Br:Key:highway

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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway
Motorway-photo.jpg
Description
The highway tag is the primary tag used for any kind of street or way. Edit or translate this description.
Groupe: Highways
Utilisé pour ces éléments
peut être utilisé sur des nœudspeut être utilisé sur des cheminsutilisation non spécifiée sur des zonesne devrait pas être utilisé sur des relations
Valeurs documentées: 74
Implique
Combinaisons utiles
Wikidata
Statut : de facto

Prim ha prim

An alc'houez highway a vez implijet evit un hent bennak evit n'eus forzh peseurt doare monedone war an douar : gant un c'harr-tan, un marc'h-houarn pe war droad. Un alc'houez all a vez implijet evit an hent-houarn railway , pe evit an hentoù war vor route.

Talvoudoù boutin evit an alc'houez

Setu amañ an dalvoudoù implijet ar peurvuiañ evit un hent gant kirri-tan :

Highway

Amañ e vo resisaet an talvoudoù evit an alc'houez highway. Evit muioc'h a titouroù e c'heller mont aze : Highways. A-raok mont da labourat war hentoù bihan, kit da wellet Restrictions evit dizoloeiñ an aotreoù moned an hentoù dre douareoù monedone pe hervez ar mare pe ar pezh.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering carto Photo

Roads

Set amañ an talvoudoù boutin evit un hent bennak

highway motorway chemin Ur gourhent gant aotreoù resis dre mod monedone. Alies e vez un talberzh etre 2 chaose gant un tu pep hini. Ez-reoliek e vez un diforc'h etre ar gourhent hag an hent-tizh. E Breizh e vez dresit-holl hentioù-tizh gant un talvoud disheñvel espleget just goude e barzh an daolenn-mañ
Rendering-highway motorway neutral.png
Motorway-photo.jpg
highway trunk chemin Un hent-tizh a zo heñvel deus ur gourhent met un reolenn disheñvel a zo e bro-Frañs etre an daou hent. Implijet e vo an talvoud hent-tizh evit an hentoù vroadel e Breizh evel an RN12
Rendering-highway trunk L3005 MF.png
Dscf0444 600.jpg
highway primary chemin The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link larger towns.)
Rendering-highway primary neutral.png
Primary-photo.jpg
highway secondary chemin The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link towns.)
Rendering-highway secondary neutral.png
Meyenburg-L134.jpg
highway tertiary chemin The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link smaller towns and villages)
Rendering-highway tertiary neutral.png
OHZ-K28-Bergedorfer Str.jpg
highway unclassified chemin The least important through roads in a country's system – i.e. minor roads of a lower classification than tertiary, but which serve a purpose other than access to properties. (Often link villages and hamlets.)

The word 'unclassified' is a historical artefact of the UK road system and does not mean that the classification is unknown; you can use highway=road for that.

Rendering-highway unclassified.png
Highway unclassified-photo.jpg
highway residential chemin Roads which serve as an access to housing, without function of connecting settlements. Often lined with housing.
Rendering-highway residential.png
Residential.jpg

Link roads

highway motorway_link chemin The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a motorway from/to a motorway or lower class highway. Normally with the same motorway restrictions.
Rendering-highway motorway link.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway trunk_link chemin The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a trunk road from/to a trunk road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway trunk link.png
Trunk link.jpg
highway primary_link chemin The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a primary road from/to a primary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway primary link.png
B20 (Ausfahrt Fridolfing-Kaltenbrunn) - geo-en.hlipp.de - 11914.jpg
highway secondary_link chemin The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a secondary road from/to a secondary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway secondary link.png
highway tertiary_link chemin The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a tertiary road from/to a tertiary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway tertiary link.png

Special road types

highway living_street chemin For living streets, which are residential streets where pedestrians have legal priority over cars, speeds are kept very low and where children are allowed to play on the street.
Living street osm.png
beginning of a living street with a paving stones surface and some trees and cars parking at the sides
highway service chemin zone For access roads to, or within an industrial estate, camp site, business park, car park, alleys, etc. Can be used in conjunction with service=* to indicate the type of usage and with access=* to indicate who can use it and in what circumstances.
Rendering-highway service.png
Alley.jpg
highway pedestrian chemin zone For roads used mainly/exclusively for pedestrians in shopping and some residential areas which may allow access by motorised vehicles only for very limited periods of the day. To create a 'square' or 'plaza' create a closed way and tag as pedestrian and also with area=yes.
Pedestrian with area osm.png
Cambridge Rd - geograph.org.uk - 1189572.jpg
highway track chemin Roads for mostly agricultural or forestry uses. To describe the quality of a track, see tracktype=*. Note: Although tracks are often rough with unpaved surfaces, this tag is not describing the quality of a road but its use. Consequently, if you want to tag a general use road, use one of the general highway values instead of track.
Rendering-highway track.png
Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
highway bus_guideway chemin A busway where the vehicle guided by the way (though not a railway) and is not suitable for other traffic. Please note: this is not a normal bus lane, use access=no, psv=yes instead!
Rendering-highway-bus guideway-mapnik.png
Mercedes-Benz O 305 on guided busway in Adelaide.jpg
highway escape chemin For runaway truck ramps, runaway truck lanes, emergency escape ramps, or truck arrester beds. It enables vehicles with braking failure to safely stop.
A7-Notbremsweg.jpg
highway raceway chemin A course or track for (motor) racing
Rendering-highway-raceway-mapnik.png
Raceway.jpg
highway road chemin A road/way/street/motorway/etc. of unknown type. It can stand for anything ranging from a footpath to a motorway. This tag should only be used temporarily until the road/way/etc. has been properly surveyed. If you do know the road type, do not use this value, instead use one of the more specific highway=* values.
Rendering-highway-road-mapnik.png
Road.png

Paths

highway footway chemin For designated footpaths; i.e., mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. This includes walking tracks and gravel paths. If bicycles are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a bicycle=yes tag. Should not be used for paths where the primary or intended usage is unknown. Use highway=pedestrian for pedestrianised roads in shopping or residential areas and highway=track if it is usable by agricultural or similar vehicles.
Rendering-highway footway.png
Dscf0487 600.jpg
highway bridleway chemin For horse riders. Equivalent to highway=path + horse=designated.
Rendering-highway bridleway.png
Bridleway-reitweg-de.jpg
highway steps chemin For flights of steps (stairs) on footways. Use with step_count=* to indicate the number of steps
Rendering-highway steps.png
Steps.jpg
highway corridor chemin For a hallway inside of a building.
HK TST Star House mall corridor interior shop signs Sept-2012.JPG
highway path chemin A non-specific path. Use highway=footway for paths mainly for walkers, highway=cycleway for one also usable by cyclists, highway=bridleway for ones available to horse riders as well as walkers and highway=track for ones which is passable by agriculture or similar vehicles.
Path osm.png
GuideFootPathCycleYes.jpg

When sidewalk (or pavement) is tagged on the main roadway (see Sidewalks)

sidewalk both / left / right / no chemin Specifies that the highways has sidewalks on both sides, on one side or no sidewalk at all
Sidewalk and zebra-crossing.jpg

When cycleway is drawn as its own way (see Bicycle)

highway cycleway chemin For designated cycleways. Add foot=* only if default-access-restrictions do not apply.
Cycleway osm.png
Separated cycleway with traffic sign

Cycleway tagged on the main roadway or lane (see Bicycle)

cycleway lane chemin A lane is a route that lies within the roadway
Cycle trackinroad.jpg
cycleway opposite chemin Used on ways with oneway=yes where it is legally permitted to cycle in both directions. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Sul bxl 01.JPG
cycleway opposite_lane chemin Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling lane going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Fr-C24a ex3-Conditions particulieres par voie-velo.gif
cycleway track chemin A track provides a route that is separated from traffic. In the United States, this term is often used to refer to bike lanes that are separated from lanes for cars by pavement buffers, bollards, parking lanes, and curbs. Note that a cycle track may alternatively be drawn as a separate way next to the road which is tagged as highway=cycleway.
Cycle nexttoroad.jpg
cycleway opposite_track chemin Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling track going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
549c Spitzenkiel140923.jpg
cycleway share_busway chemin There is a bus lane that cyclists are permitted to use.
Busandbike.jpg
cycleway opposite_share_busway chemin Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a bus lane that cyclists are also permitted to use, and which go in the opposite direction to normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" bus lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg
cycleway shared_lane chemin Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, but there are markings indicating that they should share the lane with motorists. In some places these markings are known as "sharrows" ('sharing arrows') and this is the tag to use for those.
Sharrows Toronto 2011.jpg
busway lane chemin Bus lane on both sides of the road.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg

Lifecycle

highway proposed chemin For planned roads, use with proposed=* and a value of the proposed highway value.
highway construction chemin For roads under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed road.
Highway construction 200805041655.png
different colours
12Jan05 04.jpg

Attributes

abutters commercial/ industrial/ mixed/ residential/ retail etc. chemin See Key:abutters for more details.
Dscf1376-600.jpg
bicycle_road yes chemin A bicycle road is a road designated for bicycles. If residential streets get the status of bicycle roads, normally, by special signs, motor traffic is admitted with limited speed, often only for residents.
456Humboldtstr.jpg
driving_side left/ right nœud relation Defines which side of the road vehicles must legally use. (must only be used on highways when they are an exception to the rule)
Drive on left in australia.jpg
embedded_rails yes / <type of railway> chemin A highway on which non-railway traffic is also allowed has railway tracks embedded in it but the rails are mapped as separate ways.
Ruusulankatu tram rails (at lat 60.18206, lon 24.92450) heading NW.jpg
ford yes nœud chemin The road crosses through stream or river, vehicles must enter any water.
Map feature ford.jpg
ice_road yes chemin A highway is laid upon frozen water basin, definitely doesn't exist in summer.
Pechora crossing.jpg
incline Number %/°/up/down nœud chemin Incline steepness as percents ("5%") or degrees ("20°"). Positive/negative values indicate movement upward/downwards in the direction of the way.
Incline17.jpg
junction roundabout chemin closed way This automatically implies oneway=yes, the oneway direction is defined by the sequential ordering of nodes within the Way. This applies on a way, tagged with highway=* already.
Mapping-Features-Roundabout-Simple.png
Roundabout.jpg
lanes number chemin The number of traffic lanes for general purpose traffic, also for buses and other specific classes of vehicle.
NLEx 6 Lanes.jpg
lit yes/no nœudcheminzone Street lighting
Berlin speer-leuchte.jpg
motorroad yes/no chemin nœud The motorroad tag is used to describe highways that have motorway-like access restrictions but that are not a motorway.
120px-Zeichen 331.svg.png
mountain_pass yes nœud The highest point of a mountain pass.
Mountain pass.jpg
mtb:scale 0-6 chemin Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A classification scheme for mtb trails (few inclination and downhill).
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale:uphill 0-5 chemin A classification scheme for mtb trails for going uphill if there is significant inclination.
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale:imba 0-4 chemin The IMBA Trail Difficulty Rating System shall be used for bikeparks. It is adapted to mtb trails with artificial obstacles.
mtb:description Text chemin Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A key to input variable infos related to mtbiking on a way with human words
overtaking yes/ no/ caution/ both/ forward/ backward chemin Specifying sections of roads where overtaking is legally forbidden. Use overtaking:forward=yes/no/caution and overtaking:backward=yes/no/caution when it depends on driving direction.
Overtakinglines.jpg
parking:condition free/ ticket/ disc/ residents/ customers/ private chemin Specifying the parking conditions (terms). See parking:condition=* for more details.
parking:lane parallel/ diagonal/ perpendicular/ marked/ no_parking/ no_stopping/ fire_lane. chemin Specifying the parking space. See parking:lane=* for more details.
Parkingonstreetlanes2nowide.png
passing_places yes chemin A way which has frequent passing places
Single-track.jpg
sac_scale hiking / mountain_hiking / demanding_mountain_hiking / alpine_hiking / demanding_alpine_hiking / difficult_alpine_hiking chemin Applies to highway=path and highway=footway. A classification scheme for hiking trails.
Mountain hiking.jpg
service alley / driveway / parking_aisle etc. chemin See Key:service for more details.
Seattle - alley north from S Jackson between Western & 1st - A.jpg
smoothness excellent / good / intermediate / bad / very_bad / horrible / very_horrible / impassable chemin See Key:smoothness for more details.
Jena Track roots.jpg
surface paved / unpaved / asphalt / concrete / paving_stones / sett / cobblestone / metal / wood / compacted / fine_gravel / gravel / pebblestone / plastic / grass_paver / grass / dirt / earth / mud / sand / ground chemin See Key:surface for more details.
Transportation in Tanzania Traffic problems.JPG
tactile_paving yes / no nœud chemin zone A paving in the ground to be followed with a blindman's stick. Not to be rendered on standard maps.
Tactile paving.jpg
tracktype grade1/ grade2/ grade3/ grade4/ grade5 chemin To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:tracktype for more information.
Mapnik-tracktype-grade1.png
Surface grade1.jpg
traffic_calming yes / bump / hump / cushion / table etc. nœud chemin See Key:traffic calming for more details.
Traffic calming example.jpg
trail_visibility excellent / good / intermediate / bad / horrible / no chemin Applies to highway=path, highway=footway, highway=cycleway and highway=bridleway. A classification for hiking trails visibility
Trail visibility good.jpg
turn left / slight_left / through / right / slight_right / merge_to_left / merge_to_right / reverse chemin The key turn can be used to specify the direction in which a way or a lane will lead.
Zeichen 297 - Richtungspfeile, StVO 1970.svg
winter_road yes chemin A highway functions during winter, probably can't be driven in summer.
Anuisk bilibino sever66.jpg

Other highway features

highway bus_stop nœud A small bus stop. Optionally one may also use public_transport=stop_position for the position where the vehicle stops and public_transport=platform for the place where passengers wait.
Bus stop.12.svg
Bus prumyslova.jpg
highway crossing nœud A.k.a. crosswalk. Pedestrians can cross a street here; e.g., zebra crossing
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway elevator nœud chemin An elevator or lift, used to travel vertically, providing passenger and freight access between pathways at different floor levels.
Elevator-12.svg
240 Sparks Elevators.jpg
highway emergency_access_point nœud Sign number which can be used to define your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
highway give_way nœud A "give way," or "Yield" sign
Give way.jpg
emergency phone nœud A calling device can be used to tell on your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Borne SOS.jpg
highway milestone nœud Highway location marker
3marcoquilometriconovo.png
highway mini_roundabout nœud Similar to roundabouts, but at the center there is either a painted circle or a fully traversable island. In case of an untraversable center island, junction=roundabout should be used.

Rendered as anti-clockwise by default direction=anticlockwise. To render clockwise add the tag direction=clockwise.

Mapping-Features-Mini-Roundabout.png
Mini-roundabout.jpg
highway motorway_junction nœud Indicates a junction (UK) or exit (US). ref=* should be set to the exit number or junction identifier. (Some roads – e.g., the A14 – also carry junction numbers, so the tag may be encountered elsewhere despite its name)
Mapnik-Motorway-Junction.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway passing_place nœud The location of a passing space
Ausweichstelle.jpg
highway platform nœud chemin zone A platform at a bus stop or station.
Rendering-highway railway platform line.png
Bayview trstwy.jpg
highway rest_area nœud zone Place where drivers can leave the road to rest, but not refuel.
Rendering-highway-services-mapnik.jpg
Wentworth terrain.jpg
highway speed_camera nœud A fixed road-side or overhead speed camera.
Speed camera.jpg
highway street_lamp nœud A street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night
Litpath.jpg
highway services nœud zone A service station to get food and eat something, often found at motorways
Mapping Features Motorway service area.jpg
De lucht.jpg
highway stop nœud A stop sign
STOP sign.jpg
highway traffic_mirror nœud Mirror that reflects the traffic on one road when direct view is blocked.
Verkehrsspiegel.JPG
highway traffic_signals nœud Lights that control the traffic
Rendering-traffic singals.jpg
Ampel.jpg
highway trailhead nœud Designated place to start on a trail or route
Ancient Lakes Trailhead - panoramio.jpg
highway turning_circle nœud A turning circle is a rounded, widened area usually, but not necessarily, at the end of a road to facilitate easier turning of a vehicle. Also known as a cul de sac.
Mapping-Features-Turning-Circle.png
Turning circle.jpg
highway turning_loop nœud A widened area of a highway with a non-traversable island for turning around, often circular and at the end of a road.
Turning circle - geograph.org.uk - 991834.jpg
highway toll_gantry nœud A toll gantry is a gantry suspended over a way, usually a motorway, as part of a system of electronic toll collection. For a toll booth with any kind of barrier or booth see: barrier=toll_booth
ZA toll gantry.png
highway User Defined nœud chemin All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.