OSM tags for routing/Access-Restrictions

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Available languages — OSM tags for routing/Access-Restrictions
Afrikaans Alemannisch aragonés asturianu azərbaycanca Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Melayu Bân-lâm-gú Basa Jawa Baso Minangkabau bosanski brezhoneg català čeština dansk Deutsch eesti English español Esperanto estremeñu euskara français Frysk Gaeilge Gàidhlig galego Hausa hrvatski Igbo interlingua Interlingue isiXhosa isiZulu íslenska italiano Kiswahili Kreyòl ayisyen kréyòl gwadloupéyen kurdî latviešu Lëtzebuergesch lietuvių magyar Malagasy Malti Nederlands Nedersaksies norsk norsk nynorsk occitan Oromoo oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча Plattdüütsch polski português română shqip slovenčina slovenščina Soomaaliga suomi svenska Tiếng Việt Türkçe Vahcuengh vèneto Wolof Yorùbá Zazaki српски / srpski беларуская български қазақша македонски монгол русский тоҷикӣ українська Ελληνικά Հայերեն ქართული नेपाली मराठी हिन्दी অসমীয়া বাংলা ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ગુજરાતી ଓଡ଼ିଆ தமிழ் తెలుగు ಕನ್ನಡ മലയാളം සිංහල ไทย မြန်မာဘာသာ ລາວ ភាសាខ្មែរ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ አማርኛ 한국어 日本語 中文(简体)‎ 吴语 粵語 中文(繁體)‎ ייִדיש עברית اردو العربية پښتو سنڌي فارسی ދިވެހިބަސް

Default is a proposal (not yet fully drafted, no RFC, no voting yet) for a possible, upcoming default value system. This proposal may set default access-restriction by area (countries, states...) if it becomes a generally accepted practice.

Interpretation

  • yes - this kind of vehicle is allowed to drive on this kind of road unless tagged otherwise on the individual way (e.g. "motorcar=no").
  • designated - same as yes but this road can optionally be preferred by some of your metrics.
  • no - this kind of vehicle is not allowed to drive on this kind of road unless tagged otherwise on the individual way (e.g. "motorcar=yes").

See Key:access for the way such limits are usually tagged on the individual way.

Default

Default-Access-Restriction for all countries.

Note: italic values are inherited from the generic access value (for instance, a specific cycleway with access=destination implies motorcar=destination, not motorcar=no).

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

motorway_link

yes Designated Designated Designated Designated Designated no no no no
trunk

trunk_link

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
primary

primary_link

secondary

secondary_link

tertiary

tertiary_link

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no no yes
path no no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no Designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no no Designated no
footway no no no no no no no no no Designated

Australia

Proposed access restrictions. Not endorsed by the Australian OSM community (yet).

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no yes designated
path no no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no designated yes yes
cycleway no no no no no no no no designated designated
footway no no no no no no no no yes designated

Austria

Default-Access-Restriction if not tagged on the individual street.

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot inline_skates
motorway

trunk

yes yes yes yes (1) yes no no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

road

yes yes yes yes (1) yes yes yes yes (2) yes (3) yes (3)
living_street destination destination destination destination (1) destination destination yes yes (4) yes yes
service yes yes yes yes (1?) yes yes yes yes yes yes
track (5) yes yes yes yes (1?) yes yes yes (6) yes yes yes
path no no no no no no no dismount (7) yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no no
cycleway no no no no no no no designated no yes
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no dismount (8) designated yes

Notes:

  1. Forbidden on Sat 15:00-24:00 and Sun+holidays 0:00-22:00, with exceptions like food or cattle transports. Forbidden at 22:00-05:00 when maximum permissive gross weight exceeds 7.5 t, except for certified low-noise vehicles. See StVO §42 for details.
  2. Should use nearby cycleway (see bicycle=use_sidepath) if present, but road racing bikes are excepted from explicit or implicit bicycle=use_sidepath.
  3. Should use nearby sidewalk (foot=use_sidepath) if present.
  4. highway=living_street also implies cycleway=opposite.
  5. Access on tracks is not restricted unless prohibited by some sign or barrier.
  6. On designated forest roads (highway=track + vehicle=forestry), horse=no is also implied due to Forstgesetz §33 Abs. 3.
  7. StVO does not apply to paths. Therefore, other laws such as ABGB §339 or Forstgesetz §33 Abs. 3 are in force which generally do not differenciate between motorized and non-motorized vehicles.
  8. Dismounted cyclists count as pedestrians due to StVO §65 Abs. 1.

Belarus

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes(1) yes
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street destination destination destination destination destination destination yes yes yes
path no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no designated yes (2)
footway no no no no no no no yes designated
pedestrian no no no no no no no yes designated
  1. Should use nearby cycleway, footway or sidewalk if present.
  2. Should use nearby footway if present. Most often is specifically designated for both, though, and tagged as such. If only a cycleway is present next to a road without sidewalks (never seen such a case), pedestrians "should" use the cycleway.

Belgium

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods=hgv bus taxi agricultural moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
track (proposal) (5) partial partial partial partial partial yes yes yes yes yes
path no no no no no no yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no yes no yes (1)
cycleway no no no no no no yes (4) no yes yes (2)
footway no no no no no no no no no yes
pedestrian no (6) no (6) no (6) no (6) no (6) no (6) no (6) no (6) partial (3) yes

Notes:

  • designated = yes: There's no reason for a "designated" access tag in Belgium as there is no reason why one has more rights over the other on any of these highway types when different vehicle types have access to a road. "designated" is therefore synonym with "yes". Footways could both be signed with a sign that doesn't show a pedestrian at all, and one that does, so basing a designated tag on traffic signs is also flawed.
  • There's no concept of "hgv", so it's a synonym with "goods"
  • psv is meaningless in Belgium and replaced by bus and taxi
  1. this assumes a bridleway that doesn't belong to a road. When it does belong to a road it depends on whether there's another place pedestrians can walk.
  2. cycleways allow pedestrians if there is no parallel path where pedestrians can go, it's safe to assume pedestrians are allowed
  3. Bicycles are often allowed on pedestrian roads, but this depends on the sign used. Sometimes it's only allowed during certain times of the day. However, all vehicles (including bikes) are required to drive at walking speed, and bikers must dismount when the density of walkers requires it. So having access or not doesn't matter a lot for routers.
  4. moped in Belgium actually comprises three vehicle classes: "moped_A", "moped_B" and "moped_P", cycleways may allow any combination of them (including none at all), depending on the signs used, and the road the cycleway belongs to.
  5. on tracks, there are no national restrictions. Although the surface may limit certain vehicle types. Some cities also forbid the usage of tracks for motorcycles and/or quadbikes.
  6. About all vehicles are allowed to use pedestrian areas if it's absolutely necessary. F.e. to reach the buildings in the pedestrian area if it's the only possible way. However, a permit from the mayor is needed before usage is legal. As such, it's best for routers to consider pedestrian areas as non-accessible for all motorised vehicles. Many of the pedestrian areas also have sub-signs that allow for delivery on certain times of the day, even without permit.

Brazil

Default access restrictions according to the (pt) Brazilian Transit Code if not tagged on the individual street.

highway=* access motorcar

motorcycle

goods

hgv

psv

agricultural moped (1) horse (1) bicycle

mofa (2)

foot

inline_skates (3)

motorway (1,4) yes yes yes no (5) no (6,7) no (4,5) no (4,7) no (4,8)
trunk (9)

primary (9)

secondary (9)

tertiary (9)

unclassified (9)

road

yes yes yes yes (5) yes (6) yes (10) yes (7,11) yes (8)
residential yes yes yes yes yes (6) yes (10) yes (11) yes
living_street (12) yes yes yes (12) yes (12) yes (6) yes (10) yes (11) yes
path (13) yes no no no no (6) no (10) yes (13) yes (13)
bridleway (14) yes no no no no (6) designated yes (14) yes (14)
cycleway (15) yes no no no no (6) no (10) designated (15) no (16)
footway

pedestrian

yes no no no no (6) no (10) dismount (17) yes (18)
service destination (19) destination (19) destination (19) destination (19) destination (19) destination (19) destination (19) destination (19)
track destination (20) destination (20) destination (20) destination (20) destination (20) destination (20) destination (20) destination (20)
  1. The Transit Code in Annex I allows the following correspondences:
    • Ciclomotor (moped): a low powered motorcycle capable of 50 km/h; distinct from a low powered bicycle (mofa)
    • Charrete (carriage): an animal-powered vehicle for passenger transport; most Brazilian jurists consider montaria (horse riding) a particular case
    • Via de trânsito rápido (expressway): controlled-access freeway, with no at-grade intersections, no direct access to properties and no at-grade pedestrian crossings (motorway)
  2. According to the National Transit Council in Resolution 465, low powered bicycles (mofa) capable of 25 km/h are subject to the same rules of regular bicycles.
  3. Inline skates and skateboards are absent in national law, so they are considered pedestrians. Some municipalities allow them on cycleways.
  4. Motorways are designed for high-speed motorized traffic by definition.
  5. According to the Transit Code in Article 62 and the Transit Code in Article 219, vehicles should be capable of driving at least at half the speed limit. [1]
  6. According to the Transit Code in Article 57, ciclomotores (moped) are subject to the rules that apply to motorcycles but are notably forbidden on vias de trânsito rápido (motorway)
  7. According to the Transit Code in Annex I, ciclo is a vehicle category that includes bicycle and moped (ciclomotores). According to the Transit Code in Article 244, ciclos are forbidden on vias de trânsito rápido (motorway) and rodovias (paved rural highways) except when they provide a shoulder.
  8. According to the Transit Code in Article 68, pedestrians may walk against vehicles even in paved rural highways without a shoulder. The law mentions this is forbidden in dangerous situations, without specifying them. Since bicycles are forbidden when a shoulder is absent, it could be argued that its absence represents a dangerous situation.
  9. Most types of motorized highways are not assigned any official national/administrative class by the Brazilian community, thus they are generally considered public roads/streets and have no special access restrictions other than present signage. Some restrictions apply outside urban areas, but it is not related to highway class in OSM.
  10. According to the Transit Code in Article 52, animal-powered traffic carrying either cargo or passengers is subject to the rules of motorized traffic.
  11. According to the Transit Code in Article 58, bicycles can ride on the sides of the motorized tracks of all public ways, except when a parallel separate cycleway is present, in which case the main way should have bicycle=use_sidepath.
  12. Living streets are absent in national law. Municipal law may define some streets as shared space, but currently none restrict the passage of any kind of vehicle, leaving restrictions to present signage. Some municipalities confusingly use shared space to refer to shared bicycle lanes on motorized tracks or to paths that combine pedestrians and cyclists, none of which correspond to the concept of living street (shared space between pedestrians, cyclists and motorized vehicles). Some believe that all Brazilian streets are in practice living streets, but motorists are liable only if a pedestrian has strictly followed the law, as stated in the Transit Code in Article 29(2). According to Transit Code in Chapter IV and the Transit Code in Article 254, pedestrians and cyclists have right of way if moving on the borders of motorized tracks when a sidewalk is unavailable or unusable, and when crossing on marked crossings or on traffic lights (they may cross at other points but do not have right of way and may be liable in some circumstances), leaving most of the area of motorized ways of any kind under right of way for motorized vehicles.
  13. Intentional footways are designated by the planner/maintainer, and highway=path should be used when the intention is not clear (eg. it is an unofficial, unmaintained trail) or when the path is used for more than one equally important function (except when combined with cycleways). In these cases, restrictions for each type of vehicle should be explicitly tagged.
  14. Bridleways are absent in national law and very rare, so restrictions only apply if signage is present. Not the same as horse racing tracks, which are more common and should be tagged with leisure=track+sport=equestrian;horse_racing.
  15. Since pedestrian ways are usually not signed, cycleways only exist legally when signage is present. In parks, according to the definition of logradouro público (public place) in the Transit Code in Annex I, unless signage is present, the space is primarily intended for pedestrians and not for vehicles of any kind, and according to the Transit Code in Article 96, bicycles are considered vehicles, thus forbidden except if dismounted.
  16. According to the definitions of cycleway and cycle lane in the Transit Code in Annex I, cycleways are exclusive to bicycles, thus pedestrians cannot use them by default. Allowed pedestrian access should be represented by adding foot=designated when indicated by signs or foot=yes when allowed by municipal law.
  17. According to Transit Code in Article 68, cyclists are considered pedestrians when pushing instead of riding, thus dismounted bicycles are always allowed on ways intended for pedestrians.
  18. Foot ways and pedestrian ways not signed, thus not designated. They are implicit from signs forbidding motorized vehicles or various types of construction and context.
  19. Service ways are usually for access to amenities open for customers, thus usually not intended for passing public traffic. Access is not forbidden by law unless a barrier (such as a fence or wall) or signage is present.
  20. Tracks are usually located in private rural properties or forests managed by the government, thus usually not intended for passing public traffic. Access is not forbidden by law unless a barrier (such as a fence or wall) or signage is present.

Denmark

Default access restrictions according to the Danish traffic regulations ("Færdselsloven" and "Bekendtgørelse om Vejafmærkning")

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
track (3) no(4) no(4) no(4) no(4) no(4) no(4) (5) yes(7) yes(7)
path (3) no no no no no no(4) (5) yes(6)(7) yes(7)
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no(1) no designated yes(2)
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no no designated
  1. The regulations distinguish between mofa ("lille knallert") having a maximum speed of 30 km/h and moped ("stor knallert") having a maximum speed of 45 km/h. Mofas are allowed on cycleways.
  2. Pedestrians may only use cycleways if there are no adjacent footways. For routing purposes it is safe to assume that pedestrian access is permitted.
  3. Rules for 'path' and 'track' based on regulations for access to forests and countryside (Vejledning om adgangsreglerne)
  4. Motor vehicles including mopeds and mofas are not allowed in forests. Motor vehicles are allowed on tracks and paths in the countryside if the track or path appears suitable for the type of vehicle. The landowner may however prohibit motorized access using signs.
  5. Horses are not allowed in privately owned forests unless the owner has explicitly permitted horse riding. In state owned forests horses are allowed on paved tracks and on unpaved tracks wider than 2.5 meter. In the countryside horses are allowed on suitable tracks and paths.
  6. Cycling is allowed on paths that appear suitable for normal bicycles.
  7. Access to private forests is only permitted between 6:00 and sunset.

France

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk

yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

track

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
path no tbd (2) no no no yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no designated no
footway no no no no no no no no designated
pedestrian no no no no no no no yes (1) designated
  1. Their speed is limited to pedestrian speed
  2. to be defined (law is unclear)

Finland

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes yes yes yes
track yes (5) yes (5) yes (5) yes (5) yes (5) yes (5) yes yes yes
path private private private private private private (1) yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no yes (2) no designated yes (3)
footway no no no no no no no no designated
pedestrian (4) no no no no no no yes designated

Some trunk roads ban pedestrians and cyclists but they are individually tagged.

  1. Horses not allowed on any designated footways or cycleways.
  2. Allowed only when additional sign "Sallittu mopoille" is present.
  3. Should use nearby footway if present. Most often is specifically designated for both, though, and tagged as such. If only a cycleway is present next to a road without sidewalks (never seen such a case), pedestrians "should" use the cycleway.
  4. Legal pedestrian road ("kävelykatu", liikennemerkki nr. 575) allows motorcars when it's the only way to premises - other roads tagged as pedestrian can allow with extra signs and might be off limits to cyclists. The local default for tagging has not been agreed upon.
  5. For privately owned tracks, only non-continous use and up to minor wear allowed without permission or participation in the road costs. In addition, may be restricted by the private road owner but it is not possible to restrict access if the road has been subsidiced recently with (a particular form of) public funding.

Germany

Default-Access-Restriction if not tagged on the individual street.

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped mofa horse bicycle foot
motorway and streets with key motorroad=yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no
trunk

primary secondary tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
service yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
path no no no no no no yes (1) yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no yes (2) no designated no
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no no dismount (3) designated
track (proposal) destination destination destination destination destination destination destination yes yes yes
  1. Only with bicycle=designated in extra urban areas. ( StVO §2.4: Außerhalb geschlossener Ortschaften dürfen Mofas Radwege benutzen. )
  2. Only in extra urban areas. ( StVO §2.4: Außerhalb geschlossener Ortschaften dürfen Mofas Radwege benutzen. )
  3. Laut StVO dürfen Fahrräder auf Fußwegen grundsätzlich geschoben werden, wenn damit andere Fußgänger nicht erheblich behindert werden.

Hong Kong

Default access restriction for Hong Kong. Italic means inherited from parent category.

highway=* access motor_vehicle motorcycle motorcar goods hgv psv share_taxi horse bicycle foot
motorway no designated designated (2) designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes (1) yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no no no yes
path no no no no no no no no yes yes (1) yes
cycleway no no no no no no no no no designated no
footway no no no no no no no no no no designated

(1) Bicycles must use a cycleway alongside if present. (2) Motorcycles are allowed on motorways only if its displacement is at least 125 cc.

Hungary

Default-Access-Restriction for Hungary.

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk

yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no no no no
primary yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no (1) Yes Yes
secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

road

yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
living_street Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination yes yes
pedestrian no No No No No No No No No yes
path no No No No No No No yes yes yes
bridleway no No No No No No No Designated No No
cycleway no No No No No No No No Designated No (1)
footway no No No No No No No No No Designated
  1. Allowed only if there are no alternatives.


Iceland

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot


trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
track partial partial partial partial partial partial partial yes yes
path no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway (2) partial partial partial partial partial partial designated partial partial
cycleway no no no no no no no designated yes
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no yes designated
  1. 'Bridleway' does not exist as a legal term. They are either on private grounds or signposted. Its also possible that the local government has put down restrictions for an area.

Netherlands

Default access restrictions according to the traffic regulations in the Netherlands (Reglement verkeersregels en verkeerstekens 1990 (RVV 1990) as in force on 2008-10-07)

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped mofa horse bicycle foot
motorway designated designated designated designated designated no no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no
primary
secondary
tertiary
unclassified
residential
living_street
road
track (1)
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
path (2) no no no no no yes yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no designated no (3)
cycleway no no no no no no (4) (5) no designated yes (6)
footway
pedestrian
no no no no no no no no no designated
  1. Access on tracks is not restricted unless prohibited by some sign or barrier. Note however that a lot of tracks in forests that having signs for "access=no foot=permissive" are not (yet) tagged with access tags.
  2. The regulations define a lane ("rijbaan") as any part of a road that is suitable for motor vehicles ("rijdende voertuigen").
  3. Pedestrians are not supposed to use a bridleway, when there is a road next to it. The regulations seem silent whether pedestrians can use a bridleway if no other alternative is available.
  4. Mopeds are not allowed to use cycleways indicated by the compulsory cycleway sign [2], or the optional cycleway sign [3]. There is however a sign that allows both bicycles and mopeds [4].
  5. Mofas must use cycleways indicated by the compulsory cycleway sign [5]/[6], but are not allowed to use cycleways indicated by the optional cycleway sign [7].
  6. Pedestrians are allowed to use cycleways if no parallel footpath is available, which is mostly missing outside of urban areas.

Norway

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway (1)

highway with key motorroad=yes (1)

designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
service yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
track partial partial partial partial partial partial partial yes yes
path no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway (2) partial partial partial partial partial partial designated partial partial
cycleway no no no no no no no designated yes
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no yes designated
  1. Motorways and motorroads are only for motor vehicles constructed to move at least 40 km/h on flat ground.
  2. 'Bridleway' does not exist as a legal term. They are either on private grounds or signposted. Its also possible that the local government has put down restrictions for an area.

Oman

Proposed default-access-restriction for Oman. Not endorsed by the Oman OSM community (yet).

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes designated designated designated designated designated no no yes (1) no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no no designated
path no no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no designated yes yes
cycleway no no no no no no no no designated designated
footway no no no no no no no no no designated
  1. Cycling is allowed in Oman on every road, including motorways.

Poland

Default-Access-Restriction for Poland.

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk

yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no no no no
primary yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no (1) Yes Yes
secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no no yes
path no no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no no designated no (1)
footway no no no no no no no no no designated
  1. Allowed only if there are no alternatives.

Romania

Default-Access-Restriction if not tagged on the individual street.

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk

yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

road

track

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street destination destination destination destination destination yes yes yes yes
path no no no no no yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no designated No (1)
footway

pedestrian

no no no no no no no no designated
  1. Pedestrians allowed if a sidewalk or a foot way is missing.

Russia

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes (1) (2)
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes (1) (2)
living_street yes destination destination destination destination yes destination destination destination yes
service yes destination destination destination destination yes destination destination destination yes
pedestrian yes (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) yes
path yes no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway yes no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway yes no no no no no yes no designated (4)
footway yes (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) designated
footway + footway=sidewalk yes (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) designated
footway + footway=crossing yes no no no no no no no no designated
steps yes (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) designated
road (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5)
  1. Mopeds and bicycles allowed if a cycleway is missing[1].
  2. Pedestrians allowed if a sidewalk and a footway are missing. Pedestrians, which have large cargo, and people, using whellchair without engine, can use side of carriageway, if their movement along sidewalk or roadside hinder other pedestrians[2].
  3. Vehicles of road's and communal's stuff allowed. Vehicles, which move cargo to objects, which located directly close to footway, allowed, if they use shortest way. Moving of vehicles should be safe[3].
  4. Pedestrians allowed if a sidewalk, a footway and roadside are missing[4].
  5. Common rule about routing along highway=road can not be determined, because highway=road is a line which can be a road or not, and if it is a road, it is a road with unknown status. The recommendation is to exclude highway=road from routing or to give such lines the lower status in roads' graph.

Slovakia

Default-Access-Restriction for Slovakia.

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk

yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no no no no
primary yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes no (1) Yes Yes
secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

road

yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
living_street Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination Destination yes yes
pedestrian no No No No No No No No No yes
path no No No No No No No yes yes yes
bridleway no No No No No No No Designated No No
cycleway no No No No No No No No Designated No (1)
footway no No No No No No No No No Designated
  1. Allowed only if there are no alternatives.

Spain

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk (motorroad = yes)

yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
trunk (no motorroad)

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes (1) yes yes (2)
track yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
path no ¿? no no no yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway no no no no no no no designated no
footway no no no no no no no no designated
pedestrian no no no no no no no yes (3) designated
  1. Only if there is no alternative track. The highway of lowest intensity of traffic must be selected
  2. Use the left side
  3. Their speed is limited to pedestrian speed

Switzerland

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped mofa horse bicycle inline_skates (6) foot
motorway designated designated designated designated designated no no no no no no
trunk designated designated designated designated designated no no no no no no
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

track

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes Yes (7) yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no No (1) yes yes
path no no no no no no No (5) yes yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no Designated No (2) No (2) No (2)
cycleway no no no no no no Yes (2) No (3) Designated yes No (4)
footway no no no no no no no No (2) No (2) yes Designated
  1. (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_21/a22c.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_21/a22c.html
  2. (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_21/a33.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_21/a33.html
  3. (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_01/a43.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_01/a43.html
  4. Pedestrians allowed if a sidewalk or a foot way is missing (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_11/a40.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_11/a40.html
  5. tbd
  6. Swiss road regulations have a seperate category for inline skates, skates, kick boards and similar devices: "fahrzeugähnliche Geräte". (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_11/a1.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_11/a1.html
  7. If a side walk is present it has to be used, except in residential zones with a speed limit of 30 km/h or on living streets (de) http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/741_11/a50.html, (fr) http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/741_11/a50.html

Turkey

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes designated designated designated designated designated no(1) no no(1) no(1)
trunk yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no no yes
path no no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway no no no no no no no destination no yes
cycleway no no no no no no no no designated (2)
footway no no no no no no no no no designated
  1. Only if no other alternatives are present, "yes".
  2. If the signs "footway" and "cycleway" are posted together, or if there is no warning "no foot", foots can use cycleways.

Ukraine

highway=* access motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway

trunk with motorroad=yes

yes designated designated designated designated designated no no no no
trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

track

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street yes destination destination destination destination yes destination destination destination yes
service yes destination destination destination destination yes destination destination destination yes
pedestrian yes no no no no no no no dismount yes
path yes no no no no no no yes yes yes
bridleway yes no no no no no no designated no no
cycleway yes no no no no no no no designated no
footway yes no no no no no no no dismount designated
steps yes no no no no no no no no designated

United Kingdom

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
living_street yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
path no no no no no no yes* yes* yes*
bridleway no no no no no no yes yes yes
cycleway no no no no no no no yes yes
footway no no no no no no no no yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no no yes

* : The United Kingdom Tagging Guidelines state that highway=path, when used it the UK, implies "a generic narrow path that is used in conjunction with access tags". This makes the default "yes" assumption dubious.

The legal status of cycles on public rights of way in England and Wales is disputed. On pavements, it is illegal to cycle unless designated (hence not a default setting here) but on public footpaths the law is less clear.

In Scotland, there is a right of access by any non-motorised transport (including foot, bicycle and horse) just about everywhere (except for some specific exclusions).

United States of America

Note: Regulations vary significantly by state.

highway=* motorcar motorcycle goods hgv psv moped horse bicycle foot
motorway yes yes yes yes yes no no no no
trunk

primary

secondary

tertiary

unclassified

residential

living_street

road

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
pedestrian no no no no no no no yes yes
path no no no no no yes yes yes yes
bridleway (1) no no no no no no Designated Yes Yes
cycleway no no no no no no no Designated yes
footway no no no no no no no no Designated
  1. I couldn't find any specific laws regarding non-horse use of horse trails. They don't seem to be an official designation of the national gov't.

Tools using this information

????

References

  1. 23.3
    ...
    двигаться по дороге при наличии рядом велосипедной дорожки;

  2. 4.1.
    ...
    Пешеходы должны двигаться по тротуарам или пешеходным дорожкам, а при их отсутствии — по обочинам. Пешеходы, перевозящие или переносящие громоздкие предметы, а также лица, передвигающиеся в инвалидных колясках без двигателя, могут двигаться по краю проезжей части, если их движение по тротуарам или обочинам создает помехи для других пешеходов

  3. 9.9
    ...
    Допускается движение машин дорожно-эксплуатационных и коммунальных служб, а также подъезд по кратчайшему пути транспортных средств, подвозящих грузы к торговым и другим предприятиям и объектам, расположенным непосредственно у обочин, тротуаров или пешеходных дорожек, при отсутствии других возможностей подъезда. При этом должна быть обеспечена безопасность движения.

  4. 4.1.
    ...
    При отсутствии тротуаров, пешеходных дорожек или обочин, а также в случае невозможности двигаться по ним пешеходы могут двигаться по велосипедной дорожке или идти в один ряд по краю проезжей части (на дорогах с разделительной полосой — по внешнему краю проезжей части).