Zh-hans:Tag:highway=trunk

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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = trunk
Dscf0444 600.jpg
说明
非高速公路的重要道路。 在wiki页中编辑此说明 在数据项中编辑此说明
OSM Carto中渲染
Rendering-highway trunk carto.png
组: 道路
用于这些元素
不可用于节点可用于路径不可用于区域不可用于关系
暗含
常用组合
另见
状态:实际使用

使用highway=trunk标注高品质或重要性高的道路,不过不需要达到motorway的要求。

在不同的国家,道路质量或重要性都是定义trunk的标准。关于不同国家道路分类的指引,请参见#各地案例Highway:International equivalence

中国内地,trunk用于标注国道和城市快速路,如北京三环路、上海中环快速路或101国道(红色矩形标志)等。

中华民国(台湾),trunk用于标注省道快速公路(红色盾形标志)或市区快速道路,如新北市环河快速道路、省道台61线西滨快速道路等。

如何绘制

Map dual carriageway.png

要绘制一条干线道路,您只需要画一条线,然后选择属于该类型道路的路径,并标注为highway=trunk。当道路无法双向行驶时,使用oneway=yes标注,并确保路径方向与行驶方向一致,否则请翻转路径方向或使用oneway=-1(建议当路径方向无法翻转时使用)。

在双向道路的情况下,您应该为每条行车道单独绘制路径,并为不同方向分别标注。将路径节点对齐(如图所示)。这将使地图渲染效果更好,并指明两条路径共为一体。

如需为道路加入更多信息,请进一步添加下列标签:

  • name=名称 - 道路名称。例如:“广园快速路”;
  • maxspeed=数字 - 道路法定最高限速(公里每小时),例如:“80”;
  • minspeed=数字 - 表示行驶道路必须达到的最低限速;
  • ref=编制名称 - 道路的编制号码,请参见该国道路的编号系统,例如“G101”;
  • loc_name=名称 - 非官方或道路俗称;
  • maxweight=数字 - 最大载重限制(吨),例如“49”
  • surface=* - 路面材质说明。例如“asphalt”(沥青);
  • width=数字est_width=数字 - 道路宽度(米),例如“24.5”;
  • lanes=数字 - 道路可用车道数,通常为“2”或“3”;
  • motorroad=* 表示该道路仅限机动车通行;
  • toll:N3=yes - 最大允许载重,大于12吨的卡车需收取通行费
  • destination=* 表示道路通往的目的地。请考虑路径的方向,并使用写在属于trunk_link道路指示标志上的城市名称:例如“北京”(关于trunk_link,请参见highway=motorway_link

特殊情况

下列是一些特殊的trunk:

  • highway=trunk_link - 通往或离开快速道路的联络道路(匝道/渠化路口转向专用道)改用。
  • bridge=yes + layer=1 - 快速道路横越街道或水路时附加。
  • tunnel=yes + layer=-1 - 快速道路穿越街道或水路下方时附加。

各地案例

下列为各个国家和地区如何使用标签的比较表,用户应该查阅特定国家的指南以了解更多详细讯息及其他标签。

关于不同地区的特别规定与如何标注各国特定标签的列表,请参见Category:Projects

国家和地区 使用说明 更多详情
澳大利亚 National highways; state strategic road network.
Connecting major population centres. For example Bruce Highway, Pacific Highway.
Australian Roads Tagging
奥地利 Autostraße NO road sign 503.svg Note the small difference to the Motorcars Only Zeichen 331.1 - Kraftfahrstraße, StVO 2013.svg traffic sign in Germany. WikiProject Austria/Schnellstraßen
比利时 Autoweg Verkeersbord autoweg in België.jpg / Expressweg / Route express
巴西 Rodovias duplicadas (divided highways), vias expressas urbanas (urban expressways)
保加利亚 Скоростен път с поне две ленти във всяка посока. Ограничението на скоростта не трябва да е по-малко от стандартното (50 км/ч за населени места, 90 км/ч извън тях).
中国内地 普通国道/城市快速路
克罗地亚 Expressways (Brza cesta) and motorroads (cesta za promet motornih vozila) WikiProject Croatia/Ceste
捷克 Silnice pro motorová vozidla: Silnice pro motorová vozidla and other major 4-lanes highways mainly in urban areas
丹麦 Motortrafikvej Denmark road sign E43.svg Da:Map Features
芬兰 Valtatiet/National Highways Fi:Map Features
法国 Rocade, voie rapide ou voie express. Voie ayant les caractéristiques d'une autoroute. En général, une 2x2 voies avec séparation centrale.
Par défaut : lanes="2", maxspeed="110" (sauf périph. Paris: 80)
+ ref="Nxx" ou "Dxx"
+ oneway="yes"
+ lanes="x" (si voies <> 2)
FR:Map Features
德国 For Motorway Like Roads (Autobahnähnliche Straße collq. Schnellstraße) without crossings. The carriageways are separated physically or by road markings. Motorway-like junctions with exit signs Zeichen 333-21.svg indicate a trunk road. Neither bound to an administrative class like Bundesstraße 35 number.svg nor to the traffic rule Kraftfahrstraße (motorroad=yes) indicated by this sign Zeichen 331.1 - Kraftfahrstraße, StVO 2013.svg. Note the very similar Austrian sign which indeed indicates a road class. DE:Tag:highway=trunk
希腊 1st-tier National Roads WikiProject Greece § Road Network
香港 有编号的道路,但不是高速公路或隧道 Zh-hant:Hong Kong tagging#街道分類 Classifications of streets
匈牙利 Autóút
印度尼西亚 National Roads. Different by island.
伊朗 The Expressways according to the definition of Iranian National Standardization Organization.
爱尔兰 National Primary Routes, regardless of build quality. Currently numbered N1-N33. Signed in white lettering on a green background.
以色列 National Primary Routes, regardless of build quality. They are numbered with one or two digits. Red numbers on a white background surrounded by green border. ISR-HW-10.svg He:Map Features
意大利 "Strade a scorrimento veloci" (~roads for high travel speeds) with on ramps and off ramps and without level crossings or roundabouts, a road class generally between primary roads and motorways. For mapping access restrictions similar to motorways, use the tag motorroad=yes. Usually the major roads between cities are of this type.
日本 国道/National Highways
摩洛哥 Rocade, expressway.2x2 Divided highway, every intersections with roundabout.speedlimit 80 or 100 km/h
荷兰 Autoweg PL road sign D-7.svg NL:Map Features
新西兰 Strategic State Highways State Highway 1 NZ.svg
State Highways linking major urban areas (population 30,000+), major ports, major airports, international tourist destinations, and/or remote regions. Generally two lanes undivided with regular passing lanes. All State Highways not meeting the criteria should be tagged highway=primary.
挪威 Nation infrastructure road (Riksvei) that are not "Motorvei" , green signs, include E-roads class A and B Norwegian-road-sign-723.11.svg Riksvei 9.svg No:Map Features#Road classes
菲律宾 Primary national roads connecting major cities and provinces.
Examples are the Pan-Philippine Highway/AH26 (not including toll expressway segments, like segments on NLEX and SLEX) that are tagged highway=motorway) , Daang Maharlika, MacArthur Highway, EDSA (includes portions not marked as part of Pan-Philippine Highway/AH26), Aguinaldo Highway, Governor's Drive, Jose P. Laurel Highway (mostly designated as Manila - Batangas Road, but short segment at Santo Tomas is designated as Santo Tomas Bypass Road) , Andaya Highway, Strong Republic Nautical Highway, etc.
Philippines/Mapping conventions#Roads
波兰 PL road sign D-7.svgExpressway (Polish: Droga ekspresowa) – high-speed, limited-access highway with similar restrictions as in case of motorways (no bikes/horses/tractors allowed), but a bit lower technical parameters. In contrast to motorways it has lower speed limit (140 km/h for motorways vs. 120/100 km/h for dual/single carriageway expressways), it can be single carriageway (most are dual, however) and can have intersections with main roads (except for other expressways and motorways; but in practice probably there are no intersections on any Polish expressway). Reference numbers for expressways in Poland have 'S' prefix, for example S5 Tabliczka S5.svg. WikiProject Poland/Klasyfikacja dróg
葡萄牙 Via Rápida
罗马尼亚 highway=trunk is used for any national road part of a European corridor or express ways (do not exist in Romania); along with the national road shield (white on red background) RO Roadsign 1.png there are also plates similar to this Norwegian-road-sign-723.11.svg . The ref=* tag has the format DNn, DNnn or DNnnx (n=0-9, x=A-Z), while the tag int_ref=* has the format Enn or Ennn.
E.g.: DN6/E60, DN2/E85 .
Ro:Map Features#Drumuri
斯洛伐克 Cesta pre motorové vozidlá: Cesta pre motorové vozidlá and other high-speed 4-lane roads exclusive for motor vehicles
韩国 Divided highway without ramps.
Higher speeds. Few stop lights or stop signs.
瑞典 Trunk roads (stamväg) as defined by the state, including all European routes and certain other national roads (riksväg). Exceptionally also shorter stretches of other roads having similar importance locally.
瑞士 Autostrasse / autoroute de 2eme classe (semi-autoroute)
坦桑尼亚 Refers to a (paved) 'Trunk Road', as classified by Tanroads. Main roads that connect major cities in the country: e.g. T1 from Dar es Salaam - Zambia border.
英国 primary A road (green signs)
美国 Surface expressway: A relatively high-speed divided road (at least 40 MPH with a barrier or median separating each direction of traffic), with a limited amount of intersections and driveways; or a major intercity highway. This includes many U.S. Highways (that do not parallel an Interstate) and some state highways. Wikipedia reference
委内瑞拉 Main roads used for the vast majority of trunks (T-XX, Troncal XX) that run across the country, and that generally connect one city with another. In some places some of the local roads (L-XX, Local XX) will also be included.
越南 Trunk (Xa lộ) in Vietnam usually have more than 3 lane with lane classification signs.

示例

图像/说明 标签 Mapnik
Dscf0444 600.jpg

(每个方向道路标注为)

highway=trunk
motorroad=yes
name=Oldenburger Straße
lanes=2
oneway=yes
ref=B75

Render mapnik trunk.png