusion of LA Metro's Red and Purple lines.

San Diego County surfs an edge between whether underlying infrastructure used mainly by light rail should be tagged railway=rail or railway=light_rail: San Diego Trolley lines (Orange and parts of Blue, electrified) and Escondido Subdivision elements (SPRINTER, Diesel Modified Units / DMUs) are tagged railway=rail, even as both railway systems predominantly support route=light_rail passenger services (during the day and evening), while also supporting freight service at night / in the very early morning hours (0200 - 0330). This caused some vacillation on tagging between Escondido and Oceanside. Consistent tagging on both of these systems seems to have settled, but the confusion was understandable as there are elements of SPRINTER which are "not typical light rail" (e.g. using DMUs instead of electric motive power).

Sacramento Regional Transit District (SCRT)

RT operates a light rail system spanning the Sacramento area that is currently the eleventh busiest in the United States. Similar to the San Diego Trolley in its largely-street-running-in-Downtown tram-like character, this wide-area urban system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. There have been edits which tag "strictly tram as tram" (as Muni L, N in western suburbs of San Francisco) causing some vacillation between railway=light_rail and railway=tram.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Blue Line Light Rail 533 relation 9248096 Complete v2 route.
Gold Line Light Rail 507 relation 9248098 Complete v2 route.
Green Line Light Rail 519 relation 9248097 Complete v2 route.

San Francisco Muni / Metro (MUNI)

Muni / Metro combines light rail, tram, historic streetcar, cable cars and a Central Subway (2021) into San Francisco's passenger rail network, providing rail-to-rail connections with BART, Caltrain and eventually (2029?) California High Speed Rail. Some portions are light rail in dedicated right-of-way, some are street-running tram-like trains, some are substantially tunneled and/or underground. Market Street Railway is a partner on E and F Lines, restoring historic streetcars. Underlying infrastructure is either railway=light_rail or railway=tram, not railway=subway, even for underground segments, which are tagged tunnel=yes plus a negative-value layer=* tag. All Muni / Metro rail routes are tagged passenger=urban.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
E Embarcadero Tram relation 5953002 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Infrastructure from Embarcadero to 4th & King is railway=light_rail named "Muni Metro" as it is shared with Muni Metro N, S, T.
F Market & Wharves Tram relation 63224 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members
J Church Light Rail relation 63222 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members
K Ingleside-Third Street Light Rail relation 3433320 Complete; public_transport v2. A Phase 2 "Central Subway" extension to Chinatown is under construction with service expected in summer 2021.
L Taraval Light Rail relation 3435879 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Some segments travel over railway=tram.
M Ocean View Light Rail relation 3435882 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members
N Judah Light Rail relation 3435884 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Some segments travel over railway=tram.
S Castro Shuttle Light Rail relation 6071918 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members
T Ingleside-Third Street Light Rail relation 3433320 Complete; public_transport v2. A Phase 2 "Central Subway" extension to Chinatown is under construction with service expected in 2021.
59 - Powell/Mason Cable Car Tram relation 3433159 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)
60 - Powell/Hyde Cable Car Tram relation 3433160 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)
61 - California Cable Car Tram relation 1958845 Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)
Central Subway Light Rail (underground) relation 8228222 Now only a route=railway as it is under construction. Revenue service expected in 2021. This was tagged railway=subway but is better tagged railway=light_rail + tunnel=yes + layer=-1, similar to Muni's Sunset Tunnel and Twin Peaks Tunnel.

VTA Light Rail / Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (SCCT)

VTA Light Rail serves San José and northern Santa Clara County and consists of 41 miles (65 km) of light rail network on three lines (Blue, Green and Orange). Downtown San José and other segments can be considered tram-like (street-running trains) though the system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. With new BART service to Milpitas and Berryessa stations, VTA Orange Line allows BART Milpitas connections to Caltrain at Mountain View, providing contiguous "rings the bay" passenger rail service on three networks: BART (change trains to VTA Orange at Milpitas), VTA Orange (from Milpitas to Mountain View) and Caltrain (change trains from VTA Orange to Caltrain at Mountain View), BART again at Millbrae.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Baypointe - Santa Teresa (Blue) Light Rail 901 relation 9897510 Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. Construction is anticipated until 2022 to extend light rail from the Alum Rock station southward to Eastridge (dependent on VTA Board of Directors final approval of funding/financing plan). Trains will run primarily in the center of Capitol Expressway with elevated tracks crossing Capitol Avenue, Story Road and Tully Road and stations at Story, Ocala and Eastridge. However, there is (2020) no funding to extend this light rail further south from Eastridge to South San Jose.
Winchester - Old Ironsides (Green) Light Rail 902 relation 9897509 Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. An extension is planned to this line from the Winchester station southward to Vasona, but no date is set; construction is dependent on VTA Board of Directors final approval of funding/financing plan. Two new stations are planned: one at Vasona (Phase 1), another at Hacienda (Phase 2).
Alum Rock - Mountain View (Orange) Light Rail 90? relation 10561837 Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. With BART Silicon Valley Phase 1, this line from Alum Rock station northward and westward to Mountain View connects BART at Milpitas to Caltrain at Mountain View.

Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority / LACMTA / MTA / Metro (LACM)

Los Angeles Metro, rail portions of which are also known as Metro Rail, operates combined rail rapid transit (subway, light rail, eventually monorail at LAX) in Los Angeles County.

A 2015 plan to rename Metro Rail and Metro Busway rapid transit lines (Metro Orange Line G, Metro Silver Line J) from colors to letters completes with Regional Connector Transit Corridor (circa early 2022), assigning letters in the order the lines were, or will be, put into service. H, I, and P will not be used, to avoid confusion with signs for hospitals, information, and parking. Colors remain as "secondary identifiers" to help distinguish lines. LA Metro operates eight rapid transit lines: six light_rail/subway (dedicated right-of-way), two bus rapid transit (on abandoned rail right-of-way: old Pacific Electric Red Car line and old Burbank Line plus I-110; Metro Orange Line G and Metro Silver Line J, respectively, see Transitways), most named as colors. In 2020, Metro's website and signage began a route-by-route line-by-letter transition starting with "A Line (Blue) 801." During this phase-in, these "letter-color re-namings" are fluid. The table below strives to reflect this process of updating route names to letters-colors (primary-secondary). All Metro rail and Busway rapid transit routes are tagged passenger=urban.

News in 2016 described planning to "close a regional transportation gap" linking Metro Green Line (C)'s eastern Norwalk terminus to Metrolink's Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs (Metrolink Blue/91, Metrolink Red, Metrolink Orange) in addition to present Metrolink-Metro correspondences at LA Union Station (all Metrolink lines and Metro Red Line B, Metro Purple Line D, Metro Gold Line L, Metro Silver Line J, Amtrak®), Cal State LA (Metrolink Maroon, Metro Silver Line J) and Chatsworth (Metro Orange Line G, Metrolink Yellow, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®). 2017 news revealed a plan, and a 2018 SCAG update of the Norwalk Green Line Extension Study, while paused as of April, 2018, is in the process of identifying and evaluating feasible alternatives for this potential 2.8 mile rail link.

News in 2019 indicated that by 2028, four light_rail and four dedicated Busway rapid transit lines will be added, for a total of 16 rapid transit lines. Some of the planned lines and assigned letters are: Arroyo Verdugo / L Line; North San Fernando Valley / N Line; Sepulveda Pass / Q Line; Vermont / R Line and West Santa Ana (from downtown Los Angeles to Artesia) / S Line.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Metro A Line (Blue) Light Rail 801 relation 6585129 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Los Angeles - Long Beach. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride! By early 2022 with Regional Connector, A Line (Blue) will include north of 7th St/Metro Ctr through Little Tokyo to Union Station, and what is the segment of Metro Gold Line L through Chinatown to Azusa, resulting in a one-seat ride from Long Beach to Azusa on A Line (Blue). The Foothill Extension Project will extend this easterly 20 km from Azusa/APU/Citrus College to Montclair circa 2026.
Metro B Line (Red) Subway 802 relation 8219357 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Union Station - North Hollywood. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride! By early 2022, may become simply "B Line" with red a "secondary identifier."
Metro C Line (Green) Light Rail 803 relation 7935053 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Norwalk - Redondo Beach. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!

Crenshaw / LAX to connect E Line (Expo) at Expo/Crenshaw to Metro Green Line (C) at Aviation/Century near LAX is under construction, revenue service expected by 2021. At completion, Green begins a new operational pattern (the "C-3" one-year pilot study) near LAX, northerly and southerly. The southern branch of Metro Green Line (C) will operate with Redondo Beach trains continuing through El Segundo and Aviation/LAX, east to Willowbrook/Rosa Parks (becoming a modified Metro Green Line C and perhaps K Line, Olive color). The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX Project blends westbound Metro Green Line (C) trains from Norwalk turning north after Aviation/LAX along Aviation Blvd. to terminate at Expo/Crenshaw, the new Metro Green Line (C).

Metro L Line (Gold) Light Rail 804 relation 7935245 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Edward R. Boybal - Azusa - Union Station - Atlantic. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!

Segment from LA Union Station through Chinatown to Azusa will realign to A Line (Blue) with completion of Regional Connector circa early 2022. East LA segment remains Metro Gold Line (L), then realigns by "absorbing" E Line (Expo) to Santa Monica, resulting a one-seat ride from Santa Monica to East Lost Angeles on Metro Gold Line (L). The Foothill Extension Project, Phase 2B will connect the APU/Citrus College eastern terminus further eastward to Montclair Metrolink along with six new stations. 20 km long, construction began in October 2017. Anticipated date for commencement of revenue service is 2026, when this will become a new eastern segment of the (realigned at Regional Connector opening) A Line (Blue). Metro currently has no plans to extend this line to Ontario International Airport.

Metro D Line (Purple) Subway 805 relation 7935318 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Union Station - Wilshire/Western. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!

Section 1 (of 3) of the Metro Purple Line Subway Extension is under construction, revenue service scheduled for 2023. From the current terminus at Wilshire/Western, this 15 km westward extension includes seven new stations, three in Section 1: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Fairfax and Wilshire/La Cienega. Section 2 extends further westward with two more stations: Wilshire/Rodeo in downtown Beverly Hills and Century City/Constellation (construction began in 2018). Phase 3 will extend to Westwood/UCLA and Westwood/VA Hospital, construction began in 2019. Becoming the D Line (Purple).

Metro E Line (Expo) Light Rail 806 relation 6584634 Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Downtown LA - Culver City. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!

With completion of the Regional Connector circa early 2022, it appears E Line (Expo) will vanish, as it is absorbed into Metro Gold Line's (L) southerly segment into East Los Angeles. Santa Monica to East LA: Metro Gold Line (L).

Crenshaw / LAX Project Light Rail ? relation 6666758 Under construction, not a master relation. The Crenshaw / LAX Project will connect E Line (Expo) Line at Expo/Crenshaw (its northern terminus) south to Metro Green Line (C) at Aviation/Century near LAX, where Metro Green Line (C) now continues to its southern terminus at Redondo Beach. See Metro Green Line (C) above and below for re-routing notes about K Line (Olive). Revenue service expected in 2021. Upon completion, remove construction=* tags. By 2023 with completion of Airport Metro Connector, a new infill 96th Street Transit Station will allow transfers to Airport Metro Connector to LAX terminals. A future phase might extend this segment (by early 2022, a re-routed Metro Green Line C) north to Metro Purple Line (D) near or at Wilshire/La Brea, then to a new northern terminus at North Hollywood to connect with Metro Red Line (B).
Olive Line Re-routing ("C-3") Light Rail ? relation 8215031 Under construction as a type=route relation, not a master relation. After completion of Crenshaw / LAX Project, Metro Green Line (C) begins a new operational pattern (C-3) near LAX, northerly and southerly. The southern branch of Metro Green Line (C) will operate with Redondo Beach trains continuing through El Segundo and Aviation/LAX, east to Willowbrook/Rosa Parks (circa early 2022, may become K Line, Olive color). The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX Project blends westbound trains from Norwalk to Aviation/LAX (remaining Metro Green Line (C)), then turning north along Aviation Blvd. to terminate at Expo/Crenshaw, becoming the new Metro Green Line (C).
Regional Connector Transit Corridor Light Rail (underground) ? relation 6661099 Under construction as a type=route relation, not a master relation, this relation will vanish as a route=railway upon completion, its elements becoming middle segments of newly-realigned A Line (Blue) route=railway and Metro Gold Line (L) route=railway. Regional Connector Transit Corridor (also known as Regional Connector, Downtown Connector or Downtown Light-Rail Connector) will connect Union Station, Civic Center, Pershing Square and Little Tokyo Arts District (A Line Blue, Metro Gold Line L) to 7th Street/Metro Center (A Line Blue, Metro Red Line B, Metro Purple Line D and E Line Expo) in a fully underground alignment, providing three new stations at 1st/Central Av, 2nd St/Broadway and 2nd Pl/Hope St. Revenue service expected early 2022. Upon completion, remove construction=* tags. This was tagged railway=subway but is better tagged railway=light_rail + tunnel=yes + layer=-1.
Airport Metro Connector Monorail / Automated People Mover ? relation 6666780 Incomplete; early stub relation, not a master relation, with approximated locations. In 2018, the Airport Commission approved a 30-year $5 billion construct-and-operate contract. The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX project (to become what might be described as "a northern branch" of Metro Green Line, becoming the "new" Green Line/C Line) will involve westbound Metro Green Line (C) trains turning north after Aviation/LAX, traveling along Aviation Blvd. This will allow transfers to the fully-automated people mover Airport Metro Connector at a new infill 96th Street Transit station, transporting riders to LAX terminals 1-8 and the Rental Car Center. Upon completion (circa 2023), remove construction=* tags.

San Diego Trolley, Inc. (SDTI)

The San Diego Trolley is a light rail system operating in the metropolitan area of San Diego and serves 53 stations, with 53.5 miles (86 km) of routes. Infrastructure in the Downtown area can be considered tram-like (street-running trains) though the system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. The relation column (Route Master) points to a type=route_master relation, even though the children relations are more v1 than v2: they are missing many platforms. (Except for Orange, which is fully v2). Please, Map Your Train Ride!

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
Sycuan Green Line Light Rail 530 relation 9946502 Incomplete; public_transport v2; missing many platforms, though has some.
Orange Line Light Rail 520 relation 9946503 Complete public_transport v2, awesome!
SDG&E Silver Line Light Rail relation 9946498 Incomplete; public_transport v2; missing many platforms, though has some; please fill in Trains column. Rolling stock are restored vintage/historic/heritage streetcars. Limited service: only Tu Th, 0952-1352 and Sa Su, 1052-1522.
UC San Diego Blue Line Light Rail 510 relation 7572438 Somewhat complete; public_transport v2, however, additional platforms still need to be added to the two child relations (north and south). The Mid-Coast Trolley Project relation 9311514 is under construction to extend service on a new Blue Line alignment from America Plaza / San Diego Santa Fe Depot northwards from Old Town to the University City community, serving Clairemont, Balboa and major activity centers such as the University of California San Diego (UCSD), and Westfield UTC; revenue service anticipated to begin by 2022.

SPRINTER / North County Transit District (NCTD)

SPRINTER is a light rail system operating between Oceanside and Escondido in northern San Diego County. It services 15 stations on 22 miles (35 km) of track with 30 minute headways. SPRINTER is not electrically powered, using Diesel Modified Units (DMUs) for locomotion by NCTD's contract operator, Bombardier Transportation. Due to its shared right-of-way with freight trains serving Escondido industrial customers, SPRINTER platforms had to be set back from the tracks a sufficient distance to provide enough room for Watco / Pacific Sun employees riding on the sides of freight cars. The passenger trains are not FRA-compliant for operation in association with freight trains and therefore freight operations on the route are not permitted during passenger operations (they are temporally separated). For this reason some publications refer to this line as light rail but it does not conform with the usual understanding of that term. However, OSM tags the elements of the Escondido Subdivision which are used by SPRINTER with railway=light_rail rather than railway=rail + usage=branch (these latter two tags remain on track used exclusively by Watco / Pacific Sun at night / early morning hours to serve industrial customers SE of the Escondido Transit Center). There have been edits which tag "rail as rail" (not light_rail) causing some vacillation between railway=rail and railway=light_rail. The FTA categorizes this "diesel light rail."

Service Line Route Trains type=route Status
SPRINTER Light Rail 399 relation 1371791 Complete; public_transport v1; please add more platforms for upgrade to v2

OC Streetcar / Orange County Transit Authority (OCTA), under construction

A 4.15-mile (6.68 km) light rail (or tram?) line under construction in Orange County, w:OC Streetcar will serve 11 or 12 stations, its termini at Santa Ana (Regional Transportation Center) and Garden Grove (Harbor Transit Center), operated by the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) as a curbside, street running system in Santa Ana, while west of Raitt Street will be in dedicated rail right-of-way (part of railway=abandoned Paramount Industrial Lead from old Pacific Electric Red Car early-20th century transit). Please double-track where extant, as there remain some bridge construction decisions. Revenue service is expected by 2022.

Service Line Route Trains type=route Status
OC Streetcar Light Rail or Tram? ? relation 8438643 Under construction; entered as a route=railway, not a route=light_rail or route=tram. As revenue service begins, please change railway=construction tags to railway=light_rail or railway=tram, fully improve stations/platforms and create new route=light_rail or railway=tram public_transport:version=2-compliant relations tagged passenger=urban.

"Arrow" / Redlands Passenger Rail Project (RPRP?), under construction

A new 9 mile (14.5 km) passenger service rail extension called "Arrow" on the San Bernardino-Redlands Passenger Rail Corridor is underway by SBCTA. Extending Metrolink service to the San Bernardino Transit Center, this future service is expected to use 3 diesel modified units and 1 electric modified unit operated by Omnitrans (plus one Metrolink locomotive-hauled coach) on BNSF trackage as host railway. Revenue service is anticipated in 2022. Stops will include Downtown San Bernardino, Tippecanoe Avenue, Esri Station, Downtown Redlands and University of Redlands. A potential further phase would expand trackage in a loop to Highland and San Bernardino International Airport before returning to downtown San Bernardino. Might move to the Metrolink section or table depending on whether Arrow retains its own identity or becomes a Metrolink line named Arrow (or an extension of or to Maroon Line?), especially as additional passenger services may eventually expand along other Metrolink corridors. Low-volume temporally-separated freight service by BNSF to continue on a portion of the route.

Service Line Route Trains type=route Status
Arrow: San Bernardino Transit Center - Redlands University Station Train Not yet known relation 10411364 This is now only a stub relation without a route=train tag, so after construction completes and revenue service begins, add one after upgrading to v2 (with platforms, bidirectionality, route_master). It seems adding passenger=urban to this when it is born sounds about right.

Airport-style Monorail, People Mover, Automated Guideway Transit (passenger=local) trains

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) categorizes these as People Mover or Automated Guideway Transit, which include monorail and light rail guideways. Some underlying infrastructure (for example, SMF APM) is railway=tram. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=monorail infrastructure, however, OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM) does display route=monorail.

AirTrain (San Francisco International Airport, SFO) (????)

A free-of-charge, fully automated people mover at San Francisco International Airport (SFO), connecting terminals, BART, the rental car center and most parking garages.

Service Line Route Trains type=route Status
Blue Monorail Headways every 4 minutes, 24/7 relation 6043603 Complete; public_transport v1
Red Monorail Headways every 4 minutes, 24/7 relation 6043605 Complete; public_transport v1

Coliseum – Oakland International Airport, "BART to OAK line" (BART)

A BART-ticketed, fully automated people mover at Oakland International Airport (OAK), connecting terminals and BART at Oakland Coliseum (OAC) station.

Service Line Route Trains type=route_master Status
BART to OAK line
Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (OAK)
Monorail Headways every 6 minutes peak, 10-20 minutes off-peak relation 4829982 Complete; public_transport v2. Awesome!

SMF Automated People Mover (Sacramento International Airport) (????)

An elevated automated people mover at Sacramento International Airport. Moves passengers between Central Terminal B (landside) and Concourse B (airside).

Service Line Route Tram type=route Status
SMF Automated People Mover Tram ? relation 8796239 Complete; public_transport v1

Los Angeles International Airport, LAX "Airport Metro Connector" (LACM), under construction

See Airport Metro Connector; to serve Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). It is believed this will be (substantially) an elevated railway=monorail. Now under construction, revenue service is expected in 2024.

Inglewood Transit Connector (????), planned

Inglewood plans a $1B automated people mover as an elevated proposed:railway=monorail to link Metro Rail's pending Crenshaw Line's Downtown Inglewood station with Inglewood's developing sports and entertainment district, scheduled to open by the 2028 Olympics. The 1.6-mile-long single way segment of railway=proposed is entered as a logical stub.

Tourism, museum, heritage and historic (passenger=local) trains

Underlying railway=* infrastructure elements are tagged usage=tourism. It may be correct to tag these route=train, route=tram and route=monorail relations with passenger=local due to shorter distances, though please use discretion: distinctly "excursion" services shouldn't get this tag, but some tourism services may provide a measure of local-oriented passenger transportation and can rightly be tagged with passenger=local. Here is an Overpass Turbo query which may be helpful. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=rail infrastructure tagged usage=tourism or railway:preserved=yes, however, OSM's Carto (Standard) layer does display these.

Service Line Reporting Marks Route type=route Status
Skunk Train SERA Train relation 4710759 Complete; public_transport v1 on California Western Railroad
Santa Cruz Beach Train SCBG Train relation 3487689 Complete; public_transport v1 on Santa Cruz Big Trees and Pacific Railway
Napa Valley Wine Train NVRR Train relation 5149956 Complete; public_transport v1, on Napa Valley Railroad, terminal stations only. Newer (2016) Quattro Vino service stops at four wineries, these stops/stations/platforms are not entered.
Sacramento RiverTrain SERA Train relation 6142319 Complete; public_transport v1 on Sierra Northern Railway.
Sierra Railroad Dinner Train SERA Train relation 6804127 Possibly complete; public_transport v1 on Sierra Northern Railway. Only Oakdale station is entered, there may be more stations or halts, though if not, this is complete.
Fillmore & Western Trains FWRY Train relation 6804311 Possibly complete; public_transport v1. There are lunch, dinner, mystery, holiday, school and excursion trains. Station set may need improvements.
California State Railroad Museum SSRR Train relation 6142388 Complete; public_transport v1 on Sacramento Southern Railroad
Orange Empire Railway Museum Trains OERM Train, tram relation 6804882 Train State Train.svg,
relation 6804883 Tram State Tram.svg
Tram: complete public_transport v1. Train: Complete public_transport v1. An electrified 2.5 km railway=tram line connects to South Perris Metrolink, tagged passenger=local + a 1 km dual-gauge loop at the museum.
Western Railway Museum Trains WRM (?) Train, tram relation 6805161 Train State Train.svg,
relation 6805160 Tram State Tram.svg
Complete; both relations are rough public_transport v1. Rio Vista - Bird's Landing (being electrified for railway=tram excursions further south?), tagged passenger=local and Rio Vista - Montezuma. Both relations may need better tagging and members.
Golden Gate Railroad Museum GGMX Train relation 6142178 Complete; public_transport v1 on Niles Canyon Railway
Golden State demonstration passenger trains SDAX Train relation 5758542 Complete; public_transport v1, on SDAE Desert at Pacific Southwest Railway Museum in Campo (San Diego County)
Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad Trains ???? Train relation 6801615 What are believed to be correct tracks and stations are entered, please double-check. Somewhat complete; public_transport v1. It appears there is passenger excursion service between Hampton (station) and White Rock, Hampton (station) and Carson Creek/Malby Crossing (both closed as of 2018-Q1 due to construction) and as Latrobe Limited (now boarding in White Rock due to construction in Folsom).
El Dorado Western Railroad Trains EDW (?) Train relation 6801616 What are believed to be correct tracks and stations are entered, please double-check. Somewhat complete; public_transport v1. No route=trains are known.
Roaring Camp & Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad (Steam Train) RCBT Train relation 5927779 Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=narrow_gauge
Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car PLAX Tram relation 4786115 State Tram.svg Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=tram. Tagged passenger=local. Believed to have closed in 2015; please confirm.
Angel's Flight ???? Funicular relation 6723222 Complete; public_transport v1. Urban railway=funicular.
Disneyland Railroad DLRR Train relation 1796774 Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=preserved; requires park admission fee. Apply tourism=theme_park?
Disneyland Monorail DLMS Monorail relation 1721168 Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=monorail; requires park admission fee. Apply tourism=theme_park?
Redwood Valley Railway RVRY Train relation 6804565 Complete; public_transport v1 1/4 scale (gauge=381) suburban park railroad on railway=miniature, rides last about 12 minutes
Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad ???? Train relation 6804634 Complete; public_transport v2. Suburban park railroad on railway=miniature.

Please clarify/improve the following underlying railway=* infrastructure tagged usage=tourism (and tourism=theme_park?) as route=railways, creating passenger-oriented route=train, route=tram or route=monorail relations from these elements as they are known, then move them to the table above. This (second) table excludes routes with known passenger service and is meant to convey known relations where only the route=railway data are known, these are to be "grown into" complete passenger routes route=* with a passenger value like train, light_rail or tram (not railway) to be moved into the (first) table above.

Service Line Reporting Marks route=* type=route Status
Amador Central Railway AMC (?) Railway relation 6274402 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation, eastern segments abandoned. Used for recreational "speeders" and historical/educational purposes by Recreational Railroad Coalition Historical Society and Amador County Historical Society. No route=trains are known.
Cal Expo ???? Railway relation 8090907 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a small amusement/theme_park rail on railway=tram. No route=tram relations are known.
Getty Center Tram ???? Railway relation 8090967 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short museum rail on railway=tram. Unknown what route=trams to enter.
Pacific Coast Railroad (Santa Margarita) ???? Railway relation 6773665 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
California Trolley and Railroad Corporation CTRC Railway relation 6139041 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter. CTRC restored for operation a number of historic trolley cars at History Park at Kelley Park (San José) and the Happy Hollow line extension allowing trolley service to the Japanese Friendship Garden and the Happy Hollow Zoo.
Poway–Midland Railroad ???? Railway relation 8090098 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Calico and Odessa Railroad GTCX (?), C&OR (?) Railway relation 8090136 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Casa de Fruta Railroad ???? Railway relation 8090138 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter. Part of a small rural roadside fruit stand/amusement theme_park.
Ardenwood Historic Farm Rail ???? Railway relation 8090954 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Sonoma TrainTown Railroad ???? Railway relation 8153354 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=381 (approximately 1/4 scale). Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad YMSP Railway relation 8091009 Complete (?) trackage as a route=railway relation for a short (2.8 km) rail on railway=narrow_gauge. No route=train relations are known.
Griffith Park & Southern Railroad ???? Railway relation 8100133 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=190, about 1/8 scale. Unknown what route=trains to enter, though believed to be named "Los Angeles Live Steamers Railroad."
Travel Town Railroad ???? Railway relation 8100132 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=190, about 1/8 scale. Unknown what route=trains to enter, is the railway or the passenger service named "Travel Town Railroad?"
Jolly Trolly ???? Railway relation 8129284 Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
The Grove Trolley ???? Tram The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a railway=tram at Farmer's Market in Los Angeles, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Santa Barbara Zoo Train ???? Narrow Gauge The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge at Santa Barbara Zoo, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Oakland Zoo Narrow Gauge Rail ???? Narrow Gauge The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge at Oakland Zoo, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Tom's Farms Train Ride ???? The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge for a short theme park rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Enchanted Railroad ???? The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature for a theme park (Descanso Gardens, La Cañada Flintridge) rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Swanton Pacific Railway ???? relation 8129284 Complete (though discontiguous) trackage as a short railway=miniature in Swanton. Unknown what route=trains to enter (or if trains even run).
Guajome AGSEM Railroad ???? The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature for the Q-Short Track Railroad (Guajome Park Academy, Vista) rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Goleta Short Line ???? relation 10601254 Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at a park in Goleta for the South Coast Railroad Museum. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Howarth Park Kiddie Railroad ???? The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at Howarth Memorial Park in Santa Rosa. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Pixieland Express ???? The single way way is entered Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at Willow Pass Community Park in Concord. Unknown what route=trains to enter.
Agnew Tram ???? Funicular The single way way is entered Rural diesel-powered railway=funicular to provide access to waterways of Southern California Edison.
Gem Tram ???? Funicular The single way way is entered Rural diesel-powered railway=funicular to provide access to waterways of Southern California Edison.
Descanso, Alpine and Pacific Railway SDAX Railway relation 8090208 Partial infrastructure elements of railway=narrow_gauge, but no route=train exists. Donated to the Pacific Southwest Railway Museum at Campo Railroad Park, now (2018-Q1) being dismantled and moved there.
Western Pacific Railroad Museum WPRM, FRRX A single service=yard way way inside the museum building is entered Incomplete; it is unclear what tracks near Portola make up the route=railway(s) used for WPRM excursions and the "Run A Locomotive" program operated by Feather River Rail Society. No route=trains are known.
Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum ???? A single railway=narrow_gauge way way is entered; please complete Incomplete. No route=trains are known.
Laws Railroad Museum ???? A single railway=preserved way way is entered; please complete Incomplete; little is known. No route=trains are known.
Disneyland ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Note that both Disneyland Railroad and Disneyland Monorail are already in the table above; this is a placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.
California's Great America ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge and railway=monorail ways in a major amusement/theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.
Knott's Berry Farm ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.
Magic Mountain ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.
Seaside Railway at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom (Vallejo) ???? railway=light_rail and various railway=monorail ways in a major amusement/theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.
Legoland Carlsbad ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in an amusement theme_park Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.
Gilroy Gardens ???? Various railway=narrow_gauge ways and Bonfante Railroad Train Ride and Sky Trail Monorail in a small amusement theme_park west of Gilroy Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.
Pixieland Express ???? A railway=narrow_gauge in a small amusement theme_park in Concord Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.
Neverland Ranch Park ???? Various small private railway=miniature ways Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.

Being researched are Central Park Bianchi Train in San Mateo, Emerald Hills Railway in Redwood City, Glendale (Brand?), Golden Gate Live Steamers in Berkeley, Kennedy Park Train in Hayward, Lemos Farm Rail in Half Moon Bay, Little Puffer at San Francisco Zoo, Nut Tree and Redwood Valley Railway in Berkeley.

Color semantics

About the (status) colors in the (Route) Name and Service Line columns

Green means that the route's TIGER data in OSM are fully reviewed. This strongly implies that all other relation attributes are correct, but this isn't always strictly true; see Notes/Status column. Green does not conflict with active public_transport:version=* v1-v2 growth. Go!

Yellow means "only partially reviewed" ; additional volunteer work is needed to enter or correct additional route data (railway and/or train) into OSM. Yellow may also mean a route has a volunteer entering data, yet route ambiguities persist about what is actually correct.

Red means that "something" (often very little) is known about the route, so it is useful to put a row in the table about it as a placeholder, but it likely may be too early to create a route relation: route data are unknown, incomplete or route attributes are significantly missing.

About the (branding) colors in passenger=* and passenger-oriented Route columns

For route=train, route=subway, route=light_rail, route=tram these displayed (web) colors are intended to reflect real-world colors denoted by the transportation authority network, such as in printed, painted or otherwise visually branded materials directly associated with a particular route. For the Amtrak routes, a goal is towards more state/national agreement and completion. An initial example is that for Amtrak Cascades service in Washington state and Oregon, OSM's Amtrak wiki table and Mapzen's former transit-colours renderer (no longer functional) both display a closely matching shade of green, which in turn (by intention) better match livery of rolling stock found only on those tracks by that line and class of service. Similar early harmony among Amtrak and California/Railroads is underway, e.g. Capitol Corridor as orange, color of California poppy, the state flower and Pacific Surfliner as ocean blue. Color harmony, in motion.

About the colors and symbols in the Status and Notes column of Amtrak routes

Color and symbol legend: status of each route is indicated by a symbol, which describes the type of feature, and a color, which indicates the completeness of that feature in OSM. For more details, see Wiki Help. Meaning of symbols:

Symbol Meaning
Routing Route status
Stops Stops status

The visual symbols are concise, and while originally designed for bus stops, also work well for train routes.

Base Code NA 0 1 2 3 4 X
{{State Route|r=...|h=}} Routing - implies status unknown Routing (0/4) - no part of route added Routing (1/4) - route partly added (as relation) Routing (2/4) - route mainly added, needs completing Routing (3/4) - route relation complete (in view of 1 editor). Should be verified. Routing (4/4) - route complete & verified by second editor. Please date. Routing (X/4) - route does not exist in real world.
{{State Route|r=|h=...}} Stops - implies status unknown Stops (0/4) - no stops added to relation Stops (1/4) - some stops added Stops (2/4) - most stops added, needs completing Stops (3/4) - all stops added to relation (in view of 1 editor). Should be verified. Stops (4/4) - route complete & verified by second editor. Please date. Stops (X/4) - no stops in real world. Unlikely to be used without r=X as well.

The codes 0-4 are a logical progression, but they do not all have to be used in sequence. It is perfectly acceptable to go from 0 (nothing on map) to 3 (everything done in opinion of one editor). However, there should never be a jump to level 4. r=4 should only appear after r=3, and the same with h=3 & h=4, as this implies the relation has been checked by both the editor who completed it (level 3), and a second editor (level 4). Given these are different people, a jump up to level 4 from anything other than 3 is not possible.

In this wiki, this symbology is used as relations indicate where public_transport:version=1 is becoming version 2. The route_master column will eventually be fully populated with v2 relations as v1 routes upgrade to v2, the type=route_master column data acting as "entry point" into these Amtrak routes, the type=route column linking to "directional" child relations.