|Specifies the maximum legal speed limit on a road, railway or waterway.|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
The maxspeed=* tag is used on ways to define the maximum legal speed limit for general traffic on a particular road, railway or waterway. By default, values will be interpreted as kilometres per hour. The speedlimit can be specified in a different units if necessary. Those will be added behind the value, separated by a space (see Examples). The tag is also used on nodes to specify maxspeed traffic signs.
The maximum speed limit for a highway=*, railway=rail, waterway=river etc. can be specified as follows:
While the tagging examples are given for linear features, single positions with restrictions can usually be mapped by tagging a node with the same tags.
|Numeric speed limit||maxspeed=60
|The maximum fixed numeric speed limit, followed by the appropriate unit, if not measured in km/h. When the value is in km/h then no unit should be included. For example, maxspeed=60 for 60 km/h and maxspeed=50 mph for 50 mph (note the space between the value and the unit).|
|Variable speed limit||maxspeed:variable=*||
Indicates that a variable maximum speed can be displayed on electronic variable message signs, for reasons indicated in the tag's value. Can be used together with maxspeed=* to indicate the speed limit in the normal situation.
Please do not use this tag for railway lines and tag instead the maximum allowed speed there.
|No speed limit||maxspeed=none||Indicates that there is no fixed maximum numeric speed limit for this section of road (on some German autobahns and a very few other places). Not to be used for situations where there is a limit but it is not known. Where the limit is not known do not include a maxspeed tag.|
|Walking speed limit||maxspeed=walk||In Austria and Germany the speed limit for living street (German: Wohnstraße bzw. Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich) is defined only as being a walking speed but there is no defined numeric value for this. The maxspeed walk proposal suggests that |
If the law defines a numeric equivalent, that can be used instead. For example, in the Netherlands, walking speed is legally defined as 15 km/h, so one simply uses maxspeed=15 instead of maxspeed=walk.
|Implicit speed limit||maxspeed=<countrycode>:<zone type>||Only in some places, notably Romania and Russia, it is common to find that maxspeed holds a value of the form '<countrycode>:<zone type>'. It is used in Russia for areas where the speed limit is indicated on the street by use of a symbol or icon rather than a number. The format includes a country code followed by a ':' and a zone identifier (For example 'RO:urban'). This non-numeric notation is used to avoid the correction of an entire country map due to legislation changes regarding maximum speed.
Excluding the above, it is more common and appropriate to provide a numeric value for maxspeed=* than to use the Context Specific Values (Default Limits) of source:maxspeed=*.
For more information on this, and for a table of common values see source:maxspeed=*
Implicit maxspeed values
- Main article: Default speed limits
As described above, the maxspeed=* may use context-specific values, such as where a road is unsigned and a "default" maxspeed value in-force by legislation/law applies.
These tags can be used in the tag source:maxspeed=* as well, in addition to an explicit maxspeed=* value - which is currently preferred by some local communities.
|source:maxspeed=* or maxspeed:type=* (or maxspeed=*)||Implied or explicit value||source:maxspeed=* or maxspeed:type=* (or maxspeed=*)||Implied or explicit value||source:maxspeed=* or maxspeed:type=* (or maxspeed=*)||Implied or explicit value|
|AU||See Australian Tagging Guidelines - Roads|
|CA||CA-AB:urban||50 (most roads), 80 (provincial highways)||CA-AB:rural||80 (most roads) 100 (provincial highways)||
Speed limits above the statutory defaults may apply. Most provinces and territories have provisions in their traffic laws allowing speed limits higher than the defaults.
|CA-QC:urban||50||CA-QC:rural||80 (paved roads), 70 (unpaved roads)||CA-QC:motorway||100|
|FR:motorway||130 / 110 (raining)|
See also Default speed limits for a more complete and machine readable list of implicit speed limits that also includes speed limits for motor vehicles other than cars and is sourced directly from each country's legislation (with links).
Where the speed limit is indicated by special speed limits signposted at the zone boundaries they can be tagged as follows:
- maxspeed:type=DE:zone20 or less frequent maxspeed:type=DE:zone:20
- maxspeed:type=DE:zone30 or less frequent maxspeed:type=DE:zone:30
This tagging is overlapping with the dedicated key zone:maxspeed=DE:20 / zone:maxspeed=DE:30.
Where different speed limits are posted for different classes of vehicles these should be specified using maxspeed:<vehicle>=*. The possible values for
<vehicle> correspond to the values for transport modes of the key access=* (see also Examples).
Note: Where a lower blanket speed limit is applied for certain classes of vehicle across all roads within the jurisdiction then this should not be tagged at the individual road level.
- maxspeed:hgv=* - applying to "heavy goods vehicles" (=trucks)
- maxspeed:bus=* - applying to buses
- Main article: Forward & backward, left & right
Where different speed limits are specified for each driving direction those can be specified using maxspeed:forward=* resp. maxspeed:backward=*, whereas
forward applies to the speed limit for the same direction as the OSM way and
backward to the speed limit for the opposite direction.
Where different speed limits are specified for each lane of a road those can be specified using maxspeed:lanes=*. Each lane’s maximum speed has to be separated with the “|” character. The first maximum speed is the maximum speed of the leftmost lane (viewed from the direction of the OSM way), the second maximum speed is the speed of the lane right from the leftmost lane and so on until the rightmost lane.
Further if they should be specified for each driving direction separately the key maxspeed:lanes:forward=* resp. maxspeed:lanes:backward=* can be used, whereas
lanes:forward applies to the speed limit of the lanes for the same direction as the OSM way and
lanes:backward to the speed limit of the lanes of the opposite direction. See therefore also the Examples as well as the article about mapping individual lanes.
Time or other conditions
- Main article: Conditional restrictions
Example: The maximum speed is 30 km/h between 7am and 2pm on workdays (in Germany: Monday-Saturday, but not on public holidays) but otherwise is 50 km/h as implicit speed limit in the city:
maxspeed:conditional=30 @ (Mo-Sa 07:00-14:00; PH off)
The maxspeed=* tag should ideally be added to only the segment of roadway for which the speed limit applies. Depending on the jurisdiction, a speed limit may take effect at a speed limit sign , at a solid line painted across the roadway near the sign , at a fixed distance away from the sign, or at the nearest intersection.
|maxspeed=60 + maxspeed:type=sign||Alternatively maxspeed=60 km/h can be used.|
|maxspeed=50 mph + maxspeed:type=sign||The speed limit is specified in the unit which is legally defined and will not be converted to km/h.|
||On all roads in Germany, where no explicit speed limit is defined, the corresponding implicit values can (and should) be specified.|
|10 knots||maxspeed=10 knots||The speed limit is specified in the unit which is legally defined and will not be converted to km/h.|
|maxspeed:variable=*||The (variable) speed limit is announced on speed limit signs.|
|maxspeed=GB:nsl_single||An implicit speed limit of 60 miles per hour on a road in the UK based on a "national speed limit" sign.|
|maxspeed:lanes=100|100|80||A speed limit of 80 kilometres per hour on the rightmost lane on a road with an assumed general speed limit of 100 kilometres per hour.|
|maxspeed=80||A speed limit of 60 kilometres per hour valid only for heavy good vehicles - 80 kilometres per hour otherwise.|
|maxspeed:conditional=40 @ (Mo-Fr 08:00-09:30, 14:30-16:00;PH off;SH off)||Conditional speed limits during school times. See Conditional restrictions for seasonal or time of day changes.|
|maxspeed=80 + maxspeed:conditional=60 @ wet||Wet weather conditional speed limit|
|maxspeed:conditional=60 @ (maxweightrating>7.5)||60 km/h for vehicle with a max allowed weight of above 7.5t. See also maxweightrating=*|
- The default internal mappaint style displays the value of maxspeed on a node if tagged together with traffic_sign=* as traffic sign.
- The mappaint style maxspeed displays the value of maxspeed on ways as coloured underlay.
- StreetComplete has a quest (disabled by default) that asks about max speed info
- MapComplete Maxspeed editor
- Other services:
- Worldwide maxspeed overlay
- Overpass turbo queries
- Maxspeed coloured similar colour style to previous ITO map (Yellow for maxspeed of 'none'. dark blue for 130/120/110. light blue for 100, purple for 90/80, red for 70/60 orange for 50 and green for 5/10/15/20/30/40)
- Maxspeed major roads coloured similar colour style to previous ITO map (Yellow is used for ways with maxspeed set to 'none', dark blue for 130/120/110, light blue for 100, purple for 90/80, red for 70/60, orange for 50 and green for 30
Regular expression for numeric values only:
Regular expression which catches numeric values and implicit values, e.g. like
^([^ ]+?)(?:[ ]?(?:km/h|kmh|kph|mph|knots))?$
One mile per hour corresponds to 1.609 km/h and one knot to 1.852 kilometres per hour.
Router developers should be aware that the highway=* tag is not necessarily a good proxy for speed limits in some jurisdictions. For example, in the U.S. state of Ohio, many factors affect a roadway's speed limit, to the extent that rural, unpaved highway=unclassified ways have a higher speed limit by default (55 mph) than some urban highway=motorway ways (50 mph).
Possible tagging mistakes
- minspeed=* - for the minimum speed
- access=* - for other restrictions
- source:maxspeed=* or maxspeed:type=* - for the source of the speed limit
- traffic_sign=* - for single traffic signs of the restriction
- highway=speed_camera - for an enforced maxspeed
- highway=speed_display - a dynamic electronic sign that displays the speed of the passer-by motorist
- maxspeed:advisory=* - for advisory speed limit, typically on on/off ramps and curves
- maxspeed:variable=* - Indication that the speed of a way is not static (e.g. fixed signs) but dynamic (e.g. variable-message sign)
- maxspeed:conditional=* - Specifies a conditional maximum legal speed limit on a road, railway or waterway, which only applies under certain circumstances
- Proposed features/Practical maxspeed - proposal to specify what speed can be realistically achieved when speed limits and other information are not sufficient to give a realistic picture. Rejected but in use.
- Overview of possible units
- Transport modes of the key access=*
- Detailed overview of implicit speed limits
- Default speed limits (speed limits in various territories applying if no explicit speed limit is signed)
- Description of the lanes suffix for mapping individual lanes
- General article about speed limits
- Sophox query for roads with the widest range of allowed speeds (dead link since 2020)
Maps showing max speed data
- openstreetbrowser showing max speed data
- Max Speed via Overpass - Map showing speed limits. Wait for lines to show then click and edit.
- https://graphhopper.com/maps/ – once the route is determined, the speed can be seen on the graph at the bottom by changing to 'max_speed'.
- CyclOSM A cycle render map who render road under 32km/h with cyan shading.
Notes and references
- ↑ Applies to both urban and rural areas, where no signs exist. That said, most roads and highways in Saskatchewan have posted limits, commonly 50 in urban areas, 80 in most rural roads, 100 in undivided provincial highways, and 110 in divided provincial highways.
- ↑ This value seems unnecessary, since the speed limit of 50 km/h in urban areas is always signed at the entrance of the settlement by road sign 2.30.1.
- ↑ 130 km/h is the recommended maximum speed on motorways, as indicated by a square blue sign (round blue sign = minimum speed). Many sections of the German motorway network are now covered by speed limits, usually ranging from 80 to 130 km/h (140 km/h as speed limit is being tested in Lower Saxony -some politicians are against it, because 140 km/h is over the recommended maximum speed, depending on local conditions (i.e., frequent traffic, terrain, etc.). It is usual for drivers involved in crashes who were exceeding the 'recommended' speed limit to be held to be at least partly at fault, regardless of the circumstances of the crash, and insurance companies have the right to withhold payment. Already more than 50% Autobahns now have a (partially variable) speed limit. Vehicles also must be able to go faster than 60 km/h. Roughly 30% of German Autobahn have permanent limits. An additional 17% have at least partial limits depending on time, weather or traffic. Study on the speed limit on German Autobahn. Archived 25 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ Refer to the Toll Regulatory Board website
- ↑ Refer to Section II (D) (1) of Joint Memorandum Circular No. 2018-001, accessible via the Department of Transportation website