Key:landuse

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Public-images-osm logo.svg landuse
Changing landuse - geograph.org.uk - 1137810.jpg
Description
For describing the primary use of areas of land.
Group: Landuse
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Documented values: 63
Wikidata
Status: in use

Usage

See also Landuse

Mainly used to describe the primary use of land by humans. For general information on mapping/classifying land areas see Land use and areas of natural land. See Landcover for general information on tagging the physical appearance of land and Proposed features/landcover for a proposal to more clearly separate the concepts.

More detailed tagging for land uses is available in amenity=*, leisure=* and tourism=*, including amenity=college, amenity=hospital, leisure=park, amenity=parking, leisure=pitch, amenity=school, amenity=swimming_pool and amenity=university. In some cases these more detailed tags may be used for the primary landuse, in others they may provide supplementary information. For example a school within a residential area or a car park within a retail area.


Note: Two values of landuse=* may be view as not strictly land use. These are landuse=grass and landuse=forest. Please refer to the pages of these for more information.

Values

See below for commonly used values for landuse (note that you should not use landuse=wood):

Common Landuse Key Values

Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo
landuse commercial node area Predominantly commerical businesses and their offices. Commercial businesses which sell goods should be catergorised as landuse=retail. Commerical businesses can sell services on site and may include private Doctor's Surgeries, and those non-government services for mental and physical health, such as a Counsellor's or Physiotherapist's practice or Veterinary. Government services and businesses should not use this tag. Commercial businesses can also include office buildings and business parks which have limited interface with the public and sell their services either on site, or externally. Commercial businesses have low amounts of public foot traffic.
Landuse-commercial.png
Cambourne Business Park - geograph.org.uk - 15908.jpg
landuse construction node area A site which is under active development and construction of either a building, strucutre, including any purposeful alteration to the land or vegetation upon it. Abandoned construction projects and sites should not use this tag.
Rendering-landuse-construction-mapnik.png
Landuse construction.jpg
landuse industrial node area Predominantly industrial landuses such as workshops, factories, or warehouses.
Landuse-industrial.png
Rehuraisio feed plant in Oulu 2008 001.jpg
landuse residential node area Predominantly residential detached (single houses, grouped dwellings), or attached (apartments, flats, units) dwellings. Use this value in "Mixed-Use" areas, where residential landuse is the predominant land-use. Residential land is land where people reside.
Rendering-area-landuse-residential.png
Lawrenceville.jpg
landuse retail node area Predominantly retail businesses such as shops. Retail businesses sell physical goods such as food (prepared or grocery), clothing, medicine, stationary, appliances, tools, or other similar physical items. Retail businesses have high amounts of public foot traffic. Retail businesses do not exclusively provide or sell their services. For businesses which sell services see landuse=commercial.

Generally a member of the public could freely walk into and access a retail business. Retail is a subset of commerical, but should be used and treated as mutually exclusive in OpenStreetMap.

Landuse-retail.png
Trocadero - London 1.jpg

Other Landuse Key Values

Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo
landuse allotments node area A piece of land given over to local residents for growing vegetables and flowers.
Landuse-allotments.png
Schrebergaerten.jpg
landuse basin node area An area artificially graded to hold water.
Together with basin=* for stormwater/rainwater infiltration/detention/retention basins.
Other languages.
Landuse-basin.png
Boneyard Detention Basin 2006.jpg
landuse brownfield node area Describes land scheduled for new development where old buildings have been demolished and cleared
Landuse-brownfield.png
Former Brickworks ... - geograph.org.uk - 56268.jpg
landuse cemetery area Place for burials. You can add religion=* (values listed in the place of worship page). Smaller places (e.g. with a church nearby) may use amenity=grave_yard instead.
Landuse-cemetery.png
Cemetery-photo.JPG
landuse conservation area Protected areas (Not approved) Alternate tagging of same thing: boundary=protected_area, protected_area=*
Landuse conservation.png
landuse depot area An area used as a depot for e.g. vehicles (trains, buses or trams). currently not rendered by osm-carto
RET remise Beverwaard (2).JPG
landuse farmland area An area of farmland used for tillage and pasture (animals, crops, vegetables, flowers, fruit growing).
Rendering-landuse-farm-mapnik.png
Rye field.jpg
landuse farmyard area An area of land with farm buildings like farmhouse, dwellings, farmsteads, sheds, stables, barns, equipment sheds, feed bunkers, etc. plus the open space in between them and the shrubbery/trees around them.
Rendering-area-landuse farmyard-mapnik.png
Farmyard.jpg
landuse forest node area Managed forest or woodland plantation (Other languages). Some use this to map an area of trees rather than the use of the land. See the OSM wiki page on Forest
Landuse-forest.png
Fort Nelson Forestry.JPG
landuse garages area One level buildings with boxes commonly for cars, usually made of brick and metal. Usually this area belong to garage cooperative with own name, chairman, budget, rules, security, etc.
Rendering-area-landuse garages-mapnik.png
Garages.jpg
landuse grass node area An area of mown and managed grass. Some view this as not a landuse, see the main page landuse=grass for information.
Mapnik landuse grass .png
Grasss.jpg
landuse greenfield node area Describes land scheduled for new development where there have been no buildings before. A greenfield is scheduled to turn into a construction site
Rendering-area-landuse greenfield-mapnik.png
Greenfields - geograph.org.uk - 1202824.jpg
landuse greenhouse_horticulture area Area used for growing plants in greenhouses
Rendering-landuse-farm-mapnik.png
Greenhouses westland.jpg


landuse landfill node area Place where waste is dumped.
Rendering-landuse-landfill-mapnik.png
Landfill.jpg
landuse meadow node area A meadow or pasture.
Landuse Meadow.png
Mottey.jpg
landuse military node area For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose
Rendering-landuse-military-mapnik.png
REUNION 2007 04.jpg
landuse orchard node area intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
Orchard.png
Altesland2.jpg
landuse pasture node area (Proposed in Proposed features/pasture:) An area of land primarily vegetated by grass, used for grazing.
Landuse Meadow.png
Pasture with shelter.jpg
landuse peat_cutting area An excavation created by the removal of peat.
Use landuse=quarry + resource=peat instead
currently not rendered by osm-carto
Peat cutting - geograph.org.uk - 1385530.jpg
landuse plant_nursery area intentional planting of plants maintaining for the production of new plants
Landuse plant nursery.png
Cutchogue - Oregon Road - Plant Nursery.jpg
landuse port area coastal industrial area where commercial traffic is handled currently not rendered by osm-carto
landuse quarry node area Surface mineral extraction
Rendering-landuse-quarry-mapnik.png
Steinbruch.jpg
landuse railway area Area for railway use, generally off-limits to the general public
Landuse-industrial.png
OahuRailway&LandCo-switchtrack-signal.JPG
landuse recreation_ground node area An open green space for general recreation, which may include pitches, nets and so on, usually municipal but possibly also private to colleges or companies
Landuse-recreation ground.png
landuse religious node area Religious territory
Landuse-religious ground.png
Cerkiew w Komańczy by Verid1st 09.JPG
landuse reservoir node area There was considerable confusion whether landuse=reservoir is deprecated, but it turned out to be not deprecated and landuse=reservoir is used much wider than "new" way natural=water + water=reservoir. It may be a good idea to tag the actual water body with natural=water + water=reservoir in addition or instead of landuse=reservoir. See also the approved water details proposal and pointers to discussion on talk page.
Landuse-reservoir.png
Amagase Dam.jpg
landuse salt_pond area A place where sea water is evaporated to extract its salt currently not rendered by osm-carto
Salt ponds SF Bay (dro!d).jpg
landuse village_green node area An area of common land, usually grass, in the centre of a village (quintessentially English – defined separately from 'common land' under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Commons Act 2006).
This tag is more used to tag all sorts of mixed vegetation, mostly in urban areas. Hence the above definition probably needs to be adjusted to fit the real use of it.
Landuse-village green.png
landuse vineyard node area A piece of land where grapes are grown.
Landuse-vineyard.png
739px-Grape vines.jpg
landuse user defined node area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.