|highway = primary|
|A highway linking large towns.|
|Rendering in OSM Carto|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
A major highway linking large towns.
How to map
To map a simple primary highway you can just draw a line for it. Select all ways which belong to the highway and tag them with highway=primary. Use oneway=yes when it is not possible to drive in both directions on the highway. Make sure the way points in the same direction as the oneway goes, otherwise reverse the direction or use oneway=-1.
To attach more information for the highway you should add further keys.
- name=Name of the highway
- maxspeed=Number indicates the maximum speed which is allowed
- minspeed=Number indicates the minimum speed which needs to be reached to use the highway
- ref=reference name for example A 1, E 22
- winter_service=* – if winter service is provided
In the case you do not have a normal highway you should take a look on these sites:
- bridge=yes - If the highway goes over a street or waterway.
- tunnel=yes - If the highway goes below a street or waterway.
In developed countries normally with 2 lanes or more. In areas with worse infrastructure road quality may be far worse and may include even unpaved roads. The traffic for both directions is usually not separated by a central barrier.
Who can use it
The traffic that can use a highway=primary will be most traffic, including regular motorised and non-motorised traffic, but subject to local laws and what exactly is tagged as highway=primary various limitations and exceptions may apply.
|China(Mainland)||Provincial Highway / Urban arterial road (省道或城市主干路)|
|Greece||2nd-tier National Roads||WikiProject Greece § Road Network|
|Italy||Strada Statale (SS) or Strada Regionale (SR)||The "SSs" are mostly primary. You should also indicate the name of the highway, if it has one, example:
"SRs" can be tagged as primary as well, if they have a relevant role in linking two major cities.
In general the "highway=" tag is not representing the administrative class but the importance of the connection.
By default this kind of highway is rendered:
|New Zealand||State Highways and strategic local roads||All State Highways which do not meet the criteria for highway=trunk. Generally two lanes undivided with limited passing lanes and occasionally one-lane bridges.
Strategic local roads are generally the most important roads that are not State Highways. They may be multi-lane divided, or connect major airports, seaports or isolated areas of a city. Examples include South Eastern Highway and Manuaku Road in Auckland, Wairere Drive in Hamilton, and the "Four Avenues" in Christchurch.
|Portugal||National Roads (with ref=EN *) and important urban avenues with two lanes in each direction.||National Roads which are not officially declassified. If it's a declassified EN, it may remain a primary if it is of first order (ex: EN 109). In urban centres, important avenues and arteries with two lanes on each way and a physical separator are also primary.|
|Switzerland||Hauptstrasse||There are two kind of "Hauptstrassen" in Switzerland:
In contrast to other routes, for example cycling or hiking routes, we do not use relations to model numbered "Hauptstrassen" in Switzerland, use ref=number as described above.
|United States||Primary highway or arterial road.||U.S. Highways are mostly primary.
Some State Roads are also primary, the criterion being either connecting large towns/cities, or being a major road in an urban area.
By default this kind of highway is rendered:
|Brazil||Via arterial urbana (urban arterial way), estrada estadual (state road), >50-60 km/h|
|Philippines||Other national roads that is used as a city/ arterial road rather than an intercity road, or a connector, if it only feeds secondary/tertiary roads. Provincial roads linking municipalities with a major highway. Roads linking a city/municipal center (poblacion) with a major national highway.||National roads usually fall as trunk highways, as they carry most intercity traffic, but some national roads should be tagged primary if they are usually roads serving local traffic in a city/rural area or a connector between two trunk highways, when it feeds roads tagged as secondary or tertiary.|
|Netherlands||Mainly "N-ways" below 400, often called a "provincial way"||See NL:The_Netherlands_roads_tagging|
|Venezuela||Regional roads network that connect the most important cities and towns of each State.|
|Ireland||National Secondary Roads that connect towns to each other. Has a number between 51 and 99 with an N prefix.||Example: N52|