|For describing the primary use of areas of land.|
|Used on these elements|
|Documented values: 62|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
- See also Landuse
Mainly used to describe the primary use of land by humans. For general information on mapping/classifying land areas see Land use and areas of natural land. See Landcover for general information on tagging the physical appearance of land and Proposed features/landcover for a proposal to more clearly separate the concepts.
More detailed tagging for land uses is available in amenity=*, leisure=* and tourism=*, including amenity=college, amenity=hospital, leisure=park, amenity=parking, leisure=pitch, amenity=school, amenity=swimming_pool and amenity=university. In some cases these more detailed tags may be used for the primary landuse, in others they may provide supplementary information. For example a school within a residential area or a car park within a retail area.
Common Landuse Key Values - Developed land
|landuse||commercial||Predominantly commercial businesses and their offices. Commercial businesses which sell goods should be categorised as landuse=retail. Commercial businesses can sell services on site and may include private Doctor's Surgeries, and those non-government services for mental and physical health, such as a Counsellor's or Physiotherapist's practice or Veterinary. Government services and businesses should not use this tag. Commercial businesses can also include office buildings and business parks which have limited interface with the public and sell their services either on site, or externally. Commercial businesses have low amounts of public foot traffic.|
|landuse||construction||A site which is under active development and construction of a building or structure, including any purposeful alteration to the land or vegetation upon it. Abandoned construction projects and sites should not use this tag.|
|landuse||industrial||Predominantly industrial landuses such as workshops, factories, or warehouses.|
|landuse||residential||Land where people reside; predominantly residential detached (single houses, grouped dwellings), or attached (apartments, flats, units) dwellings. For "Mixed-Use" areas where more than half of the land is residential, tag as residential.
See also: Land use and areas of natural land § Open questions
|landuse||retail||Predominantly retail businesses such as shops. Retail businesses sell physical goods such as food (prepared or grocery), clothing, medicine, stationary, appliances, tools, or other similar physical items. Retail businesses have high amounts of public foot traffic. Retail businesses do not exclusively provide or sell their services. For businesses which sell services see landuse=commercial.
Generally a member of the public could freely walk into and access a retail business. Retail is a subset of commercial, but should be used and treated as mutually exclusive in OpenStreetMap.
Common Landuse Key Values - Rural and agricultural land
|landuse||allotments||A piece of land given over to local residents for growing vegetables and flowers.|
|landuse||farmland||An area of farmland used for tillage (cereals, vegetables, oil plants, flowers).|
|landuse||farmyard||An area of land with farm buildings like farmhouse, dwellings, farmsteads, sheds, stables, barns, equipment sheds, feed bunkers, etc. plus the open space in between them and the shrubbery/trees around them.|
|landuse||forest||Managed forest or woodland plantation (Other languages). Some use this to map an area of trees rather than the use of the land. See Forest.|
|landuse||meadow||A meadow or pasture: land primarily vegetated by grass and non-woody plants, mainly used for hay or grazing|
|landuse||orchard||intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production|
|landuse||vineyard||A piece of land where grapes are grown.|
Other Landuse Key Values
|landuse||basin||An area artificially graded to hold water.
Together with basin=* for stormwater/rainwater infiltration/detention/retention basins.
|landuse||brownfield||Describes land scheduled for new development where old buildings have been demolished and cleared|
|landuse||cemetery||Place for burials. You can add religion=* (values listed in the place of worship page). Smaller places (e.g. with a church nearby) may use amenity=grave_yard instead.|
|landuse||Protected areas (Not approved) Alternate tagging of same thing: boundary=protected_area, protected_area=*|
|landuse||depot||An area used as a depot for e.g. vehicles (trains, buses or trams). Consider using rather standard landuse tags like landuse=railway, landuse=commercial, landuse=industrial, with subtag like industrial=depot.||currently not rendered by osm-carto|
|landuse||garages||One level buildings with boxes commonly for cars, usually made of brick and metal. Usually this area belong to garage cooperative with own name, chairman, budget, rules, security, etc.|
|landuse||grass||An area of mown and managed grass. Some view this as not a landuse, see the main page landuse=grass for information.|
|landuse||greenfield||Describes land scheduled for new development where there have been no buildings before. A greenfield is scheduled to turn into a construction site|
|landuse||greenhouse_horticulture||Area used for growing plants in greenhouses|
|landuse||landfill||Place where waste is dumped.|
|landuse||military||For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose|
||An excavation created by the removal of peat.
Use landuse=quarry + resource=peat instead
|currently not rendered by osm-carto|
|landuse||plant_nursery||intentional planting of plants maintaining for the production of new plants|
|landuse||port||coastal industrial area where commercial traffic is handled. Consider using landuse=industrial + industrial=port for this type of industrial area.||currently not rendered by osm-carto|
|landuse||quarry||Surface mineral extraction|
|landuse||railway||Area for railway use, generally off-limits to the general public|
|landuse||recreation_ground||An open green space for general recreation, which may include pitches, nets and so on, usually municipal but possibly also private to colleges or companies|
|landuse||religious||An area used for religious purposes|
|landuse||reservoir||There was considerable confusion whether landuse=reservoir is deprecated, but it turned out to be not deprecated and landuse=reservoir is used much wider than "new" way natural=water + water=reservoir. It may be a good idea to tag the actual water body with natural=water + water=reservoir in addition or instead of landuse=reservoir. See also the approved water details proposal and pointers to discussion on talk page.|
|landuse||salt_pond||A place where sea water is evaporated to extract its salt|
|landuse||village_green||An area of common land, usually grass, in the centre of a village (quintessentially English – defined separately from 'common land' under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Commons Act 2006).
This tag is more used to tag all sorts of mixed vegetation, mostly in urban areas. Hence the above definition probably needs to be adjusted to fit the real use of it.
|landuse||user defined||All commonly used values according to Taginfo|
This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.