|highway = motorway|
|High capacity highways designed to safely carry fast motor traffic.|
|Rendering in openstreetmap-carto|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
Generally roads with control of access are proclaimed in government documents, and have an official status as a controlled access road, sometimes this can include the term motorway, freeway or expressway among others in the road name. These kinds of roads usually have a special designation by the law, with a set of laws specifically applied on them. Generally some restrictions are placed on the kind of vehicles or traffic which can be on roads which should be classed as highway=motorway, such as no pedestrians, bicycles, livestock, horses and so on.
Selected limited access roads which can be classed as motorways include those that:
- Generally resemble a controlled access road and must be free from intersection controls (such as traffic-signals, rotaries and roundabouts, and stop signs or stop markings);
- Typically have at least two lanes in each traffic direction with some degree of separation;
- Have access roads only for servicing purposes, such as a limited number of driveways serving non-residential property, service roads to infrastructure, or rest-area roads or bays, which may be more typical in regional or rural settings
The tag highway=motorway_link should be used for the link roads, sliproads or ramps which lead to and from a motorway. Where one motorway terminates or begins on another the highway=motorway_link can be used to separate and identify the different motorway roads and the continuing route; that is, generally two diverging or converging highway=motorway ways should not meet or join in OpenStreetMap, but rather be separated by highway=motorway_link ways.
While the box on the right lists some implied tags, they have been changed several times, they are often country-specific and the community does not agree about the implications. It is suggested to include implied tags when mapping motorways regardless.
How to map
A motorway is normally represented by a series two parallel ways, one for each carriageway tagged with highway=motorway. These ways should all point direction of travel and be tagged with oneway=yes. In the less usual case of a motorway where traffic travels in both directions along the same carriageway use a single way and tag it with oneway=no. When drawing parallel ways, place the nodes for each direction next to each other, which results in a better representation on most maps. The following tags may be applicable:
|name=*||Name of the motorway.||Autostrada dei Fiori|
|ref=*||Highway code in the national highway network.||A 3|
|oneway=yes||See section #How to map|
|lanes=*||Number of lanes.||3|
|maxspeed=*||The maximum speed which is allowed (in km/h).||130|
|minspeed=*||Minimum driving speed on the motorway (in km/h).||50|
|destination=*||Name of town for the direction of the motorway. Normally the town written on the sign which belongs to the motorway-link.||Frankfurt|
|carriageway_ref=*||In the UK, the reference number for the carriageway, as displayed on Highway Agency signing||B|
Consider adding the all of these ways to a relation of type (what type of relation? PeterIto 02:47, 20 January 2013 (UTC)).
|Australia||Motorways, freeways, and freeway-like roads.
Divided roads with 2 or 3 lanes in each direction, limited access via interchanges, no traffic lights. Generally 100 or 110 km/h speed limit. For example: Hume Freeway.
|Australian Roads Tagging|
|Belarus||Дарога для аўтамабіляў||RU:Map Features:highway|
|Belgium||nl:autostrade/autosnelweg fr:autoroute de:autobahn maxspeed=120 km/h|
|Brazil||Autoestradas, >80 km/h|
|Czechia||Dálnice||Cs:WikiProjekt Česko/Značení silnic|
|Denmark||Motorvej||Danish Map Features|
|France||Autoroute (A) : divided roads with 2 lanes or more in each direction, plus a lane on the right reserved for emergency stop.
|Hong Kong||Designated expressways, road tunnels and tunnel areas.||Zh-hant:Hong Kong tagging|
|Hungary||Autópálya||WikiProject Hungary/Gyorsforgalmi út|
|Iran (Islamic Republic of)||The Freeways according to the definition of Iranian National Standardization Organization.|
|Italy||Autostrada, compresi i raccordi autostradali come le tangenziali di Milano e il Grande Raccordo Anulare di Roma.||It:Italian Roads Tagging|
|Japan||Expressways or motor roads. Normally divided with 2 or more lanes in each direction.|
|Korea||Divided, grade-separated highway with 2 or more lanes in each direction designated by a red and blue shield (toll roads). Also, some National Routes (blue oval) which have been upgraded to Motorway status (toll-free).||Ko:Map Features|
|Malaysia||Lebuhraya: usually tolled.||Expressway section of the Malaysian_Roads_Tagging page|
|New Zealand||Motorways and expressways
Divided highway with 2 or more lanes in each direction. Grade-separated interchanges (no at-grade intersections, traffic lights or roundabouts). Generally 100 or 110 km/h speed limit.
|Philippines||Expressways (mostly tolled).
Examples include the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), South Luzon Expressway (SLEX), Metro Manila Skyway, Subic - Clark - Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX), Tarlac - Pangasinan - La Union Expressway (TPLEX), Manila - Cavite Expressway (CAVITEX/Coastal Road), etc.
|Poland||Autostrada||WikiProject Poland/Klasyfikacja dróg|
|Portugal||Auto-estrada – the national road institute changed the reference to IP (Itinerário Principal) or IC (Itinerário Complementar). There are still some "Auto-estradas" not renamed so they keep the name.|
|Russia||автомагистраль (avtomagistral'), которая уже имеет статус trunk.||RU:Map Features:highway|
|Slovak Republic||Diaľnica & Rýchlostná cesta|
|Slovenia||Avtocesta||WikiProject_Slovenia/Ceste#AC, HC - Avtoceste in Hitre ceste|
|Spain||Autopista/Autovía||WikiProject Spain/Autopista Normalización|
|Switzerland||Autobahn / autoroute|
|Taiwan||國道 (Freeway)||WikiProject Taiwan/Taiwan tagging|
|Turkey||Otoyol Vikipedi(turkish) Motorway network in Turkey. Highways in use, under construction and projected||Tr:Turkey roads tagging|
|US||A freeway, turnpike, or interstate
Grade-separated highway, normally divided with 2 or more lanes in each direction. Access by ramps only. This includes all Interstate Highways (with a couple of rare exceptions) and some US and state highways (or portions thereof).
|Venezuela||Se califica como autopista a una vía rápida que cumpla con las características de:
1. Tener un separador físico en el medio, ya sea un muro de concreto o una gran extensión de tierra, que divida las dos calzadas de flujo.
2. La misma debe ser accedida exclusivamente a través de un distribuidor vial y no contener cruces ni semáforos a lo largo de su travesía.
Si la vía rápida no cumple con ambas características, se le debe clasificar como una Principal (trunk)