Template:Yue:Map Features:highway

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


高速公路 (Highway)

呢個係用嚟描述道路同埋路徑。介紹佢嘅用處可以睇睇 Highways。睇睇 Restrictions 就有關於車輛類型、時間、日期、載重同埋作用等等限制嘅介紹。

關鍵字(Key) 值 (Value) 元件 (Element) 描述 (Description) 圖例 (Map Rendering) 相 (photo)

道路 (Roads)

These are the principal tags for the road network. They range from the most to least important.

highway motorway way 限制通行嘅主要分隔道路,通常有2條或以上嘅行車線另外有緊急時用嘅路肩。等於美國嘅 Freeway同埋德國嘅 Autobahn 等等。
Rendering-highway motorway neutral.png
Motorway-photo.jpg
highway trunk way 喺國家嘅系統裡面嘅重要幹道,但係唔係快速公路。(唔需要一定係分隔道路。)
Rendering-highway trunk L3005 MF.png
Dscf0444 600.jpg
highway primary way 喺國家嘅系統裡面下一個重要道路。(通常連接住大城市。)
Rendering-highway primary neutral.png
Primary-photo.jpg
highway secondary way 喺國家嘅系統裡面下一個重要道路。(通常連接住市鎮。)
Rendering-highway secondary neutral.png
Meyenburg-L134.jpg
highway tertiary way 喺國家嘅系統裡面下一個重要道路。(通常連接住小鎮同鄉村。)
Rendering-highway tertiary neutral.png
OHZ-K28-Bergedorfer Str.jpg
highway unclassified way
Rendering-highway unclassified.png
Highway unclassified-photo.jpg
highway residential way
Rendering-highway residential.png
Residential.jpg

連接路 (Links road)

highway motorway_link way
Rendering-highway motorway link.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway trunk_link way
Rendering-highway trunk link.png
Trunk link.jpg
highway primary_link way
Rendering-highway primary link.png
B20 (Ausfahrt Fridolfing-Kaltenbrunn) - geo-en.hlipp.de - 11914.jpg
highway secondary_link way
Rendering-highway secondary link.png
highway tertiary_link way
Rendering-highway tertiary link.png

Special road types

highway living_street way
Living street osm.png
beginning of a living street with a paving stones surface and some trees and cars parking at the sides
highway service way area
Rendering-highway service.png
Alley.jpg
highway pedestrian way area
Pedestrian with area osm.png
Cambridge Rd - geograph.org.uk - 1189572.jpg
highway track way
Rendering-highway track.png
Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
highway bus_guideway way
Rendering-highway-bus guideway-mapnik.png
Mercedes-Benz O 305 on guided busway in Adelaide.jpg
highway escape way For runaway truck ramps, runaway truck lanes, emergency escape ramps, or truck arrester beds. It enables vehicles with braking failure to safely stop.
A7-Notbremsweg.jpg
highway raceway way
Rendering-highway-raceway-mapnik.png
Raceway.jpg
highway road way
Rendering-highway-road-mapnik.png
Road.png

highway [[ | footway]] way
Rendering-highway footway.png
Dscf0487 600.jpg
highway [[ | bridleway]] way
Rendering-highway bridleway.png
Bridleway-reitweg-de.jpg
highway [[ | steps]] way
Rendering-highway steps.png
Steps.jpg
highway corridor way For a hallway inside of a building.
HK TST Star House mall corridor interior shop signs Sept-2012.JPG
highway [[ |path]] way
Path osm.png
GuideFootPathCycleYes.jpg

When sidewalk/crosswalk is tagged as a separate way

footway sidewalk way
Rendering-highway footway.png
200806 Berlin 91sidewalk.jpg
footway crossing way
Rendering-highway footway.png
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg

When sidewalk (or pavement) is tagged on the main roadway (see Sidewalks)

sidewalk both / left / right / no way Specifies that the highways has sidewalks on both sides, on one side or no sidewalk at all
Sidewalk and zebra-crossing.jpg

When cycleway is drawn as its own way (see Bicycle)

highway [[ | cycleway]] way
Cycleway osm.png
Separated cycleway with traffic sign

Cycleway tagged on the main roadway or lane (see Bicycle)

cycleway lane way A lane is a route that lies within the roadway
Cycle trackinroad.jpg
cycleway opposite way Used on ways with oneway=yes where it is legally permitted to cycle in both directions. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Sul bxl 01.JPG
cycleway opposite_lane way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling lane going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Fr-C24a ex3-Conditions particulieres par voie-velo.gif
cycleway track way A track provides a route that is separated from traffic. In the United States, this term is often used to refer to bike lanes that are separated from lanes for cars by pavement buffers, bollards, parking lanes, and curbs. Note that a cycle track may alternatively be drawn as a separate way next to the road which is tagged as highway=cycleway.
Cycle nexttoroad.jpg
cycleway opposite_track way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling track going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
549c Spitzenkiel140923.jpg
cycleway share_busway way There is a bus lane that cyclists are permitted to use.
Busandbike.jpg
cycleway opposite_share_busway way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a bus lane that cyclists are also permitted to use, and which go in the opposite direction to normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" bus lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg
cycleway shared_lane way Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, but there are markings indicating that they should share the lane with motorists. In some places these markings are known as "sharrows" ('sharing arrows') and this is the tag to use for those.
Sharrows Toronto 2011.jpg
busway lane way Bus lane on both sides of the road. (See also: Parallel scheme for bus/psv lane tagging lanes:bus=* / lanes:psv=*)
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg

Lifecycle

highway proposed way For planned roads, use with proposed=* and a value of the proposed highway value.
highway [[ | construction]] way
Highway construction 200805041655.png
different colours
12Jan05 04.jpg

Attributes

abutters commercial / industrial / mixed / residential / retail etc. way See Key:abutters for more details.
Dscf1376-600.jpg
bicycle_road yes way
456Humboldtstr.jpg
bus_bay both / left / right way A bus bay outside the main carriageway for boarding/alighting
1033@970.jpg
embedded_rails yes / <type of railway> way A highway on which non-railway traffic is also allowed has railway tracks embedded in it but the rails are mapped as separate ways.
Ruusulankatu tram rails (at lat 60.18206, lon 24.92450) heading NW.jpg
ford yes node way
Map feature ford.jpg
ice_road yes way A highway is laid upon frozen water basin, definitely doesn't exist in summer.
Pechora crossing.jpg
incline Number % / ° / up / down node way
Incline17.jpg
junction [[ | roundabout]] way closed way
Mapping-Features-Roundabout-Simple.png
Roundabout.jpg
lanes number way The number of traffic lanes for general purpose traffic, also for buses and other specific classes of vehicle.
NLEx 6 Lanes.jpg
lit yes / no nodewayarea Street lighting
Berlin speer-leuchte.jpg
motorroad yes / no way node The motorroad tag is used to describe highways that have motorway-like access restrictions but that are not a motorway.
120px-Zeichen 331.svg.png
mountain_pass yes node The highest point of a mountain pass.
Mountain pass.jpg
mtb:scale 0-6 way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A classification scheme for mtb trails (few inclination and downhill).
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale:uphill 0-5 way A classification scheme for mtb trails for going uphill if there is significant inclination.
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale:imba 0-4 way The IMBA Trail Difficulty Rating System shall be used for bikeparks. It is adapted to mtb trails with artificial obstacles.
mtb:description Text way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A key to input variable infos related to mtbiking on a way with human words
overtaking yes / no / caution / both / forward / backward way Specifying sections of roads where overtaking is legally forbidden. Use overtaking:forward=yes/no/caution and overtaking:backward=yes/no/caution when it depends on driving direction.
Overtakinglines.jpg
parking:condition free / ticket / disc / residents / customers / private way Specifying the parking conditions (terms). See parking:condition=* for more details.
parking:lane parallel / diagonal / perpendicular / marked / no_parking / no_stopping / fire_lane. way Specifying the parking space. See parking:lane=* for more details.
Parkingonstreetlanes2nowide.png
passing_places yes way
Single-track.jpg
priority_road designated / yes_unposted / end way Specifying roads signposted as priority roads.
Vienna Convention road sign B3-V1.svg
sac_scale hiking / mountain_hiking / demanding_mountain_hiking / alpine_hiking / demanding_alpine_hiking / difficult_alpine_hiking way Applies to highway=path and highway=footway. A classification scheme for hiking trails.
Mountain hiking.jpg
service alley / driveway / parking_aisle etc. way
Seattle - alley north from S Jackson between Western & 1st - A.jpg
smoothness excellent / good / intermediate / bad / very_bad / horrible / very_horrible / impassable way See Key:smoothness for more details.
Jena Track roots.jpg
surface paved / unpaved / asphalt / concrete / paving_stones / sett / cobblestone / metal / wood / compacted / fine_gravel / gravel / pebblestone / plastic / grass_paver / grass / dirt / earth / mud / sand / ground way See Key:surface for more details.
Transportation in Tanzania Traffic problems.JPG
tactile_paving yes / no node way area A paving in the ground to be followed with a blindman's stick. Not to be rendered on standard maps.
Tactile paving.jpg
tracktype grade1 / grade2 / grade3 / grade4 / grade5 way To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:tracktype for more information.
Mapnik-tracktype-grade1.png
Surface grade1.jpg
traffic_calming bump / hump / table / island / cushion / yes / etc. node way
Traffic calming example.jpg
trail_visibility excellent / good / intermediate / bad / horrible / no way Applies to highway=path, highway=footway, highway=cycleway and highway=bridleway. A classification for hiking trails visibility
Trail visibility good.jpg
turn left / slight_left / through / right / slight_right / merge_to_left / merge_to_right / reverse way The key turn can be used to specify the direction in which a way or a lane will lead.
Zeichen 297 - Richtungspfeile, StVO 1970.svg
winter_road yes way A highway functions during winter, probably can't be driven in summer.
Anuisk bilibino sever66.jpg

highway [[ | bus_stop]] node
Bus stop.12.svg
Bus prumyslova.jpg
highway [[ | crossing]] node
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway [[ | elevator]] node way
Elevator-12.svg
240 Sparks Elevators.jpg
highway emergency_bay node way An area beside a highway where you can safely stop your car in case of breakdown or emergency.
Fr-C8-Emplacement d'arret d'urgence.gif
highway [[ | emergency_access_point]] node
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
highway [[ | give_way]] node
Give way.jpg
emergency phone node A calling device can be used to tell on your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Borne SOS.jpg
highway milestone node Highway location marker
3marcoquilometriconovo.png
highway [[ | mini_roundabout]] node
Mapping-Features-Mini-Roundabout.png
Mini-roundabout.jpg
highway [[ | motorway_junction]] node
Mapnik-Motorway-Junction.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway passing_place node
Ausweichstelle.jpg
highway platform node way area
Rendering-highway railway platform line.png
Bayview trstwy.jpg
highway [[ | rest_area]] node area Place where drivers can leave the road to rest, but not refuel.
Rendering-highway-services-mapnik.jpg
Wentworth terrain.jpg
highway [[ | speed_camera]] node
Speed camera.jpg
highway street_lamp node
Litpath.jpg
highway services node area
Mapping Features Motorway service area.jpg
De lucht.jpg
highway stop node
STOP sign.jpg
highway traffic_mirror node Mirror that reflects the traffic on one road when direct view is blocked.
Verkehrsspiegel.JPG
highway [[ | traffic_signals]] node
Rendering-traffic singals.jpg
Ampel.jpg
highway trailhead node Designated place to start on a trail or route
Ancient Lakes Trailhead - panoramio.jpg
highway [[ | turning_circle]] node
Mapping-Features-Turning-Circle.png
Turning circle.jpg
highway turning_loop node A widened area of a highway with a non-traversable island for turning around, often circular and at the end of a road.
Turning circle - geograph.org.uk - 991834.jpg
highway toll_gantry node A toll gantry is a gantry suspended over a way, usually a motorway, as part of a system of electronic toll collection. For a toll booth with any kind of barrier or booth see: barrier=toll_booth
ZA toll gantry.png
highway User Defined node way

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.