This is now a "sub-wiki" to California/Railroads, from which it was split off due to length. As this subordinate wiki remains large even after that split, it may split, too (into Northern and Southern, most likely).
- Main article: California/Railroads. See also California/Railroads/Active for freight rail (as opposed to passenger rail).
California Passenger Trains, expressed as route=train, route=subway, route=light_rail, route=tram and route=monorail relations, with active, regular passenger rail traffic. There are also railway=funicular, railway=narrow_gauge, railway=miniature and amusement park rail if you look carefully!
Passenger Trains tables are "believed complete" and "largely correct," though the Tourism section has several text-based-only notations saying these routes are "being researched." If you find a train (relation link, Review Status...) that needs to be added, updated or improved, whether to the map or to this wiki, please do so!
A subset of California's freight mainline and branch rail support passenger traffic with route=train relations. These offer passenger=international (serving Canada), passenger=national (long distance, usually overnight), passenger=regional (medium distance, intrastate) and passenger=suburban ("commuter rail") services. All national-network Amtrak route=trains have passenger=* tags, with a value of either international, national or regional. Additionally in California, route=subway, route=light_rail and route=tram relations are found. Often blurred with usually passenger=suburban route=trains (spanning multiple counties) is larger-city-scale route=light_rail, tagged passenger=urban. California route=light_rail and route=tram relations always have passenger=* tags (usually urban and local, respectively) and while commuter route=trains are tagged passenger=suburban, not all route=trains have a passenger=* tag, as some tourism/heritage/museum trains do not (on rail tagged usage=tourism). But if so — as some tourist lines do offer a modicum of useful local passenger service, simply by being a passenger line serving their stations — these route=trains are tagged passenger=local.
Passenger trains' tracks, stations and platforms are properly collected into route=train relations, or relations tagged route=subway, route=light_rail, route=tram or route=monorail when those are the underlying rail infrastructure. A convention in this wiki: public_transport:version=1 routes are in table column headers as type=route and public_transport:version=2 routes are in table column headers as type=route_master. However, if a table has a type=route_master column AND a type=route column, the latter are not public_transport:version=1 routes, they are the member route relations of the type=route_master super-relation.
Passenger train routes in the following national, regional, suburban, urban and local sections and tables are "mostly Complete," at least to a rudimentary stage of public_transport:version=1. Let us continue to improve these data to public_transport:version=2, with a type=route_master super-relation, fully directional routes and all platforms. See Capitol Corridor℠ routes, which emerge as public_transport:version=2 examples — but while these relations have stations and platforms, more platforms are needed. For a model v2 route with exemplary station and platform members see of the Maryland Transit Administration. A goal is for all passenger train routes is to become fully compliant with public_transport:version=2, each identically-tracked train with its own route and precise platform locations. If you find a train, route (relation link, Review Status...) that needs to be added, updated or improved, whether to the map or to this wiki, please do so: Map Your Train Ride!
Amtrak operates intercity passenger trains in the contiguous United States: many intrastate / interstate passenger=regional trains and all interstate, passenger=national (long distance, overnight), highspeed=yes trains and passenger=international trains (serving Canada); see the full OSM Amtrak wiki table. Two subsets are here as routes serving California, five passenger=national routes by Amtrak proper, three passenger=regional routes operating jointly between Amtrak and three "more local/less statewide" so-called "joint powers authorities," partly funded by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Division of Rail as an entity known as Amtrak California:
|type=route_master||passenger=*||type=route||Status and Notes|
CHI-EMY Mostly complete; public_transport v2. 2438 miles (Chicago - Emeryville, California). Underlying infrastructure route=railway relations are mostly but not quite completely correct (e.g. Creston Subdivision "track splits"), relation is very large. Platforms, amenities around them need improvement.
|Complete; public_transport v2. 1377 miles (2216 km). Los Angeles - San José - Oakland - Sacramento - Portland - Seattle.|
LAX-CHI Complete; public_transport v2. 2265 miles (Chicago - Los Angeles).
|Complete; public_transport v2. 1995 miles (New Orleans - San Antonio - Los Angeles). At San Antonio (as Texas Eagle®), train 1 couples with train 421 westbound and train 2 decouples from train 422 eastbound.|
Try OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM): it displays passenger rail in route=train relations. At closer zooms, OPTM also displays route=light_rail, route=subway, route=tram, route=monorail, route=funicular, route=bus, route=trolleybus, route=aerialway and route=ferry with colors similar to ORM. Please compare and contrast ORM (rail infrastructure) and OPTM (passenger routes) with OSM's Transport layer which rather simply displays "any and all rail" (railway=*), though not disused or abandoned rail, and at closer zooms, route=bus. Here was another rail renderer which displayed rail-based passenger routes with their colour=* or color=* tag (no longer functional).
Colors are Amtrak passenger=national routes = blue. As California's national Amtrak routes are all lengthy overnight trains, these are assigned darker (web safe) blues: California Zephyr (DarkBlue), Coast Starlight (MidnightBlue), Southwest Chief (#000066), Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle (Navy).
The Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Board (CCJPB) consists of two representatives from each of the eight counties in The Capitol Corridor: Placer, Sacramento, Yolo, Solano, Contra Costa, San Francisco, Alameda and Santa Clara, represented by Placer County Transportation Planning Agency, Sacramento Regional Transit District, San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District, Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, Solano Transportation Authority, and the Yolo County Transportation District. The CCJPB is also supported by the two metropolitan planning organizations in The Capitol Corridor – the Metropolitan Transportation Commission and the Sacramento Area Council of Governments.
The LOSSAN Rail Corridor Agency (LOSSAN) “is composed of elected officials representing rail owners, operators, and planning agencies along Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner corridor between San Diego and San Luis Obispo. The objective of the agency is to coordinate planning and programs that increase ridership, revenue, reliability, and safety on the coastal rail line from San Luis Obispo to Los Angeles to San Diego.”
The San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority (SJJPA) enables local and regional agencies throughout most of the San Joaquin Corridor (Bakersfield - Fresno - Modesto - Stockton - Sacramento - Oakland) to assume the administration and management of Amtrak's existing San Joaquin Rail Service from Caltrans' Division of Rail.
Caltrans, through its Division of Rail, provides support to California statewide intercity (passenger=regional) rail services via CCJPB, LOSSAN and SJJPA. This support includes planning and financial assistance for capital and operating expenses, consistent with its mission to “provide and promote intercity passenger rail services while improving, expanding, and integrating all rail service into California's transportation system." As a result of the "more local" administrations of CCJPB/LOSSAN/SJJPA and newer model of Caltrans funding, "Amtrak California" branding and livery is less prominent.
|type=route_master||passenger=*||type=route||Status and Notes|
WB Complete; public_transport v2. 168 miles (275 km) (San Jose - Oakland - Sacramento - Auburn). A Phase 1 extension from San José (Diridon) south to Gilroy (+49 km) and Salinas (+60 km) is expected in the 2020s for a new length of 238 miles (384 km). Infill stations at Pajaro/Watsonville Junction (to serve Santa Cruz) and Castroville (to serve Monterey) are Phase 2, with no revenue service date specified, as Monterey Branch is disused / abandoned and Santa Cruz Branch is Class 1 (or 2?) speed, limiting freight and occasional tourism trains to 25 MPH/40 km/h as it rehabilitates. The Capitol Corridor is the third busiest Amtrak route in the USA, moving 1.4 million passengers annually between San Jose and Auburn. Platform assignments need surveying at Martinez and Sacramento: Map Your Train Ride! Part of "Amtrak California:" partially funded by Caltrans' Division of Rail, this branding is less prominent with "more local" CCJPA joint powers authority.
|Complete; public_transport v2. 350 miles (565 km); (San Diego - Los Angeles - Santa Barbara - San Luis Obispo). While there are some 90 MPH segments (MCBC Pendleton), the underlying LOSSAN corridor is not "higher-speed" (black text regional). Pacific Surfliner is the second busiest Amtrak route in the country, moving 2.6 million passengers annually between San Diego and San Luis Obispo. Part of "Amtrak California:" partially funded by Caltrans' Division of Rail, this branding is less prominent with the "more local" LOSSAN joint powers authority.|
|Complete; public_transport v2. 315 miles (507 km); (Bakersfield - Stockton - Oakland), 282 miles (454 km); (Bakersfield - Stockton - Sacramento). The San Joaquins is the fifth busiest Amtrak route in the country, moving 1.1 million passengers annually. With connecting buses at Bakersfield, the San Joaquin service is the spine of Amtrak California: linking Los Angeles and the Bay Area. Platform assignments need surveying at Bakersfield, Martinez and Sacramento: Map Your Train Ride! Planned improvements / extensions as part of the Valley Rail Project include two new daily round-trips to better connect San Joaquin Valley travelers with the Sacramento Area and extends Altamont Corridor Express (ACE) service between Sacramento and Merced. New stations would include Lodi, Elk Grove, City College, Midtown, Old North Sacramento and Natomas/Airport (in the Sacramento Extension; both San Joaquins and ACE) north of Stockton, Oakley Station west of Stockton on the way to Oakland and Modesto, Turlock/Denair, Merced, a relocation of the Madera station and Fresno south of Stockton. The first Valley Rail trains are anticipated to operate by 2024-25, with completion expected by the end of 2027.|
Colors are Amtrak California passenger=regional routes = orange (color of California poppy, state flower), ocean blue and khaki (appearing as light golden/sandy yellow). California's state colors are blue and gold.
In June 2015, California began construction of the USA's first dedicated high-speed rail, centered around Fresno. Expensive and controversial, it is the nation's largest public works project. Phase 1 originally envisioned San Francisco via Los Angeles to Anaheim, though this is now scaled back with a new governor. New Phase 1 (The Central Valley Segment, CVS) is Merced - Fresno - Bakersfield, 172 miles. There are 119 miles of CVS track between Madera (S of Merced) and Shafter (N of Bakersfield) now under construction to complete this scaled back Phase 1. Segments of this infrastructure are ways tagged railway=construction + construction=rail + usage=main + highspeed=yes + name=California High Speed Rail (abbreviated CAHSR, not reporting marks). Largely complete in OSM; OpenRailwayMap (ORM) displays CAHSR railway=construction as red dashed lines around Fresno and CAHSR railway=proposed as red dotted lines N and S of the initial construction zone, towards Merced and Bakersfield (was San José and Burbank).
In February 2019, Governor Gavin Newsom’s first State of the State Address (SotSA) scaled back CAHSR, redefining the project. Newsom said California will focus on finishing rail now under construction, with revenue service by 2027. Original Phase 1 (including Central Valley to Silicon Valley and Bakersfield to Burbank) estimated completion by 2029, or 2033 should all of original Phase 1 fund. Read High-Speed Rail Authority CEO Brian Kelly’s post-SotSA Statement here: “The Governor has called for setting a priority on getting high speed rail operating in the only region in which we have commenced construction — the Central Valley. We are eager to meet this challenge and expand the project’s economic impact in the Central Valley. Importantly, he also reaffirmed our commitment to complete the environmental work statewide, to meet our 'bookend' investments in the Bay Area and Los Angeles and to pursue additional federal and private funding for future project expansion. We welcome this direction and look forward to continuing the important work on this transformative project.” In November 2020, CEO Kelly estimated CVS completion at about 50%: “Our estimate right now is that we are about halfway through that Central Valley project, and really starting to pick up pace,” Kelly says. “We are looking forward to finishing it in the next 24 months or so. Our objective is to have a track down and systems in place, and essentially be able to test high speed electric trains.”
Full Phase 1 environmental clearance is underway: CASHR's (early February Draft) 2022 Business Plan says "Today, we have environmentally cleared approximately 300 miles, and by July 2022 the Authority is intending to have cleared some 430 miles of the 500-mile Phase 1 system." It appears to estimate Phase 1 revenue service beginning around 2027 and Phase 1's Northern Extension (to San Jose Diridon, possibly San Francisco Salesforce Transit Center) around 2031.
|CAHSR Phase 1, as newly proposed: CVS||Merced - Chowchilla Wye - Madera - Fresno - Shafter - Bakersfield||With Governor Newsom's scaled back CAHSR, more specific tagging updates are welcome: 119 miles of Madera - Fresno - Shafter are tagged railway=construction. The northerly 34 miles (Merced - Chowchilla Wye - Madera) and southerly 19 miles (Shafter - Bakersfield) are tagged railway=proposed as these are planned in Phase 1 CVS but funding is unclear. Taken together (34 + 119 + 19 = 172 miles), these are believed correctly tagged and why this row is green. Please more precisely tag any incorrectly tagged railway=construction or railway=proposed segments if known. Please tag "Construction Packages" (public works contracts) as they are known to be under construction with CP1, CP4, etc. in the name=* tag of a railway=rail element. Not all second tracks, bridges, viaducts, cuttings, embankments, etc. are properly denoted in the ways, as some remain incomplete, some are under construction, some may be unentered into OSM and some are completed: please update! This was the original "all inclusive" relation, now scaled back to the 2019-Q2-defined Phase 1 CVS, expected to open for revenue service in 2027. Merced seems to have been chosen as CAHSR's new Phase 1 northern terminus to correspond with extensions to ACE route=trains, partially funded to reach ACE's planned new Merced southern terminus by 2026.|
|CAHSR Phase 1 North, as originally proposed||Chowchilla Wye - Gilroy - San José - San Francisco||The northerly remainder of what was Phase 1 after the Initial Operating Segment was shortened as it was newly proposed. Tagged railway=proposed, funding levels move from short-term to more medium-term (after CVS opening), "bookend" work continues. West of the wye through Gilroy N to Morgan Hill is new alignment, then N of Morgan Hill, parallels UP Coast Subdivision and JPBX Peninsula to San José and San Francisco: CAHSR's "northern bookend," now undergoing electrification between Tamien Station (near UP/JPBX ownership change) and San Francisco.|
|CAHSR Phase 1 South, as originally proposed||Bakersfield - Burbank - Los Angeles - Anaheim||The southerly remainder of what was Phase 1 after the Initial Operating Segment was shortened as it was newly proposed. Tagged railway=proposed, funding levels move from short-term to more medium-term (after CVS opening), "bookend" work continues. S of Bakersfield to Palmdale and from Lancaster to CP Sheldon (Pacoima, N of Burbank) is new alignment, then parallels (as the "southern bookend") UP Valley Subdivision from Burbank to CP Fletcher and again as new alignment through Elysian Park three miles to Los Angeles Union Station. Finally, parallel alignments along River, San Bernardino, (except around Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs) and Orange Subdivisions complete the route to ARTIC in Anaheim.|
|CAHSR Phase 2 North||Merced - Modesto - Stockton - Sacramento||Medium-term-future oriented. Fully though roughly entered. Displayed as red dotted lines at zoom levels ≥11 in ORM.|
|CAHSR Phase 2 South||Los Angeles - San Bernardino - Riverside - San Diego||Longer-term-future oriented. Geographically unknown in places, there remain alignments under consideration. Only partially entered (Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside and San Diego Counties are less complete). Around West Covina, Temecula/Murietta and Escondido/Rancho Bernardo/Mira Mesa displayed as red dotted lines at zoom levels ≥11 in ORM. Might be removed from OSM, as Phase 2 appears unfunded (barely funded?) into the foreseeable future. Call this the roughest of sketches, "barely there" in OSM.|
Largely connecting suburbs of multiple counties in their networks, passenger=suburban "commuter" trains are shorter-distance than passenger=regional intercity trains, but longer-distance and faster than passenger=urban and passenger=local trains. These route=train (ACE, Caltrain, COASTER, Metrolink, SMART) and route=subway (BART) relations are tagged passenger=suburban: "Trains that have frequent schedules to satisfy the needs of work commuters...largely state-run/city-run services for connecting a metropolitan area to its central city." These (usually "heavy rail") trains are publicly-owned and operated by multiple California counties as "joint powers authorities," except COASTER, publicly-owned but serves only San Diego County and ACE, where tracks are leased from UP and operations are contracted to Herzog. Some (ACE extensions to Modesto and Merced, Metrolink Antelope Valley northwards...) could grow lengthy enough to become passenger=regional, especially as future services might include "express" (sometimes called "skip stop") trains to more quickly connect their most-distant endpoints.
BART / Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)
- Main article: Bay_Area_Rapid_Transit
BART is a rapid transit system in the San Francisco Bay Area: eight routes on 131 miles (210 km) of track with 50 stations (21 surface, 14 elevated, 15 subway) in five counties. Systemwide, there are approximately 32 miles (51 km) of aerial track; 70 miles (115 km) of track at grade and about 28 miles (45 km) of subway track. Most BART infrastructure is FTA-defined "heavy rail" tagged railway=subway, so BART is in the "Commuter" section, as BART's systemwide geographic span is similar to other Commuter rail networks in California, including BART's newer infrastructure like Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (railway=monorail) line and BART to Antioch extension (railway=light_rail). All lines are tagged network=BART and the network-wide relation is .
BART Silicon Valley Phase II Extension Project intends to complete in 2030, adding four new stations to the Green and Orange lines: 28th Street / Little Portugal, Downtown San José, Diridon and Santa Clara in a subway alignment, achieving (with Caltrain & Amtrak correspondences at Diridon and Santa Clara) much more frequent Bay Area rail service that "rings the bay."
|Richmond – Daly City, Richmond – Millbrae||Subway||Complete public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 44.6 km.|
|Berryessa/North San José – Daly City||Subway||7.5-minute headways on weekdays||Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 78.6 km. BART extends southward from the Berryessa/North San José station as "Silicon Valley Rapid Transit Corridor Project (Phase II)" sponsored by VTA. See Phase II, below.|
|Berryessa/North San José - Richmond||Subway||7.5-minute headways on weekdays||Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 74.3 km. BART extends southward from the Berryessa/North San José station as "Silicon Valley Rapid Transit Corridor Project (Phase II)" sponsored by VTA. See Phase II, below.|
|Dublin/Pleasanton – Daly City, Dublin/Pleasanton – MacArthur (Sundays)||Subway||Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 63.0 km. At Millbrae, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. The BART to Livermore Extension project is a proposal to extend the BART rail line by 8 km along I-580 from the existing Dublin/Pleasanton Station to a new station in the vicinity of the Isabel Avenue interchange. BART staff developed conceptual engineering and a project-level Draft Environmental Impact Report, available for public review. Anticipated opening of the completed extension and new BART station is 2026.|
|SFO/Millbrae – Pittsburg/Bay Point||Subway||Complete; public_transport v2. Needs public_transport=platform locations added. 85.6 km. At Millbrae, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.|
|Pittsburg/Bay Point – Antioch (BART to Antioch extension)||Light Rail||An 8.5-mile (13.8 km) light_rail extension using Diesel Modified Units, a different type of rolling stock from regular BART trains requiring a train change at Pittsburg/Bay Point by walking across a platform. The FTA categorizes this "diesel light rail."|
|Millbrae – SFO Airport||Subway||Complete; public_transport v2 (nice work, OSM!). 2.9 km.|
|Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (OAK)||Monorail||6-minute peak headways, 10-20 minutes off-peak||Complete; public_transport v2. Awesome! 5.0 km.|
|Berryessa/North San José – Santa Clara (Phase II)||Subway||BART Silicon Valley Extension Project Phase II extends BART's Green and Orange Lines 26 km from Berryessa/North San José to San José (via 28th Street / Little Portugal, Downtown, Diridon) and Santa Clara (the latter two stations correspond with Caltrain, Diridon with Amtrak and proposed California High Speed Rail), with 8 km of single-bore underground subway infrastructure through Downtown San José below Santa Clara Street. Revenue service is expected in 2030. Phase II was in Design and Engineering during 2020-1, infrastructure in OSM is a relatively rough sketch: proposed or under construction as a route=railway towards a public_transport PTv1 route=subway (no longer under construction when completed), then a PTv2 relation.|
Caltrain / Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board (JPBX)
Caltrain offers service from San Francisco through the San Francisco Peninsula to San José and Gilroy. It services over 30 stations in three counties on 77 miles (124 km) of track. At Millbrae, connects to BART, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. At San José Diridon, connects to ACE, another passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. There are plans to extend south of Gilroy to Monterey County (Pajaro/Watsonville, Castroville, Salinas), with Capitol Corridor passenger=regional service to these stations following later. Electrification between San Francisco and Tamien Station is expected to complete in 2022 as the northern "bookend" of CAHSR Phase I.
|Caltrain Baby Bullet||Train||305-386||Complete; public_transport v2. Stops at fewest stations.|
|Caltrain Limited||Train||206-289||Complete; public_transport v2. To differentiate the complicated stopping patterns of each route, relation names may contain two arrow styles: "San Francisco => Hillsdale" means that the train may skip stops between the two stations, while "San Francisco +> Hillsdale" means the train makes all stops between them.|
|Caltrain Local||Train||100s||Complete; public_transport v2. Stops at every station.|
SMART / Sonoma-Marin Area Rapid Transit (SMART)
Larkspur north to Sonoma County Airport (46 miles / 73 km) is the currently-active portion of the 70 mile / 113 km "Larkspur to Cloverdale" corridor for this passenger=suburban service between Sonoma and Marin counties, known as SMART Phase 1. This enables passenger connections via Larkspur Ferry Terminal to San Francisco Ferry Terminal, Gate C (pedestrians walk 100 m to Muni E, F; 200 m to California Street Cable Car; 250 m to BART Embarcadero). Northerly, SMART offers SMART passengers free bus service from Sonoma County Airport station to Windsor, Healdsburg and Cloverdale. SMART Phase 2's 3 mile northern extension from Sonoma County Airport to Windsor is expected in 2022 and to Healdsburg and Cloverdale by 2027, completing passenger service on the entire corridor.
|Larkspur - Sonoma County Airport SMART||Train||1-34 (weekdays), 51-60 (weekends)||SCA-LAR
|Complete public_transport:version=2 — Awesome!|
ACE / Altamont Corridor Express (HTSX)
The ACE corridor services 10 stations in three counties (San Joaquin, Alameda, Santa Clara) over 86 miles (138 km) of track, from Stockton to San José. Service is managed by the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission (SJRRC), with operations contracted to Herzog Transit Services using AAR assigned reporting mark HTSX on tracks owned by Union Pacific (UP) and a few miles of Caltrain (JPBX) tracks. At San José Diridon, connects to Caltrain, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence. News in 2017 reported expansion southeasterly from Stockton through the Central Valley to Modesto/Ceres, +30 miles (+48 km) and Merced, +35 miles (+57 km). With news of these extensions (bringing line distance to 241 km/150 miles, over the 160 km/100 miles threshold for regional rail) and newer service north of Stockton to additional cities including Lodi, Elk Grove and Sacramento (sharing Sacramento station with Amtrak California), ACE grows from a single "commuter" passenger=suburban line into what may become California's fourth passenger=regional rail service (complementing Amtrak California's current three). With the Valley Rail Project (including improvments to San Joaquin passenger=regional service), ACE will become two-line service linked at Stockton: the existing passenger=suburban line to San José, and another line serving Modesto/Ceres (ACE Extension Phase 1) and Merced (ACE Extension Phase 2) southeasterly by 2026 and Sacramento northerly. Merced is a key Bay Area link as the present northern terminus for Phase 1 of California High Speed Rail, expected to begin revenue service in 2027.
|Complete; public_transport v2|
|ACE Extensions to Modesto and Merced (southward) and Sacramento (northward||Train||?||not yet defined||Estimated; updated rail elements that are more complete are appreciated. Planned improvements / extensions as part of the Valley Rail Project include better connections for San Joaquin Valley travelers with the Sacramento Area and extends ACE service to Modesto, Merced and Sacramento via Stockton. New stations include North Lathrop, Manteca, Ripon, Modesto, Ceres, Turlock, Livingston/Atwater and Merced south of Stockton and Lodi, Elk Grove, City College, Midtown, Old North Sacramento and Natomas/Airport (in the Sacramento Extension; both ACE and San Joaquins) north of Stockton. The first Valley Rail trains are anticipated to operate by 2024-25, with completion expected by the end of 2027 with Phase 1 CAHSR harmonization.|
Metrolink is a commuter rail network serving five counties in Southern California as SCRRA (reporting mark SCAX). The system offers seven service lines and 64 stations operating on 388 miles (624 km) of track, about 534 route miles (859 km).
Los Angeles County Metrolink-Metro and Metrolink-Amtrak® correspondences are:
- LA Union Station (All Metrolink trains, Metro B Line Red, Metro D Line Purple, Metro L Line Gold, Metro J Line Silver, Amtrak® California Zephyr™, Coast Starlight™, Pacific Surfliner®, Southwest Chief™ and Sunset Limited™ / Texas Eagle®),
- Burbank Airport South (Metrolink Green, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®),
- Cal State LA (Metrolink Maroon, Metro J Line Silver),
- Chatsworth (Metrolink Yellow, Metro G Line Orange, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®) and in San Diego County
- Oceanside (Metrolink Orange, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®, COASTER, SPRINTER).
While the table has a type=route_master column, these are now (late 2020) under construction, the routes themselves remain public_transport:version=1. Please complete upgrading these from v1 to v2 routes!
|Ventura County Line (Yellow)||Train||100s, 900s, A700s†||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 71.7 miles (115.5 km). Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops. Chatsworth Metro G Line Orange corresponds with Amtrak.|
|Antelope Valley Line (Green)||Train||200s||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 82 miles (132.1 km).|
|San Bernardino Line (Maroon)||Train||300s||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 63.6 miles (102.4 km).|
|Riverside Line (Purple)||Train||400s||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 70.7 miles (113.8 km).|
|Orange County Line (Orange)||Train||600s, A500s†, A700s†||Complete; public_transport v1. 87.1 miles (140.2 km). Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops. Oceanside COASTER corresponds with Metrolink and Amtrak.|
|91/Perris Valley Line (Blue)||Train||700s||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 85.5 miles (137.6 km).|
|Inland Empire/Orange County Line (Red)||Train||800s||Complete; public_transport v1; please "double-check review." 100.2 miles (161.4 km).|
A $35 million Metrolink station in Placentia to serve 91/Perris Valley Line's north Orange County passengers is under construction, revenue service expected in 2022.
A CAHSR station is planned to be built a short walk away from North Burbank's Metrolink station.
It remains to be seen how far along an electrification project prepares the southern "bookend" of California High Speed Rail's (old) Phase I adjacent to Metrolink Green and Yellow lines from Burbank through Glendale to Los Angeles.
COASTER / North County Transit District (NCTC)
COASTER offers service along the San Diego County coastline, from Oceanside to San Diego. It services 8 stations on 41 miles (66 km) of track. Owned by North County Transit District (NCTD), operated by Bombardier Transportation (since 2016). At Oceanside, connects to Metrolink Orange, a passenger=suburban-to-passenger=suburban correspondence.
|Public_transport v2. Supplements Amtrak Pacific Surfliner passenger=regional Rail 2 Rail® service with more local stops.|
Most California route=light_rail relations are tagged passenger=urban (as are heavily-travelled route=tram relations; it is usually correct to tag route=tram and route=monorail relations with passenger=local due to shorter distances — please use discretion). Some (underlying infrastructure) members of route=light_rail are ways tagged railway=tram. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=monorail infrastructure, however, OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM) does. Two lines are FTA-defined "heavy rail" (Los Angeles' Metro B Line (Red) and Metro D Line (Purple)): these route=subways are included in this City, Light Rail section as part of LA Metro's single-county network of "city" trains. LA Metro's rail is mostly route=light_rail (some Downtown sections are underground), but also include these two route=subway routes and a route=monorail route (LAX Airport Metro Connector, under construction). SMART had similar "odd tagging" of light_rail and suburban, it's now tagged "suburban train." This OT query might be a helpful visualization: all relations in California tagged route=light_rail and passenger=urban, noting exclusion of LA Metro's Red and Purple lines (as they are not route=light_rail, but "heavy rail" tagged route=subway).
San Diego County surfs an edge between whether underlying infrastructure used mainly by light rail should be tagged railway=rail or railway=light_rail: Electrified San Diego Trolley lines (Orange and parts of Blue) and Escondido Subdivision elements (SPRINTER, Diesel Modified Units / DMUs) are tagged railway=rail, even as both railway systems predominantly support route=light_rail passenger services (during the day and evening), while also supporting freight service at night / in the very early morning hours (0200 - 0330). This caused some vacillation on tagging between Escondido and Oceanside and some segments of Orange in Santee remain tagged railway=rail + usage=branch where freight service is shared with light_rail passenger service. Consistent tagging on both of these systems seems to have settled, but the confusion was understandable as there are elements of SPRINTER which are "not typical light rail" (e.g. using DMUs instead of electric motive power).
Sacramento Regional Transit District (SCRT)
RT operates a light rail system spanning the Sacramento area that is currently the eleventh busiest in the United States. Similar to the San Diego Trolley in its largely-street-running-in-Downtown tram-like character, this wide-area urban system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. There have been edits which tag "strictly tram as tram" (as Muni L, N in western suburbs of San Francisco) causing some vacillation between railway=light_rail and railway=tram.
|Blue Line||Light Rail||533||Complete v2 route.|
|Gold Line||Light Rail||507||Complete v2 route.|
|Green Line||Light Rail||519||Complete v2 route.|
San Francisco Muni / Metro (MUNI)
Muni / Metro combines light rail, tram, historic streetcar, cable cars and a Central Subway (2022-3) into San Francisco's passenger rail network, providing rail-to-rail connections with BART, Caltrain and eventually (2029?) California High Speed Rail. Some portions are light rail in dedicated right-of-way, some are street-running tram-like trains, some are substantially tunneled and/or underground. Market Street Railway is a partner on E and F Lines, restoring historic streetcars. Underlying infrastructure is either railway=light_rail or railway=tram, not railway=subway, even for underground segments, which are tagged tunnel=yes plus a negative-value layer=* tag. All Muni / Metro rail routes are tagged passenger=urban.
|E Embarcadero||Tram||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Infrastructure from Embarcadero to 4th & King is railway=light_rail named "Muni Metro" as it is shared with Muni Metro N, S, T.|
|F Market & Wharves||Tram||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members|
|J Church||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members|
|K Ingleside-Third Street||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2. A Phase 2 "Central Subway" extension to Chinatown is nearing completion with service expected in October, 2022.|
|L Taraval||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Some segments travel over railway=tram.|
|M Ocean View||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members|
|N Judah||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members. Some segments travel over railway=tram.|
|S Castro Shuttle||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members|
|T Ingleside-Third Street||Light Rail||Complete; public_transport v2. A Phase 2 "Central Subway" extension to Chinatown is nearing completion with service expected in October, 2022.|
|59 - Powell/Mason Cable Car||Tram||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)|
|60 - Powell/Hyde Cable Car||Tram||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)|
|61 - California Cable Car||Tram||Complete; public_transport v2, though needs more and better public_transport=platform members (at sidewalks and medians)|
|Central Subway||Light Rail (underground)||Tagged route=railway as it approaches completion. Revenue service expected October, 2022. This was tagged railway=subway but is better tagged railway=light_rail + tunnel=yes + layer=-1, similar to Muni's Sunset Tunnel and Twin Peaks Tunnel.|
VTA Light Rail / Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (SCCT)
VTA Light Rail serves San José and northern Santa Clara County and consists of 41 miles (65 km) of light rail network on three lines (Blue, Green and Orange). Downtown San José and other segments can be considered tram-like (street-running trains) though the system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. With BART service to Milpitas and Berryessa stations, VTA Orange Line allows BART Milpitas connections to Caltrain at Mountain View, providing contiguous "rings the bay" passenger rail service on three networks: BART (change trains to VTA Orange at Milpitas), VTA Orange (from Milpitas to Mountain View) and Caltrain (change trains from VTA Orange to Caltrain at Mountain View), BART again from Caltrain at Millbrae.
|Baypointe - Santa Teresa (Blue)||Light Rail||901||Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. Utility relocation is now (2022) underway and construction is anticipated between 2023 and 2027 to extend Blue light rail from the Alum Rock station southward to Eastridge. Trains will run primarily in the center of Capitol Expressway with elevated tracks crossing Capitol Avenue, Story Road and Tully Road and stations at Story, Ocala and Eastridge. However, there is no known funding source to extend this light rail any further south from Eastridge to South San Jose.|
|Winchester - Old Ironsides (Green)||Light Rail||902||Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. An extension is planned to this line from the Winchester station southward to Vasona, but no date is set; construction is dependent on VTA Board of Directors final approval of funding/financing plan. Two new stations are planned: one at Vasona (Phase 1), another at Hacienda (Phase 2).|
|Alum Rock - Mountain View (Orange)||Light Rail||90?||Complete; public_transport v2; please "double-check review" for track/station node order. With BART Silicon Valley Phase 1, this line from Alum Rock station northward and westward to Mountain View connects BART at Milpitas to Caltrain at Mountain View.|
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority / LACMTA / MTA / Metro (LACM)
Los Angeles Metro, rail portions of which are also known as Metro Rail, operates combined rail rapid transit (subway, light rail, eventually monorail at LAX) in Los Angeles County. Metro operates eight rapid transit lines: six light_rail/subway (dedicated right-of-way) and two bus rapid transit (on abandoned rail right-of-way: old Pacific Electric Red Car line and old Burbank Line plus I-110; Metro G Line (Orange) and Metro J Line (Silver), respectively, see Transitways). All Metro rail and Busway rapid transit routes are tagged passenger=urban. Rail service offers 10, 12, 15 or 20 minute headways, depending on line and time-of-day.
2016 news described planning to "close a regional transportation gap" linking Metro C Line (Green)'s eastern Norwalk terminus to Metrolink's Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs (Metrolink Blue/91, Metrolink Red, Metrolink Orange) in addition to
Present Los Angeles County Metrolink-Metro and Metrolink-Amtrak® correspondences:
- LA Union Station (All Metrolink trains, Metro B Line Red, Metro D Line Purple, Metro L Line Gold, Metro J Line Silver, Amtrak® California Zephyr™, Coast Starlight™, Pacific Surfliner®, Southwest Chief™ and Sunset Limited™ / Texas Eagle®),
- Burbank Airport South (Metrolink Green, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®),
- Cal State LA (Metrolink Maroon, Metro J Line Silver),
- Chatsworth (Metrolink Yellow, Metro G Line Orange, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®) and in San Diego County
- Oceanside (Metrolink Orange, Amtrak® Pacific Surfliner®, COASTER, SPRINTER).
2017 news revealed a plan, and a 2018 SCAG update of the Norwalk C Line (Green) Extension Study, while paused as of April, 2018, is in the process of identifying and evaluating feasible alternatives for this potential 2.8 mile rail link.
2019 news indicated that by the 2028 Summer Olympics, four light_rail and four Busway rapid transit lines will be added, totaling 16 rapid transit lines. Some planned lines and assigned letters are: Arroyo Verdugo / L Line; North San Fernando Valley / N Line; Sepulveda Pass / Q Line; Vermont / R Line and West Santa Ana (from Downtown Los Angeles to Artesia) / S Line.
|Metro A Line (Blue)||Light Rail||801||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Los Angeles - Long Beach. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride! By August, 2022 with Regional Connector, Metro A Line (Blue) will include north of 7th St/Metro Ctr through Little Tokyo to Union Station, and the segment of Metro L Line (Gold) through Chinatown to Azusa, resulting in a one-seat ride from Long Beach to Azusa on Metro A Line (Blue). The Foothill Extension Project will extend this easterly 20 km from Azusa/APU/Citrus College to Montclair circa 2026.|
|Metro B Line (Red)||Subway||802||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Union Station - North Hollywood. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!|
|Metro C Line (Green)||Light Rail||803||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Norwalk - Redondo Beach. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!
Crenshaw / LAX to connect Metro E Line (Expo) at Expo/Crenshaw to Metro C Line (Green) at Aviation/Century near LAX is under construction, revenue service expected in November 2022. At completion, Metro C Line (Green) begins a new operational pattern (the "C-3" one-year pilot study) near LAX, northerly and southerly. The southern branch of Metro C Line (Green) will operate with Redondo Beach trains continuing through El Segundo and Aviation/LAX, east to Willowbrook/Rosa Parks (becoming a modified Metro C Line (Green) and perhaps Metro K Line (Olive)). The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX Project blends westbound Metro C Line (Green) trains from Norwalk turning north after Aviation/LAX along Aviation Blvd. to terminate at Expo/Crenshaw, the new Metro C Line (Green).
|Metro L Line (Gold)||Light Rail||804||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Edward R. Roybal - Azusa - Union Station - Atlantic. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!
Segment from LA Union Station through Chinatown to Azusa will realign to Metro A Line (Blue) with completion of Regional Connector August, 2022. East LA segment remains Metro L Line (Gold), then realigns by "absorbing" Metro E Line (Expo) to Santa Monica, resulting a one-seat ride from Santa Monica to East Lost Angeles on Metro L Line (Gold). The Foothill Extension Project, Phase 2B will connect the APU/Citrus College eastern terminus further eastward to Montclair Metrolink along with six new stations. 20 km long, construction began in October 2017. Anticipated date for commencement of revenue service is 2026, when this will become a new eastern segment of the (realigned at Regional Connector opening) Metro A Line (Blue). Metro currently has no plans to extend this line to Ontario International Airport.
|Metro D Line (Purple)||Subway||805||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Union Station - Wilshire/Western. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!
Section 1 (of 3) of the Metro D Line (Purple) Subway Extension is under construction, revenue service scheduled for 2023. From the current terminus at Wilshire/Western, this 15 km westward extension includes seven new stations, three in Section 1: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Fairfax and Wilshire/La Cienega. Section 2 extends further westward with two more stations: Wilshire/Rodeo in downtown Beverly Hills and Century City/Constellation (construction began in 2018). Phase 3 will extend to Westwood/UCLA and Westwood/VA Hospital, construction began in 2019.
|Metro E Line (Expo)||Light Rail||806||Not-quite-complete, public_transport v2. Downtown LA - Culver City. The child relations for each direction are missing platforms and benefit by including these members, please. Map Your Train Ride!
With completion of the Regional Connector in August, 2022, it appears Metro E Line (Expo) will vanish, as it is absorbed into Metro L Line (Gold)'s southerly segment into East Los Angeles. Santa Monica to East LA: Metro L Line (Gold).
|Crenshaw / LAX Project||Light Rail||?||Under construction, not a master relation. The Crenshaw / LAX Project will connect Metro E Line (Expo) at Expo/Crenshaw (its northern terminus) south to Metro C Line (Green) at Aviation/Century near LAX, where Metro C Line (Green) now continues to its southern terminus at Redondo Beach. See Metro C Line (Green) above and below for re-routing notes about Metro K Line (Olive). Revenue service expected in November, 2022. Upon completion, remove construction=* tags. By 2023 with completion of Airport Metro Connector, a new infill 96th Street Transit Station will allow transfers to Airport Metro Connector to LAX terminals. A future phase might extend this segment (by early 2022, a re-routed Metro C Line (Green)) north to Metro D Line (Purple) near or at Wilshire/La Brea, then to a new northern terminus at North Hollywood to connect with Metro B Line (Red).|
|Metro K Line (Olive) Re-routing ("C-3")||Light Rail||?||Under construction as a type=route relation, not a master relation. After completion of Crenshaw / LAX Project, Metro C Line (Green) begins a new operational pattern (C-3) near LAX, northerly and southerly. The southern branch of Metro C Line (Green) will operate with Redondo Beach trains continuing through El Segundo and Aviation/LAX, east to Willowbrook/Rosa Parks (circa early 2022, may become Metro K Line (Olive)). The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX Project blends westbound trains from Norwalk to Aviation/LAX (remaining Metro C Line (Green)), then turning north along Aviation Blvd. to terminate at Expo/Crenshaw, becoming the new Metro C Line (Green).|
|Regional Connector Transit Corridor||Light Rail (underground)||?||Under construction as a type=route relation, not a master relation, this relation will vanish as a route=railway upon completion, its elements becoming middle segments of newly-realigned Metro A Line (Blue) route=railway and Metro L Line (Gold) route=railway. Regional Connector Transit Corridor (also known as Regional Connector, Downtown Connector or Downtown Light-Rail Connector) will connect Union Station, Civic Center, Pershing Square and Little Tokyo Arts District (Metro A Line (Blue), Metro L Line (Gold)) to 7th Street/Metro Center (Metro A Line (Blue), Metro B Line (Red), Metro D Line (Purple) and Metro E Line (Expo)) in a fully underground alignment, providing three new stations at 1st/Central Av, 2nd St/Broadway and 2nd Pl/Hope St. Revenue service expected August, 2022. Upon completion, remove construction=* tags. This was tagged railway=subway but is better tagged railway=light_rail + tunnel=yes + layer=-1.|
|Airport Metro Connector||Monorail / Automated People Mover||?||Incomplete; early stub relation, not a master relation, with approximated locations. In 2018, the Airport Commission approved a 30-year $5 billion construct-and-operate contract. The nearing-completion Crenshaw / LAX project (to become what might be described as "a northern branch" of Metro Green Line, becoming the "new" Metro C Line (Green)) will involve westbound Metro C Line (Green) trains turning north after Aviation/LAX, traveling along Aviation Blvd. This will allow transfers to the fully-automated people mover Airport Metro Connector at a new infill 96th Street Transit station, transporting riders to LAX terminals 1-8 and the Rental Car Center. Upon completion (circa 2023), remove construction=* tags.|
San Diego Trolley, Inc. (SDTI)
The San Diego Trolley is a light rail system operating in the metropolitan area of San Diego and serves 62 stations, with 65 miles (105 km) of routes. Infrastructure in the Downtown area can be considered tram-like (street-running trains) though the system is denoted railway=light_rail throughout. The relation column (Route Master) points to a type=route_master relation, even though the children relations are more v1 than v2: they are missing many platforms, except for Orange, which is fully v2. Please, Map Your Train Ride!
|Sycuan Green Line||Light Rail||530||Incomplete; public_transport v2; missing many platforms, though has some.|
|Orange Line||Light Rail||520||Complete public_transport v2, awesome!|
|SDG&E Silver Line||Light Rail||Incomplete; public_transport v2; missing many platforms, though has some; please fill in Trains column. Rolling stock are restored vintage/historic/heritage streetcars. Limited service: only Tu Th, 0952-1352 and Sa Su, 1052-1522.|
|UC San Diego Blue Line||Light Rail||510||Somewhat complete; public_transport v2, however, additional platforms still need to be added to the two child relations (north and south). The (newer) Mid-Coast infrastructure (from Old Town to La Jolla) needs its electrified=* tags properly set.|
SPRINTER / North County Transit District (NCTD)
SPRINTER is a light rail system operating between Oceanside and Escondido in northern San Diego County. It services 15 stations on 22 miles (35 km) of track with 30 minute headways. SPRINTER is not electrically powered, using Diesel Modified Units (DMUs) for locomotion by NCTD's contract operator, Bombardier Transportation. Due to its shared right-of-way with freight trains serving Escondido industrial customers, SPRINTER platforms had to be set back from the tracks a sufficient distance to provide enough room for Watco / Pacific Sun employees riding on the sides of freight cars. The passenger trains are not FRA-compliant for operation in association with freight trains and therefore freight operations on the route are not permitted during passenger operations (they are temporally separated). For this reason some publications refer to this line as light rail but it does not conform with the usual understanding of that term. However, OSM tags the elements of the Escondido Subdivision which are used by SPRINTER with railway=light_rail rather than railway=rail + usage=branch (these latter two tags remain on track used exclusively by Watco / Pacific Sun at night / early morning hours to serve industrial customers SE of the Escondido Transit Center). There have been edits which tag "rail as rail" (not light_rail) causing some vacillation between railway=rail and railway=light_rail. The FTA categorizes this "diesel light rail."
|SPRINTER||Light Rail||399||Complete; public_transport v2; yeah!|
Arrow / Redlands Passenger Rail Project (RPRP?), under construction
A new 9 mile (14.5 km) passenger service rail extension called Arrow on the San Bernardino-Redlands Passenger Rail Corridor is underway by SBCTA. Extending Metrolink service to the San Bernardino Transit Center, this service intends to use 3 diesel modified units and 1 electric modified unit (were operated by Omnitrans, no longer) plus 1 Metrolink locomotive-hauled coach on BNSF trackage as host railway (low-volume temporally-separated freight service by BNSF continues on a portion of the route). In addition to local urban service, a Metrolink locomotive hauled coach train will also provide round trip express suburban / commuter service from Redlands to Los Angeles each morning with return trip from Los Angeles to Redlands each evening. Testing of vehicles, signals and systems is underway now (February, 2022), revenue service expected later in 2022. Stops include Downtown San Bernardino, Tippecanoe Avenue, Esri Station, Downtown Redlands and University of Redlands. A potential further phase would expand trackage in a loop to Highland and San Bernardino International Airport before returning to downtown San Bernardino. Perhaps Express service moves to Metrolink section / table depending on how and whether Arrow retains identity or becomes more Metrolink-branded (as "Metrolink Arrow?" or "Arrow Express?"); to be determined.
|Arrow: San Bernardino Transit Center - University of Redlands Station||(Diesel) Light Rail||3 DMU + 1 EMU: SNB -> Tippecanoe Avenue -> Esri Station -> Downtown Redlands -> University of Redlands (and return to SNB with same stops)||Stub relation with no route=light_rail tag, so as revenue service begins, add one with v1 route completion, upgrade to v2 with platforms, bidirectionality, route_master. Tagged passenger=urban.|
|Arrow: Redlands - Los Angeles Union Station (express)||Train||Metrolink locomotove-hauled coach, Redlands -> LAX -> Redlands (skip-stop)||Stub relation with no route=train tag, so as revenue service begins, add one with v1 route completion, upgrade to v2 with platforms, bidirectionality, route_master. Tagged passenger=suburban. What additional tag(s) might reflect "express?"|
OC Streetcar / Orange County Transit Authority (OCTA), under construction
A 4.15-mile (6.68 km) light rail (or tram?) line under construction in Orange County, w:OC Streetcar will serve 11 or 12 stations, its termini at Santa Ana (Regional Transportation Center) and Garden Grove (Harbor Transit Center), operated by the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) as a curbside, street running system in Santa Ana, while west of Raitt Street will be in dedicated rail right-of-way (part of railway=abandoned Paramount Industrial Lead from old Pacific Electric Red Car early-20th century transit). Please double-track where extant, bridge-work may not be reflected. Revenue service expected in 2023.
|OC Streetcar||Light Rail or Tram?||?||Under construction; entered as a route=railway, not a route=light_rail or route=tram. As revenue service begins, please change railway=construction tags to railway=light_rail or railway=tram, fully improve stations/platforms and create new route=light_rail or railway=tram public_transport:version=2-compliant relations tagged passenger=urban.|
The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) categorizes these as People Mover or Automated Guideway Transit, which include monorail and light rail guideways. Some underlying infrastructure (for example, SMF APM) is railway=tram. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=monorail infrastructure, however, OpenPublicTransportMap (OPTM) does display route=monorail.
AirTrain (San Francisco International Airport, SFO) (????)
A free-of-charge, fully automated people mover at San Francisco International Airport (SFO), connecting terminals, BART, the rental car center and most parking garages.
|Blue||Monorail||Headways every 4 minutes, 24/7||Complete; public_transport v1|
|Red||Monorail||Headways every 4 minutes, 24/7||Complete; public_transport v1|
Coliseum – Oakland International Airport, "BART to OAK line" (BART)
A BART-ticketed, fully automated people mover at Oakland International Airport (OAK), connecting terminals and BART at Oakland Coliseum (OAC) station.
|BART to OAK line
Coliseum – Oakland International Airport (OAK)
|Monorail||Headways every 6 minutes peak, 10-20 minutes off-peak||Complete; public_transport v2. Awesome!|
SMF Automated People Mover (Sacramento International Airport) (????)
An elevated automated people mover at Sacramento International Airport. Moves passengers between Central Terminal B (landside) and Concourse B (airside).
|SMF Automated People Mover||Tram||?||Complete; public_transport v1|
Los Angeles International Airport, LAX "Airport Metro Connector" (LACM), under construction
See Airport Metro Connector; to serve Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). It is believed this will be (substantially) an elevated railway=monorail. Now under construction, revenue service is expected in 2024.
Inglewood Transit Connector (????), planned
Inglewood plans a $1B automated people mover as an elevated proposed:railway=monorail to link Metro Rail's Crenshaw Line's Downtown Inglewood station with Inglewood's developing sports and entertainment district, scheduled to open by the 2028 Summer Olympics. The 1.6-mile-long single of railway=proposed is entered as a logical stub.
Underlying railway=* infrastructure elements are tagged usage=tourism. It may be correct to tag these route=train, route=tram and route=monorail relations with passenger=local due to shorter distances, though please use discretion: distinctly "excursion" services shouldn't get this tag, but some tourism services may provide a measure of local-oriented passenger transportation and can rightly be tagged with passenger=local. Here is an Overpass Turbo query which may be helpful. Note that OpenRailwayMap (ORM) specifically does NOT display railway=rail infrastructure tagged usage=tourism or railway:preserved=yes, however, OSM's Carto (Standard) layer does display these.
|Service Line||Reporting Marks||Route||type=route||Status|
|Skunk Train||SERA||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on California Western Railroad|
|Santa Cruz Beach Train||SCBG||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on Santa Cruz Big Trees and Pacific Railway|
|Napa Valley Wine Train||NVRR||Train||Complete; public_transport v1, on Napa Valley Railroad, terminal stations only. Newer (2016) Quattro Vino service stops at four wineries, these stops/stations/platforms are not entered.|
|Sacramento RiverTrain||SERA||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on Sierra Northern Railway.|
|Sierra Railroad Dinner Train||SERA||Train||Possibly complete; public_transport v1 on Sierra Northern Railway. Only Oakdale station is entered, there may be more stations or halts, though if not, this is complete.|
|Fillmore & Western Trains||FWRY||Train||Possibly complete; public_transport v1. There are lunch, dinner, mystery, holiday, school and excursion trains. Station set may need improvements.|
|California State Railroad Museum||SSRR||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on Sacramento Southern Railroad|
|Orange Empire Railway Museum Trains||OERM||Train, tram||,
|Tram: complete public_transport v1. Train: Complete public_transport v1. An electrified 2.5 km railway=tram line connects to South Perris Metrolink, tagged passenger=local + a 1 km dual-gauge loop at the museum.|
|Western Railway Museum Trains||WRM (?)||Train, tram||,
|Complete; both relations are rough public_transport v1. Rio Vista - Bird's Landing (being electrified for railway=tram excursions further south?), tagged passenger=local and Rio Vista - Montezuma. Both relations may need better tagging and members.|
|Golden Gate Railroad Museum||GGMX||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on Niles Canyon Railway|
|Golden State demonstration passenger trains||SDAX||Train||Complete; public_transport v1, on SDAE Desert at Pacific Southwest Railway Museum in Campo (San Diego County)|
|Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad Trains||????||Train||What are believed to be correct tracks and stations are entered, please double-check. Somewhat complete; public_transport v1. It appears there is passenger excursion service between Hampton (station) and White Rock, Hampton (station) and Carson Creek/Malby Crossing (both closed as of 2018-Q1 due to construction) and as Latrobe Limited (now boarding in White Rock due to construction in Folsom).|
|El Dorado Western Railroad Trains||EDW (?)||Train||What are believed to be correct tracks and stations are entered, please double-check. Somewhat complete; public_transport v1. No route=trains are known.|
|Roaring Camp & Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad (Steam Train)||RCBT||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=narrow_gauge|
|Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car||PLAX||Tram||Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=tram. Tagged passenger=local. Believed to have closed in 2015; please confirm.|
|Angel's Flight||????||Funicular||Complete; public_transport v1. Urban railway=funicular.|
|Disneyland Railroad||DLRR||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=preserved; requires park admission fee. Apply tourism=theme_park?|
|Disneyland Monorail||DLMS||Monorail||Complete; public_transport v1 on railway=monorail; requires park admission fee. Apply tourism=theme_park?|
|Redwood Valley Railway||RVRY||Train||Complete; public_transport v1 1/4 scale (gauge=381) suburban park railroad on railway=miniature, rides last about 12 minutes|
|Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad||????||Train||Complete; public_transport v2. Suburban park railroad on railway=miniature.|
Please clarify/improve the following underlying railway=* infrastructure tagged usage=tourism (and tourism=theme_park?) as route=railways, creating passenger-oriented route=train, route=tram or route=monorail relations from these elements as they are known, then move them to the table above. This (second) table lists routes with passenger service (but specifics of it are unknown) and is meant to convey relations where only the underlying rail infrastructure data are known, these are to be "grown into" complete passenger route=*s with a Route column value like train, light_rail or tram (not railway) to be moved into the (first) table above.
|Service Line||Reporting Marks||route=*||type=route||Status|
|Amador Central Railway||AMC (?)||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation, eastern segments abandoned. Used for recreational "speeders" and historical/educational purposes by Recreational Railroad Coalition Historical Society and Amador County Historical Society. No route=trains are known.|
|Cal Expo||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a small amusement/theme_park rail on railway=tram. No route=tram relations are known.|
|Getty Center Tram||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short museum rail on railway=tram. Unknown what route=trams to enter.|
|Pacific Coast Railroad (Santa Margarita)||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|California Trolley and Railroad Corporation||CTRC||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter. CTRC restored for operation a number of historic trolley cars at History Park at Kelley Park (San José) and the Happy Hollow line extension allowing trolley service to the Japanese Friendship Garden and the Happy Hollow Zoo.|
|Poway–Midland Railroad||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Calico and Odessa Railroad||GTCX (?), C&OR (?)||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Casa de Fruta Railroad||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short loop on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter. Part of a small rural roadside fruit stand/amusement theme_park.|
|Ardenwood Historic Farm Rail||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=narrow_gauge. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Sonoma TrainTown Railroad||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=381 (approximately 1/4 scale). Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad||YMSP||Railway||Complete (?) trackage as a route=railway relation for a short (2.8 km) rail on railway=narrow_gauge. No route=train relations are known.|
|Griffith Park & Southern Railroad||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=190, about 1/8 scale. Unknown what route=trains to enter, though believed to be named "Los Angeles Live Steamers Railroad."|
|Travel Town Railroad||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature, gauge=190, about 1/8 scale. Unknown what route=trains to enter, is the railway or the passenger service named "Travel Town Railroad?"|
|Jolly Trolly||????||Railway||Complete trackage as a route=railway relation for a short park rail on railway=miniature. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|The Grove Trolley||????||Tram||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a railway=tram at Farmer's Market in Los Angeles, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Santa Barbara Zoo Train||????||Narrow Gauge||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge at Santa Barbara Zoo, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Oakland Zoo Narrow Gauge Rail||????||Narrow Gauge||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge at Oakland Zoo, no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Tom's Farms Train Ride||????||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a railway=narrow_gauge for a short theme park rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Enchanted Railroad||????||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature for a theme park (Descanso Gardens, La Cañada Flintridge) rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Swanton Pacific Railway||????||Complete (though discontiguous) trackage as a short railway=miniature in Swanton. Unknown what route=trains to enter (or if trains even run). Believed heavily damaged in the CZU Lightning Complex fire of 2020, slowly being restored?|
|Guajome AGSEM Railroad||????||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature for the Q-Short Track Railroad (Guajome Park Academy, Vista) rail loop (ride), no route=railway relation entered. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Goleta Short Line||????||Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at a park in Goleta for the South Coast Railroad Museum. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Howarth Park Kiddie Railroad||????||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at Howarth Memorial Park in Santa Rosa. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Pixieland Express||????||The singleis entered||Complete trackage as a short railway=miniature at Willow Pass Community Park in Concord. Unknown what route=trains to enter.|
|Agnew Tram||????||Funicular||The singleis entered||Rural diesel-powered railway=funicular to provide access to waterways of Southern California Edison.|
|Gem Tram||????||Funicular||The singleis entered||Rural diesel-powered railway=funicular to provide access to waterways of Southern California Edison.|
|Descanso, Alpine and Pacific Railway||SDAX||Railway||Partial infrastructure elements of railway=narrow_gauge, but no route=train exists. Donated to the Pacific Southwest Railway Museum at Campo Railroad Park, now (2018-Q1) being dismantled and moved there.|
|Western Pacific Railroad Museum||WPRM, FRRX||A single service=yard inside the museum building is entered||Incomplete; it is unclear what tracks near Portola make up the route=railway(s) used for WPRM excursions and the "Run A Locomotive" program operated by Feather River Rail Society. No route=trains are known.|
|Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum||????||A single railway=narrow_gauge is entered; please complete||Incomplete. No route=trains are known.|
|Laws Railroad Museum||????||A single railway=preserved is entered; please complete||Incomplete; little is known. No route=trains are known.|
|Disneyland||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Note that both Disneyland Railroad and Disneyland Monorail are already in the table above; this is a placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.|
|California's Great America||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge and railway=monorail ways in a major amusement/theme_park||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.|
|Knott's Berry Farm||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.|
|Magic Mountain||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in a major amusement/theme_park||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railways nor route=trains. Placeholder for the remaining rail-oriented rides.|
|Seaside Railway at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom (Vallejo)||????||railway=light_rail and various railway=monorail ways in a major amusement/theme_park|
|Legoland Carlsbad||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge ways in an amusement theme_park||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.|
|Gilroy Gardens||????||Various railway=narrow_gauge ways and Bonfante Railroad Train Ride and Sky Trail Monorail in a small amusement theme_park west of Gilroy||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.|
|Pixieland Express||????||A railway=narrow_gauge in a small amusement theme_park in Concord||Not sure how complete OSM considers these: infrastructure elements but no route=railway nor route=train. Placeholder for the passenger rail route.|
|Neverland Ranch Park||????||Various small private railway=miniature ways|
Being researched are Central Park Bianchi Train in San Mateo, Emerald Hills Railway in Redwood City, Glendale (Brand?), Golden Gate Live Steamers in Berkeley, Kennedy Park Train in Hayward, Lemos Farm Rail in Half Moon Bay, Little Puffer at San Francisco Zoo, Nut Tree and Redwood Valley Railway in Berkeley.
About the (status) colors in the (Route) Name and Service Line columns
Green means that the route's TIGER data in OSM are fully reviewed. This strongly implies that all other relation attributes are correct, but this isn't always strictly true; see Notes/Status column. Green does not conflict with active public_transport:version=* v1-v2 growth. Go!
Yellow means "only partially reviewed" ; additional volunteer work is needed to enter or correct additional route data (railway and/or train) into OSM. Yellow may also mean a route has a volunteer entering data, yet route ambiguities persist about what is actually correct.
Red means that "something" (often very little) is known about the route, so it is useful to put a row in the table about it as a placeholder, but it likely may be too early to create a route relation: route data are unknown, incomplete or route attributes are significantly missing.
About the (branding) colors in passenger=* and passenger-oriented Route columns
For route=train, route=subway, route=light_rail, route=tram these displayed (web) colors are intended to reflect real-world colors denoted by the transportation authority network, such as in printed, painted or otherwise visually branded materials directly associated with a particular route. For the Amtrak routes, a goal is towards more state/national agreement and completion. An initial example is that for Amtrak Cascades service in Washington state and Oregon, OSM's Amtrak wiki table and Mapzen's former transit-colours renderer (no longer functional) both display a closely matching shade of green, which in turn (by intention) better match livery of rolling stock found only on those tracks by that line and class of service. Similar early harmony among Amtrak and California/Railroads is underway, e.g. Capitol Corridor as orange, color of California poppy, the state flower and Pacific Surfliner as ocean blue. Color harmony, in motion.
About the colors and symbols in the Status and Notes column of Amtrak routes
Color and symbol legend: status of each route is indicated by a symbol, which describes the type of feature, and a color, which indicates the completeness of that feature in OSM. For more details, see Wiki Help. Meaning of symbols:
The visual symbols are concise, and while originally designed for bus stops, also work well for train routes.
The codes 0-4 are a logical progression, but they do not all have to be used in sequence. It is perfectly acceptable to go from 0 (nothing on map) to 3 (everything done in opinion of one editor). However, there should never be a jump to level 4. r=4 should only appear after r=3, and the same with h=3 & h=4, as this implies the relation has been checked by both the editor who completed it (level 3), and a second editor (level 4). Given these are different people, a jump up to level 4 from anything other than 3 is not possible.
In this wiki, this symbology is used as relations indicate where public_transport:version=1 is becoming version 2. The route_master column will eventually be fully populated with v2 relations as v1 routes upgrade to v2, the type=route_master column data acting as "entry point" into these Amtrak routes, the type=route column linking to "directional" child relations.