RU:Deprecated features

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Доступные языки — Deprecated features
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В OpenStreetMap нет "устаревших элементов", так как каждому позволяется и в целом приветствуется использование любых тегов, которые участник сочтёт полезными.

Тем не менее, время от времени сообщество принимает новое правило тегирования вместо более старого, ради улучшения ясности или структуры тегирования. Если в таких случаях не существует весомого довода в пользу сохранения старого тега, стоит воспользоваться рекомендациями и перейти к использованию новых тегов согласно данной статье.

Нижеследующие объекты получили новую схему тегирования по результатам дискуссий. Учтите, что некоторые из этих схем ещё упоминаются в статье RU:Map_Features, и должны оставаться здесь, пока они широко используются.


Дата Старый ключ/значение Применение старого тега Предложенная замена N Причина
2014-12-27 aerialway=canopy

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aerialway=zip_line 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-21 amenity=abandoned

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abandoned:amenity=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2016-04-06 amenity=advertising

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advertising=* 11 An ad is not an amenity... Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated".
2015-12-18 amenity=artwork

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tourism=artwork 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-08 amenity=car_repair

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shop=car_repair 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 amenity=citymap_post

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tourism=information 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-18 amenity=community_center

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amenity=community_centre 39 British English is preferred in tags.
2015-12-21 amenity=creche

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amenity=childcare
or
amenity=kindergarten
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 amenity=disused

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disused:amenity=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2015-02 amenity=dog_bin

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amenity=waste_basket+
waste=dog_excrement
or
amenity=vending_machine+
vending=excrement_bags
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-02 amenity=dog_waste_bin

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amenity=waste_basket+
waste=dog_excrement
or
amenity=vending_machine+
vending=excrement_bags
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-08 amenity=education

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amenity=college
or
amenity=school
or
amenity=university
or
office=tutoring
12 This tag has never been approved, nor had wide usage. Take one of the replacements to correctly tag the education place.
2016-01-02 amenity=education

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amenity=school
or
amenity=college
or
amenity=university
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-07 amenity=emergency_phone

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emergency=phone 47 WikiProject Emergency Cleanup
2015-05-13 amenity=ev_charging

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amenity=charging_station 26 The latter tag is more expressive than the former.
2014-07 amenity=fire_hydrant

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emergency=fire_hydrant 47 WikiProject Emergency Cleanup
2009-10 amenity=garages

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amenity=parking+
parking=*
or
landuse=garages
50 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". There is currently no consensus on the preferred tagging suggestions, as both got consensus on Oct. 2009 (Proposed features/Additional parking types for amenity=parking; Proposed features/tag:landuse=garages).
2007 amenity=hotel

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tourism=hotel 7 Лучшее сочетание с ключом
2015-12-22 amenity=kiosk

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shop=kiosk 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-21 amenity=nursery

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amenity=childcare
or
amenity=kindergarten
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-21 amenity=park

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leisure=park 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-12-18 amenity=preschool

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amenity=kindergarten 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 amenity=proposed

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proposed:amenity=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2015-06-07 amenity=real_estate

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office=estate_agent 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-04 amenity=sauna

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leisure=sauna 32 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with_status "deprecated". Tagging as "leisure" has been proposed, while "amenity" has been marked as deprecated in the same time.
2007-07-16 amenity=shop

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shop=* 1 Появление ключа "shop"
2014-10-20 amenity=winery

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shop=winery
or
craft=winery
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-11-07 amenity=youth_centre

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amenity=community_centre + community_centre:for=juvenile
or
community_centre:for=child;juvenile
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2013-10-06 bridge=arch

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bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=arch
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=beam

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bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=beam
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=humpback

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bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=humpback
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=lift

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bridge=movable+
bridge:movable=lift
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=pontoon

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bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=floating
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=suspension

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bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=suspension
25 Proposed features/Bridge types
2013-10-06 bridge=swing

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bridge=movable+
bridge:movable=swing
or
bridge=yes+
bridge:structure=simple-suspension
24 Proposed features/Bridge types - was formerly used to map two very different bridge types (hanging/swinging rope bridges and movable swing bridges)
2012 building:type=*

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building=* 29 Proposed features/Building attributes has been abandoned.
2011-10-27 building=entrance

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entrance=* 14 Улучшение схемы тегирования с ключом "building"; удтверждён тег entrance=*. (но аккуратнее, тег building=entrance всё ещё стандарт де-факто)
2006 class=*

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highway=* 2 Появление ключа "highway"
2012-11-28 color=*

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colour=* 18 Usage of American form color probably mainly due to a bug in JOSM presets.
2013-10-22 date_off=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2013-10-22 date_on=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2013-10-22 day_off=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2013-10-22 day_on=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2014-05-01 drinkable=*

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drinking_water=* 21 There is no need for redundant tags. One key is sufficient.
2012-09-14 escalator=*

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highway=steps+
conveying=*
38 Proposed features/Escalators and Moving Walkways
2008-10-19 fenced=yes

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barrier=fence 48 Introduction of barrier=*
2015-12-21 highway=abandoned

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abandoned:highway=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2009-08 highway=byway

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highway=track/path +
designation=byway_open_to_all_traffic or designation=restricted_byway
access=*
13 Более точное тегирование общественных дорожных прав в Англии и Уэльсе (англ.).
2012 highway=ford

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ford=* 17 highway=ford" на линии не позволяет описать сам класс дороги (например, "unclassified"). Некоторые рендереры ещё не освоились с новым тегом (см. openstreetmap-carto issue 267) - не меняйте автоматически (или полуавтоматически) старую схему на новую.
2008-06-12 highway=incline_steep

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incline=* 3 Any type of highway=* (primary, secondary, ...) may have inclined sections tagged separately, this does not create a new type of highway
2008-06-12 highway=incline

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incline=* 3 Any type of highway=* (primary, secondary, ...) may have inclined sections tagged separately, this does not create a new type of highway
2007 highway=minor

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highway=tertiary or highway=unclassified or highway=service or such 9 Abandoned feature.
2014-09-21 highway=no

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No tags 33 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". See DE:Tag:highway=no.
2008-10-19 highway=stile

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barrier=stile 4 "Суть" этого значения лучше подходит новому ключу (решено голосованием)
2008-03-19 highway=unsurfaced

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highway=* +
surface=unpaved

highway=track
5 Дороги многих классов могут не иметь твёрдого покрытия
2014-10-19 historic_name=*

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old_name=*
or
name=*
37 Taken from Category:Key descriptions with status_"deprecated".
2015-12-21 historic=abandoned

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abandoned:historic=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2008-01-10 historic=icon

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No 6 нет описания, точное применение не ясно
2008-01-20 historic=museum

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tourism=museum 16 Tag historic=* should be used for historic items (and therefore not a museum).
2013-10-22 hour_off=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2013-10-22 hour_on=*

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Conditional restrictions
or
opening_hours=*
20 схема тегирования условий : более гибка, чем старые ключи day_on/off и hour_on/off.
2010 landuse=farm

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landuse=farmland
or
landuse=farmyard
36 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Originally designed to mark agricultural zones, this tag has confused many contributors, who tagged also buildings with it.
2010 landuse=field

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landuse=farmland 46 Proposed features/agricultural Field#Conclusion?
2011-05-09 landuse=pond

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natural=water+
water=pond
30 Even though this tag is widely used, it has been deprecated by Proposed features/Water details. Both tagging schemes should persist for some time.
2007-07-16 landuse=wood

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landuse=forest
or
natural=wood
8 В зависимости от того, ухожен ли лес или дик.
2017-04-13 leisure=beach

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natural=beach 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-08-02 leisure=club

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club=* 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 leisure=gambling

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amenity=gambling or such 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-01-27 leisure=video_arcade

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leisure=adult_gaming_centre for venues with gambling machines;
or
leisure=amusement_arcade for venues with pay-to-play games.
44 Proposed features/Gambling
2017-04-06 man_made=cooling_tower

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man_made=tower+
tower:type=cooling
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 man_made=cut_line

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man_made=cutline 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2017-06-17 man_made=hot_water_tank

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man_made=storage_tank+
content=hot_water
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2013-05-23 man_made=jetty

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man_made=pier 42 Tag whose definition remains unclear. man_made=pier is way more widely used.
2016-01-02 man_made=village_pump

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man_made=water_well 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-07-09 man_made=water_tank

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man_made=storage_tank+
content=water
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 man_made=well

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man_made=water_well 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-03-19 name:botanical=*

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species=* 37 Taken from Category:Key descriptions with status_"deprecated".
2011-08-31 natural=land

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Relation type=multipolygon
or
natural=coastline
15 Для островов в реках и озёрах стоит применять мультиполигоны, для океанических - natural=coastline.
2008-11-18 natural=marsh

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natural=wetland +
wetland=marsh
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2017-03-08 natural=moor

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Look the natural=moor page for lots of suggestions. 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2009-08-08 noexit=no

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fixme=Continue 40 If there is an exit... it should be mapped!
2016-03-02 office=administrative

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office=government 55 Proposed features/Government offices
2015-06-07 office=real_estate_agent

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office=estate_agent 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-06-07 office=real_estate

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office=estate_agent 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2012-12-08 place_name=*

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name=* 23 Although it made sense in the past, nowadays it completely overlaps with name=*. More info here.
2016-06-30 pole=transition

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location:transition=yes 54 Implementation of location=* key by Proposed features/PipelineExtension which also supports underwater.
2010-09 power_rating=*

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generator:output=* 28 Proposed features/generator rationalisation
2010-09 power_source=*

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generator:source=* 28 Proposed features/generator rationalisation
2013-01-24 power=station

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power=substation
or
power=plant
or
power=generator
19 'power=station' может быть спутано с "power station" (= электростанцией) и никогда не используется в качестве синонима "подстанции" в британском английском. Please take the opportunity to review the object and add useful information, not just "correct" it.
2014-11-25 power=sub_station

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power=substation 19 'power=station' может быть спутано с "power station" (= электростанцией) и никогда не используется в качестве синонима "подстанции" в британском английском. Please take the opportunity to review the object and add useful information, not just "correct" it.
2013-02-01 power=underground_cable

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power=cable + location=underground 54 Implementation of location=* key by Proposed features/PipelineExtension which also supports underwater.
2014-10-24 railway=preserved

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historic=railway+
railway=rail (or whatever type) +
railway:preserved=yes
41 See OpenRailwayMap/Aktiventreffen 2014 2#Tracks. Clashes with railway=narrow_gauge when such railways are preserved.
2008-05-30 route=ncn

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Cycle_routes 27 RU:Cycle routes
2007-07-16 shop=*

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shop=yes
or
shop=* (the actual shop type)
51 A star '*' should not be considered as a correct value tag.
2015-12-08 shop=antique

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shop=antiques 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2012-03-08 shop=auto_parts

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shop=car_parts 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-01-27 shop=betting

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shop=bookmaker
or
shop=lottery

See also Tag:shop=betting.
44 Proposed features/Gambling
2016-01-02 shop=disused

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disused:shop=*, or such 49 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". Besides, the deprecated tagging does not indicate which kind of amenity (or whatever) it used to/will be... See also Lifecycle prefix.
2017-04-06 shop=dive

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shop=scuba_diving 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2010-06-06 shop=fish

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shop=seafood (see also Tag:shop=fish). 45 Proposed features/seafood shop
2010-06-06 shop=fishmonger

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shop=seafood 45 Proposed features/seafood shop
2015-12-20 shop=furnace

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shop=houseware
or
shop=heating
or
craft=plumber
52 This tag is confusing. A furnace is a big oven used for melting metals; some people also applied this tag for shops selling cooking stoves.
2016-01-02 shop=gallery

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shop=art 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-01-27 shop=gambling

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amenity=gambling (see also Tag:shop=gambling). 44 Proposed features/Gambling
2017-04-06 shop=glass

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craft=glaziery 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2017-04-07 shop=moneylender

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shop=money_lender 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2012-02-11 shop=organic

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shop=*+
organic=*
34 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated". See also Talk:Tag:shop=organic.
2015-12-08 shop=perfume

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shop=perfumery 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2015-06-07 shop=real_estate

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office=estate_agent 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 shop=window

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craft=window_construction 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2016-01-02 shop=windows

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craft=window_construction 31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2013-12-23 sport=diving

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sport=scuba_diving
or
sport=cliff_diving
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2010-08-25 sport=gaelic_football

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sport=gaelic_games+
specific tag of gaelic game
35 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated".
2016-09-13 sport=paragliding

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sport=free_flying
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2014-05-28 tourism=bed_and_breakfast

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tourism=guest_house+
guest_house=bed_and_breakfast
31 Taken from Category:Tag descriptions with status "deprecated"
2008-03-19 waterway=mooring

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mooring=* 10 Бóльшая гибкость; позволяет сохранить основное значение waterway=*.
2010-05-10 waterway=rapids

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Whitewater sports 43 Do not make any automated edit for this: read WikiProject Whitewater Maps.
2016-01-02 waterway=wadi

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waterway=stream or waterway=river
+intermittent=yes
or/and
natural=valley
53 In Arabic wadi means valley, but this conflicts with explanations in Wikipedia and probably with interpretations in various parts of the world. For initial discussion that ended with wadi deprecation see https://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/tagging/2015-January/thread.html#20946. Beware that this kind of edit requires local knowledge: it is impossible to do it correctly with mass replace without local knowledge.
2014-06-06 wood=*

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leaf_type=* 22 The values wood=coniferous and wood=deciduous are ambiguous. It was approved to use leaf_type=* instead.