|highway = trunk|
|Important roads that are not motorways.|
|Rendering in openstreetmap-carto|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
Use highway=trunk for high performance or high importance roads that don't meet the requirement for motorway. In different countries, either performance or importance is used as the defining criterion for trunk – see #International equivalence and Highway:International equivalence for guidance on road classification in different countries.
How to map
To map a simple trunk road you can just draw a line for it. Select all ways which belong to the trunk road and tag them with highway=trunk. As always, use oneway=yes when it is not possible to drive in both directions on the trunk road, and make sure the way points in the same direction as the oneway goes.
In the case of a dual carriageway you should draw one way for each direction and tag each direction separately. Position the nodes in alignment (as shown), this gives a better result when the map will be rendered and indicates directly that both ways belong together.
To attach more information for the trunk road you should add further keys.
- maxspeed=Number indicates the maximum speed which is allowed
- minspeed=Number indicates the minimum speed which need to be reached to use this road
- name=Name of the road
- ref=reference name e.g. "B 6", see your countries road identification system
- lanes=Number to indicate how many lanes exist on the trunk road.
- motorroad=* indicates if this road has the Motorcars Only traffic rule
- expressway=* indicates if this road is an expressway: a dual-carriageway (divided) highway with high-speed design features, plus limited access to adjacent properties or grade-seperated interchanges.
- toll:N3=yes - Tolls for trucks with a maximum permissible weight> 12 t
- destination=* Indicates where the road goes to. Consider the direction of the way and use the name of the city written on the sign which belongs to the trunk_link: for example "London" (for trunk_link see highway=trunk_link)
In the case you do not have a normal trunk road you should take a look on these sites:
- highway=trunk_link - The link roads (sliproads / ramps) leading to and from a trunk road.
- bridge=yes + layer=1 - If the trunk road goes over a street or waterway.
- tunnel=yes + layer=-1 - If the trunk road goes below a street or waterway.
Below is a comparison of how some of the tags are assigned in different countries. Users should consult the guide for the particular country for more details and additional tags.
|Country||Trunk description||More details|
|Australia||National highways; state strategic road network.
Connecting major population centres. For example Bruce Highway, Pacific Highway.
|Australian Roads Tagging|
|Austria||Autostraße Note the small difference to the Motorcars Only traffic sign in Germany.||WikiProject Austria/Schnellstraßen|
|Belgium||Autoweg / Expressweg / Route express|
|Brazil||Rodovias duplicadas (divided highways), vias expressas urbanas (urban expressways)|
|Bulgaria||Скоростен път с поне две ленти във всяка посока. Ограничението на скоростта не трябва да е по-малко от стандартното (50 км/ч за населени места, 90 км/ч извън тях).|
|China||国道(not superceded by expressways)/城市快速道路|
|Croatia||Expressways (Brza cesta) and motorroads (cesta za promet motornih vozila) WikiProject Croatia/Ceste|
|Czech Republic||Silnice pro motorová vozidla: and other major 4-lanes highways mainly in urban areas|
|Finland||Valtatiet/National Highways||Fi:Map Features|
|France||Rocade, voie rapide ou voie express. Voie ayant les caractéristiques d'une autoroute. En général, une 2x2 voies avec séparation centrale.
Par défaut : lanes="2", maxspeed="110" (sauf périph. Paris: 80)
+ ref="Nxx" ou "Dxx"
+ lanes="x" (si voies <> 2)
|Germany||For Motorway Like Roads (Autobahnähnliche Straße collq. Schnellstraße) without crossings. The carriageways are separated physically or by road markings. Motorway-like junctions with exit signs indicate a trunk road. Neither bound to an administrative class like nor to the traffic rule Kraftfahrstraße (motorroad=yes) indicated by this sign . Note the very similar Austrian sign which indeed indicates a road class.||DE:Tag:highway=trunk|
|Greece||1st-tier National Roads||WikiProject Greece § Road Network|
|Hong Kong SAR||Roads with route number, but not expressways or tunnels||Zh-hant:Hong Kong tagging#街道分類 Classifications of streets|
|Indonesia||National Roads. Different by island.|
|Iran||The Expressways according to the definition of Iranian National Standardization Organization.|
|Ireland||National Primary Routes, regardless of build quality. Currently numbered N1-N33. Signed in white lettering on a green background.|
|Israel||National Primary Routes, regardless of build quality. They are numbered with one or two digits. Red numbers on a white background surrounded by green border.||He:Map Features|
|Italy||"Strade a scorrimento veloci" (~roads for high travel speeds) with on ramps and off ramps and without level crossings or roundabouts, a road class generally between primary roads and motorways. For mapping access restrictions similar to motorways, use the tag motorroad=yes. Usually the major roads between cities are of this type.|
|Morocco||Rocade, expressway.2x2 Divided highway, every intersections with roundabout.speedlimit 80 or 100 km/h|
|New Zealand||Strategic State Highways
State Highways linking major urban areas (population 30,000+), major ports, major airports, international tourist destinations, and/or remote regions. Generally two lanes undivided with regular passing lanes. All State Highways not meeting the criteria should be tagged highway=primary.
|Norway||Nation infrastructure road (Riksvei) that are not "Motorvei" , green signs, include E-roads class A and B||No:Map Features#Road classes|
|Poland||Expressway (Polish: Droga ekspresowa) – high-speed, limited-access highway with similar restrictions as in case of motorways (no bikes/horses/tractors allowed), but a bit lower technical parameters. In contrast to motorways it has lower speed limit (140 km/h for motorways vs. 120/100 km/h for dual/single carriageway expressways), it can be single carriageway (most are dual, however) and can have intersections with main roads (except for other expressways and motorways; but in practice probably there are no intersections on any Polish expressway). Reference numbers for expressways in Poland have 'S' prefix, for example S5 .||WikiProject Poland/Klasyfikacja dróg|
|Portugal||Used in Vias Rápidas, Itinerários Principais and Itinerários Complementares. (Only with H25 signal.)|
|Romania||highway=trunk is used for any national road part of a European corridor or express ways (do not exist in Romania); along with the national road shield (white on red background) there are also plates similar to this . The ref=* tag has the format DNn, DNnn or DNnnx (n=0-9, x=A-Z), while the tag int_ref=* has the format Enn or Ennn.
E.g.: DN6/E60, DN2/E85 .
|Serbia||Motorroads (Мотопут/Motoput) , roads with two lanes (without shoulder) designed for high-speed vehicle traffic (путеви резервисани за саобраћај моторних возила).|
|Slovakia||Cesta pre motorové vozidlá: and other high-speed 4-lane roads exclusive for motor vehicles|
|South Korea||Divided highway without ramps.
Higher speeds. Few stop lights or stop signs.
|Sweden||Trunk roads (stamväg) as defined by the state, including all European routes and certain other national roads (riksväg). https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamväg#Lista_över_stamvägar_i_Sverige|
|Switzerland||Autostrasse / autoroute de 2eme classe (semi-autoroute)|
|Tanzania||Refers to a (paved) 'Trunk Road', as classified by Tanroads. Main roads that connect major cities in the country: e.g. T1 from Dar es Salaam - Zambia border.|
|United Kingdom||primary A road (green signs)|
|United States||Varies between States. In some places, especially in the east, the tag is only used for roads which are a "Surface expressway": A relatively high-speed divided road (at least 40 MPH with a barrier or median separating each direction of traffic), with a limited amount of intersections and driveways. In other places, especially in rural, western States, it is used for any major intercity highway. This includes many U.S. Highways (especially those that do not parallel an Interstate) and some state highways.|
|Venezuela||Main roads used for the vast majority of trunks (T-XX, Troncal XX) that run across the country, and that generally connect one city with another. In some places some of the local roads (L-XX, Local XX) will also be included.|
|Vietnam||Trunk (Xa lộ) in Vietnam usually have more than 3 lane with lane classification signs.|
(for each carriageway)