ES:Vías aeroportuarias

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Idiomas disponibles — Aeroways
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Logo. Característica : Vías aeroportuarias
One example for Característica : Vías aeroportuarias
Descripción
Describe la infraestructura física fija asociada con los viajes aéreos, incluyendo aeropuertos, pistas de aterrizaje, helipuertos y edificios de terminales aéreas.
Grupo

Vías aeroportuarias

Etiquetas

aeroway=aerodrome
aeroway=heliport
aeroway=runway
aeroway=taxiway
aeroway=apron
aeroway=terminal
aeroway=helipad

Esta página ofrece un visión general sobre cartografía de aeropuertos y elementos relacionados con la aviación en OpenStreetMap. Para una lista detallada de etiquetas, véase aeroway=*.

Most aviation activity is centred on aerodromes (or airports); these facilities are tagged with aeroway=*. The most well known examples are huge international airports with multiple runways, terminal buildings with large retail areas, and a lot of (non-aviation) public transport links, but these tags apply just as well to small private grass strips.

Como cartografiar

Como la mayoría de las cosas en OSM, puede empezar con un nodo marcado sólo con aeroway=aerodrome y name=*, y añadir más detalles con el tiempo. Los elementos más comunes son la etiqueta de aeródromo, pistas de aterrizaje, pistas de rodaje, plataformas de estacionamiento, edificios de la terminal, y a menudo hangares. Éstos a veces se unen con una relación de sitio. Más etiquetas abajo.

Elemento Etiqueta Descripción
Aerodrome aeroway=aerodrome
nodoárearelación
aerodrome=*
name=*
iata=*/icao=*
Un lugar desde el que se realizan las operaciones de vuelo. El término incluye aeropuertos, aeródromos y pistas de aterrizaje, ya sean internacionales, privados, militares o de otro tipo; opcionalmente, puedes usar aerodrome=* para clasificar el tipo de aeródromo. Otras etiquetas comunes son name=*, iata=*/icao=*, ele=*. Un aeródromo puede incluir 0 o más pistas de aterizaje, pistas de rodaje, hangares, plataformas de estacionamiento, terminales o helipuertos en superficie. Un Helipuerto es un tipo especial de aeródromo al servicio de helicópteros. Los aeródromos pueden dibujarse como un nodo, área o un multipolígono.
Heliport aeroway=heliport
nodoárearelación
A Heliport is a special type of aerodrome serving only helicopters. Differentiated from an aerodrome by the typical lack of a runway; uses the same tags as aeroway=aerodrome. May include 0 or more helipads, taxiways, hangars, aprons or terminals. Not the same as aeroway=helipad (an area, on an aerodrome or heliport, used for the landing or takeoff of helicopters)
Runway aeroway=runway
vía
surface=*
width=*
The area of an aerodrome used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. ref=* indicates the runway designator (e.g. 03L/21R). Other common tags include surface=* and width=*. Drawn as a way; area mapping is becoming more common but is disupted; (see discussion here and here). Optional Lifecycle tags may apply.
Helipad aeroway=helipad
nodoárea
surface=*
An area used for the landing or takeoff of helicopters. May be found at a Heliport, Aerodrome, or as a standalone facility. Common tags include name=*, ref=* and surface=*. Drawn as a node or area.
Taxiway aeroway=taxiway
vía
surface=*
width=*
Taxiways are paths connecting various parts of an airport so that aircraft may move between them. Usually labeled alphabetically (e.g. A; or Q1, Q2, Q3); use ref=*. Other common tags include surface=* and width=*. Drawn as a way; like runways, area mapping is disputed (see discussion here and here). Optional Lifecycle tags may apply.
Holding position aeroway=holding_position
nodo
Holding positions are tagged on nodes along a taxiway, or runway to indicate locations at which aircraft may be required to stop, typically in order to remain safely clear of an intersecting runway or taxiway.
Apron aeroway=apron
área
surface=*
Areas were aircraft are parked or are serviced. Usually named either alphabetically (e.g. "Alpha") or by purpose (e.g. "Cargo Apron"). Common tags include name=* and surface=*. May contain parking positions, taxiways, and helipads. Drawn as an area.
Aircraft Parking aeroway=parking_position
nodo
A location (usually on an apron) at which an aircraft may park. Name and location doesn't necessarliy correspond with aeroway=gate. Drawn as a node.
Gate aeroway=gate
nodo
ref=*
Location, usually inside a terminal building where passangers go to board/disembark an aircraft. Not the same as aeroway=parking_position. Common tags include ref=*. Drawn as a node.
Terminal aeroway=terminal
área
Building used for the prcessing of passengers and cargo. Implies building=yes; entrance may be tagged with building=entrance. Common tags include name=*. Often contain shops, other amenities, and links to other public transport systems. Usually associated with one or more gates. Drawn as an area.
Hangar aeroway=hangar
área
Edificios donde se almacenan o reparan aeronaves. Implica building=yes. Dibujar como un área.
Grass landuse=grass
área
Areas of grass that aren't part of something else. Combinations of aeroway=*, surface=grass may be more appropriate, but only if the area has a specific function.
Navigation aid airmark=beacon Use airmark=beacon en nodos que representen instrumentos de ayuda a la navegación como VORs, ILS y NDBs.
Beacon man_made=beacon Use man_made=beacon en nodos para marcar luces de asistencia para la navegación.
Papi/Vasi aeroway=papi
aeroway=vasi
A visual landing aid consisting of a number of lights; shows pilots whether they're approaching a runway at the correct angle. Drawn as a node. See also Wikipedia-16px.png PAPI or Wikipedia-16px.png VASI.
Windsock aeroway=windsock
nodo
lit=*
Shows wind direction; consists of a (fabric) cone mounted on top of a mast. May be lit (lit=yes). Drawn as a node.
Public Parking amenity=parking Many aerodromes also include various forms of parking, mapped as areas tagged with amenity=parking. Multistorey Car Parks should be mapped as areas tagged as amenity=parking and parking=multi-storey. Provide an identifier or name using ref=*.
Service road highway=service Mark internal service roads as ways tagged with highway=service. Include access=private if the public are not able to use them.
Tower man_made=tower Map any control towers using man_made=tower and service=aircraft_control. (Proposal Only)

Los aeródromos a menudo contienen numerosos servicios y enlaces de transporte que pueden ser mapeados individualmente. Las instrucciones para cada uno de los enlaces de transporte se encuentran en sus páginas individuales. Railway stations, Subways, Taxi Ranks, Bus Stations.

Algunas de las comodidades que se encuentran a menudo dentro y alrededor de los aeródromos se pueden encontrar a continuación;

Sitios web como flightaware.com y skyvector.com son a menudo útiles para encontrar los códigos de la OACI (ICAO). Los códigos IATA se pueden obtener de la siguiente base de datos oficial IATA (search by → location name).

Not for aeronautical use!

Main article: Aviation. The mission-critical nature of aviation means that data you find in OSM is not suitable for aeronautical use. Wiki-derived data is unlikely to pass strict certification requirements (not even for simple recreational flying). OSM data is generally very accurate, but it just might not be accurate enough for aviation.

That said, many will still find such information useful, so don’t stop contributing.

See discussion on uploading aviation tracks on help.openstreetmap.org, and Aviation for detailed reasoning

Don't map airspace

The regular on-the-ground rule of OSM applies. If it’s something tangible that you can point at (like a runway, helipad, or gate) then you can add it. If you can't do that (as with airspace, routes, and aeronautical waypoints) then you should leave it out; check out OpenAviationMap instead. Similarly, don’t upload your flight path traces, or draw air routes on the map: routes vary because of weather, time of day, amount of traffic, serviceability of facilities, and the number of ants in the coffee machine. Besides, they’ll probably annoy other mappers (the routes, and maybe the ants too).

Routes

There’s no method for mapping airline services between airports. This might be solved by using relations but airline schedules change regularly, so OSM might not be the best place to store such data.

Proposals

Examples