Australian Tagging Guidelines/Transportation

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This page has recently been split to a separate page and updated as part of a ongoing cleanup effort of Australia's wiki pages.

Overview

This page documents the Australian Mapping Community's preferred implementation of transpiration guidelines and to keep a common record of Australia-specific mapping methods for mapping railways, marine navigation, aeroways,  and public transport networks.

Appropriate data sourcing

As with all contributions to OpenStreetMap, updates to public transportation infrastructure and routes need to be compatible with the OpenStreetMap license. Some states and territories' public transport authority do not have license-compatible data, and cannot be used as a source for updating the map. If in doubt, refer to the Australian Data Sources page, which includes all known license-compatible sources of Australian spatial data.

Infrastructure

Roads, paths and highways

For tagging guidelines for road, cycling, and pedestrian infrastructure refer to Australian Tagging Guidelines/Roads and Australian Tagging Guidelines/Cycling and Foot Paths.

Bus Lanes

Each state and territory has their own laws and regulations restricting which vehicles can use bus lanes. These restrictions can be mapped using the appropriate transport mode restrictions in the table below

Bus Lane access tagging per state/territory.
S/T Permitted Vehicles S/T Permitted Vehicles
Bus Lane traffic sign
Bus Lane
Bus Only traffic sign
Bus Only Lane
Bus Lane traffic sign
Bus Lane
Bus Only traffic sign
Bus Only Lane
ACT motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
psv=yes
motorcycle=yes
hire_car=permit
bicycle=yes
emergency=yes
not used SA motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
taxi=yes
bicycle=yes
emergency=yes
motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
emergency=yes
NSW motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
psv=yes
bicycle=yes
motorcycle=yes
hire_car=permit
emergency=yes
motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
emergency=yes
TAS motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
bicycle=yes
motorcycle=yes
emergency=yes
not used
NT not used VIC motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
emergency=yes
bicycle=yes*
coach=yes*
* unless signed otherwise
not used
QLD motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
taxi=yes
limousine=yes
bicycle=yes
emergency=yes
motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated
emergency=yes
WA motor_vehicle=no
bus=designated

emergency=yes
not used

Example

access:lanes:conditional= |no| @ (Mo-Fr 06:00-20:00;Sa,Su,PH 10:00-18:00)
psv:lanes:conditional= |designated| @ (Mo-Fr 06:00-20:00;Sa,Su,PH 10:00-18:00)
Example of a conditionally-active bus lanes way Castlereagh Street, Sydney

Guided Busways

A bus navigating Adelaide's relation O-Bahn.

[W] Guided buses are not common features in Australia. The only guided busway in Australia is the [W] O-Bahn Busway in Adelaide, and other uses of the highway=bus_guideway tag are almost certainly tagging errors.

Rail

A freight train on the relation South Western Railway at node Yarloop.

Australian railways are tagged consistent with broader OpenStreetMap tags and standards, with country-specific tag values where appropriate. Railways in Australia are highly varied, from the major interstate rail network and the National Land Transport Network, to small, privately operated heritage railways and tramways. Electrified tracks are mapped with contact_line=*; electrified third rails are not used in Australia.

Nearly all "train systems" in Australia are considered mainline railway systems, and are accurately tagged using railway=rail. The railway=subway tag should only be applied to rapid transit systems which are operated separately from the wider rail network. Currently, only the [W] Sydney Metro and the under-construction [W] Metro Tunnel in Melbourne meets this criteria.

Rail Infrastructure Ownership

The ownership of the rail infrastructure should be captured using the standard ownership=* values.

Australian rail ownership=* and owner=* values
Ownership Ownership Description Common Owners Example
ownership=federal Commonwealth-owned. This includes property of federal government-owned corporations such as the Australian Rail Track Corporation. owner=Australian Rail Track Corporation
ownership=state Owned by a State or Territory Government. This includes property of state government agencies or state-owned corporations. owner=Transport Asset Holding Entity
owner=VicTrack
ownership=municipal Owned by a local government. This includes property of local government agencies or council-owned corporations.
ownership=private Owned by a private entity. This can include corporations and companies, as well as not-for-profit tourist railways and museums.

Rail Gauges

Rail Gauge in Australia
Tag Rendering Description Example
railway=rail Rendering-railway rail.png gauge=1435 - standard gauge Full-sized passenger or freight trains in the standard gauge for the country or state. way Trans-Australian Railway
gauge=1067 - narrow gauge
gauge=1600 - broad gauge
railway=subway Rendering-railway subway.png gauge=1435 A metro system is a rapid transit train system. way Sydney Metro Northwest
Maximum railway speeds

Each state and territory has their own standards for railway speed limit signs. These speed limits can be captured with maxspeed=*, and maxspeed:conditional=* if the limit only applies to certain class of locomotives.

Trams and Light Rail

There is no clear distinction between railway=tram and railway=light_rail, and the general recommendations highlight the importance of consistency across networks. Existing rail networks should not be changed between different tags without general agreement from the Australian Mapping Community.

Monorail

Sea World Monorail
The relation Sea World Monorail System.

[W] Monorails are not common features in Australia. The only monorail in Australia that is in operation is the [W] monorail at SeaWorld (relation 4176745) on the Gold Coast.

Public Transportation

Public Transport Schema

There are different tagging schema in use for mapping public transportation, and all have some level of use in Australia. In some cities and states routes have been systematically updated to the PTv2 schema (using such techniques as included in this guide), while routes in other parts of the country are being progressively updated as needed. When updating relations in Australia take note of the public_transport:version=* used for the route, and where possible update the relation to a newer schema.


Stops and Platforms

Stop Names

There is no established consensus for naming bus and tram stops in Australia. Stop names are not consistently applied within states (and some cities), and guidelines have previously documented conflicting advice. Local areas should be kept as consistently as possible until a naming standard is agreed among the Australian Mapping Community.

Stop Numbering

While each state and territory is different, most stops and stations will have a unique identifier assigned by the operator of the network that is shown on signs and information boards , which should be mapped using ref=*. At large interchanges or stations, stops may also have unique platform or stand numbers, which should be mapped using local_ref=*.

Bus stop shelter with signpost
Bus stop stand showing Stand 1, Stop 27658
ref=1128
node Bus stop #1128 - Dreamer Crescent, Chisholm, ACT
local_ref=1
ref=27658
node Stand 1, Bus stop #27658 - Scarborough Beach, Scarborough, WA

Multiple Reference Numbers There is no established consensus of how to tag networks with more than one reference number system for identifying stops and stations.

Tram stop with information board
proposed
ref=22
ref:ptv=1525

Networks and Operators

The network=* and operator=* keys should be used consistently in each state and territory. Common values for each state and territory are listed below, and privately owned and operated services outside the public transportation network should be mapped with the appropriate values in a similar pattern.

Buses and coaches

The relation 209 bus at UQ in Brisbane.

Most states and territories have contracted multiple different companies to operate part of their network. Where there are multiple operators servicing a network, the operator=* for each relation=route should be limited to only the operator (or operators) of the specific route.

Bus/Coach Networks and Operators by State/Territory
S/T Network
network=*
Operator
operator=*
Example
ACT network=Transport Canberra operator=ACTION relation Bus 719
NSW network=TfNSW - Sydney Buses
relation Bus 136
network=TfNSW - Regional Coaches
NT network=Darwinbus
network=AsBus
QLD network=Translink
relation Bus 680
SA network=Adelaide Metro
network=Mount Gambier City Bus Service
relation Bus 640
TAS network=Metro Tasmania
VIC network=PTV - Metropolitan Buses
network=PTV - Regional Buses
network=V/Line
relation Bus 788
WA network=Transperth
network=TransRegional
relation Green CAT 5F

Trains

A relation Seaford line train at node Goodwood railway station, Adelaide
Train Networks and Operators by State/Territory
S/T Network
network=*
Operator
operator=*
Example
ACT network=NSW TrainLink
network=NSW TrainLink Regional
operator=NSW TrainLink relation Canberra Line
NSW network=Sydney Trains
network=NSW TrainLink Regional
network=NSW TrainLink Intercity
operator=NSW TrainLink
operator=Sydney Trains
relation Airport & South Line
QLD network=Translink operator=Queensland Rail relation Cleveland Line
SA network=Adelaide Metro operator=Office of the Rail Commissioner relation Grange Line
VIC network=PTV - Metropolitan Trains
network=PTV - Regional Trains
operator=Metro Trains Melbourne
operator=V/Line
relation Alamein Line
WA network=Transperth operator=Transperth relation Fremantle Line
Metro/Rapid Transit
A relation Sydney Metro Northwest train at relation Chatswood, Sydney
Metro/Rapid Transit Networks and Operators by State/Territory
S/T Railway Tag Network
network=*
Operator
operator=*
Example
NSW railway=subway network=Sydney Metro operator=Metro Trains Sydney relation Sydney Metro Northwest

Trams and Light Rail

The relation Route 70 tram travelling on Flinders Street, Melbourne
Tram/Light Rail Networks and Operators by State/Territory
S/T Railway Type
railway=*
Name Network
network=*
Operator
operator=*
ACT tram relation Canberra Metro network=Canberra Metro operator=Canberra Metro Operations
NSW light_rail relation Newcastle Light Rail network=Newcastle Transport operator=Keolis Downer
Sydney Light Rail network=Sydney Light Rail operator=Transdev Sydney
QLD tram relation G:Link network=G:link operator=GoldlinQ
SA tram relation Glenelg Tram network=Adelaide Metro operator=Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure
Victor Harbor Horse Drawn Tram operator=Victor Harbor Horse Drawn Tram
VIC tram Melbourne tram network network=PTV - Metropolitan Trams operator=Keolis Downer

Ferries

A relation South Perth Ferry at the node Elizabeth Quay Ferry Terminal, Perth
Ferry Networks and Operators by State/Territory
S/T Network
network=*
Operator
operator=*
Example
NSW network=Sydney Ferries operator=Sydney Ferries relation Manly Ferry
QLD network=Translink operator=RiverCity Ferries relation CityCat
SA - operator=Sealink way Kangaroo Island Sealink
WA network=Transperth operator=Captain Cook Cruises relation Transperth Ferry