Map Features

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OpenStreetMap represents physical features on the ground (e.g., roads or buildings) using tags attached to its basic data structures (its nodes, ways, and relations). Each tag describes a geographic attribute of the feature being shown by that specific node, way or relation.

OpenStreetMap's free tagging system allows the map to include an unlimited number of attributes describing each feature. The community agrees on certain key and value combinations for the most commonly used tags, which act as informal standards. However, users can create new tags to improve the style of the map or to support analyses that rely on previously unmapped attributes of the features. Short descriptions of tags that relate to particular topics or interests can be found using the feature pages.

Most features can be described using only a small number of tags, such as a path with a classification tag such as highway=footway, and perhaps also a name using name=*. But, since this is a worldwide, inclusive map, there can be many different feature types in OpenStreetMap, almost all of them described by tags.

For details of more tags and proposed changes to existing tags see Proposed Features, Inactive Features and Deprecated features. If you do not find a suitable tag in this list then feel free to make something suitable up as long as the tag values will be verifiable. Over time, you may find that the tag name is changed to fit with some wider consensus. However, many good tags were used first and documented later.


Primary features


This is used to tag different forms of transportation for people or goods by using aerial wires. For example these may include cable-cars, chair-lifts and drag-lifts. See the page Aerialway for more information on the usage of these tags.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
Types of aerialway
aerialway cable_car Way [W] Cablecar or Tramway. Just one or two large cars. The traction cable forms a loop, but the cars do not loop around, they just move up and down on their own side, rolling along static cables over which they are suspended.
Aerialway gondola render.png
CH Furtschellas aerial tram.jpg
gondola Way [W] Gondola lift. Many cars on a looped cable.
Aerialway gondola render.png
Linbana kolmården cable car.jpg
chair_lift Way [W] Chairlift. Looped cable with a series of single chairs (typically seating two or four people, but can be more). Exposed to the open air (can have a bubble).
This implies oneway=yes (drawn upward). Any two-way chairlifts should be tagged oneway=no.
Chair lift rendering.png
Silver Queen Chair, CBMR.jpg
mixed_lift Way [W] Mixed lift Also known as a hybrid lift is a new type of ski lift that combines the elements of a chairlift and a gondola lift.
Cgd panoramabahn.jpg
drag_lift Way [W] Drag lift or Surface lift is an overhead tow-line for skiers and riders. A T-bar lift, button lift, or more simple looped rope drag lifts, or loops of wire with handles to grab. See also aerialway=t-bar, aerialway=j-bar, aerialway=platter and aerialway=rope_tow.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Chair lift rendering.png
T-bar lift.JPG
t-bar Way [W] T-bar lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Chair lift rendering.png
j-bar Way [W] J-bar lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. Like t-bar but just on one side.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Chair lift rendering.png
Coldspgs j bar lift.jpg
platter Way [W] Platter lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. Similar to a t-bar, but with a disc instead of a bar. Single-person only.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Chair lift rendering.png
rope_tow Way [W] Rope tow. A type of aerialway=drag_lift.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Chair lift rendering.png
Rope tow overview.jpeg
magic_carpet Way [W] Magic carpet. A type of ski lift.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn upward).
Magic carpet uphill loaded P1437.jpeg
zip_line Way [W] Zip line. Simple aerial rope slides.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn downward).
Zip line arival SuperFly Whistler, BC, Canada.JPG
aerialway pylon Node [W] Aerial lift pylon is a pylon supporting the aerialway cable.
09 Sommet TS.JPG
station Node Area A station, where passengers can enter and/or leave the aerialway
aerialway canopy Way Obsolete, please use aerialway=zip_line instead.
This automatically implies oneway=yes (drawn downward).
goods Way Controversial, consider other aerialway=* values in combination with foot=no and/or a usage=* key instead of this.
Aerialway goods.png
user defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are mainly related to aerodromes, airfields other ground facilities that support the operation of airplanes and helicopters. See the page Aeroways for an introduction on mapping these features.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
aeroway aerodrome Node Area [W] Aerodrome in the United Kingdom or Airport in North America is used to map the main area details (other than helicopters only).
Flemingfield looking north.JPG
aeroway apron Area [W] Airport apron is an area where planes are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded.
Osmarender apron.png
LKPR sever 2003.jpg
aeroway gate Node [W] Airport gate is used to mark the gate numbers at the airports where passengers wait before boarding their flight.
Edinburgh Airport gate lounge.jpg
aeroway hangar Node Area [W] Hangar is a structure to hold aircraft or spacecraft.
Delta jet hangar at kemble england arp.jpg
aeroway helipad Node Area [W] Helipad is used to mark the landing area or platform for Helicopters
Standard icon helipad.svg
Oryx helicopter.jpg
aeroway heliport Node Area [W] Heliport is used to map the main area details for helicopters.
Heliport Niagara Falls Ontario.jpg
aeroway navigationaid Node [W] Radio navigation aid is used to mark systems that determine a position on the Earth which helps pilots guide their aircraft during flight.
aeroway runway Way Area [W] Runway is a rectangular area in which aerodrome are prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.
Rendering-aeroway runway.png
Runways Brussels Airport (7655183522).jpg
aeroway taxilane Way Area Taxilane is a path in an airport that is part of the aircraft parking area or apron (proposed feature with low usage as of 2015-10, use with caution).
aeroway taxiway Way Area [W] Taxiway is a path on an airport connecting runways with ramps, hangars, terminals and other facilities.
Rendering-aeroway taxiway.png
F-22A Elmendorf AFB.jpg
aeroway terminal Node Area [W] Airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.
aeroway windsock Node [W] Windsock is designed to indicate wind direction and relative wind speed.
Windsock of CCK Air Force Base 20111112.jpg
aeroway User defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


Used to map facilities used by visitors and residents. For example: toilets, telephones, banks, pharmacies, cafes, parking and schools. See the page Amenities for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo


amenity bar Node Area Bar is a purpose-built commercial establishment that sells alcoholic drinks to be consumed on the premises. They are characterised by a noisy and vibrant atmosphere, similar to a party and usually don't sell food. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant for a distinction between these.
amenity bbq Node BBQ or Barbecue is a permanently built grill for cooking food, which is most typically used outdoors by the public. For example these may be found in city parks or at beaches. Use the tag fuel=* to specify the source of heating, such as fuel=wood;electric;charcoal. For mapping nearby table and chairs, see also the tag tourism=picnic_site. For mapping campfires and firepits, instead use the tag leisure=firepit.
amenity biergarten Node Area Biergarten or beer garden is an open-air area where alcoholic beverages along with food is prepared and served. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant. A biergarten can commonly be found attached to a beer hall, pub, bar, or restaurant. In this case, you can use biergarten=yes additional to amenity=pub;bar;restaurant.
amenity cafe Node Area Cafe is generally an informal place that offers casual meals and beverages; typically, the focus is on coffee or tea. Also known as a coffeehouse/shop, bistro or sidewalk cafe. The kind of food served may be mapped with the tags cuisine=* and diet=*. See also the tags amenity=restaurant;bar;fast_food.
Klagenfurt Wörthersee Strandbad Cafe Sunset Bar 11102008 65.jpg
amenity drinking_water Node Drinking water is a place where humans can obtain potable water for consumption. Typically, the water is used for only drinking. Also known as a drinking fountain or bubbler.
Basler Trinkwasser 1341.jpg
amenity fast_food Node Area Fast food restaurant (see also amenity=restaurant). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet=*.
Burger king kamen osm.jpg
amenity food_court Node Area An area with several different restaurant food counters and a shared eating area. Commonly found in malls, airports, etc.
amenity ice_cream Node Area Ice cream shop or ice cream parlour. A place that sells ice cream and frozen yoghurt over the counter
Shop-ice cream.jpeg
amenity pub Node Area A place selling beer and other alcoholic drinks; may also provide food or accommodation (UK). See description of amenity=bar and amenity=pub for distinction between bar and pub
amenity restaurant Node Area Restaurant (not fast food, see amenity=fast_food). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet=*.
Caprice Restaurant.JPG


amenity college Node Area A college campus or buildings Rendering-area-amenity-college.png
Cambridge Regional College main entrance.jpg
amenity kindergarten Node Area For children too young for a regular school (also known as playschool or nursery school). Rendering-area-amenity-school.png
Story Time.jpg
amenity library Node Area A public library (municipal, university, …) to borrow books from.
Guantanamo captives' library a.jpg
amenity public_bookcase Node Area A street furniture containing books. Take one or leave one.
Hannover, public bookcase.jpg
amenity school Node Area School and grounds Rendering-area-amenity-school.png
Williamstown school.jpg
amenity music_school Node Area Music school
amenity driving_school Node Area Driving School
amenity language_school Node Area Language School
amenity university Node Area An university campus Rendering-area-amenity-university.png
Brock University campus.JPG


amenity bicycle_parking Node Area Parking for bicycles
amenity bicycle_repair_station Node Area Self-service repair stand
amenity bicycle_rental Node Area Rent a bicycle
amenity boat_sharing Node Area Share a Boat
A Boat To Share.jpg
amenity bus_station Node Area May also be tagged as public_transport=station.
Bus station.n.16.png
Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station.jpg
amenity car_rental Node Area Rent a car
Hertz car rental office Livonia Michigan.JPG
amenity car_sharing Node Area Share a car
Car share.p.16.png
U Car Share Shattuck Hearst.jpg
amenity car_wash Node Area Wash a car
Car wash-14.svg
Wuppertal - Friedrich-Engels-Allee 130 02 ies.jpg
amenity ev_charging Node Electric vehicle charging facility. Don't use, amenity=charging_station is preferred.
amenity charging_station Node Charging facility for electric vehicles
Charging station.16.svg
amenity ferry_terminal Node Area Ferry terminal/stop. A place where people/cars/etc. can board and leave a ferry.
Ferry Reet.jpg
amenity fuel Node Area Petrol station; gas station; marine fuel; … Streets to petrol stations are often tagged highway=service.
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
amenity grit_bin Node A container that holds grit or a mixture of salt and grit.
Grit bin.jpg
amenity motorcycle_parking Node Area Parking for motorcycles
Motorradparkplatz Gifhorn Mühlenmuseum.jpg
amenity parking Node Area Car park. Nodes and areas (without access tag) will get a parking symbol. Areas will be coloured. Streets on car parking are often tagged highway=service and service=parking_aisle.
P3030027ParkingLot wb.jpg
amenity parking_entrance Node An entrance or exit to an underground or multi-storey parking facility. Group multiple parking entrances together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking.
3690668043 88a731e3e0 b.jpg
amenity parking_space Node Area A single parking space. Group multiple parking spaces together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking.
138081166 2a56d66c27 b.jpg
amenity taxi Node Area A place where taxis wait for passengers.
Amenity taxi picture-Hong Kong Shatin Taxi Stand.jpg


amenity atm Node an ATM or cash point
ATM 750x1300.jpg
amenity bank Node Area a bank (for a bank that also has an ATM, it is preferred that a separate node for each ATM is added)
amenity bureau_de_change Node Bureau de change, currency exchange, Wechsel, cambio – a place to change foreign bank notes and travellers cheques
Bureau de change electronic sign.jpg


amenity baby_hatch Node Area A place where a baby can be, out of necessity, anonymously left to be safely cared for and perhaps adopted.
Babybox - venkovní strana.jpg
amenity clinic Node Area A medium-sized medical facility or health centre.
Bristol , Central Health Clinic - - 1360619.jpg
amenity dentist Node Area A dentist practice / surgery.
Military dentists in Guatemala.jpg
amenity doctors Node Area A doctor's practice / surgery.
Doctors stethoscope 2.jpg
amenity hospital Node Area Often used in conjunction with emergency=* to note whether or not the hospital has emergency facilities (A&E (brit.) or ER (am.))
Guantanamo captive's hospital beds -c.jpg
amenity nursing_home Node Area A home for disabled or elderly persons who need permanent care. See social_facility=* for more details.
Hora Svate Kateriny - nursing home.jpg
amenity pharmacy Node Area Pharmacy
dispensing=no or omitted
Boots The Chemist At Gunwharf Quays.jpg
amenity social_facility Node Area A facility that provides social services.
Social facility-14.svg
Salvation Army Citadel, Hill Street , Newport - - 1585015.jpg
amenity veterinary Node Area A place where a veterinary surgeon (vet) practices.
Veterinary Surgeon.jpg
healthcare blood_donation Node Area A place where you can donate blood, plasma and/or platelets, and possibly have stem cell samples taken.
Blood donation centre interior.jpeg

Entertainment, Arts & Culture

amenity arts_centre Node Area A venue where a variety of arts are performed or conducted
Alhamra Art Centre.JPG
amenity brothel Node Area An establishment specifically dedicated to prostitution
Walletjes 001.jpg
amenity casino Node Area A gambling venue with at least one table game(e.g. roulette, blackjack) that takes bets on sporting and other events at agreed upon odds.
amenity cinema Node Area A place where films are shown (US: movie theater)
Palace cinéma beaumont.JPG
amenity community_centre Node Area A place mostly used for local events and festivities.
Community centre-14.svg
Greasby Community Centre.JPG
amenity fountain Node Area A fountain for cultural / decorational / recreational purposes.
Fountain at Milan citadel.JPG
amenity gambling Node Area A place for gambling, not being a shop=bookmaker, shop=lottery, amenity=casino, or leisure=adult_gaming_centre.

Games that are covered by this definition include bingo and pachinko.

Bingo cards.jpg
amenity nightclub Node Area A place to drink and dance (nightclub). The German word is "Disco" or "Discothek". Please don't confuse this with the German "Nachtclub" which is most likely amenity=stripclub.
amenity planetarium Node Area A planetarium.
amenity social_centre Node Area A place for free and not-for-profit activities.
Governor Hotel, Rotary Club of Portland plaque.JPG
amenity stripclub Node A place that offers striptease or lapdancing (for sexual services use amenity=brothel).
amenity studio Node Area TV radio or recording studio
amenity swingerclub Node Area A club where people meet to have a party and group sex.
Swingerclub Cäsars Palace. Spröckhövel.JPG
amenity theatre Node Area A theatre or opera house. Use amenity=cinema for movie theaters.
Sydney opera.jpg


amenity animal_boarding Node Area A facility where you, paying a fee, can bring your animal for a limited period of time (e.g. for holidays)
Holmbyre Cattery - - 167661.jpg
amenity animal_shelter Node Area A shelter that recovers animals in trouble
Kennel 2.jpg
amenity bench Node A bench to sit down and relax a bit
amenity clock Node A public visible clock
Houses Of Parliament Clock Tower (Big Ben).jpg
amenity courthouse Node Area A place where justice is dispensed
amenity coworking_space Node Area A place where people can go to work (might require a fee); not limited to a single employer
Coworking Space in Berlin.jpg
amenity crematorium Node Area A place where dead human bodies are burnt
Bushbury Crematorium - - 259876.jpg
amenity crypt Node Area It is a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics.
amenity dive_centre Node Area A dive center is the base location where sports divers usually start scuba diving or make dive guided trips at new locations.
Diving Center in Marsalforn.JPG
amenity dojo Node Area Training place for any of the Japanese arts.
Noma Dojo, 2006.JPG
amenity embassy Node Area An embassy
Bulgarian embassy in Paris.jpg
amenity fire_station Node Area A fire station
Fire station.jpg
amenity firepit Node Area Deprecated. For campfires and firepits, see Tag:leisure=firepit
Camp site.jpg
amenity game_feeding Node Area Game feeding place
Futterkrippe hohewand.jpg
amenity grave_yard Node Area A (smaller) place of burial, often you'll find a church nearby. Large places should be landuse=cemetery instead. Landuse-cemetery.png
Odenbuell Nordstrand St Vinzenz IMGP2940 wp crop.jpg
amenity gym Node Area Do no use, leisure=fitness_centre is preferred! A place which houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise.
amenity hunting_stand Node Area A hunting stand
A rised hide closed quadrat.jpg
amenity internet_cafe Node Area A place whose principal role is providing internet services to the public.
Cafe internet uninorte.JPG
amenity kneipp_water_cure Node Area Outdoor foot bath facility. Usually this is a pool with cold water and handrail. Popular in German speaking countries.
Wassertreten 1.jpg
amenity marketplace Way Area A place where trade is regulated, e.g. a square.
Marche berlin002.jpg
amenity photo_booth Node Photo Booth – A stand to create instant photo.
amenity place_of_worship Node Area A church, mosque, or temple, etc. Note that you also need religion=*, usually denomination=* and preferably name=* as well as amenity=place_of_worship. See the article for details. Christian-16.svg Muslim-16.svg Jewish-16.svg

Taoist-16.svg Buddhist-16.svg Hinduist-16.svg
Shintoist-16.svg Sikhist-16.svg Place-of-worship-16.svg

Place of worship.png
amenity police Node Area A police station
Polizeiautos Davidwache.jpg
amenity post_box Node A box for the reception of mail. Alternative mail-carriers can be tagged via operator=*
Post box-12.svg
Post Box.JPG
amenity post_office Node Area Post office building with postal services
Post office-14.svg
100px-Pošta Praha 025.jpg
amenity prison Node Area A prison
Osaka keimusho.jpg
amenity public_building Node Area A generic public building. Don't use! See office=government.
amenity ranger_station Node Area National Park Visitor Headquarters
Talkeetna Ranger Station.jpg
amenity recycling Node Area Recycling facilities (bottle banks, etc.). Combine with recycling_type=container for containers or recycling_type=centre for recycling centres.
amenity rescue_station Node Area A rescue station
Rescue station.jpg
amenity sauna Node Area A small room or house to experience dry or wet heat sessions.
Also frequently used: leisure=sauna
Sauna in pancevo.jpg
amenity shelter Node Area A small shelter against bad weather conditions. To additionally describe the kind of shelter use shelter_type=*.
Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
amenity shower Node Area Public shower or bath.
Znak D-26d.svg
amenity telephone Node Public telephone
amenity toilets Node Area Public toilets (might require a fee)
amenity townhall Node Area Building where the administration of a village, town or city may be located, or just a community meeting place
amenity vending_machine Node A machine selling goods – food, tickets, newspapers, etc. Add type of goods using vending=*
Vending machines at Haeundae.jpg
amenity waste_basket Node A single small container for depositing garbage that is easily accessible for pedestrians.
amenity waste_disposal Node A place where canal boaters, caravaners, etc. can dispose of rubbish (trash/waste).
Waste container.jpg
amenity waste_transfer_station Node Area A waste transfer station is a location that accepts, consolidates and transfers waste in bulk.
amenity watering_place Node Place where water is contained and animals can drink
Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg
amenity water_point Node Place where you can get large amounts of drinking water
Aire de Valuejols.JPG
amenity user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to describe barriers and obstacles that are usually involved by traveling. See the page Barriers for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Linear barriers

barrier cable_barrier Way Also called guard cable. This is a road side or median barrier made of steel wire ropes mounted on weak posts. See also the more extensive wikipedia description.
barrier city_wall Way Area A fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors.

From ancient to modern times, they are used to enclose settlements.

  • Right side is bottom, left side is top.
  • If both sides are same height then add "two_sided=yes".

See also historic=city_gate.

City wall render eg1.png
City wall avila.png
barrier ditch Way Area A trench, ditch or ravine, usually with a stream at the bottom, that is not easily crossed, especially if not on foot.

Can be used in combination with waterway=stream or waterway=drain.

Barrier fence mapnik.png
Forest ditch.JPG
barrier fence Way Area A structure supported by posts driven into the ground and designed to prevent movement across a boundary. It is distinguished from a wall by the lightness of its construction. Use fence_type=* to add details.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
barrier guard_rail Way A guard_rail, also called a crash barrier. Right side is inner, left side is outer.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
barrier handrail Way Is designed to be grasped by the hand so as to provide stability or support.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
Geländer am Kulturhaus im Kinderdorf Dittrichshütte 2.JPG
barrier hedge Way Area Is a line of closely spaced shrubs and bushes, planted and trained in such a way as to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area.
Barrier hedge.png
Daniel Fuchs.CC-BY-SA.Morus nigra.Hedge.jpg
barrier kerb Node Way A (for example footway) kerb is a barrier for vehicles and wheelchair drivers. The height of the kerb is important and with this information, the usage by different groups can be determined. The height of the kerb is tagged additionally as height=*, if available. Right side is bottom, left side is top.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
barrier retaining_wall Way Area Retaining walls serve to retain the lateral pressure of soil. Right side is bottom, left side is top.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
Retaining wall.png
barrier tank_trap NodeWayArea Static anti-tank obstacle defences may take a number of forms, such as Czech hedgehog (barrier=tank_trap; tank_trap=czech_hedgehog).
Czech hedgehog.jpg
barrier wall Way Area A freestanding solid structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. Usually made from solid brick, concrete or stone and almost always built so that it is opaque to vision.
Barrier fence mapnik.png

Access control on highways

barrier block Node A large, solid, immobile block that can be moved only with heavy machinery or great effort.

Typically big solid things made of concrete for stopping larger vehicles.

Sometimes natural boulders are used for the same purpose.

Barrier roadblock.jpg
barrier bollard Node Way Solid (usually concrete or metal) pillar or pillars in the middle of the road to prevent passage by some traffic.
Bollard in residential area.jpg
barrier border_control Node This is a control point at an international border between two countries. Passports or other forms of ID will be checked.
EU Swiss border post.jpg
barrier bump_gate Node See wikipedia:Bump gate. [1]
barrier bus_trap Node See wikipedia:Bus trap.
Bussluse 05-04-06 02.jpg
barrier cattle_grid Node Bars in the road surface that allow wheeled vehicles but not animals to cross.

Sometimes known as a Texas Gate, even outside of Texas.

Cattle grid.jpg
barrier chain Node A chain used to prevent motorised vehicles.
Barrier chain.jpg
barrier cycle_barrier Node Barriers to bicycle traffic, most typically a pair of staggered steel bars perpendicular to the way itself whose gaps allow pedestrians to pass.
473MS Mecklenbeck Bahn Umlaufsp.jpg
barrier debris Node A road is blocked by debris with or without ground. This might be for short or long time. Often used as first step in blocking an abandoned road.
Barrier debris.jpg
barrier entrance Node A gap in a linear barrier with nothing that limits passing through.

access=yes is implied.

The limitations are the same of the way that crosses it, if there is such.

barrier full-height_turnstile Node A full-height turnstile, also called HEET-turnstile (high entrance/exit turnstile), like the ones to access security areas. Note the mix of hyphen and underscore.
barrier gate Node Way An entrance that can be opened or closed to get through the barrier.

Combine with access=* where appropriate.

Barrier gate.svg
barrier hampshire_gate Node A section of wire fence which can be removed temporarily.

Combine with access=* where appropriate.

Wire gate.jpg
barrier height_restrictor Node Combine with maxheight=*.
barrier horse_stile Node A horse stile allows pedestrians and horses to cross a gap through a fence, but prevents or makes it very difficult for motorcycles and live stock to cross.
Horse stile on the Doncaster Greenway - - 502599.jpg
barrier jersey_barrier Node Way A Jersey barrier consists of heavy prefabricated blocks to create a barrier. Use material=plastic or material=concrete to express the used material.
Dora Baghdad soldiers.jpg
barrier kent_carriage_gap Node A Kent carriage gap is used by local authorities in the UK to prevent motorised vehicles from accessing public rights of way whilst allowing most horse drawn carriages to pass.
These are now becoming common on byways in the UK
barrier kissing_gate Node A gate which allows people to cross, but not livestock.
TL0452 stile.jpg
barrier lift_gate Node A lift gate (boom barrier) is a bar, or pole pivoted in such a way as to allow the boom to block vehicular access through a controlled point.

Combine with access=* where appropriate.

Lift gate.jpg
barrier log Node Way Use this when the passage is closed by lumber (trunk of a tree). This kind of barrier is often useful to sit on. This barrier is a penalty to cyclists but can be crossed by lifting the bike over.
barrier motorcycle_barrier Node Barriers along paths that prevent access by motorcycles.
Motorcycle barrier.jpg
barrier rope Node Way A flexible barrier made of fibres, twisted or braided together to improve strength. As a barrier it is often more symbolic than actually physically preventing pedestrians from accessing.
Black Red Gold Rope at German Bundestag in Berlin 2010.jpg
barrier sally_port Node A sally port is used to pass through thick or city walls, and is a type of covered gate with two doors.
barrier spikes Node Way Area Spikes on the ground that prevent unauthorized access. Can also be removable; e.g., after payment in a garage.
US Army spike strip.jpg
barrier stile Node A stile allows pedestrians to cross a wall or fence, but never actually "opens" the barrier

(Unlike a gate, a stile has few or no moving parts).

barrier sump_buster Node A sump buster is a concrete slab or steel structure that prevents passing of two-tracked vehicles with less than a minimum track and ground clearance. (Typically stops normal cars.)
barrier swing_gate Node Similar to a lift gate but rotates sidewards to open. It is usually made out of metal bars (wood or other material possible) and is intended to prevent cars from access but can usually be crossed by pedestrians and cyclists.
barrier toll_booth Node A road usage toll or fee is collected here. Used with toll=* and charge=*.
Toll booth.jpg
barrier turnstile Node A turnstile (also called baffle gate) is used to allow one person at a time to pass. Use this for small turnstiles like the ones in supermarkets or some subways.
Barrier drehkreuz.JPG
barrier yes Way A barrier which nature cannot be determined; typically only used in mapping using aerial imagery. Should be replaced by a specific value.
Bing imagery showing buildings and barrier.png
barrier user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to describe administrative and other boundaries. See the page Boundaries for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
boundary administrative Area An administrative boundary. Subdivisions of areas/territories/jurisdictions recognised by governments or other organisations for administrative purposes. These range from large groups of nation states right down to small administrative districts and suburbs, as indicated by the 'admin_level=*' combo tag
Rendering-adminlevel 2-mapnik.png
Lake city sign.jpg
boundary historic Way Area Historic
boundary maritime Area Maritime boundaries
boundary national_park Area Area of outstanding natural beauty, set aside for conservation and for recreation (Other languages)
Natianal park.png
Kings Canyon NP Sign.JPG
boundary political Area Electoral boundaries
boundary postal_code Area Postal code boundaries
boundary religious_administration Area An religious administrative boundary.
See: Talk:Key:boundary#Religious authority boundaries
boundary protected_area Area Protected areas, such as for national-parks, water protection areas or indigenous areas.
border_type * Way Area To distinguish between types of boundary where admin_level isn't enough. Used in several different ways e.g in maritime contexts
fire_boundary yes Way Tag fire_boundary used to mark the boundaries of the areas of fire brigades out within the project Karta01.
boundary user defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo


admin_level Number Area Applies to boundary=administrative and is usually in the range 1 to 10, except for Germany where it might be 11 – see boundary.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to identify individual buildings or groups of connected buildings. See the page Buildings for further details on the usage of this tag and man_made=* for tagging of various other structures.

Key Value Element Comment Photo


building apartments Area A building arranged into individual dwellings, often on separate floors. May also have retail outlets on the ground floor.
building farm Area A residential building on a farm (farmhouse). For other buildings see below building=farm_auxiliary, building=barn, … If in your country farmhouse looks same as general residential house then you can tag as building=house as well. See also landuse=farmyard
Studna před č.1.,Holašovice.JPG
building hotel Area A building designed with separate rooms available for overnight accommodation. Normally used in conjunction with tourism=hotel for the hotel grounds including recreation areas and parking.
Hcom 1097758 7 b.jpg
building house Area A dwelling unit inhabited by a single household (a family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen). Houses forming half of a semi-detached pair, or one of a row of terraced houses, should share at least two nodes with joined neighbours, thereby defining the party wall between the properties.
building detached Area A single dwelling unit inhabited by family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen.
Residential House USA.JPG
building residential Area A general tag for a building used primarily for residential purposes. Where additional detail is available consider using 'apartments', 'terrace', 'house' or 'detached'.
Timarpur Residential Complex.jpg
building dormitory Area For a shared building, as used by college/university students (not a share room for multiple occupants as implied by the term in British English). Alternatively, use building=residential plus residential=university.
Belgrade Dormitory.jpg
building terrace Area A single way used to define the outline of a linear row of residential dwellings, each of which normally has its own entrance, which form a terrace (row-house in North American English). Consider defining each dwelling separately using 'house'.
Terraced housing.png
building houseboat Area A boat used primarily as a home
Houseboat- Dal Lake, srinagar Kashmir.JPG
building bungalow Area A single-storey detached small house, Dacha.
building static_caravan Area A mobile home (semi)permanently left on a single site


building commercial Area A building where non-specific commercial activities take place; use office=* to describe the type of office. Consider tagging the area using landuse=commercial. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
building office Area Use building=commercial with office=* to describe the type of office. Consider tagging the area using landuse=commercial. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
DIN 4844-2 D-P000.svg
building industrial Area A building where some industrial process takes place. Use warehouse if the purpose is known to be primarily for storage/distribution. Consider using landuse=industrial for the surrounding area and the proposed industrial=* tag to describe the industrial activity.
Eley Industrial Estate1.JPG
building retail Area A building primarily used for selling goods that are sold to the public; use shop=* to identify the sort of goods sold. Consider use landuse=retail for the surrounding area. Extensive Retail Mall.jpg
building warehouse Area A building primarily used for the storage or goods or as part of a distribution system.
Copenhagen warehouse.jpg


building cathedral Area A building that was built as a cathedral. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the cathedral grounds where it is in current use.
Saint Vitus Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republic.jpg
building chapel Area A building that was built as a chapel. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the chapel grounds where it is in current use.
Andachtskapelle des Moorbad Gmös.jpg
building church Area A building that was built as a church. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=* , denomination=* and landuse=religious for the church grounds where it is in current use.
building mosque Area A mosque. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Khadija-Moschee (Berlin).jpg
building temple Area A building that was built as a temple. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
building synagogue Area A building that was built as a synagogue. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Synagogue Florence Italy.JPG
building shrine Area A building that was built as a shrine. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use. Small buildings should consider historic=wayside_shrine.
building civic Area For any civic amenity, for example amenity=community_centre, amenity=library, amenity=toilets, leisure=sports_centre, leisure=swimming_pool, amenity=townhall etc. Use amenity=* or leisure=* etc. to provide further details. See building=public as well.
Scarborough Civic Centre.jpg
building hospital Area A building which forms part of a hospital. Use amenity=hospital for the hospital grounds.
building school Area For any generic school buildings. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc.) should be tagged for their purpose. Use amenity=school for the perimeter of the school grounds.
Convent School's Pippal.JPG
building stadium Area A stadium building.
building train_station Area A train station building.
Dobrepolje train station.jpg
building transportation Area A building related to public transport. You will probably want to tag it with proper transport related tag as well, such as public_transport=station. Note that there is a special tag for train station buildings - building=train_station.
Kusatsu-Onsen Bus Station.jpg
building university Area A university building. Use amenity=university for the whole university area.
University College Oxford.jpg
building public Area A public building. Don't use amenity=public_building.
Dominion Public Building.JPG

Other Buildings

building barn Area An agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace.
building bridge Area A building used as a bridge. Can also represent a gatehouse for drawbridges. See also bridge=yes for highway=*. Don't use this tag just for marking bridges (their outlines). For such purposes use man_made=bridge.
Ponte Veccio1.JPG
building bunker Area A hardened military building. Also use military=bunker.
Slavonický les, bunkr 01.jpg
building cabin Area A cabin is a small, roughly built house usually with a wood exterior and typically found in rural areas.
Koch Cabin.JPG
building construction Area Used for buildings under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed building.
Riga, stavba.jpg
building cowshed Area A cowshed (cow barn, cow house) is a building for housing cows, usually found on farms.
Cowhouse Hrazany2.jpg
building digester Area A digester is a bioreactor for the production of inflatable biogas from biomass.
2012-05-13 Nordsee-Luftbilder DSCF8567.jpg
building farm_auxiliary Area A building on a farm that is not a dwelling (use 'farm' or 'house' for the farm house).
Horseshoe Barn.jpg
building garage Area A garage is a building suitable for the storage of one or possibly more motor vehicle or similar. See building=garages for larger shared buildings.
Two-Car Garage.jpg
building garages Area A building that consists of a number of discrete storage spaces for different owners/tenants. See also building=garage.
Landbouwstraat garages.jpg
building greenhouse Area A greenhouse is a glass or plastic covered building used to grow plants. Use landuse=greenhouse_horticulture for the area
Greenhouse 1.JPG
building hangar Area A hangar is a building used for the storage of airplanes, helicopters or space-craft. Consider adding aeroway=hangar, when appropriate.
IMPA hangar.jpg
building hut Area A hut is a small and crude shelter.
Kennedy's hut edit.jpg
building roof Area A structure that consists of a roof with open sides, such as a rain shelter, and also gas stations
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
building shed Area A shed is a simple, single-storey structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.
Elderly Shed.png
building stable Area A stable is a building where horses are kept.
Häststall Elfviks gård dec 2008.jpg
building sty Area A sty (pigsty, pig ark, pig-shed) is a building for raising domestic pigs, usually found on farms.
building transformer_tower Area A transformer tower is a characteristic tall building comprising a distribution transformer and constructed to connect directly to a medium voltage overhead power line. Quite often the power line has since been undergrounded but the building may still serve as a substation. If the building is still in use as a substation it should additionally be tagged as power=substation + substation=minor_distribution.
building service Area Service building usually is a small unmanned building with certain machinery (like pumps or transformers).
Service building.png
building kiosk Area Small retail building.
Kiosk germany.jpg
building ruins Area A house, a village or other building abandoned.
ARZAKAN Ghuki Monastery Եկեղեցական համալիր «Գհուկի վանք» (Բոլորահար) 12.JPG
building yes Area Use this value where it is not possible to determine a more specific value.
building user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo, generally building types

Additional Attributes

entrance yes / main / exit / service / emergency Node An entrance in a building. Replaces the deprecated tag building=entrance.
height number NodeArea The height of the building in meters.
building:levels number NodeArea The number of visible levels (floors) in the building as used in the Simple 3D buildings scheme
building:fireproof yes/no NodeArea Fire-resistance information.
min_level number Area minimum indoor level (floors) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
max_level number Area maximum indoor level (floors) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
non_existent_levels number Area optional list of indoor levels (floors) that do not exists in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used as a place that produces or processes customised goods. See the page Crafts for more information on the usage of these tags.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
craft agricultural_engines Node Area Planning and constructing engines and tools for agricultural use.
Green tractor.jpg
craft basket_maker Node Area Producing baskets, often made from Willow.
Basket flein.jpeg
craft beekeeper Node Area A place where honey bees are kept for the purposes of securing commodities such as honey, beeswax or pollen.
WPKiW - Skansen - Pszczelarz 01.jpg
craft blacksmith Node Area A place where a blacksmith forges tools, horseshoes, etc. from iron.
Kovář při práci (Velikonoční trhy na Václavském náměstí) 055.jpg
craft boatbuilder Node Area Planning and constructing boats.
craft bookbinder Node Area Physically assembling a book from a number of sheets of paper.
Traditional bookbinder.jpg
craft brewery Node Area A brewery is a dedicated building for the making of beer
craft builder Node Area Constructs buildings, streets and other objects.
craft carpenter Node Area Workplace or office of Carpenters that work with timber to construct, install and maintain buildings, furniture, and other objects.
Charpentier médiéval.JPG
craft carpet_layer Node Area Workplace or office of carpet layers that bring carpet on your floor.
craft caterer Node Area Workplace or office of one who prepares customized meals for takeout, or provides prepared meals or supplies to a group at social gatherings.
Catering picoplato 001.jpg
craft chimney_sweeper Node Area Workplace or office of a person who cleans chimneys for a living.
Chimney sweep modern.jpg
craft clockmaker Node Area Workplace or office of a clockmaker that is building or repairing clocks but not watches. See also craft=watchmaker
craft confectionery Node Area A place where the set of food items that are rich in sugar, any one or type of which is called a confection is produced.
craft distillery Node Area Distillery
Markdorf Ittendorf - Andreas-Strobel-Straße 12 ies.jpg
craft dressmaker Node Area A place where clothes are created, repaired or altered to fit personal needs.
Pieces on dressmakers dummy.jpg
craft electrician Node Area Workplace or office of an electrician which is a tradesman specialized in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related equipment.
Szafa elektryczna002.JPG
craft floorer Node Area Workplace or office of a floorer which is a tradesman specialized in laying floors.
See also craft=parquet_layer craft=carpet_layer craft=tiler
Linoleum - oaken parquet.jpg
craft gardener Node Area Workplace or office of a garden designer or a landscape gardener.
SF Japanese Garden.JPG
craft glaziery Node Area A place where residential, commercial, and artistic glass is selected, cut, installed, replaced, and removed
Glaserei Hundestr.JPG
craft handicraft Node Area A place where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools
Belarus-Minsk-Exhibition of Traditional Crafts, 3.jpg
craft hvac Node Area Workplace or office of an HVAC system designer (Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning)
Northeastern University - air conditioner.JPG
craft insulation Node Area Workplace or office of a person who does thermal insulation in buildings.
craft jeweller Node Area A place where necklaces, rings, brooches, earrings and bracelets and other personal adornments are created or repaired.
Ian Rosenberg Jeweller - Sapphire and gold ring.JPG
craft key_cutter Node Area A place where keys can be duplicated from originals.
Key cutting (Nizhny Novgorod, 2007).jpg
craft locksmith Node Area A place where locks and keys are created or repaired.
Ards Locksmiths, Newtownards, March 2010.JPG
craft metal_construction Node Area A place where handrails, gates, ramps and similar things from metal are made.
U.S. Navy Builder 2nd Class Drake Van Blarcom, left, and Steelworker 1st Class Antonio Chavezplata, both assigned to Construction Battalion Maintenance Unit 303, bolt together a metal structure during 130402-N-WX059-134.jpg
craft optician Node Area A place where lenses for the correction of a person's vision are designed, fitted and dispensed.
US Navy 021029-N-3228G-001 Adjusting a customer's eyeglasses.jpg
craft painter Node Area Workplace or office of a house painter which is a tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings.
Painters on Ladders.jpg
craft parquet_layer Node Area Workplace or office of a parquet layer.
Linoleum - oaken parquet.jpg
craft photographer Node Area Workplace or office of a person who takes photographs using a camera.
craft photographic_laboratory Node Area A place where photos taken on a film or digital images are transformed into a more permanent form, often on paper or plastic foil.
craft piano_tuner Node Area A piano tuner or technician. A professional that tunes, regulates and makes the maintenance of pianos. Most of them repair simple problems and some restore a whole piano.
Piano tuner 2.jpg
craft plasterer Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who works with plaster, such as forming a layer of plaster on an interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.
Plastering of Ferrocement Tank.jpg
craft plumber Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage.
Plumber at work.jpg
craft pottery Node Area A place where earthenware, stoneware and porcelain and other ceramic ware is made by potters.
Shop Craft Pottery.png
craft rigger Node Area Workplace or office of a person who makes masts, yards, sails, and cordage for sailboats and sailing ships.
craft roofer Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who is specialized in roof construction. photo essay 100519-A-XXXXE-001.jpg
craft saddler Node Area A place where saddles or accessories for cars and boats are produced or repaired.
Frontier saddlery.jpg
craft sailmaker Node Area Workplace or office of a person who makes and repairs sails for sailboats and sailing ships, typically working on shore in a sail loft.
HMS Belfast - Sailmaker's workshop.jpg
craft sawmill Node Area A workplace where logs are cut into boards.
Laser guided cutting of wood in woodmill.jpg
craft scaffolder Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who builds temporary structure used to support people and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large structures.
Scaffolders above the roof of the Victoria Dock development - - 374663.jpg
craft sculptor Node Area A place where Sculpture are made.
Fr Adamswiller Stone sculptor at work.jpg
craft shoemaker Node Area A place where shoes, boots, sandals, clogs and moccasins are created, repaired or altered to fit personal needs. See also shop=shoes for a place where shoes are sold, but not made or altered
Shoemaker working at John Lobb, bespoke shoe and bootmaker, 88 Jermyn Street, London.jpg
craft stand_builder Node Area Workplace of a company that builds stands/booths for fairs.
Photo exhibition Stockholm 2011 05 WMSE stand.jpg
craft stonemason Node Area A place where rough pieces of rock are shaped into accurate geometrical shapes.
craft sun_protection Node Area A place where sun protection is made, repaired, or delivered for assembly, especially awnings and shutters.
craft tailor Node Area A place where clothing is made, repaired, or altered professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.
Tailor´s shop - Werkstatt 2.jpg
craft tiler Node Area Workplace or office of a person who lays tiles on floors, swimming pools and such.
Laying tiles at OCP.JPG
craft tinsmith Node Area A tinsmith, or tinner or tinker or tinplate worker. Workplace or office of a person who makes and repairs things made of light-coloured metal, particularly tinware.
Tinsmith working in Tripoli or Medina.jpg
craft turner Node Area A turner or wood turner.
Woodturning Indonesia.jpg
craft upholsterer Node Area A place where furniture, especially seats are provided with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.
Fotothek df n-33 0000079 Polsterer.jpg
craft watchmaker Node Area A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches. Today due to industrial production they mostly repair watches. For other kinds of clocks see craft=clockmaker
Pocket watch with chain.jpg
craft window_construction Node Area Construct windows
craft winery Node Area Produces wine
Adobe guadalupe winery.jpg
craft user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the location of emergency facilities and equipment. See the page Emergency for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Medical Rescue

emergency ambulance_station Node Area An ambulance station is a structure or other area set aside for storage of ambulance vehicles, medical equipment, personal protective equipment, and other medical supplies.
Amb station.JPG
emergency defibrillator Node An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is a first-aid device that automates the process of diagnosing life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia and performing defibrillation. Previously tagged as emergency=aed or medical=aed.
Jt osm defi ibis.jpg


emergency fire_extinguisher Node A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.
Fire extinguisher ja.jpg
emergency fire_flapper Node A flapper is a wildland firefighting tool also called a swatter or a beater. It is designed for extinguishing minor fires in rural areas such as heaths.
emergency fire_hose Node A fire hose is a high-pressure hose used to carry water or other fire retardant (such as foam) to a fire to extinguish it.
emergency fire_hydrant Node A fire hydrant is an active fire protection measure, and a source of water provided in most urban, suburban and rural areas with municipal water service or other water source to enable firefighters to tap into the municipal water supply to assist in extinguishing a fire.
Downtown Charlottesville fire hydrant.jpg
emergency water_tank Node Stock tank for fire-fighting water.


emergency lifeguard_base Node Area Base building of lifeguard. Main place for vehicles, equipment and centre of communication
Wasserrettungsstation Wasserwacht.JPG
emergency lifeguard_tower Node Area Tower used by lifeguard to watch and supervise swimmers in order to prevent drownings and other dangers.
Miami - Lifeguard tower and flags - 0526.jpg
emergency lifeguard_platform Node Area Platform used by lifeguard to watch and supervise swimmers in order to prevent drownings and other dangers. Building not so high as tower and mostly without walls and roof
Pam Anderson replaced (4664471709).jpg
emergency lifeguard_place Node A place where a lifeguard is on duty but without any building (tower or platform)
Niechorze beach - grajdołek 06 (ratownik).JPG
emergency life_ring Node Life rings to help save a life if someone is in the water.
Da life ring.jpg


emergency assembly_point Node Area Point or area, where people are crowd in a case of emergency
emergency access_point Node Access points in areas which are hard to access (see also highway=emergency_access_point)
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
emergency phone Node An emergency phone is specifically provided for making calls to emergency services. They may be found in places of danger or remote areas.
emergency ses_station Node Area A State Emergency Service is an Australian volunteer organisation that provides emergency help during and after declared (natural or otherwise) disasters.
NSW SES Murrumbidgee Region HQ.jpg
emergency siren Node A siren is a loud noise maker. Most modern ones are civil defense, "air raid" sirens or tornado sirens.
Bundesarchiv B 422 Bild-0010, Sirene.jpg
emergency user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the geological makeup of an area. See the page Geological for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
geological moraine Node Area A moraine is any ice formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (soil and rock) which can occur in currently glaciated and formerly glaciated regions, such as those areas acted upon by glacial ice.
geological outcrop Node Area An outcrop site is a place where the bedrock or superficial deposits have become locally exposed and are directly accessible to analysis.
geological palaeontological_site Node Area A palaeontological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which remains of ancient living forms is preserved. Area under the study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms investigated using the discipline of palaeontology.
Giacimento paleontologico villaggio del pescatore duino.jpg
geological user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe roads and footpaths. For an introduction on its usage see the page titled Highways. See the page titled Restrictions for an introduction on access limitations by vehicles type, time, day, load and purpose, etc.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo


These are the principal tags for the road network. They range from the most to least important.

highway motorway Way A restricted access major divided highway, normally with 2 or more running lanes plus emergency hard shoulder. Equivalent to the Freeway, Autobahn, etc..
Rendering-highway motorway neutral.png
highway trunk Way The most important roads in a country's system that aren't motorways. (Need not necessarily be a divided highway.)
Rendering-highway trunk L3005 MF.png
Dscf0444 600.jpg
highway primary Way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link larger towns.)
Rendering-highway primary neutral.png
highway secondary Way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link towns.)
Rendering-highway secondary neutral.png
highway tertiary Way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link smaller towns and villages)
Rendering-highway tertiary neutral.png
OHZ-K28-Bergedorfer Str.jpg
highway unclassified Way The least most important through roads in a country's system – i.e. minor roads of a lower classification than tertiary, but which serve a purpose other than access to properties. Often link villages and hamlets. (The word 'unclassified' is a historical artefact of the UK road system and does not mean that the classification is unknown; you can use highway=road for that.)
Rendering-highway unclassified.png
Highway unclassified-photo.jpg
highway residential Way Roads which serve as an access to housing, without function of connecting settlements. Often lined with housing.
Rendering-highway residential.png
highway service Way Area For access roads to, or within an industrial estate, camp site, business park, car park etc. Can be used in conjunction with service=* to indicate the type of usage and with access=* to indicate who can use it and in what circumstances.
Rendering-highway service.png

Link roads

highway motorway_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a motorway from/to a motorway or lower class highway. Normally with the same motorway restrictions.
Rendering-highway motorway link.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway trunk_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a trunk road from/to a trunk road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway trunk link.png
Trunk link.jpg
highway primary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a primary road from/to a primary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway primary link.png
highway secondary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a secondary road from/to a secondary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway secondary link.png
highway tertiary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a tertiary road from/to a tertiary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway tertiary link.png

Special road types

highway living_street Way For living streets, which are residential streets where pedestrians have legal priority over cars, speeds are kept very low and where children are allowed to play on the street.
Living street osm.png
beginning of a living street with a paving stones surface and some trees and cars parking at the sides
highway pedestrian Way Area For roads used mainly/exclusively for pedestrians in shopping and some residential areas which may allow access by motorised vehicles only for very limited periods of the day. To create a 'square' or 'plaza' create a closed way and tag as pedestrian and also with area=yes.
Pedestrian with area osm.png
a wide pedestrian street with many pedestrians on it lined by shops
highway track Way Roads for mostly agricultural or forestry uses. To describe the quality of a track, see tracktype=*. Note: Although tracks are often rough with unpaved surfaces, this tag is not describing the quality of a road but its use. Consequently, if you want to tag a general use road, use one of the general highway values instead of track.
Rendering-highway track.png
an unpaved track running through a field in rural landscape
highway bus_guideway Way A busway where the vehicle guided by the way (though not a railway) and is not suitable for other traffic. Please note: this is not a normal bus lane, use access=no, psv=yes instead!
Rendering-highway-bus guideway-mapnik.png
Bus track.jpg
highway escape Way For runaway truck ramps, runaway truck lanes, emergency escape ramps, or truck arrester beds. It enables vehicles with braking failure to safely stop.
highway raceway Way A course or track for (motor) racing
highway road Way A road/way/street/motorway/etc. of unknown type. It can stand for anything ranging from a footpath to a motorway. This tag should only be used temporarily until the road/way/etc. has been properly surveyed. If you do know the road type, do not use this value, instead use one of the more specific highway=* values.


highway footway Way For designated footpaths; i.e., mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. This includes walking tracks and gravel paths. If bicycles are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a bicycle=yes tag. Should not be used for paths where the primary or intended usage is unknown. Use highway=pedestrian for pedestrianised roads in shopping or residential areas and highway=track if it is usable by agricultural or similar vehicles.
Rendering-highway footway.png
Dscf0487 600.jpg
highway bridleway Way For horses. Equivalent to highway=path + horse=designated.
Rendering-highway bridleway.png
highway steps Way For flights of steps (stairs) on footways. Use with step_count=* to indicate the number of steps
Rendering-highway steps.png
highway path Way A non-specific path. Use highway=footway for paths mainly for walkers, highway=cycleway for one also usable by cyclists, highway=bridleway for ones available to horses as well as walkers and highway=track for ones which is passable by agriculture or similar vehicles.
Path osm.png

When sidewalk (or pavement) is tagged on the main roadway (see Sidewalks)

sidewalk both / left / right / no Way Specifies that the highways has sidewalks on both sides, on one side or no sidewalk at all
Sidewalk and zebra-crossing.jpg

When cycleway is drawn as its own way (see Bicycle)

highway cycleway Way For designated cycleways. Add foot=* only if default-access-restrictions do not apply.
Cycleway osm.png
Separated cycleway with traffic sign

Cycleway tagged on the main roadway or lane (see Bicycle)

cycleway lane Way A lane is a route that lies within the roadway
Cycle trackinroad.jpg
cycleway opposite Way Used on ways with oneway=yes where it is legally permitted to cycle in both directions. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Sul bxl 01.JPG
cycleway opposite_lane Way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling lane going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Fr-C24a ex3-Conditions particulieres par voie-velo.gif
cycleway track Way A track provides a route that is separated from traffic. In the United States, this term is often used to refer to bike lanes that are separated from lanes for cars by pavement buffers, bollards, parking lanes, and curbs. Note that a cycle track may alternatively be drawn as a separate way next to the road which is tagged as highway=cycleway.
Cycle nexttoroad.jpg
cycleway opposite_track Way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling track going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow
549c Spitzenkiel140923.jpg
cycleway share_busway Way There is a bus lane that cyclists are permitted to use.
cycleway shared_lane Way Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, but there are markings indicating that they should share the lane with motorists.
Sharrows Toronto 2011.jpg
busway lane Way Bus lane on both sides of the road.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg


highway proposed Way For planned roads, use with proposed=* and a value of the proposed highway value.
Planned mapnik.png
highway construction Way For roads under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed road.
Highway construction 200805041655.png
12Jan05 04.jpg


abutters commercial/ industrial/ mixed/ residential/ retail etc. Way See Key:abutters for more details.
bicycle_road yes Way A bicycle road is a road designated for bicycles. If residential streets get the status of bicycle roads, normally, by special signs, motor traffic is admitted with limited speed, often only for residents.
driving_side left/ right Node Relation Defines which side of the road vehicles must legally use. (must only be used on highways when they are an exception to the rule)
Drive on left in australia.jpg
ford yes Node Way The road crosses through stream or river, vehicles must enter any water.
Map feature ford.jpg
ice_road yes Way A highway is laid upon frozen water basin, definitely doesn't exist in summer.
Pechora crossing.jpg
incline Number %/° Node Way Incline steepness as percents ("5%") or degrees ("20°"). Positive/negative values indicate movement upward/downwards in the direction of the way.
junction roundabout Way Closed way This automatically implies oneway=yes, the oneway direction is defined by the sequential ordering of nodes within the Way. This applies on a way, tagged with highway=* already.
lanes number Way The number of traffic lanes for general purpose traffic, also for buses and other specific classes of vehicle.
NLEx 6 Lanes.jpg
lit yes/no NodeWayArea Street lighting
Berlin speer-leuchte.jpg
motorroad yes/no Way Node The motorroad tag is used to describe highways that have motorway-like access restrictions but that are not a motorway.
120px-Zeichen 331.svg.png
mountain_pass yes Node The highest point of a mountain pass.
Mountain pass.jpg
mtb:scale 0-6 Way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A classification scheme for mtb trails (few inclination and downhill).
mtb:scale:uphill 0-5 Way A classification scheme for mtb trails for going uphill if there is significant inclination.
mtb:scale:imba 0-4 Way The IMBA Trail Difficulty Rating System shall be used for bikeparks. It is adapted to mtb trails with artificial obstacles.
mtb:description Text Way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A key to input variable infos related to mtbiking on a way with human words
overtaking yes/ no/ both/ forward/ backward Way Specifying sections of roads where overtaking is legally forbidden.
parking:condition free/ ticket/ disc/ residents/ customers/ private Way Specifying the parking conditions (terms). See parking:condition=* for more details.
parking:lane parallel/ diagonal/ perpendicular/ marked/ no_parking/ no_stopping/ fire_lane. Way Specifying the parking space. See parking:lane=* for more details.
passing_places yes Way A way which has frequent passing places
sac_scale hiking / mountain_hiking / demanding_mountain_hiking / alpine_hiking / demanding_alpine_hiking / difficult_alpine_hiking Way Applies to highway=path and highway=footway. A classification scheme for hiking trails.
Mountain hiking.jpg
service alley / driveway / parking_aisle etc. Way See Key:service for more details.
Seattle - alley north from S Jackson between Western & 1st - A.jpg
surface paved / unpaved / asphalt / concrete / paving_stones / cobblestone / metal / wood / grass_paver / gravel / pebblestone / grass / ground / earth / dirt / mud / sand Way See Key:surface for more details.
tactile_paving yes/no Node Way Area A paving in the ground to be followed with a blindman's stick. Not to be rendered on standard maps.
Tactile paving.jpg
tracktype grade1/ grade2/ grade3/ grade4/ grade5 Way To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:tracktype for more information.
Surface grade1.jpg
traffic_calming yes/ bump/ hump/ cushion/ table etc. Node Way See Key:traffic calming for more details.
trail_visibility excellent / good / intermediate / bad / horrible / no Way Applies to highway=path, highway=footway, highway=cycleway and highway=bridleway. A classification for hiking trails visibility
winter_road yes Way A highway functions during winter, probably can't be driven in summer.
Anuisk bilibino sever66.jpg

Other highway features

highway bus_stop Node A small bus stop. Can be mapped more rigorously using public_transport=stop_position for the position where the vehicle stops and public_transport=platform for the place where passengers wait. See public_transport=* for more details.
Bus stop.12.svg
Bus prumyslova.jpg
highway crossing Node Pedestrians can cross a street here; e.g., zebra crossing
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway elevator Node Elevator
240 Sparks Elevators.jpg
highway emergency_access_point Node Sign number which can be used to define your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
highway give_way Node A "give way," or "Yield" sign
Give way.jpg
emergency phone Node A calling device can be used to tell on your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Borne SOS.jpg
highway mini_roundabout Node Similar to roundabouts, but at the center there is either a painted circle or a fully traversable island. In case of an untraversable center island, junction=roundabout should be used.

Rendered as anti-clockwise by default direction=anticlockwise. To render clockwise add the tag direction=clockwise.

highway motorway_junction Node Indicates a junction (UK) or exit (US). ref=* should be set to the exit number or junction identifier. (Some roads – e.g., the A14 – also carry junction numbers, so the tag may be encountered elsewhere despite its name)
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway passing_place Node The location of a passing space
highway rest_area Node Area Place where drivers can leave the road to rest, but not refuel.
Wentworth terrain.jpg
highway speed_camera Node A fixed road-side or overhead speed camera.
Speed camera.jpg
highway street_lamp Node A street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night
highway services Node Area A service station to get food and eat something, often found at motorways
Mapping Features Motorway service area.jpg
De lucht.jpg
highway stop Node A stop sign
STOP sign.jpg
highway traffic_signals Node Lights that control the traffic
Rendering-traffic singals.jpg
highway turning_circle Node A turning circle is a rounded, widened area usually, but not necessarily, at the end of a road to facilitate easier turning of a vehicle. Also known as a cul de sac.
Turning circle.jpg
highway User Defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe various historic places. For example: archeological sites, wrecks, ruins, castles and ancient buildings. See the page titled Historic for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
historic aircraft Node Area A decommissioned aircraft which generally remains in one place
Historic aircraft monki.JPG
historic archaeological_site Node Area A place in which evidence of past activity is preserved
Dscf0105 600.jpg
historic battlefield Node Area The site of a battle or military skirmish in the past. This could be on land or at sea.
Fort Donelson river battery (1).jpg
historic boundary_stone Node A historic boundary stone usually found along the way.
Boundary stone St Brelade and St Peter, Jersey.jpg
historic building Node Area If it's not clear what type a historic building has, it can be tagged as a generic building.
historic cannon Node A historic/retired cannon. Usually found at on forts or battlefields.
Muzzle loading cannons at the Swedish Naval Museum (6648150909).jpg
historic castle Node Area Castles are (often fortified) buildings from medieval and modern times. Other languages
Dscf0226 600.jpg
historic city_gate Node Area A Wikipedia-16px.png city gate (or town gate) is a gate within a city wall.
Spaarnwouder- of Amsterdamse poort.jpg
historic citywalls Way Area A Wikipedia-16px.png defensive wall is a fortification used to protect a city or settlement from potential aggressors.
City wall render eg1.png
Delitzsch Stadtmauer.jpg
historic farm Node Area A historical farm, kept in it's original state.
historic fort Node Area A military fort – distinct from a castle as it is generally more modern
Komárom Fortress 03.jpg
historic gallows Node Relation A structure designed for capital punishment by hanging.
historic highwater_mark Node A marker for indicating past flood.
Hochwassermarke Schwaebisch Gmuend 1912.jpg
historic locomotive Node Area A decommissioned locomotive which generally remains in one place.
Ambarawa locomotief.jpg
historic manor Node Area Historic Wikipedia-16px.png manors / Wikipedia-16px.png mansions
Gut Panker Herrenhaus.jpg
historic memorial Node Area Much like a monument, but smaller. Might range from a WWII memorial to a simple plate on a wall.
historic milestone Node A historic marker that shows the distance to important destinations.
Jt meilenstein.jpg
historic monastery Node Area An historic monastery. See Also amenity=monastery.
Malbork Zamek Wysoki kruzganek.jpg
historic monument Node Area An object, especially large and made of stone, built to remember and show respect to a person or group of people. Other languages
historic optical_telegraph Node Area Historic optical telegraph
historic pillory Node A construction designed to immobilitate and humiliate a person who was convicted in lower courts.
Kirchberg pranger.jpg
historic ruins Node Area Remains of structures that were once complete, but have fallen into partial or complete disrepair. If the type of original structure is known or apparent it can be described using ruins=*, e.g. ruins=castle.

Alternative tagging is historic=castle, ruins=yes.
See the proposal and discussion at Proposed features/ruins for ruins of historic buildings.

historic rune_stone Node A Wikipedia-16px.png runestone is typically a raised stone with a runic inscription.
U 240, Lingsberg.JPG
historic ship Node Area A decommissioned ship or submarine
Aurora Cruiser Museum StPetersburg.JPG
historic tomb Node Area Historic tomb
historic tree_shrine Node A single tree of a religious figure mounted onto a tree. Use natural=tree + historic=wayside_shrine instead.
Tree Shrine - Giritzer, Mautern an der Donau, Österreich - 02.JPG
historic wayside_cross Node Area A historical (usually christian) cross. Frequently found along the way in Southern Germany, Austria and probably elsewhere.
historic wayside_shrine Node Area A historical shrine often showing a religious depiction. Frequently found along the way in Southern Germany, Austria and probably elsewhere.
2003-10-11 tanner moor 36.JPG
historic wreck Node Area Nautical craft that has unintentionally been sunk or destroyed.
historic yes Node Area Used to add the historic significance of the objects described by other tags.
historic user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the purpose for which an area of land is being used. See the page titled Landuse for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
landuse allotments Node Area A piece of land given over to local residents for growing vegetables and flowers.
landuse basin Node Area An area of water that drains into a river.
Together with basin=* for stormwater/rainwater infiltration/detention/retention basins.
Other languages.
Boneyard Detention Basin 2006.jpg
landuse brownfield Node Area Describes land scheduled for new development where old buildings have been demolished and cleared
Former Brickworks ... - - 56268.jpg
landuse cemetery Area Place for burials. You can add religion=* (values listed in the place of worship page). Smaller places (e.g. with a church nearby) may use amenity=grave_yard instead.
landuse commercial Node Area Predominantly offices, business parks, etc.
Cambourne Business Park - - 15908.jpg
landuse conservation Area Protected areas (Not approved) Alternate tagging of same thing: boundary=protected_area, protected_area=*
Landuse conservation.png
landuse construction Node Area "Under construction" site, should become something different once the construction is finished
Landuse construction.jpg
landuse farmland Area An area of farmland used for tillage and pasture (animals, crops, vegetables, flowers, fruit growing).
Rye field.jpg
landuse farmyard Area An area of land with farm buildings like farmhouse, dwellings, farmsteads, sheds, stables, barns, equipment sheds, feed bunkers, etc. plus the open space in between them and the shrubbery/trees around them.
Rendering-area-landuse farmyard-mapnik.png
landuse forest Node Area Managed forest or woodland plantation (Other languages).
Fort Nelson Forestry.JPG
landuse garages Area One level buildings with boxes commonly for cars, usually made of brick and metal. Usually this area belong to garage cooperative with own name, chairman, budget, rules, security, etc.
Rendering-area-landuse garages-mapnik.png
landuse grass Node Area For areas covered with grass. Consider landuse=meadow for meadow. and landuse=pasture for pasture.
Note that this is actually a Landcover tag, not a landuse tag and there is a proposal to deprecate it.
Mapnik landuse grass .png
landuse greenfield Node Area Describes land scheduled for new development where there have been no buildings before. A greenfield is scheduled to turn into a construction site
Rendering-area-landuse greenfield-mapnik.png
Greenfields - - 1202824.jpg
landuse greenhouse_horticulture Area Area used for growing plants in greenhouses
Greenhouses westland.jpg
landuse industrial Node Area Predominantly workshops, factories or warehouses
Rehuraisio feed plant in Oulu 2008 001.jpg
landuse landfill Node Area Place where waste is dumped. Other languages
landuse meadow Node Area An area of land primarily vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants, usually mowed for making hay (Other Languages).
Landuse Meadow.png
landuse military Node Area For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose
REUNION 2007 04.jpg
landuse orchard Node Area intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
landuse pasture Node Area (Proposed in Proposed features/pasture:) An area of land primarily vegetated by grass, used for grazing.
Landuse Meadow.png
Pasture with shelter.jpg
landuse peat_cutting Area An excavation created by the removal of peat. currently not rendered by mapnik
Peat cutting - - 1385530.jpg
landuse plant_nursery Area intentional planting of plants maintaining for the production of new plants currently not rendered by mapnik
Cutchogue - Oregon Road - Plant Nursery.jpg
landuse port Area coastal industrial area where commercial traffic is handled currently not rendered by mapnik
landuse quarry Node Area Surface mineral extraction (Other languages)
landuse railway Area Area for railway use, generally off-limits to the general public
landuse recreation_ground Node Area An open green space for general recreation, which may include pitches, nets and so on, usually municipal but possibly also private to colleges or companies
Landuse-recreation ground.png
landuse reservoir Node Area Stores water, may be covered or uncovered; for a covered reservoir see also man_made=reservoir_covered (Other languages). See water=reservoir for alternative tagging.
Amagase Dam.jpg
landuse residential Node Area Predominantly houses or apartment buildings
landuse retail Node Area Predominantly shops
Trocadero - London 1.jpg
landuse salt_pond Area A place where sea water is evaporated to extract its salt currently not rendered by mapnik
Salt ponds SF Bay (dro!d).jpg
landuse village_green Node Area An area of common land, usually grass, in the centre of a village (quintessentially English – defined separately from 'common land' under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Commons Act 2006).
Landuse-village green.png
landuse vineyard Node Area A piece of land where grapes are grown.
739px-Grape vines.jpg
landuse user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to tag leisure and sports facilities. See the page titled Leisure for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
leisure adult_gaming_centre Node Area A venue with pay-to-play games, such as video games, driving simulators, pinball machines, merchandisers, etc. With a set age limit. As opposed to leisure=amusement_arcade.
Slot machines in Venetian.jpg
leisure amusement_arcade Node Area A venue with pay-to-play games, such as video games, driving simulators, pinball machines, merchandisers, etc. Without a set age limit. As opposed to leisure=adult_gaming_centre.
Dave & Buster's video arcade in Columbus, OH - 17910.JPG
leisure beach_resort Node Area To mark the boundary of a managed beach.
Beach resort.jpg
leisure bandstand Node Area An open structure where musical bands can perform concerts.
leisure bird_hide Node Area A place to observe birds.
leisure common Node Area A common land.
leisure dance Node Area A place to go dancing.
Webster Hall by David Shankbone.jpg
leisure dog_park Node Area Designated area, with or without a fenced boundary, where dog-owners are permitted to exercise their pets unrestrained.
Rendering-leisure dog park.png
leisure firepit Node Area A permanent location or structure to host campfires, bonfires, etc.
Camp site.jpg
leisure fishing Node Area
leisure garden Node Area Place where flowers and other plants are grown in a decorative and structured manner or for scientific purposes.
SF Japanese Garden.JPG
leisure golf_course Node Area The outline of a golf course. The node form may be used to place an icon within the course. This tag implies sport=golf.
Rendering-leisure-golf course.png
leisure hackerspace Node Area A place where people with common interests, often in computers, technology, science, digital art or electronic art, can meet, socialize and/or collaborate.
Protospace, a Hackerspace.jpg
leisure horse_riding Node Area A place where people practice horse riding, usually in their spare time.
Warendorf, Reitanlage Josephshof -- 2014 -- 8591 -- Ausschnitt.jpg
leisure ice_rink Node Area A place where you can skate or play ice hockey.
leisure marina Node Area For mooring leisure yachts and motor boats.
Rendering-leisure marina.png
leisure miniature_golf Node Area A place or area that you can play miniature golf.
Rendering-leisure miniature golf.png
1st course of bahn golf.jpg
leisure nature_reserve Node Area Protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest.
Black Opal Spring in Biscuit Basin.JPG
leisure park Node Area Open, green area for recreation, usually municipal.
Arena Roundhay 07.jpg
leisure pitch Node Area e.g. a field for playing football/soccer, cricket, baseball sports, and skate parks. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
leisure playground Node Area Playground for little children.
leisure slipway Node Way Boats can be launched here.
Transport slipway.p.20.png
800px-Swanage lifeboat on its slipway 1.JPG
leisure sports_centre Node Area A distinct facility where a range of sports take place within an enclosed area. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
Rendering-area-leisure-sports centre.png
Western Leisure Centre, Cardiff, Wales.jpg
leisure stadium Node Area A major sports arena with substantial tiered seating. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
leisure summer_camp Node Area Summer camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted during the summer months in some countries. Children and adolescents who attend summer camp are known as campers.
Summer camp example wartenberg 2015 01.jpeg
leisure swimming_area Area A swimming area - place over river, lake or other water reservoir where swimming is allowed.
leisure swimming_pool Node Area A swimming pool.
Pool i.jpg
leisure track Way Area e.g. running, cycle-racing, greyhound, horses. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
Jahnkampfbahn hamburg.jpg
leisure water_park Node Area Amusement area with water slides, recreational swimming pools and dressing rooms.
leisure wildlife_hide Node Area A place to observe wildlife. See also leisure=bird_hide.
Wildlife Hide, Uath Lochan - - 707260.jpg
leisure user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

Man Made

A tag for identifying man made (artificial) structures that are added to the landscape. See the page Man-made for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
man_made adit Node Area From Wikipedia: An adit is a type of entrance to an underground mine which is horizontal or nearly horizontal.
man_made beacon Node Structures for signalling on land and sea.
man_made breakwater Way Area Protects a shore or harbour from the sea and waves.
man_made bridge Area Indicates the outline of a bridge and groups together all features for that bridge. Combine with layer=*.

Please also add bridge=* and layer=* to all ways running over the bridge.

man_made bunker_silo Node Area Open-sided structure to store something. It can be used with vehicles to fill and empty it.
Empty bunker silo in Nebraska.jpg
man_made campanile Way Area A freestanding bell tower, typically near a church.
See also man_made=tower with tower:type=bell_tower.
Klockstapel 01.jpg
man_made chimney Node Large chimney for exhaustion. For attached mobile phone base stations see the communication:mobile_phone=yes.
Schwerin Wuestmark Heizkraftwerk Schwerin-Sued.JPG
man_made communications_tower Node Area Huge tower for transmitting radio applications
Sender Blauen-2.jpg
man_made crane Node Area A stationary, permanent crane, such as those at docks
Ladebruecke IMGP2656 osm.jpg
man_made cross Node Cross with little historical or religion value, e.g. summit cross.
Heimgarten Gipfelkreuz.jpg
man_made cutline Way Used to mark cut lines in forests.
Map cutline.jpg
man_made clearcut Node Area Area, where most or all trees are uniformly cut down. Used in combination with natural=scrub.
man_made embankment Way A raised bank to carry a road, railway, or canal across a low-lying or wet area.
Railway embankment.jpg
man_made dyke Way Area A dyke is a an embankment built to restrict the flow of water or other liquids.
Whitgift, dyke and Ouse.jpg
man_made flagpole Node A long pole built to hold a flag.
Genova-Quarto dei Mille.JPG
man_made gasometer Way Area A gasometer is a large storage container for gas.
Gasometer in East London.jpg
man_made groyne Way Area A rigid hydraulic structure perpendicular to a coastline or a riverbank intended to interrupt longshore sediment transport. See also: man_made=breakwater.
man_made hot_water_tank Way Area Heat storage
man_made kiln Node Area A thermally insulated chamber in which temperature is controlled in order to change the state of the item placed inside, usually though the process of burning, baking, drying or smelting.
man_made lighthouse Node Sends out a light beam to guide ships.
Chania lighthouse A.jpg
man_made mast Node Mast is a vertical structure built to hold for example antennas.
Mobile phone base station 2010 12 30 165211 PC304165.jpg
man_made mineshaft Node Area A vertical tunnel.
man_made monitoring_station Node Area A station that monitor something.
An Air Quality Monitoring Station above the M42 - - 210181.jpg
man_made obelisk Node Area Obelisk
Roma-obelisco in laterano.jpg
man_made observatory Node Area Observatory
PVSO Dome.jpg
man_made offshore_platform Node Area Offshore platform.
Oil platform.jpeg
man_made petroleum_well Node A boring through the earth's surface that is designed to find and produce petroleum oil.
West Texas Pumpjack.JPG
man_made pier Way Area A "bridge into the ocean", usually for recreation.
Rendering-area-man made-pier.png
Poland. Gmina Jedwabno. Narty Lake 001.JPG
man_made pipeline Way A pipe for carrying various fluids, such as water, gas, sewage.
man_made pumping_station Node Way Pumping station
Pumpwerk Landungsbrücken.JPG
man_made reservoir_covered Node Area A covered water reservoir.
Reservoir covered.jpg
man_made silo Node Area A silo is a storage container for bulk material, often grains such as corn or wheat.
man_made snow_fence Way A snow fence is a solid fence-like structure built across steep slopes to reduce risk and severity of (snow) avalanches. Usually made of steel, sloping outwards, and trussed underneath. Sometimes refered to as a snow shed.
Verbauung Tanngrindel.JPG
man_made snow_net Way A snow net netting fence built across steep slopes to reduce risk and severity of (snow) avalanches. They consist of a net made of steel cables, held up by posts. Sometimes refered to as an Avalanche net.
man_made storage_tank Node Area A tank used for storage of liquids or gases.
man_made street_cabinet Node Area All kind of cabinets hosting equipment to operate different sorts of facilities. They can be encountered not only in the street but everywhere
Street cabinet friendship.jpg
man_made surveillance Node Area To mark places and buildings monitored by public or private camera.
Three Surveillance cameras.jpg
man_made survey_point Node Triangulation pillars, geodetic vertices, and fixed equipment used by topographers (e.g. DGPS radio stations).
man_made telescope Node Area Telescope
man_made tower Node Area A tall and often lean building or structure e.g. telecoms. Please also add a tower:type=* if possible. Also see historic=* below.
man_made wastewater_plant Node Area Facilities used to treat wastewater (known as sewage in some countries).
Hall Lane Sewage Farm - - 69284.jpg
man_made watermill Node Area traditional Watermill, mostly ancient and out of order.
Belzig Springbachmuehle1.JPG
man_made water_tower Node Area A tower to store water in, usually found on hills beside or in a town.
Lanstroper Ei IMGP8117 osm.jpg
man_made water_well Node Area A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
Water well.jpg
man_made water_tap Node Area A water tap is a man-made construction providing access to water and (usually) equipped with a valve.
Water tap in Frejus.jpg
man_made water_works Node Area A place where drinking water is found and applied to the local waterpipes network.
Water treatment - - 231374.jpg
man_made wildlife_crossing Way Area Wildlife crossing
man_made windmill Node Area Windmill, mostly ancient and out of order, see power=generator in combination with generator:source=wind for modern wind turbines.
Willesbourgh Windmill, Ashford, Kent.jpg
man_made works Node Area Industrial production plant aka factory.
man_made yes Node Way Area General tag for man-made (artificial) structures.
man_made user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used for facilities and on land used by the military. These may include the Navy, Army, Air Force and Marines. See the page titled Military for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
military airfield Node Area A place where military planes take off and land.
Dscf1158 600.jpg
military ammunition Node Area Military ammunition storage area.
military bunker Node Area Buildings, often build from concrete, to stand even heavier fire. Also WW2 pillboxes.
Bunker no13.jpg
military barracks Node Area Buildings where soldiers live and work.
Oulu barracks Jul-Aug2008 001.jpg
military checkpoint Node Place of a possible access to a restricted or secured area, where civilian visitors and vehicles will be controled by a military authority.
Checkpoint Charlie
military danger_area Node Area Usually a large marked area around something like a firing range, bombing range, etc which can be an exclusion zone. Area=military=danger area.png
Edge of the Danger Area - - 1298659.jpg
military naval_base Node Area A naval base
Kidd class vs Spruance class.jpg
military nuclear_explosion_site Node Area Nuclear weapons test site
military obstacle_course Way Area A military obstacle course.
US Navy 020423-N-6237W-001 SWAT team training.jpg
military office Node Area Military offices, e.g. general staff office, military recruitment office etc
military range Node Area Where soldiers practice with their weapons (firing, bombing, artillery, …).
Bundeswehr shooting M16.jpg
military training_area Area An area where soldiers train and weapons or other military technology are experimented with or are tested.
Truppenuebungsplatz Warnschild.jpg
military trench Node Way Trenches used for military purposes
Lancashire Fusiliers trench Beaumont Hamel 1916.jpg
military user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe natural and physical land features. These also include features that have been modified by humans. See the page titled Natural for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Vegetation or surface related

natural wood Node Area Woodland where timber production does not dominate use. Be aware of landuse=forest. For more detail, one can use leaf_type=*.
Biogradska suma.jpg
natural tree_row Way Line of trees. Rendering-natural tree row-mapnik.png
Row of Poplar Trees - - 242206.jpg
natural tree Node Lone or significant trees.
natural scrub Node Area Uncultivated land covered with bushes or stunted trees.
Starr 010831-0015 Morella faya.jpg
natural heath Node Area Bare lower lying uncultivated land with bushes but little or no tree cover.
Note. This is not for parks whose name contains the word "heath".
Lüneburger Heide 080.jpg
natural moor Node Area Upland areas, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils. currently not rendered by mapnik
Moorland - - 384704.jpg
natural grassland Area Where vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae) and other herbaceous (non-woody) plants, except for ornamental grass (see landuse=grass), mowing for hay, etc. (see landuse=meadow).
Surface grass.jpg
natural fell Node Area Habitat above tree line in alpine and subpolar regions, principally covered with uncultivated grass, low growing shrubs and mosses and sometimes grazed.
natural bare_rock Area An area with sparse or no vegetation, so that the bedrock becomes visible.
Bare rock.png
Coastal rock formation.jpg
natural scree Node Area Unconsolidated angular rocks formed by rockfall and weathering from adjacent rockfaces.
Scree render.png
natural shingle Node Area An accumulation of water-eroded rocks, usually pebbles and gravel, but sometimes larger.
Scree render.png
Vorderrhein Mundaun.JPG
natural sand Node Area Ground coverage of mostly silica particles, with no or very sparse vegetation. See natural=beach as well.
Kalabrien Ricadi Sandwellen 2129.jpg
natural mud Node Area (Other languages) Undocumented tag. Have a look at natural=wetland + subtag wetland=*
Death 12 bg 082303.jpg

Water related

natural water Area Lakes, etc.
Natural water.jpg
natural wetland Area Waterlogged area (on Wikipedia).
natural glacier Node Area Areas (or peaks) covered with ice throughout the year.
Rendering-Natural glacier OSM.png
natural bay Node Area A bay, a large body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth. (Other languages).
Rendering-natural bay-mapnik.png
natural beach Node Area A beach, a flat area of sand, gravel or pebble next to water (Other languages).
natural coastline Way The mean high water spring line between the sea and land (with the water on the right side of the way.)
natural spring Node A place where ground water flows naturally from the ground (Other languages).
La Sorgue, Fontaine-de-Vaucluse.JPG
natural hot_spring Node A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.
Grand prismatic spring.jpg
natural geyser Node A geyser is a spring characterized by intermittent discharge of water ejected turbulently and accompanied by steam.
Strokkur, Iceland.jpg

Landform related

natural peak Node Top of a hill or mountain (summit).
OSB Peak.png
natural volcano Node A volcano, either dormant, extinct or active.
Volcano 10.png
natural valley Node Way A valley. currently not rendered by mapnik
natural river_terrace Node Way A river terrace.
Тераса в долині Інгульця.jpg
natural ridge Way A ridge. currently not rendered by mapnik
North Ridge of Mount Rohr.jpg
natural arete Way An arête, a thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys. currently not rendered by mapnik
Arête nord du Rateau.jpg
natural cliff Node Way Area A cliff, a significant vertical, or near vertical, rock exposure (leave the lower face to the right of the way.)
natural saddle Node The lowest point along a ridge or between two mountain tops
Saddle img.png
natural rock Node Area A notable rock or group of rocks with connection to the ground. currently not rendered by mapnik
Gainfarn froschstein.jpg
natural stone Node Freestanding stone; e.g., glacial erratic. currently not rendered by mapnik
Big rock at saynatsalo.jpg
natural sinkhole Node Area A natural depression or hole in the surface topography. currently not rendered by mapnik
Rax doline.jpg
natural cave_entrance Node Area The entrance to a cave. Node:
Cave entrance.jpg
natural user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


An office is a place of business where administrative or professional work is carried out. See the page titled Office for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
office accountant Node Area An office for an accountant.
office adoption_agency Node Area A place where prospective parent/s may adopt a child or children.
office advertising_agency Node Area An advertising agency or ad agency or advert agency is a service based business dedicated to creating, planning, and handling advertising (and sometimes other forms of promotion) for its clients.
office architect Node Area An office for a architect.
office association Node Area An office of a non-profit organisation, society, e.g. student, sport, consumer, automobile, bike association, etc…
office company Node Area An office for a private company.
office educational_institution Node Area An office for an educational institution.
office employment_agency Node Area An office for a employment agency.
office energy_supplier Node Area An office for a energy supplier.
office estate_agent Node Area An office for a estate agent or realtor.
office forestry Node Area A forestry office.
office foundation Node Area An office for a foundation.
office government Node Area An office of a (supra)national, regional or local government agency or department
office guide Node Area An office for tour guides, mountain guides, dive guides, etc.
office insurance Node Area An office for a insurance company or agent.
office it Node Area An office for an IT specialist.
office lawyer Node Area An office for a lawyer.
office logistics Node Area An office for a forwarder / hauler.
office moving_company Node Area An office for a moving service / relocation company.
office newspaper Node Area An office for a newspaper.
office ngo Node Area An office for a non-governmental organisation.
office notary Node Area See office=lawyer above.
office political_party Node Area An office for a political party.
office private_investigator Node Area An office for a private investigator.
office quango Node Area An office for a quango (quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation).
office realtor
Node Area Use office=estate_agent instead.
office religion Node Area An office of an religion instance. For example: parish office. Use additionally religion=* and denomination=*.
office research Node Area An office for R&D.
office tax Node Area Fiscal authorities, tax and revenue office. Use office=government + government=tax instead.
office tax_advisor Node Area Specialist preparing tax declarations for companies and individuals.
office telecommunication Node Area Telecommunication company office.
office travel_agent Node Area An office for a travel agent. See also shop=travel_agency.
office water_utility Node Area An office for a water utility company or water board.
office user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used mainly to give details about settlements. See the page titled Places for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Administratively declared places

place country Node See boundary=administrative, admin_level=2
place state Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place region Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries. For natural regions other keys should be searched.
place province Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place district Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place county Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place municipality Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; depending on the country a collection of arbitrary hamlets, villages and towns may form an administrative unit; sometimes members of a unit reform or join with another municipality as a result of political process. Within a municipality individual settlements are a lot less connected than those within a city, where they have grown connected over time.

Populated settlements, urban

place city Node Area The largest urban settlements in the territory, normally including the national, state and provincial capitals. These are defined by charter or other governmental designation in some territories and are a matter of judgement in others. Should normally have a population of at least 100,000 people and be larger than nearby towns. See place=suburb and place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a city. The outskirts of urban settlements may or may not match the administratively declared boundary of the city.
place borough Node Area See boundary=administrative, depending on the country suburbs in larger cities are often grouped into administrative units called boroughs or city districts; using the value borough avoids name confusion in countries that declare districts within their states or counties.
place suburb Node Area A distinct section of an urban settlement (city, town, etc.) with its own name and identity. e.g.
  • annexed towns or villages which were formerly independent,
  • independent (or dependent) municipalities within a city or next to a much bigger town
  • historical districts of settlements
  • industrial districts or recreation areas within a settlements with specific names.
place quarter Node Area A named part of a bigger settlement where this part is smaller than a suburb and bigger than a neighbourhood. This does not have to be an administrative entity.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood.
place neighbourhood Node Area A named part of a place=village, a place=town or a place=city. Smaller than place=suburb and place=quarter.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood, but may also stand for borough or suburb and hence is often avoided in OSM. See Wikipedia-16px.png Quarter_(urban_subdivision)
place city_block Node Area A named city block that is part of a place=city. See Wikipedia-16px.png City_block
place plot Node Area A named plot is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner.

Populated settlements, urban and rural

place town Node Area A second tier urban settlement of local importance, often with a population of 10,000 people and good range of local facilities including schools, medical facilities etc and traditionally a market. In areas of low population, towns may have significantly lower populations. See place=neighbourhood and possibly also place=suburb on how to tag divisions within a town.
place village Node Area A smaller distinct settlement, smaller than a town with few facilities available with people traveling to nearby towns to access these. Populations of villages vary widely in different territories but will nearly always be less than 10,000 people, often a lot less. See place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a larger village.
place hamlet Node Area A smaller rural community typically with fewer than 100-200 inhabitants, few infrastructure.
place isolated_dwelling Node Area Smallest kind of human settlement. No more than 2 households.
place farm Node Area A farm that has its own name. If the farm is not a part of bigger settlement use place=isolated_dwelling. See also landuse=farmyard
place allotments Node Area Dacha or cottage settlement, which is located outside other inhabited locality. This value is used mainly in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union, where a lot of such unofficial settlements exist

Other places

place continent Node Area One of the seven continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America
place archipelago Relation Identifies the relation of an archipelago, which contains several islands and islets.
place island Area Identifies the coastline of an island (> 1 km2), also consider place=islet for very small islands
place islet Node Area Identifies an islet (< 1 km2).
place square Node Area For a [W] square in a town (English: square, French: place, German: Platz, Italian: piazza, Spanish: plaza, Russian: площадь).
place locality Node Area For an unpopulated named place.
place User Defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

Additional attributes

population Number Node Area Number of inhabitants of the place. Among other things, it might be used in selecting which name to render at a given zoom level at what font size.
name Text Node Area To define the name of a place.
postal_code Text Node Way Area When a whole place has a single postal code, it can be specified in this tag.
addr:postcode Text Node Way Area Some communities are using this tag on places, areas, street relations, according Karlsruhe Schema instead of 'postal_code' tag. This is not recommended, since it clashes with addressing.
reference_point yes Node Way Area Named landmarks used to identify locations (common in some countries).
is_in Text Node Way Area Optional. Rudimentary way to describe boundary hierarchies, e.g. place=suburb, name=Eccleshall, is_in=Sheffield,South Yorkshire,England,UK. If boundary polygons exist, it's usually not needed. Unless categorization is wrongly done by e.g. Nominatim.

This section is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to map electrical power generation and distributions systems. See the page titled Power for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
power plant Area Relation A place/industrial facility where power is generated. Individual generating units within the facility should be tagged as power=generator.
Area power.png
Huntly Power Station.JPG
power cable Way A way following the path of underground cables, such as the local 0.4 kV network between transformer stations, distribution boxes and cable connection points, or sea cables. Not to be confused with non-power supply cables such as cables for telecommunication. May be combined with voltage=*, circuits=* and location=*.
Power to the People - - 560240.jpg
power compensator Node Area Several kind of power devices used to insure of power quality and network resilience.
Static VAR Compensator 2a.png
power converter Node Area An HVDC converter converts electric power from high voltage alternating current (AC) to high-voltage direct current (HVDC), or vice-versa.
Pole 2 Thyristor Valve.jpg
power generator Node Area A device used to convert power from one form to another. Use in combination with generator:source=*, generator:method=* and generator:output=*. Depends on generator type