Zh-hant:Tag:highway=motorway

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可用的語言 — Tag:highway=motorway
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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος
描述
為安全且快速地疏導車流所設計的高容量道路。 Edit or translate this description.
組: Highways
用於這些元素
不可用於節點可用於路徑不可用於區域不可用於關係
意義
常用組合
維基數據
狀態:正在使用

highway=motorway只能標記路徑,標示境內的最高等級道路。

一般而言,highway=motorway應該只用於標記完全控制出入口的道路或部分限制出入口的道路,視地方的習慣而異。

通常政府公告指定完全控制出入口的道路,並成為國家級的正式道路,常稱為「高速公路(Motrway、Freeway、Expressway)」。高速公路常具有獨立的交通規則,例如哪些車輛可以行駛高速公路,禁行自行車、行人、家禽、馬匹等。

此種道路常由法律特別指定,並有特別適用的法規。一般而言,歸類為highway=motorway的道路常有車輛或交通種類的通行限制,例如禁止行人、自行車、家禽、馬匹等通行。

能夠歸類為高速公路的限制通行道路包含以下道路:

  • 通常類似於控制出入口道路,且無路口控制(如交通號誌、圓環、停止標誌、停止標線等)
  • 一般至少有單向雙線道以上的車道數,並具有一定程度的車道隔離。
  • 具有僅供服務用途的通道,例如為非住宅產權服務的車道、連接基礎設施的服務道路、連接休息區的道路等,常見於郊區或鄉村環境。

不符合上述條件的道路,請考慮使用highway=trunk。有關不同國家使用highway=motorway的教學,請參閱Highway:International equivalence

highway=motorway_link應當用於通往告訴公路的連接道路、滑行道、坡道。當高速公路終止或另一條高速公路起始處,能使用highway=motorway_link分隔、辨識不同高速公路的道路與連接路線;一般而言,兩條分歧或交會的highway=motorway道路,在開放街圖中不應直接相連,而應使用highway=motorway_link道路分隔。

隱含的值

右側值說明欄列舉了隱含的標籤,它們已受多次修改,通常是反映特定國家的情形,但社群不同意其意涵。但繪製高速公路時建議包含隱含的標籤。

如何繪製

highway=motorway, lanes=4, oneway=yes, int_ref=E 451, ref=A 5, destination:Darmstadt

高速公路一般以兩條連續的平行道路呈現,每個單向行車道以highway=motorway標記,並應以 oneway=yes標記單一通行方向。在少數案例中,雙向車流使用單一行車道雙向通行,以 oneway=no標記。

當繪製平行路徑時,將雙向節點緊鄰放置,在大部分的地圖中能獲得更好的顯示效果。以下為可選用的標籤:

highway=motorway的標記方式
標籤 說明 範例
name=* 高速公路的名稱 福爾摩沙高速公路
ref=* 國家公路系統中的道路編號 3
oneway=yes 參見 #如何繪製
lanes=* 車道數 3
maxspeed=* 法定最高限速(公里每小時) 110
minspeed=* 法定最低限速(公里每小時) 60
destination=* 高速公路通往的城鎮名。一般寫於該匝道的地名指示標誌上。 桃園
carriageway_ref=* 英國高速公路的行車道編號

考慮為高速公路路徑加入關聯 (what type of relation? PeterIto 02:47, 20 January 2013 (UTC)).

在高速公路沿線已編號的出口節點處,使用highway=motorway_junction標記出口編號

各國高速公路

Country Roadsign Description More
Australia Motorways, freeways, and freeway-like roads.
Divided roads with 2 or 3 lanes in each direction, limited access via interchanges, no traffic lights. Generally 100 or 110 km/h speed limit. For example: Hume Freeway.
Australian Roads Tagging
Austria Autobahn Autobahn WikiProject Austria/Autobahnen
Belarus автомагистраль (avtomagistral')
Belgium Autosnelweg/Autoroute/Autobahn nl:autostrade/autosnelweg fr:autoroute de:autobahn maxspeed=120 km/h
Brazil Autoestradas, >80 km/h
Croatia Autocesta
Czechia Dálnice Dálnice Cs:WikiProjekt Česko/Značení silnic
Denmark Motorvej Motorvej Danish Map Features
Dominican Republic Autopista
France France road sign C207.svg Autoroute (A) : divided roads with 2 lanes or more in each direction, plus a lane on the right reserved for emergency stop.
  • Most autoroutes are privately operated and require passing a toll for long distance, but some sections in specific areas may be toll free.
  • Max speed is usually 130 km/h (110 km/h under raining/snowing/freezing/foggy conditions) but may be reduced to 110 km/h or lower around large cities or autoroute junctions, or in case of works, and will be reduced to 90 km/h or lower if traffic is temporarily derouted to a single bidirectional carriage on a single lane per direction.
  • Access (or crossing) forbidden for pedestrians and non-motorized vehicles (except in designated service areas with parkings where max speed is reduced, or behind the protection barriers along autoroutes to reach the neareast emergency phone).
Fr:Map Features
Georgia Autobahn ავტობანი (avtobani)
Germany Autobahn Autobahn WikiProject Germany/Autobahn
Greece Αυτοκινητόδρομος Αυτοκινητόδρομος WikiProject Greece/Motorways
Hong Kong Hong Kong road sign (Expressway Begins).svg Designated expressways, road tunnels and tunnel areas. Zh-hant:Hong Kong tagging
Hungary Autópálya Autópálya WikiProject Hungary/Gyorsforgalmi út
Indonesia Rambu petunjuk 4a.svg Jalan Tol
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Freeway in Iran.png
The Freeways according to the definition of Iranian National Standardization Organization.
Israel Dálnice Kwish Mahir
Italy Autostrada Autostrada, compresi i raccordi autostradali come le tangenziali di Milano e il Grande Raccordo Anulare di Roma. It:Italian Roads Tagging
Japan Japan road sign 325.svg Expressways or motor roads. Normally divided with 2 or more lanes in each direction.
Korea Korean Highway 3.svg Divided, grade-separated highway with 2 or more lanes in each direction designated by a red and blue shield (toll roads). Also, some National Routes (blue oval) which have been upgraded to Motorway status (toll-free). Ko:Map Features
Korea Motorways
Netherlands Autosnelweg Autosnelweg Kaarteigenschappen
New Zealand Motorway begins nz -vector.svg
Expressway begins nz -vector.svg
Motorways and expressways
Divided highway with 2 or more lanes in each direction. Grade-separated interchanges (no at-grade intersections, traffic lights or roundabouts). Generally 100 or 110 km/h speed limit.
Norway No sign-MotorwayStart Duel-502.png Motorvei No:Map_Features#Road_classes
Philippines Expressways (mostly tolled).
Examples include the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), South Luzon Expressway (SLEX), Metro Manila Skyway, Subic - Clark - Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX), Tarlac - Pangasinan - La Union Expressway (TPLEX), Manila - Cavite Expressway (CAVITEX/Coastal Road), etc.
Philippines/Mapping conventions#Roads
Poland Autostrada Autostrada WikiProject Poland/Klasyfikacja dróg
Portugal Auto-estrada – the national road institute changed the reference to IP (Itinerário Principal) or IC (Itinerário Complementar). There are still some "Auto-estradas" not renamed so they keep the name.
Romania Romania road sign G6.svg [W] Autostradă
Russia 5.1 Russian road sign.svg автомагистраль (avtomagistral'), которая уже имеет статус trunk. RU:Map Features:highway
Slovak Republic DiaľnicaRýchlostná cesta Diaľnica & Rýchlostná cesta
Slovenia Avtocesta WikiProject_Slovenia/Ceste#AC, HC - Avtoceste in Hitre ceste
Spain Autopista/Autovía WikiProject Spain/Autopista Normalización
Sweden Motorväg Sv:Map Features#Vägar
Switzerland Autobahn Autobahn / autoroute
Taiwan 國道 (Freeway) WikiProject Taiwan/Taiwan tagging
Turkey Turkey road sign B-18.svg [W] Otoyol
UK UK traffic sign 2901.svg motorway
US A freeway, turnpike, or interstate
Grade-separated highway, normally divided with 2 or more lanes in each direction. Access by ramps only. This includes all Interstate Highways (with a couple of rare exceptions) and some US and state highways (or portions thereof).
Venezuela Se califica como autopista a una vía rápida que cumpla con las características de:

1. Tener un separador físico en el medio, ya sea un muro de concreto o una gran extensión de tierra, que divida las dos calzadas de flujo.

2. La misma debe ser accedida exclusivamente a través de un distribuidor vial y no contener cruces ni semáforos a lo largo de su travesía.

Si la vía rápida no cumple con ambas características, se le debe clasificar como una Principal (trunk)
Ejemplos de autopistas pueden ser la Regional del Centro de Caracas a Valencia o la José Antonio Páez de San Carlos (Portuguesa) a Barinas.

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