JA:徒歩ルート

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Logo. 地物 : 徒歩ルート
One example for 地物 : 徒歩ルート
説明
Walking Routes features
タグ
 

徒歩ルート道路や小道やその組み合わせに沿った経路で、名前や番号などで示されているものです。

レンダリングされたウォーキング・ハイキングマップ

JA:Hiking Map も参照してください。

ウォーキング・ハイキングルート網のタグ付

徒歩ルートとハイキングルートには、名前または番号付けられているか、掲示されているウォーキングルートがあります。ルートは、定常的な旅行ラインで、通常は事前に決定されて公表されます。ルートは多数の経路で構成されます。通常、徒歩ルートは短くて簡単なルートです。ハイキングルートは一般的に長く、より激しいです。

徒歩ルートやハイキングルートをタグ付けするには、適切なタグをつけたリレーションを作成し、徒歩・ハイキングルートを構成する他のウェイをそのリレーションにすべて追加します。ウェイの順番は意味を持ちます。 「Relation:route#Order matters」を参照のこと

Tags of the relation

Key Value Explanation
Required
type=* route リレーションがルートであることを示します。
route=* hiking

foot

route=foot is used for routes which are walkable without any limitations regarding fitness, equipment or weather conditions. As a guideline, you could say that walking shoes (at a pinch, even flip-flops) are adequate for this type of walking trail.

route=hiking is used for routes that rather match Wikipedia's definition: "A long, vigorous walk, usually on trails, in the countryside"). As a guideline, you could say that a hiking trail needs hiking boots because you will encounter sharp rocks and/or heavy undergrowth and/or muddy terrain and/or have to wade through shallow streams.

Don't use route=pilgrimage (almost non-existent). Instead, add pilgrimage=yes to a hiking-route.

Recommended
network=* iwn

nwn

rwn

lwn

International walking network: long distance paths that cross several countries

National walking network: used for walking routes that are nationally significant and long distance paths

Regional walking network: used for walking routes that cross regions and are regionally significant

Local walking network: used for small local walking routes

Useful and tags. These tags are not at all required, but can provided additional and valuable information
ascent=* ascent The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
colour=* a hex triplet

a css color name

The major colour of the symbol used on the route. Colour code noted in hex triplet format or as CSS/HTML colour name. Example: "#008080" for teal colour in hex triplet, or simply "teal" as a css colour name.
descent=* descent The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
description=* a short description What is special about this route
distance=* distance The distance covered by this route, if known. For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. Given including a unit and with a dot for decimals. (e.g. 12.5 km)
educational=* yes/no When the route is Educational trail
name=* a name The route is known by this name (e.g., "Westweg")
name:code=* localised name For adding localized names in different languages, add additional name:code=* tags with a suffix on the name key, where code is a language's ISO code.
operator=* operator name The route is operated by this authority/company etc. e.g. "Schwarzwaldverein", "Alpenverein"
osmc:symbol=* * Represents the symbol used on the route. Some renderers uses the osmc:symbol=* to indicate a route on the map.
ref=* a reference The route is known by this reference (e.g. "E1")
roundtrip=* yes/no Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B and instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).
signed_direction=* yes/no Use signed_direction=yes to indicate that the route is to be walked in only one direction, according to the signposts on the ground. The ways within the relation should be ordered, as they are used to determine the direction of the signposts.[1]
state=* alternate Sometimes routes may not be permanent or may be in a proposed state. See also the life cycle tags for this usage.
symbol=* symbol description Describes the symbol that is used to mark the way along the route, e.g., "Red cross on white background" for the "Frankenweg" in Franconia, Germany
website=* * Website that describes the route
wikipedia=* language:page title Wikipedia page that describes the route

(the above table is a template, you can edit it directly via this link)


Usage

ハイキングに関するウェイ、ポイント、エリア、リレーションのタグ付けについては Hiking を参照してください。

A route is a customary or regular line of travel, often pre-determined and publicised. It consist of paths taken repeatedly by various people.

To tag a hiking route you create a relation with the appropriate tags and add all elements (points and ways) of the hiking route to this relation.

See also Relation:route.

リレーションのタグ

キー 説明
type route indicates this Relation represents a route
route=* hiking Instead of the tag route=hiking there is less frequently also used route=foot.
Don't use route=pilgrimage (almost non-existent) but add pilgrimage=yes to a hiking-route.
name=* a name The route is known by this name (e.g. "Westweg")
ref=* a reference The route is known by this reference (e.g. "E1")
network=* iwn
nwn
rwn
lwn
International walking network: long distance paths that cross several countries
National walking network: long distance paths
Regional walking network: used for walking routes that cross regions
Local walking network: used for small local walking routes
operator=* operator name The route is operated by this authority/company etc. e.g. "Schwarzwaldverein", "Alpenverein"
state=* proposed / alternate / temporary Sometimes routes may not be permanent or may be in a proposed state.
symbol=* symbol description Describes the symbol that is used to mark the way along the route, e.g., "Red cross on white ground" for the "Frankenweg" in Franconia, Germany
colour=* a hex triplet (optional) Colour code noted in hex triplet format. Especially useful for public transport routes. Example: "#008080" for teal colour
description=* a short description What is special about this route
distance=距離 (オプション) ルートの距離が判明しているならこれによって表現できます。For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. 10進数表記で単位も含めます (例:12.5 km)。
ascent=* ascent (optional) The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
descent=* descent (optional) The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
roundtrip=* yes/no (optional) Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B and instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).
osmc:symbol=* * (optional) Some renderer uses the osmc:symbol=* to indicate a route on the map.

Hiking routes are extensively mapped with route relations, and the Lonvia map will render route relations following this proposal and the osmc:symbol=*

Hiking routes are rendered for selected areas in Germany in a Hiking and Trail riding map (german). The tags required for rendering are:

  • type=route
  • route=hiking
  • name=* Meaningful route name suitable for identifying this route.
  • symbol=* Verbal description of the route marker symbols.
  • osmc:symbol=* Coded description of the route marker symbols.

使用例

Since the tagging is generic, it is up to each country to decide how to map the hiking networks that exist in their country onto the hierarchy of national/regional/local. For countries with no specific local/regional/national "walking network", it may be helpful to consider whether different trails are managed or funded by government bodies at different levels.

オーストリア

オーストラリア

ヨーロッパ

ベルギー

チェコ

クロアチア

デンマーク

フランス

フランスでは、全国規模のよく整備されたハイキングコースがあります('GR X for Grande Randonnee=長いハイキング'と呼ばれています)。しかし、これらの適切なタグ付(短縮名,紅白の色付け)について talk-fr にて長い間議論が行われてきました。その結果、これらは制限付きの著作権下にあります。

Terms are still unclear and asking the Fédération Francaise de la Randonnée Pédestre for permission is on it's way, but we doubt it will succeed. In the meantime, tagging those hiking routes is discouraged as it is breaking the CC licence.

Other idea are defining ourself some sort of world wide numbered OHT (Open Hiking Trails ;-) ) Sletuffe 13:33, 19 January 2009 (UTC)

For "GR 5" [(c) FFRP ??!] or GTA, problem can be solved by using "Via Alpina", as specifically authorised by the Via Alpina (which, incidentally, made a lot of work with respect to GR 5), see: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/File:Authorisation_ViaAlpina_OSM_accomodation.png Mayeul 11:56, 3 June 2012 (BST)

ドイツ

ハンガリー

アイルランド

イスラエル

イタリア

オランダ

ニュージーランド

ポーランド

ポルトガル

スロバキア

スロベニア

スペイン

スウェーデン

トルコ

  • Saint Paul's Trail (Aziz Paul Yolu)
  • Lycian Way (Likya yolu)
  • Phrygian Way (projected) (Frig Yürüyüş Yolu)

イギリス

アメリカ合衆国

関連ページ

  1. It's preferred not to use oneway=yes anymore, as it could cause confusion with oneway=* as a legal restriction. See discussion on tagging mailinglist.