Corine Land Cover

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The Corine Land Cover (Coordination of Information on the Environment Land Cover, CLC) is referring to a European programme establishing a computerised inventory on land cover of the 27 EC member states and other European countries, at an original scale of 1: 100 000, using 44 classes of the 3-level Corine nomenclature.

It is produced by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and its member countries and is based on the results of IMAGE2000, a satellite imaging programme undertaken jointly by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission and the EEA ([1]).

The specific terms of use page redirects to the general license page which allows commercial reuse. The download page, Corine Land Cover 2000 seamless vector data - version 13 (02/2010) says: "EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged ( Copyright holder: European Environment Agency."

While this means that, legally, it can be imported into OpenStreetMap, the Import Guidelines still apply to individual imports, i.e. you must not simply go ahead and import the data without first discussing with the community. The data might be very outdated for your country, or require lots of conflation work, and the community will want to see your concept for that.

Technical parameters of Corine Land Cover

Technical parameters of Corine Land Cover:[2]

  • CLC mapping scale is 1:100.000
  • minimum mapping unit (MMU) is 25 hectares
  • minimum width of linear elements is 100 metres
  • MMUS for Land Cover Changes (LCC) since 2000 is 5 hectares.
  • 38 countries with a total area of 5.8 Mkm2 participate
  • the standard CLC nomenclature includes 44 land cover classes, grouped in a three-level hierarchy. Five main categories are "artificial surfaces", "agricultural areas", "forest and semi-natural areas", "wetlands", "water bodies"


The following table details the suggested tag conversion during import. The WikiProject Corine Land Cover/Corine Data Import page gives details of suitable code to do so.

Code Description Comment
1 Artificial surfaces
1.1 Urban fabric
1.1.1 Continuous urban fabric landuse=residential, landuse=commercial, landuse=retail and landuse=industrial
1.1.2 Discontinuous urban fabric landuse=residential, landuse=commercial, landuse=retail and landuse=industrial
1.2 Industrial, commercial and transport units
1.2.1 Industrial or commercial units landuse=industrial, landuse=commercial, or landuse=retail
1.2.2 Road and rail networks and associated land landuse=railway for railway areas only. This class is a mix of road and rail landuse; landuse=highway is not commonly used.
1.2.3 Port areas landuse=industrial + industrial=port or leisure=marina
1.2.4 Airports aeroway=aerodrome
1.3 Mine, dump and construction sites
1.3.1 Mineral extraction sites landuse=quarry
1.3.2 Dump sites landuse=landfill
1.3.3 Construction sites landuse=construction
1.4 Artificial, non-agricultural vegetated areas
1.4.1 Green urban areas Several tags are possible: leisure=park, leisure=garden, leisure=pitch, leisure=golf_course,landuse=grass, natural=wood, and other tags
1.4.2 Sport and leisure facilities See leisure=* for the many possibilities.
2 Agricultural areas
2.1 Arable land
2.1.1 Non-irrigated arable land landuse=farmland
2.1.2 Permanently irrigated land landuse=farmland
2.1.3 Rice fields landuse=farmland + crop=rice
2.2 Permanent crops
2.2.1 Vineyards landuse=vineyard
2.2.2 Fruit trees and berry plantations landuse=orchard
2.2.3 Olive groves landuse=orchard + trees=olive_trees
2.3 Pastures
2.3.1 Pastures landuse=meadow
2.4 Heterogeneous agricultural areas
2.4.1 Annual crops associated with permanent crops Usually but not always landuse=farmland
2.4.2 Complex cultivation patterns No single tag, consider landuse=farmland, landuse=meadow, landuse=orchard and landuse=farmyard for specific areas.
2.4.3 Land principally occupied by agriculture, with significant areas of natural vegetation No single tag, consider landuse=farmland, landuse=meadow, landuse=orchard and landuse=farmyard for specific agricultural areas, plus natural=wood, natural=scrub, etc. for natural areas.
2.4.4 Agro-forestry areas landuse=forest, landuse=meadow, landuse=farmland or a combination - requires survey.
3 Forest and seminatural areas
3.1 Forests
3.1.1 Broad-leaved forest landuse=forest or natural=wood + leaf_type=broadleaved
3.1.2 Coniferous forest landuse=forest or natural=wood + leaf_type=needleleaved
3.1.3 Mixed forest landuse=forest or natural=wood + leaf_type=mixed
3.2 Scrub and/or herbaceous vegetation associations
3.2.1 Natural grasslands natural=grassland
3.2.2 Moors and heathland natural=heath
3.2.3 Sclerophyllous vegetation natural=scrub
3.2.4 Transitional woodland-shrub natural=wood or natural=scrub + leaf_type=mixed
3.3 Open spaces with little or no vegetation
3.3.1 Beaches, dunes, sands natural=beach or natural=sand
3.3.2 Bare rocks natural=rock, natural=scree or natural=shingle
3.3.3 Sparsely vegetated areas Depending on main features, see natural=scrub, natural=heath, natural=grassland, natural=bare_rock, natural=sand, natural=scree, etc.
3.3.4 Burnt areas N/A - not permanent.
3.3.5 Glaciers and perpetual snow natural=glacier
4 Wetlands
4.1 Inland wetlands
4.1.1 Inland marshes natural=wetland + wetland=marsh
4.1.2 Peat bogs natural=wetland + wetland=bog
4.2 Maritime wetlands
4.2.1 Salt marshes natural=wetland + wetland=saltmarsh
4.2.2 Salines landuse=salt_pond (See Proposed features/Salt Pond )
4.2.3 Intertidal flats wetland=tidalflat or tidal=yes (See Proposed_features/Water_cover)
5 Water bodies
5.1 Inland waters
5.1.1 Water courses waterway=riverbank
5.1.2 Water bodies natural=water + water=lake
5.2 Marine waters
5.2.1 Coastal lagoons natural=water + water=lagoon - also see natural=coastline
5.2.2 Estuaries No compatible tag found
5.2.3 Sea and ocean See natural=coastline

See also


External links